Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 13, Ed. 1, Monday, March 29, 1847 Page: 1 of 4
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Ilfcmill.lfilTII. TFI rhRflrU ftNli Tr XflK KHiiSIrK .
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BYCftUGEK. & MOORE.
HOUSTON, MONDAY, MARCH 29, 1847.'
YOL. XrtOfp. 13--WHOLETT0,6SS
iDEUOCRATlO 'IELEGRAPU and
" TJEXAS REGISTER,
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NEWSPAPER- SUBSCRIPTION. ThcPostmas-
!4er General has ordered the following regulations:
aioney ior newspaper suuscnprons, noi exceeuing
ten dollarsin each case, may be paid to a Postmaster
Sot the purpose of being paid to the publisher of a news-
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VThe'Postmaster receiving the amount is to debit htm
self therewith in his account, and the Postmaster pay'
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account of contingent expenses." " ty -
TrueJ'iety. " Tho gem, ofall others which encir-"
.tc'o tfie coronet of a woman's character is unaffected
piety. Nature may lavish much, on her person the
enchantment of her countenance the-Eracefulness of
Cher mien, or the strength .ofiier intellect, yet ier love-J
t? : l ?ii ?- .1 ..tIWl t Cf I
uaes5i3uiicruwiieu, uu piciy uiruvs iiruuim uo wuuic,
xtho sweetness and power of hertharma.iSh thenBe-'
ruiuiK) uuou.tuiT ui uti itiiuciuuxotr,1JL..u ui ubA
(desires and associations, the speiltwnlch bound herit-
tlractions to things below, is brokerf'andhdmdraii8 ofl'Uj
cthe wings of her fancy and hope, to the habitation of
vCod, where it-wJlbo her delight to hold communionH
vwith the spirits- that have been ransojnea tram the tnraN
AAnm f til a nrfti nrtA 'nrTfnthtA with n mrtatrl nf fflnrv.
" Her beautv mav throw its magical 'forhYoverma--r
any princes and conquerors may bow with admiration
.at the shrine of her riches tho sons of science' andpo-
etry jnay embalm hor memory in song yet fierpiety
an ust be her ornamont her peart. Her name must be
written in the "book of life," that when mountains fade
taway, and every momento of earthly greatness is lost
5da the general wreck of nature, it may remain and
-swell the list of that mighty throng which have been
.oTothed with the mantle of -righteousness, and their
traces attuned to the melody of Heaven.
" With such, a treasure, every lofty gratification on
earth may be purchased , friendship will be doubly
-sweet pain and sorrow shall loose their sting, and their
character possess aprice far "above rubies;" life would
3)0 but a pleasant visit on earth, and death the entrance
upon ajoyful horn;;. And when the notes of the last
(trumpet shall be heard, and sleeping millions awake to
jjndgment, its possessors shall be presented faultless be-
fore tho throne of God with exceeding joy, and a crown
of lift' that shall never wear away.
" Such is piety. Like a tender flower planted in tho
fertSesoilofa-woman's heart, it grows, expanding its
foliage and imparting its fragrance to all around, till
transplanted it is set to bloom in perpetual vigor and
unfading beauty in the Paradise of God."
Breaiitkffs. The capacity of the United States
for supplying thf wants of Great Britain with bread-
stuffs, is shown in an -estimate contained in a statistical
.article published in the JVew York Express. It makes
the surplus of wheat and Indian com for export, to be
-wheat- 3,000,-000 bushels-; flour 3,500,000 barrels;
ilndiaa -corn and meal, 17,000,000, bushels.
A -Beautiful Incident. On a beautiful summer's
-day, a clergyman, was called to preach in a town in
Indiana, to a young congregation. At tho close of his
discourse, ho addressedhis young hearers in such words
"Leam that the present life is a preparation for and
Jiaszulcndency to eternity. The present is linked to
-cthe future throughout creation, in the vegetable, in the
animal, and in the moral world. As is the seed, so is
the fruit ; as Is the eggr so is tho Jowl ; as is the boy, so
is thcraaa ; and as is the rational being in this world,
sowlUhe be in the next; Dives estranged from God
here-is Dives estranged from God in tho next ; and
Enoch walking with God here, is Enoch walking with
GodioAcaJnierand better world. 'I beseech you, live,
then, fir a blessed eternity. Go to the worm that yon
tread upon, and learn a lesson of wisdom. The very
caterpillar seeks tho food that fosters it for another and
similar state, nd more wisely thanman, builds its
own sepulchre, from whence in time, by a kind of res-
snrrecUn, it comes forth a new creature in almost an
angelic form And now that which crawled, flies and
that which fed on comparatively gross food, sips the
-dew that revels in the pastures an emblem of that
paradise whero flows the river of life, and grows the tree
of life. Could tho caterpillar have been diverted from
its proper element and mode of life, it hadnevor attained
the butterfly s splendid form and huo, it had perished
a worthless worm. Consider .her ways and be wisei-
Let it not bo 6aid ye are more neghgent'Hhatiivorml,
and that your reason is less avaflablclhantheirinstinct.
As often aslhe butterfly flits acrossyoarp3lh,remem
With this the preacher closed hisfdacaluse; but to
deepen rne impression, aDutterflyj oirectedbTUne
Hand which. guides alike the sun5an"3 an'alomiinta
-coane fluttered through the church, aaif commmbaed
by Heaven to repreat the exhortation. Therew&s"
.neither speech nor language, but its voice "was heard
.saying to ihe gazing audience "Livo for the future.',
THE CHILD AT THE TOMB.
The Brooklin Eaglo found the following eloquent
sanecaoie m mo journal oi a traveler in ine iast :
. A little child,
mf That lightly draws its breath,
Vjj And feels its life m every limb
t v What should it know of death 7
-At Smyrna, the burial ground of the Armenian like
rthat'of the Moslem, is removed a short distance from
the town, sprinkled with green trees, and is a favorite
.resort, not enly with the bereaved, but with those whose
feelings areaot thus darkly overcast. I met theroone
Eiqmujg a httlo girl, with a half playful countenance
Jiusyiblue eye and sunny locks, bearing in one hand
-fimall cup of china, in the other a wreath of fresh
flowers. Feeling a very natural curiosity to know what
.she could do with these bright things in a place that
seemed to partake so much of sadness, I watched her
light motions. Reaching a retired grave, covered with
.a plain marble slab, she emptied the seed which it
appeared the cup contained into the slight cavities
which had been- scooped out in tho corners of the level
.tablet, and laid tho wreath upon its pure face.
