Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register. (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 46, Ed. 1, Wednesday, November 13, 1850 Page: 1 of 4
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XAS REGI STEft.
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TE-ltifZSvSS Ira advance.
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BY CRUGER & MOORE.
EOUSTCXN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1850..
VOL. XV. NO. 46.--WHOLE NO..
'-rtfnoiiiiiAPir and HMMB
JJIJU U UltiU UL Jill U 11M U1JJ A JUAij
- vTuilished every Thursday, Main Street, Houston, by
,""- ', t (JRUGER fc JUOOltE.
3?Si - T E K M S :
.inbscripVou jor Ouo Year, or Fifty -Two Num-
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SrtVSlvErtisIug.'OUC dollarper square, for the first in-
sertiou. and fifty couUfor each subsequent insertion.
Teu lines or less to constitute a square.
To Merchants and others advertising by the year,'
a -reasonable deduction from the, above rales will be
51 Stfeftinboatcard", Political and Persona) communi-
-cattons will bo charged at thebatne rates as adverlis-
p - o
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JLtsic on JYewspajpei'S.
1. Subscribers who do-not give express notice to Ihe coutraiy,
nte considered as w isbiug to continue their subscription.
- 2. Ifaubjcnhers order tbo discontinuance of their papers, the-
publisher may continue lo send them, till all that is due be paid.
3 Ifsubscnbcrs ucjtcct or refuse to take tlieir papers from the
office to" which Uiev are directed, thev are held responsible till
they -have settled their bill, and ordered tlieir papers discontinued.
4. If subscribers .remove to other places, without informing
lie publisher, and the paper is sento the former direction, they
are held responsible.
3. The courts have decided that .refusing to take n inner or
periodical from the office, or removing, and leaving it uncalled
for. isprimi facie evidence of intentional fraud:
JudgaThoTipsnn, of Indiana, decided recently, "That where
.i ciihirniier to a. neriodical failed to notifvtke editor to discon
--i-jha-mpe at the-end of the time for -wlchho subscribed, r
at p - up tnc -arTOamges, he vras docuq ior auomer year.
A vear ortwoincc ths circuit court of Pennsylvania decided.
T nit xvhere a Put Matbr filled to notify the jib!ishers of
niirs'naTs.thattheir paners were not lifted or" nken out the of-
iisa. hsrenJired himself liable for
r the subscription.
. Agaas for the Telegraph.
Swante Palm, Austin.
.G. T. Latjghton, Clarksville,
Jxo. A. Bagbt, Dor.,
JVI. H. Dickson, Bohhani,
E H. Dodd, lick P. O., Fannin county,
v U. Matthiesen, Paris,
Wr W. Fain, Larissa, Cherokee county,
L. H. Gideok. Do., do.,
3r M. GooDE,-Marfihall, Harrisen' county,
vj-T-, Collins, Crockett, T"" - "
"Ml'O. Dimos, Montgomery,
' Jj,P. Bowles, Milam county,
J.'Tousev, Cincinnati, Walker co.
"J. W. Copes, Columbia; Brazoria co
" r THE ASIA'S NEWS.
The American steamship Afza arrivefl at New
York on the morning of the 23d ult Much of
Ker intelligence has been anticipated l)y Tele-
graphbut the full accounts, however, are by
ito means destitute ot interest.
France. -The French Court of Cassation has
decided that the law of the 23d oFMarcIi, 1831,
does not render the service of the National
Guard obligatory on foreigner Tending in
Prance, unless they have been admitted, in con-
formity with the article 13 of the Civil Code, to
the enjoyment of civil rights that any employ-
ers of a railway company who has taken oaths
as Inspector for the levying of duties, is exempt
in virtue of his office; that persons who belonged
to the JLegion of Artillery which has been dis-
solved, cannot refuse to serve in the National
Guard on the pretence that the decree which
formed that Legion requires it to be re-consti-tuteiLwithin
a year after a dissolution.
The following is in the Union Bretcnne of
"Everything did not go on very peaceably on
"board the vcs-el in which the 80 condemned
Democrats took their p.is&.ge from Angers to
Paimboeuf. After ha ing conducted themselves
in-a very orderly manner from J'aris to Ancenis.
they obtained permission to come on deck.
VKhen there, thev proposed to each other to
throw tb.e gendarmes who had charge of them
ovgrbjiard. The lieutenant commanding the
2uuunncnc on oemg msoiine-i or rneir mien- i retire trom the
bns in time oiuered them io So down to thejr ' un a new nosition
robins' ' Tbtvrprotwted loudly against this or- , old. and the
Chambord has arrived in Paris. The objects of
bis mission is to impress on the friends of the
Prince who have seats in the Assembly, the ne-
cessity of maintaning the strictest unit n.