"And why," I inquired, " my sweet girl, do von
,put seeds in those little bowls there?" L
Hit is to bring the birds here," sho repKod.wttrr
.half wondering. look. " They wUfiJightunlhisSesT"
pointing to the cypress above, " when.they have eaten
the seed anding." "
" To whom do they sing?" I asked, to yon, or to
-each other?" (f n
" Oh, no!"iho quickly replied, ''Itojny sister she
sleeps here." &( '' , ,
" Hut your tter is dead." r
" Oh, yesJ", sir! bjt sho hears all the birds sing."
" Well if she does hear tho bjds sing, sho cannot see
the wreath of flowers."
" But aho knows I put it there; I told her before
ithoy took her away from our house, I would como and
eeo her every morning?'
"You must," Lcoulmued, "hao loved that sister
very much, but you will never talk with her any more
never see her agaimP
" Yes, sir,fc replied with a brightened look, "I
shall jsecher in heaven."
"But sho ha3 gone there already, I trust."
-" No ; sho stopj under this until they bring me here,
and then we are going to heaven together."
Evading a. Lsic It is said that no law can be fra-
med that -a Yankeo cannot avoid, and an instance of
the "fact is given ia a Maine paner. The Lozlaturc of
that State passeda law recently requiring that the com-1
position and the proportion of each article of the co 4
position of every pateut medicine offered for sale, sh
be printed on a label and pasted on the bottle, packa; , ,
etc. containing it. A daring individual, who has a. j r
tent medicine much in demand by the dowu-cast poop
had the composition, proportions, etc., of each article
the compound translated into Chinese, and in that I. -guago
the required labels ore printed. He thus co
plies with the letter of the act because the law di ,
not define the language of the labels.
Interesting Facts. Large waves proceed at tho r.
of about 35 miles an hour. Many supposed that I
water advances with the speed of the wave, butil
not so ; the form of the wave only advances ecepti
adittle' spray, while the water remains rising and falli
"lntho same place.
The nioon is 830,000 miles distant from tho ear
"With an instrument that magnifies a thousand tim
she appears but 230 miles off. The moon is butt
fiftieth part of the bulk of the earth.
Tho five different races of men are the Europee
white; the African, black; the Malay, brown; f
Asiatic, yellow ; and the American, red. J
Lightning travels with a velocity twice as great
that of light, being at the- rateof 24,000,000mifeb
The surface of the sun contains 27432,300,000 eiuwfJr
miies. v tt-ii - - -- "
There will not be a totaTeclipse of thesutfu
a, until August 7, lB69.'Scieniifici'Amffiei
August 7, lBG9cuniifieiAmSrieah
in u ook -
A ROSY CHILD WENT FORTHTO ELA ''
From " Ckrtstian Songs.'jM, "
.James GiixoA-KXTbNBjKMlE'vBfr' Atoiu
A rosy child wentforth to playj. . j igtjfi 3ia
(In the nstfiush'offaope.andpnde,uJ.4-i J
Where sands in snverb.eauty layV'gS? f0,
"Made smooth by tHbSetreatintalflrSJTvf
And kneeling on th&trackless wasieafii, -.
Whence ebb'd thFwalKrs manva m? - A1
He rais'd, in hot and tfcmbhng hastef'-te ''lif
Arnll. wallluiri innrpr n rrnnrilv Tiilo L
, , .J r
Butwheit the shades of evening fell,
Veiling the bme and peaceful deep,
The-tolhng pf tho vesper bell
Call'd the boy builder home to sleep :
He passed a long aud restless night.
Dreamhi'of structures tall and fair ;
He camp wjth the returning light,
Andlo, tho faithless sands were bare.
i Less wise than that unthinking child,
! Are all that breathe of mortal birth,
AVho grasp with strivings warm and wild,
Tne false and fading toys of earth.
God, learning, Horv: What are thev
, i Without the faith that lives ou high ?
4 The sand forts of a child at play,
1 4 Which are not when the wave goes by.
jLize Bee found in the heart of a Peat, In a hor
ia High street, Paisley, a peat that had been on t
premises some months, was, as usual in many hous
laid at the side of tho fire to dry. Next morning, p,
of the peat being broken off, the sound of a bee w
heard, humming most melodiously. No be? could
seen near, consequently, the natural conclusion wi
that the bee was inside ; and so it turned out to be.
The peat was first minutely examined, but no crack
crevice could be seen. On being broken carefully w
a hammer through the middle, there was the lit
songster as lively as if basking in tho midsummer's si
The little bed or tomb in which it must have been close
perhaps for ages, was little larger than its own boi
but as well defined as if a nut shell had made tho ho
low. For a few minutes it continued to move and bu;
but alas, poor insect, its minutes were numbered. v
awoke to feel the chilly cold of December just at t
moment it was dreaming of sunshine and flowers;
it ceased its untimely song, and died. The body oft
beo is kept as a momento of tho occurence. Scot
Tho following beautiful address, dedicated "To t
Hutchinson Family" is, says a London corrcspoudi
of the Boston Atlas, from the pen, aud we may a t
heart, of Mary Howitt, the Quaker poetess. It is i
deed beautiful, and as well merited as beautiful. Re. .
Band of young apostles,
Teaching love and truth,
Ye have come before us,
In your glorious youth ;
Like a choir of angels,
Missioned from above,
To make, our souls acknowledge
How beautiful is love !
Taint of earth I see not . - ,
In your clear eyes shine,
You to mo resemble
Natures all divine ljfsrg
Pure seraphic creatures,CU i
From some higher sphere,;
Who, but for love and pity, ""
Never had been here, " ,
Who, but for human fellowship, had never shed a terj.
Band of young apostles ! , i
Such to me ye seem,
As I list your singing, ' ' :
In a rapturous dream ; 4. '' .J,
Now, with coral voices, t v -, V
Liko to birds in May, ' w -.
Warbling in tumultuous joy,
That winter is away ! - 5
Now, like angels weeping
O'er a sinner's bier,
With their white wmgs folded,
" And low voices clear ;
'r Mourning for the sorrow,
Which sm bath brought on earth ;
4 Mourning that of pity,
Man has made Kiirh rJp.arth :
Teaching to tho callous world, what a bouI is worth !
r Band of young apostles,
j? Teaching love and truth,
- Onward go, high-missioned,
In your crlonous -youth !
Onward go, God's blessing
On your path ajijrht:
Stdl lift yonr jcindredvoices, ,
As pronhets of tho richY !.i
Onward go, undaunted, " ' ?
Heralds of tliat'dayV ' ' !
W hen all mahkind&ro'brothesli
- And war has ceased to slav.L;,.-
Wo have seen aiuljovedyoa -, J
We have pressed you band p ' j;
Wo havo blessed you, hrufwe'bles Jfa a
In you your native land 'V '
Farewell 1 God's angel guide yon ye young aad nob h
i band i
Rome and Constantinople-Yox maylve Ie&rst '
singular fact from the last Jtmr. de Cqnstsjkinoaiel yii a
that btiekib .bffendi is to take Rome tatfaklwsT L-i
Vienna, in order, in ktho" name ofiaAlSuJtiSi.
tho head of the Mahbmedan-' religion7Wesi
tulate the new Pope,the head of Catholicism,,!1"
his accession to tho Papal throne. Tiiyni'VSRttJf
time any compliment, official Or other, Jias overpass
between these great representatives of creeds so hosti
to each other. Tho event may bo regarded as a ve
significant sign of the times. It seems to betoken
subsiding of theologic hate on tho part of Isiamism U
wards Christianity, arising from indifference or lack
conviction. Tho mission of the Sultan to tho ne
Pope, specially under theso circumstances, is mo
remarkable. Whatever interpretation may be put r
it, it fa a proof that the softening and assimilating hi
inanity of thought aud feeling, which form the gre
bond of sympathy among nations, are now fast oervai
uig tho minds of Ottoman Mahomedans. desDite U
careful seclusion of Turkish life, which is intended
.uuu ou DUtu muueuce. jorrcsponacnce Lanok
The Heavenly Shepherd. Deep in the midnight th
preceded the festrtal of Spring, at which the two fii
sons of the human race were to bring a thank offem
to the Creator, their mother saw in bleep a wondero.
dream. Tho white roses, which her younger 60u lis
planted around h.s altar, wero changed to blood-fctaim
roses, and more fully blown, such as she had never b
foro seen. She tned topluck them but they wither
beneath lior touch. Upon the altar, whereon mil
alono was the principal offering, now lay a bleedin
lamb. Voices of lamentation were heard around, an
amid themonr voico of despair, till at last all died awa
into tones of melody such as sho had never heard Ik
And a beautiful plain lay before her more bcautif
even than the ParasLse of her youth, and upon it wai.-.
dered in the likeness of her son, ashepherd clad in white.
The rod roses were in his hair, and m his hand ho held
a harp, .from which the tones of melody camo forth.
Ho turned aftectionately towards her began to ap-
proach and vanished.. With him vanished tho dream.
And as tho mother awoke, she saw the day, dawn
red and blood-like ; and she went forth with a heavy
heart to tho festival of the thank offering.
Tho brothers brought their offerings; and their pa-
rents returned homeward. But at evening their young-
er son camo not back.
Full of anxiety, tho mother sought for him, and found
only his scattered and mournful herd. Ho himself lay
all bloody by tho altar ; the roses were stained with his
blood, and the agonizing voice of Cain rang aloud from
a neighboring cavern.
Sensoles3 she sank upon the corpse of her son, and
a second time the vision appeared to her. The shep-
herd whom she saw in that new paradise was her son.
The red roses were in his hair ; sweet tones resounded
from his harp : and he sweetly sang to her : "Look up-
ward to the stars in heaven ; my weeping mother, look
upward. Behold yon glitteriug chariot there ; it bears
ua4ovother plains, to a more beauteous paradiso than
thou m vEden sawest, where tho blood-stained roso of
innoceuce more fully blooms, and sighs are changed to
sounds of melodv." "J
ThdsvisioirL.disappeared5;' and Evo roso with new
.strength from tho eold'eorpse of her son. And on the
morrow, when she had .bedewed him with her tears,
land crowned with the roses of the altar, his father and
mother buried him by the altar of his God, in the light
of a beauteous day-dawn. And oft at midnight sat thoy
by his grave, and -gazed toward heaven, upward to tho
hirh .moFiag .chariot .of .stars, and sought their Shep-
I'herd there'. .
The Cow. Of all boasts of the field, we respect
thocow; tho most heartily Sho is so meek, mild, and
motherly -withal, that wo are half templed. to doff our
beaver wljen we pass .her. The ox is of nouse unless
he is in the yoke or beef-tub,' and the horse must be
continually crammmg-luVimaWfWith the best, or the
crowsv&re .disputing Jourjtitfe to him. But the cow
kencrous brute 1 fa always, willing- to return vour kind-
r ness with interest, and though she may sometimes raise
herhoel, it is only a mute, but impressive way of telling
you that you are -wrong ; a friend could do no less than
warn us of our errors, m the most effectual way. The
Egyptians worshipped tho ox, and the children of Isra-
el a calf, and thousands now a days bow to the materi-
als of which said calf was made, but if wo wero to turn
Pagan ourselves, wo would worship the cow.
THE CROWNED HEADS OF EUROPE.
BY DR. BAIRD.
Eight of tho twenty monarchs are Protestants, nine
are Roman Catholic, two aro of tho Greek Church,
and one is a Mahomcdan. Those belonging to the
Greek Church are the Emperor of Russia and tho King
oftireece. X our of them aro men of irreproachablo
characters. Many of them are as tespctablo as our
public men whom wo delight to honor. Tho Queons
are all of spotless characters, which could not havo been
said of former times.