Altona letters state that the loss above
spoken of was nearer 500 than 30 men.
B-ossiA.-Vriie Emperor arrived at Alosci w on
the 28th ult. Cyano which is going to 'lriflis
for the purpose of presiding at the Council
which is to regulate the affairs of Circabbin.
A corps of observation of 25.000 men has been
stationed along the frontiers of lvaneiniez Po-
dolsky. to thfr South of Chozim. There is much
mystery about the distinction of this corps
An imperial ukase hasju,t been issued, whicli
altogether prohibts the export of rye from Po
land this year.
Hesse Cassel. Aduccs from Electoral
Hesse to the 0th inst., states that affairs are fast
approaching to a chaotic confussion. for the civil
functionaries to who Gen. Ilaynau sends Jiis
orders firmly refused to ebey them. The troops
are gloomy and dispirifed. Orders hao been
issued to the Auditorial, the Upper iiilitary
Court, for the attachments of Gen. Haynau,
until be has been tried by an ordinary court
martial for the treason.
Losidardt. We learn from the Concordia
of Turin, of the 5th that the sums hitherto col-
lected for Brescia araounteto 350.000, and are
continually increasing. Subscriptions have of
late been opened for the same purpose at Flor-
ence. Pisca, and other Tucan towns. The
Sforza of Brescia, of the first annouccs anew
disaster that has befallen the province, and
especially those parts of it that escaped the
ravages of the late inundation. The vines of
Jlovato, Cazzago. Coccagolio and other places
which have no other means of support but the
produce of their vineyards, have been com-
pletely devastcd by a violent storm.
Portugal. The rumors of an intended in-
surrection against bis power have died away.
Lord-Palmerston bos xemenstrrrted-it has been
stated. Avith the Portuguese government against
the imposition of higher duties on port ex-
ported to England than tbat exported to other
countries. Com Martin's squadron was in tbo
Taguson the 29th.
By Express and Telegraph from Paris. J
The Moniteur publishes a decree of the Prcsi-
dent of the Republic opening a credit to the
Minister ot the interior to the amount of 10G,-
000f., for the purpose of a purchase of a portion
Spain. General Concha takes out with him
to Cuba a reinforcement of GOO men to the gar-
rison of that island.
Tho journals of 1st instant, state the follow-
ing ships are to be despatched forthwith, to re-
inforce the squadron stationed at the island of
j Cuba; Scbcrano. 74 guns; Esperanza and
Perla, frigates of 42 guns each: Cortes. 32;
Colon corvftte. 10 : thirteen brigs, schooners,
&.c, carrying together 95 guns and sis armed
Denmark and the Duchies.- The Schleswig
Holstein army attempted to take Freidrichstadt
by storm, at four P. M., on the 5th but were
repulsed T)y the Danes. The army of the Du-
chies is in position at Sunderstapel. Its loss is
considerable particularly in officors.
Our dates from the seat of war are to the mor-
ning of the 5th inst. After bombarding part of
the town during ihe preceding d ty. and after
destroying the large block house close to the
road, the town was in the evening attacked by
two battallions of infantry and a detachment of
riflemen. The principal church was burning
at the time, tind one end of the town was one
complete mass of flames. After a desperate
struggle, in which both sides must have expe-
rienced very heavy losses, the Danes gave way
a little. butpnlyto soek the cover of new en-
trenchments ana barricades thrown up in the
middle of-the town. The resistance which they
met with here was so violent and determined
that notwithstanding the most brilliant brave-
ry, the Schleswig Holstciners were compelled to
town at jinunijrht. I hey took
somewhat in advance of the
surrounded by a laurel wreath" for a symbol ;
but it is not probable this name will be retained
by astronomers. Lest some of the readers of
the Gazette, who fell an interest in such sub-
jects, have not access to the names of the nine
new planets discovered within the last five
years, a list is subjoincdr viz ; Astrea, Flora,
Jris, Hebe, Hygea. Metis, Parthenope Victoria
and Neptune. To Neptune has been discovered
a satellite, and an additional one to Saturn
within that time.
conflict wab to be renewed on tb
der, and .even niaflf nse of menaces. Theliu- following morning. Tho losses sustained by
tenant drewnplfis.nien. and told the prisoners the Schleswig Holstciners areas yet unknown,
thatjf they diferjd-any-furtherresistanee to bis j. Both sides behaved extremely well, according
commands be would order hiamen to make use i to tlie accounts,
of.their arms. .. ( - . i Gen. Willisen issued the following report on
"Thetifftir oElhe seven French ipurnils pros-4 the first assault of Frerdrichshtdr,? it is flutprf
. .- j., , - - ., , . , , 7 - ' ..-..