Tho King of Prussia is a decidedly pious man. Sev-
eral of tho Queens are true Christians, as I think, and
among these is the Queen of France. She reads many
religious books. As to talent, Louis Phillipe, King of
the French, tho King of Prussia, and the Emperor of
Russia, aro admitted to rank first ; and Louis Phillipe
stands pre-eminently above them all. He was educa-
ted at a French college ; spent many years in foreign
lands,'' and then sixteen years in quietly pursuing his
studies. ' Talleyrand said ho had no idea of his vast
acquirements, before ho was his minister after he bo-
came King. Ho speaks English with ease, and never
pronounced but one word wrong, which was ice, which
he calls hice. This he had learned from the English
cockneys, when he lived in England. He has no min-
ister who is his equal.
Tho King of Prussia is nearly the-equal of Lou's
Phillipe ; he speaks English well, but not so well as tho
King of tho French. Ho is a self-made man. Ho
was not allowed to get his education at the German
Universities, as he desired, as it was thought degrading
to the King's son to associate with other young men.
Ho regrets to this day, that ho was not permitted to go
to the U uivers.ty ana associate with the students. The
King of Swecdon graduated at College, and is a fine
Tho King of Prussia fa not popular. He is too good
a man forthat Ho proposes too jnauy.reforms,,and
pushes them'formard with too much energy, to pleas?
.the people. ' r
The .bmperor of Kussia is not inferior in talent t.but
he came unexpectedly to tho throne at fheagoof
twenty-seven or tweuty-esght years his brothor;uhQ
lawful heir to tho throno,.having abdicated funis favor.
Ho has no time to read. Being an absolute Monarch
his duties aro most arduous. He is most devoted to
pubhc affairs; I spoko to him about temperance socl-
etiesrwhon he beffan to make the objections which
Hvore ohco so common here that brandy was needful
Jbr laborers to give them strength, and protect them in
heat and cold. Ho also made objections on account
'of tho revenue from that sourco which is very groat.
He, .however, at once perceived tho forc6 of my argu-1
monts, admitted their correctness, and said, "As for
the revenue we will let it go, and get a revenue some-
where else." Nicholas is very decided and indepen-
dent. Ji nobleman of great wealth and talent had governed
his brother Alexander. When Nicholas camo to tho
throne, in less than three days ho camo to see him, un-
asked. Nicholas said to him, "Who asked you to ap-
pear before me ? I know how you governed my broth-
er, and imposed upon his weakness. I give you three
days to arrango your affairs in St. Petersburg, after
which' time you will retire to your country seat;" which
he did, and has remained there ever since.
The King of Sweeden is a literary man, and is the
author of several books. He gave me a copy of his
work on Prison Discieva, just published. The Kiner of
Hollond is not so singular is an older man, aboutfifty-
tour. tie was distinguished at the batUo of Waterloo,
and badly wounded. The King of Denmark is a man
of fan- talents, but of no decision of character.
The mannors of these Princes are polished, easy and
simple. Such are the characters of tho nobles of Eu-
rope, whom I have seen. It is easy to converse with
ihem. They are, however, moro formal to diolomat-
'jsts. Thero is more difficulty to get along with our
aisuuguisnea mea wnosomeumes assume a tone oi
uaugnuucsj which ineyer saw m a l nnce. l no luon-
archs ordinarily, and their Queens, dress in tho samo
plain way as other well bred people. In public they of
course, appear in splendor. Jl he Queens wear, on ord
inary occasions, very little jewelry. In the families of
the Emperor of Ttussia and tho King of tho French,
there is great affection.
Stetet Sounds. God has made the whelo earth vo-
cal Vrth sweet sounds. The untrsvelled forest echoes
the notes of the wild bird, anditho habitations of men
are made erlad by the son? of tho feathered minstrel :
but above all, the human-yoice, that combines tho high-
e. cuuui oi hwoci booous wua mo inspiration oi
theaght, given for no ordinary purpose of earthly
pleasure. In its whisper of affection, how grateful '.
In its whisper of religious devotion, how exalted ! For
its participation in joy, how unspeakable !
The following is an extract of a letter dated Brazos
Island Feb. 22d.
CapL Ben McCulloch, of tho Texan Rangers, has
arrived at Saltdlo, and reported to Gen. Taylor. Ben
will be a great acquisition to the General's forces. No
man has a bsttcrknowledge of tho Mexican character
than himself; besides ho is well acquainted with their
modo of warfare, with tho country, aud with their lan-
guage ; he knows how to a o'd their snares, aud to
thwart their best laid r-chemes, and at tho same time,
will acquire a thorough knowledge of tho enemy's lor-
ces, and their position; in short, ho is "a host within
himself." There never has bson a timo since tho com-
mencement of the war that tho Toxan Rangors w ero
o much noedod as at tho present. Tho country is
full of banditti, commissioned by tho Mexican Goveni-
meut, who are murdering and robbing our people at
every opportunity. It seems to bo tho general opinion
that wo havo no force but tho Texan Rangers that
can keep these fellows quiet. Tho "boys" aro light
draught, and move with unequalled alacrity from point
to point ; not carrying with thorn any unnecessary
baggage, they have nothing to impede their operations ;
and ouc thing is very certain, thoy will never be ta-
ken by tho enemy slocping, or drinking at a fandango,
let the weather be clear or foggy, raining or shining.
Thero seems to be but one opinion hero, both in and
out of tho army, in reference to bringing thorn into tho
sorvice, which is, that tho Government should enlist
them at auy expense, and upon their own terms, though
it be but for six months, or for one or two years. Wliv
should tho Government hesitate upon tenn3 m bringing
troops so efficient as they aro into tho fi:ld 7 If it was
known among tho Mexicans that Jack Hays, Walker,
Chevallie, Ackland, Tom Green, Rhine, Mustang
Grey, Gillespie, McCown, Chandler and Ballow, had
arrived on tho Rio Grando with a force of Rangers,
thero would not be a Mexican Commissionaro on this
side of the Sierra Madro in two weeks time. I verj
much doubt if they would stop until they arrive at San
To-day being tho anniversary of the birth of Wash-
ington, the shipping at an early hour was dressed with
colors flying. It presented a beautiful sight, es they ,
were, with a few exceptions, the colors of the United
States bright and now. The exceptions were the
Lone Star, which were ,run up at tho mast-head ol
some of the vessels, the masters of which prided them-
selves on hailing from tho former Republic, but now
State of Texas. Tho Lone Star, dotted here and there,
contrasted beautifully with tho numerous constella-
tions of tho emblem of tho" Union. The only salute
' strange to say, that I heard was from on board the
Steamboat Yazoo, CapL Reese, who made his small
p.eco of cannon do its best.
Tho schooner Enterprizo was wrecked off the bar at
the mouth of tho Rio Grando yesterday. Another
schooner went ashore, since dark, on the bar at the
entrance to tho Brazos. MUSTANG.
We have enjoyed the perusal of a manuscript jour-
nal, noting tho daily events and tho progress of im-
provements in Castrovdlo. Believing that it will bo
lound interesting to many of our readers, we have
marked a few extracts, and condensed other para-
graphs for our paper. We remark, by the waythat this
journal is written, in three languages, Trench, Gorman
and English, and that the writer is a young lady, whose
name wo aro not permitted to give. When our read-
ers aro informed that the samo lady writes four other
languages with facility, they will agree with us that
Castrovdlo is not without attractions. We confine our
quotations to such passages as will be chiefly interest
ing to those wh6 have not seen the country. J
" Ono word respecting tho new settlement Cas- J
trovdlo was founded on the 3d September, 1844, by H. J
Castro, after two years of preliminary labors. It is j
admirably situated on tho Medina river, 25 miles west i
of San Antonio. There is but ono opinion as to the I
choice of this site, which combines all tho advantages
mai can De aesireu ; me purest water, iniiuor, uunuiiig
materials of all descriptions, open prairie, rich bottoms,
and rolling hills, affording never-failing pasturage.
Tho numbor of inhabitants, after less than two years'
existence, amounts to 700 individuals, occupying 76
houses 34 houses in course of erecting.
" Five hundred acres aro under cultivation, princi-
pally i i corn. Small grain of all kinds fa cultivated
with great success, besides cotton, sugar and tobacco,
which latter thrives so well that a very few years can-
not fail to soe us planters on a considerable scale
Sweet potatoes, melons, &c, are of excccllent quality,
and yield most abundantly. Fruit trees are being
planted out such as peaches, figs, qninces, apples,
pears, oranges, &c., besides a numerous variety of Eu-
ropean grape vines. The wild vino grows with great
luxuriance and very tolerable wine, excellent vinegar
and brandy have already been made from its fruit.
Other wild fruits aro found in the woods.
" There aro four stores finished with clothing, gro-
ceries, household utensils, tools, and agricultural imple
ments. Articles of luxury begin to make their up- ,
pearanco, and tho richness of their soil cannot fai'.'ere s
long, to enable moot or all of tho settlers to procure
" Mechanics and, artizans of all descriptions car-
penters, joiners, wheelrights, blacksmiths, tinsmiths,
millers, shoemakers, tailors, engravers, &c. &.c. are
found among tho settlers.
"Tho founder of our colony is engaged in making
arrangements for endowing a public free'school for the
in..(i,.fui,. " 'Afr '
instruction of both sexes. ,. ,-rmFr j
" Tho founder of our colony is engaged in making
V vasiroviue iorms precinci no. o oi xexurtcoumy, ff
and the usual officers exercise their functions-justlces t
or tho peace, notary public, constable, &c.
,:.! V. ,...,- ;n. ,i,m,.
" Game and fish abound, and would alono bo Buffings
cient to supply the table of a numerous family. Frcslv
beet costs threo xents a pound, and is ot excellent ,
"A settler with a family in possess.on of provisions jfo
for the first year, clothing for eighteen nionths,NimpleMfeThe first flowers ofspring !" MwJi'mdK dc
not fad, wtth common industry, to "become indepeudthef.smile upon us, aswo steal awayrath
?ent. ,His prosperity in this as in every other station of , busy city tojhevud woods where theyTgrow
me, aepenus ou nis mieiugence, perseverance anaiaoor.,
route about to be opened to tho RiO Grandewlli pass
through the settlement, thus affording direct communi-
cation on one side with Mexico ; on the other .with the
cast. Tho proximity of San Antonio ensures a profita- '
bio market for produce ofall kinds ; it is certain, how-'
ever, that for years to come, all superfluous produce
will fetch a high prico on tho spot. This fa evident
from tho immense numbers of ssttlers, who aro rapidly
filling up tho surrounding country."
A drawing of lots took place m Caslrovillo on the .
25th of October, 184G, and continued tdlFeb. 10,4847. J
Those lots varied from 320 to 160 acres each, accord- '
ing as the individual was a single or married man.
The wholo number of lots to be drawn for amounted to
one thousand sections. ' ,
Tho inauguration of the Catholic Church of Castro-
ville took place on the 9th of Nov. last. Tho Rev. '
Bishop Odm officiated on the occasion, and tho cere- '
monies aro represented as hightly imposing, and the ,
asacmblago very largo. Bishop Odin has lived in the '
U. S. for the last twenty years ; and the sacrifices he has '
mado in tho discharge of his sacred duties are every-'
whero acknowledged by his Church ; while his char-
acter as a citizen is held in the highest estimation by
all. ' .
Tho journal pays a high compliment to Mr. Castro '
for his indefatigablo exertions and great sacrifice in ad-
ancing the best interests of his colonists amidst man '
discouragements and difficulties. Mr. Castro has cor-'
tainly had the good fortuno to secure the attachment
and full confidence of those ho has brought to this coun
try, and, tho still more rare fortuno of escaping that '
censuro which fa almost unavoidable by those who as-
sume such heavy responsibilities.
Mr. Castro has now four surveyors engaged. The
expenses of his surveying will bo 14,000.
An expedition of 50 men set out to lay off and estab-
lish tho illago of Vandenberg, 15 miles to tho west-
ward of Castroville, on the Arroyo Verde, where 50
families have been residing for a year past. Tho regu-
lations require that each settler of this new community
shall enclose and cultivate 20 acres of laud.
Wo may hero remark that Mr. Castro will continue
to extend similar settlements still furtherto tho West
g. Galveston News 26th Feb.
A FABLE FOR THE YOUNG.
A little boy and girl were once seated on a
flower bank, and talking proudly about their
" See," said the boy, "what a beautiful new
hat I have got, what a fine new jacket and
trousers, and what a nice pair of shoes ! it is
not every one that is dressed so finely as I
"Indeed sir," said the little girl, "I think I
am dressed finer than you, for I have on a
silk pelisse, and a fine leather in my hat. I
know that my dress has cost a great deal of
"Not so much as mine," said the boy, "I
"Hold your peace," said a caterpiller crawl-
ing in the hedge, "you have neither of you any
reason to be proud of your clothes, for they
are only second handed, and have all been
worn by some cieature or other of which you
think but meanly before thoy were upon you.
Why that silk firat wrapt up such a worm as
" There miss, what do you say to that 1 "
said the boy.
"And the feather," said a bird, perched up-
on a tree, "was stolen from or cast off by
home of my race." - ' ,
"What do you say to that miss ?" repeated
the boy. ""Well, my clothes were neither
woin by birds nor woims."
"True," said the sheep grazing close by,
"buUhey wero worn on the back of some of
my family before thoy were yours ; and as
for your hat, IknowtfiattLe beaver have sup-
plied that article : and, my friends, the oxen?
and calves inthat field, not merely to get
their nest ta eat, Jbut also to get me siuns. toi
make your shoes. -, , X .
See the folly of beingiproud.pf your clothings
since we are indebted to the meanest crea
tures for them ; and eventhcnjwe would not
use them if God did not give unwisdom to con-
trive the best way of making thein to fit neat,
and the means ol procuring them ior our com
A Good Rule. Lord Erskinc was distin-
guished through life forirfdependence of prin-
ciple, for his scrupulous adherance to the
truth. He once explained the rules of his
conduct, which ought to be deeply engraven
on every heart. He said, "it was a first com-
mand counsel of my youth, always to do what
my conscience told me to be a duty, and leave
the consequence with God. I shall carry with
me the l lemory, and I trust the practice, of
this paternal lesson to the grave. I have
hitherto, followed it, and have no reason to
complain that my obedience to it has been a
temporol sacrifice. I have found it, on the
contrary, the road to prosperity and wealth,
and shall point out the same path to my chil-
dren for their pursuit." ""
The mission of woman is foreshown almost
in the cradle ; and it is a mission of humani-
ty, gentleness, tenderness, generosity, love.
Mark a family just after the birth of a daugh-
ter. An infant comes always with a. blessed
message from God to the hunlan heart. It is
a reiteration of the old, but ever new com-
mandment "love one another." It is a sum-
mons to duty, to disinterestedness, to self-denial
and it secures obedience by an appeal
more powerful than any that can be made to
the understanding. It opens the heart, the
fountain and well spring of duty. More espe-
cially is this the case,if the new born heir of T
numan aesuny aaa jq-iis own netpiessness
the claim of belonging to thatset, which
through lite demand theprotectioffbf the other.
Even the little epithet of endearment, which
is not bestowed upon anonfant of the rougher
This arises not so much from any material
difference in the present condition as from
the anticipations of the future. The boy;
though now weak and wailjng, will soon dc-
velope the strength, resources, and courage
pfa man, and be able to buffet" his way through
the rude world. -- Put the daughter, how little
" control is she to'have-over'her, destiny! How
entirely is her happiness tbjbaplaced in the
power of others, of those withJtwh"o'm Provi-
dence shall cast her, lot! Addedtothis, is the
.feeling that in the heart 'of' slaughter they
KJhave a richer treasure than 'they'can possess
3S v i til i.:, !.,,- ci ..
anywhere else. All things tne ieel are un-jt-
-L u t. i c j i. .! !;
y""i "" - -o - x,-
Time and circumstances may change they
maywax old, or be unfortunate ; and the world
will pay itf courts to. the young and successful,.
A-Shbut inrthe heart of a daughter they canjnevei
be forgotten. S-
THE E A RLY SPRING FL'O WERS."
. BY THEODORE TniXKEB.
Bcarce nave ine-snows OI Winter meiteaiawayj
ere" they begin fo lift up their heads amid the
sere leaves that have fallen above them. I
love these flowers I love them more-than
those that bloom later. Sweet messengers
that come with the blue-bird',tohraId the ad-
vent of Spring! jTheearer, three fa-
vorites of mind wiotunfbldjheipetals'darino-
me laner pan oi -cxpru. anauwancmy reaaers
to become acquainted-witlMhcra very much.
Let me give you a -letter of- introduction to
them, and a trief description,' so that-vou can 3
distinguish them. - 4&
As you approach tho fbrcst--fbr this Jsjtffell
place'forthe early spring flowers 2yoil5f
very likely hear the song of the striped' fuir-S
rel. He is a mischievous fellow. How ma-f
ny times he has deceived me. He will sit on
a stump, singing "chip, "chip, chip," and will
not stir until you come close,to him, and you
would think, if you was not acquainted with
his cunning arts, that he did nptsee you, or
- that he was so tame.that you could catch him.
But his hole is under thestump -where he sits
you may be'jsurepfit'j'and when youare
within aTew feet of him he utters a chattering
noise, that seems to be a laugh at your igng-Jt
ranee, and down he goes into his house arara
under the ground nobody knows how deep.
I should like to see the boy that had ever '
caught a chipping squirrel taking a nap in
If you do not look carefully, ouwill not
find the flowers you are looking for. One of
them only rises an inch or two above the
ground. I have often seen it blushing by the
side of a bank of snow. The plant has fleshy
leaves, and runs along on the ground, almost
like a vine. It is a delicate flower. Its pe-
tals arc almost white, with little veins slightly
tinged with pink. If you can find this, you
will secure a prize.
In very nearly the same locations, perhaps
on the southern side of a hill, you will find an-
other beautiful plant. You need not lock for
its green leaves. The flower appears before
them. There may be one or t o offhe leaves
of last autumn still standing, but they are not
ery green, and you will not be likely to dis-
cover them. The flower rises on a slender
stem some three or four inches. It is a beau
tiful pale blue color, and several are often in
bloom at once, from one root. Tho leaves
have three lobes, aad when they appear, aro
.1 .! JT?
wormy oi your noticev
1 shoulu rejoicegto .learn mat my young
friends have a taste for the study of botany.
We can scarcely Lecome familiar with the
flowers which beautify the earth, without find-..
ing, at every step1? of our investigation, some
new illustration both off the wisdom and
the goodness of God. There is a volume of
instruction in every wild flower that unfolds
its petals to cheer the passer-by. Examine it
closely, and you see a thousand little veins.
How does it circulate ? What keeps it in
motion 1 Who teaches the flower to bloom ?
Who spreads over it such loveliness that oven
"Soloman in all his glory was Jiot arrayed
like one of these 1 ' Youth's Cabinet.
Tooth Powders. Dr. Heidqr, a practical dentist of
science in Vienna, insists that, of tho constituents of a
good tooth powder, the first in importance w charcoal.
A soft aud cheap powder it possesses tho nronertv of
absorbing coloring substances, and destroying tho dis- j
agreeable odor of carious teeth, and when left in JSSj
places between the teethrhas a dismfcctrasr actios?
the. particles of food which collect there. 'Nortli5im9
portance fa carbonate of.magnesia, botfcibrits absorb-
inV power and extremeioftness? ronSrieutraliiTnoH
arirfs. it ?reunrAS nwrtinlnr piHpti Hrrn?ri rl nv Sfoclr. j
tint may bo imparted by.any harmleScbloriaetsubl"
stance. 3T .
From the Bureau of TopographicaLEngmeeis-Nbj.
5-.J jSAN ANTONIO AND SANggROSA.
Capt. Hughes' report of the route oJUKerfny under
the commandrof Gen. Wool, from San Antonio
Texas, to Santa Rosa, Mexico. f
Camp near Santa Roav, m
Mexico, Oct 23, 1846.
Sir: Incompliance with tho directirafof the com-
jmanding general of this dateLhave thefionor " to fur"-
nish him with a report of tho recennoissance of the route
from San Antonio (de Bexar,)'Texas, to Santa Rosa."
'I leftan Antonio de Bexar on the 23d September,
1846, aMSa'clockl! p. jn., having-previously sent the ,
wagonsmSadvance. We found tho party encamped
on the Little Lcona, 7 miles from San Antonio, a tri- -
butary to the river of the samo .name. One of our two j
wagons having taken a wrong direction, did net join us- '
till next morning. Our rido was over an open prairie,
with occasional patches of musquctt chapperaL
The Leona fa a small and lovely stream of pure water, ,
and high banks, showing that it sometimes discharges -a
large volume of water. It was, when wo crossed it,
about 30 feet wide, and a foot deep. Our course dur-
ing the day was nearly duo west. There are several
settlements on the creek, " and agoctT deal tifcbriPis''
The party consisted of tho following persons, viz t
Geo. W. Hughes, captaiu topographical engineers ; L-
Sitgreaves, first Lieutenant topographical engineers ;
v . ti. a ranKhn, second; lieutenant topographical engm- .
eers; F. T. Bryan, second lieutenant topographical
engineers, (temporanly detached;) DanDrakeHenrie,.
interpreter ; James Dunn, hunter and guide, left third
day ill ;) Jame3 Doyle, wagoner, employ of quarter-
master : Mathew Brown, wagoner, employ of quarter-
master; Geo. Lotz, topographical laborer ; M. Hodg-
son, topographical laborer ; F-Johnson, topographical
laborer; J. Campbell, topographical laborer; William
Jones, private servant to CappHnghcs ; James Smith, '
private servant to- Lieut. Sitgreaves ; Franklin.
Six rifles, with a keg of ammunition, were furnished ,
to-the command by the Ordnance Department, on a
Bpcciui nxuusiiiocy appiovea oyme commanoung gen-
September 24th Left camp at 10 o'clock, a. m.,
having waited for the missing wagon tofcome up.
The country, immediately after leaving the Ueona, i
high, and tho road quite precipitous. Ouicpnrse still
continued nearly due west Tho conntryMoeautiful,
open, and rolling prairie. StcnotdSLflSionnla'a littln.
stream of good water, opposite, andjatwStoneyiuTe dis-
tant from a remarkable land -marklcallSadre-Mouiit
W 1 J ; "11.. J .iTWifci!! -..J?
no uiuascu, uufui uioiuiy, uzrc?ffiiiaii streams
excellent water& Tho grazni3lwn& generally goSl?
At 8 o'clock,p. m., ourwagonsreacheS the 3ediha
andlwe-encampcd about ayinilef bekrtv. Ca3trbvuli
Our marcbTtouaySwas about 18miics. 5
,jntoJsr 25t At2 o'clock in theSnormngj
verenortlier struck us, uccomparilcd witaraii
cleareuoffatllatm., wheaLieut. Sitgreaveswetto4t
AYIIYlfTin. tfia 4Wrrl Itatn.. nni. nnvnn nnA fnn.AAanw?tlL .
width and depth'or tho ford at Castrpvilfe.ln thct
w.nn. .:... r: . x tii?Jfi ll -e--&zii?A "
noissance of the country for.ssvemlimlllfanMjnd, oa
Dotn sides oi.ttie river. . - T 'Jgg ,
The Medina is a truly bjaatiful stream, withth
banks, and the ground on the wesidgJrisingTato.
nipt hits of some dOO feetsnwaiWaaJ3KQpposItg;
ford is the new and flourishing townpffiGSfetrovifle.
tuate on an extensive plain, formedtpvnhc tececinf
the hills. Theopcniug fa very picturesque. ''TBescti
tlementat this place has-bcen-madc under the auspices
JbfMr. Castro, 'a French gentleman r and consists of
KThere are two fords aboro the town one called tho
uauuu es jnuuj- goou, rociiy oouora, somewpar worn
into holes, and rather dangerous for hoEcs: tho bankst
precipitous, and .somewhat boggy. It was at this placed
that the Mexican Gen. Wool, in 1842, in his descent $
v uuu jiuiouiu, b.uscu jit muutziy aim cavalry, ill
his SUbsCOUent raDid retrpathA nhpr? rrtrpr ThJiU-crlinT..
(army. Woll's fort is almost 3 miles further up, whero
he-passed his infantry. It fa now impraetioable, owing
rtotho deposito of mud m the bed of -river. There i
Said'to be no ford for 30 miles above. ."
3SP' " ,;
WibepteviberJlSlh Temperature ofwatcr at 7 o'clock,
jB2 degrees Fahrenheit- September at 9 o'clock, a.
m., and crossed the Castrcvdle forth A miljbeyond fa
a bad bill, down' which it will be necassarvjtoiock tho
-wheels of tho wagons, &c. Tfiffeanlry S1opeand
icvci uu ii uuersecis me oanon trail, wnen turningsndg
denly to the left, (moraHptoalwestl it gradually ?s
cends to a considerable?height,overcd with a beauti
mi growm oi uveoaK.' J pt ,
I here is no water between the ITetHna aruTQu
a.distanco eften miles: . .Jr
Being informed byiour guide that there, watfno w:
ter.for sovcral miles ahead, wo here .encamped onJhoA'
east sldVof tKeVcreek . The water was good,, and, the
grazing, excellent. The timber fa willow, Iivc-oak?andK
Jti li i.i . 15l
placea branch of the Castroville imigratjonl
stream fa a tributary to the Hondo.ftowinn-hito
Frio, which finally dischargesjnto thoNueccs. Tern
perature of wafer at f o'clock, p..i5ff? deg. s
Sept ember 2 1 th. At 6ffaTm.ytemporature-ofovateri
bodeg. Left camp at 7 o cI5?fa3nRiOa? route?f
several miles, waslhrousrh a beauTSuMEnaifertilo;'
torn. "The road to Dicky's croekisfgoodiWfoand
this creek full of good
clearly and rapidly.
grove of I arge live-oak, and a rich valleyalmost bound"
less to tho eye, of excellent graxmgAnsanny of
10,000 cavalry might encamp here Joraftweek, and
not exhaust its luxuriance. The LuckySusually dry",
but like moat of the streams of westeniTiexas,doesnot
apparently, depend fotits supply oflpfta!Sr, on tho rains:
for the geological formation, consisting mostly of ca-
vernous limestone, aflbrds many subterraneous dis
charges, which, at timcsleavo large rivers nearly dry ,
and swell small brooas, (often dry,) into respectable
rivers, without any obviously adequate cause. Hence,,
to some extent, tho unccrtaintv of finding water at
particular localities, except after very recent examina-
tions. Tho distance from the Quihi fa four miles, to tho
Hondo four mdes ; tho road fa rough, and the descent
bad, bottom uot good, and ascent to tho west bank
pebbly. Seven miles brought us to a small stream of ,
good water, uot noticed in any of tho maps. Banks -.
low, bottom rocky, water IS inches deep, presumed to
be generally dry. Grazing good 1JJ miles over a level
plain to tho Saco. This creek resemb'cs the Hondo,
(or Sycamore,) for it fa known by both names; but the
crossing fa not so bad, and it contains rather more water,,
which, m the latter river stands in poo's ; but it fa re-
presented to be, a few mdes above the crossing, a flow-
ing stream as large as tho Medina. It h is, probably,
a subterranean discharge. Wo encamped on the west
bank of the Saco; the grazing was-not very goodl
Night very cold.
September 23tA.-Left at 7 o'clock 25 minutes.
For about four miles tho road fa rough, and country
much broken with abroupt ridges, and two very steep
asscents in that distance. The timber, mainly live oak ,
in 6xtensive groves. We then entered upon a level
prairie, of great extent, and covered with a coarse sedge-
.Grazing bad. At nino mdes, reached tho Ranchcro
creek. No runuing water; but that which fa standing
in pools fa good. Tho descent and asceut bad, and tho
.bottom covered with. largo and lobaojstones. To tho
Canon, or Sablnal, tho country fa raUier barren, and
but few live oaks to bo seen. Tho timber principally
musquct. This stream fa also called the Cyprus, and
many fino trees of that species, grow on itdbanks.
Best camp ontho west side. Dfatauco" for mdes. To
Little, orJndiau creek, 5 mile3 :no water, except ui
pools, but that good. Timbor iuusquct Grazing but;
toieraoio. iiesi camp ou me west side, whero we stop
ped tor tho night, very cold alter nndnight.
SeptcmbertiSth. Left at 7 o'cIgcLIU minutes.-
Day hot Saw no game. Fassedoycr a barrenHuiui
uninteresting country. Very fewMtVo oaSiv and bat
little wood of auv description. Arnve'd on tho Frio at
12 o'clock: distance 10 mUc3,"aaLeiicamped on th -,
west bank. A deep and baautifui'Mrcam, water pure
and cold. Several largo live oaks on.lhebanks. Ball'1
grazing on tho east bank, good onlho west. Encamp- &
ed on tho west bank. " ?
September 30th. Temperature of air 53 degrees m
of water 57 degrees, 8 miles to the Leona. For soma
distance good grazing ; for 4 miles further tho road fa
rough and rocky. For one milo before reaching the
Leona, the ground fa co'.errd with a tn.ck growth of
musquet, luc oak, pecan, &.C., modi- young. The
Lsona is a beautiful stream, and the vaiicy extremely
QHEBpT .y ..
y -&. -
ar. - X.cM&i$ -r-J
- sstm-,. ? .mar.S-;
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Moore, Francis, Jr. Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 13, Ed. 1, Monday, March 29, 1847, newspaper, March 29, 1847; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48450/m1/1/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.