uuuicuior iim-4utiuiisjji wie it requiring me j suaorstapel. uctoucr 4, nmo V. jM.
aiuiHurce ua uiumiuiuraui uruiues. cumu on "Uavin" compJctcu the
tiicT9thbf October "before the -Court of thejCor-- tfons for'stormino- Frpidri
Ffthstarir- tin fittnot-
rflctionSl Police, for -which -the summons had took place this evening. and has'been conducted.
oeen issueo,-.. jotwimstanamg anticipations, . -with so much bravery by the troops that, under
tbet, Court declared that it was. competent Ihe less disadantageous circumstances, -success
questionbeing decided, th& 11th was- named to i must have been inevitable. The troops, bow-
try the merits of the case. In themeantime the ever, fell in large numbers, partly in the tren-
jpurnal were sentenced to pay theeosts. j ohes, which it was necessary to bridge over just
-Ine present situation of some of tbe men , under the enemy's fire, and partly among the
who'gured at tbe principal revolution of Feb- half ruined works, behind which the enemy
ruary? "showsthe instability of -all human gran- sheltered himself, and kept up a discharge of
deur A principal says tbat Citizen fclocon, shot upon oar columns, so that, in spite of the
from being a member of the Provisional Govern- , brillian.t"of our men, it was impossible to obtain
meni. Is now tho editor of a Socialist paper in possession of the place. The enemy perai-st in
an -Hk-cure corner of ihe department of the the defend with cnnshinfiv TtTin rmo ;m.
or.Ji.mtt that innami uurast. comnnmly possible to avoifl burning a large portion of the
M&lUxi ' ibirrii .le !,i Vsp-M ,e, in vain solici- j city. These events will not exercise any deci-
tfrd n's'rrlar po-a I- t vacant by the death of)SiVe influence unon the nrnmss of th -imr
tn editor P8h- fir'rfiic Petczs. fheEx-Prcs-:iait
if tiieOrHtituent. the same journal adds,
wa rejectedto on account of his being too ad-
vanced in his ppinionri, &c. It n said tbat ,he
had found employment in the redaction of -what
is termed by his party si reactionary print. Ar-
pon the pros
Our loss I estimate at from 200 to 300 men,
killed- and wounded. Further intelligence shall
be communicated on this subject as soon as the
necessary- lists can be prepared. At present I
can only say that the loss has been greatest,
proportionally in officers. The Gth battalion
ously on the spirit of the troops. , and I hope
with as little influence on that ot the nation.
Willisen, Com. in Chief."
mand fltarrcit having overthrown the monarchy , left all its captains de'ad'or wounded on the ene
of July, governed francs, and ruled the-Na ion- J my's workR. This result has not acted injuri-
ill .l.aOClJUJjr, llftl til; UltliUl VL AhU UU3UU1C U1U"
vincial paper. How are the mighty fallen !
While the men were being placed in their re-
spective berths, many of them kept making use
of the grossest and most insultim; expressions
towards the" sub-prefect, but he treated them
a more rcspetful manner. The moment the
sub-prefect left the Belie Isle, she started for
her place of destination.
of the paintings or the late King of Holland
whYch are to be placed in the museum of Lou-
vre. M,,Guizot arrived in Taris on the 7fh and
presided on the 10th. at the weekly meeting of
tha French Accademy.
In tho commune ot'Campan. Hauntes Pyren-
ees, the Conservatives obtained a signal tri-
umph in the municipal election. The Social-
ists did not obtain a single vote. At the muni-
cipal election of St. Etienne, Loire, the Con-
Bervative party has been equally successful. In Raima. At Kanawha, Va , there aro nearly
the latter place the Socialists presented a pro- ) lou wens norea tor salt water, some ot which
test asainst tho application of the new elector- ' are 1800 feet deep. There are a number of gas
At tificial Ice. To the lovers of the curious
: :-". ii i ..r pi;eTi ,.
l i i i j t l i-i, i J" ciuiit::. uiu ijrwuuuiiun ui u-iiuui:ii ice. oy a
silent comtempt, and listened w.th great , , 8C- . princi ,p jB not dev0;d ofn.
ess to those who conducted themselves m (eres The disc0Fvery lofa mPt,,D(, by which to
manufacture it, however, has been reserved for
our own time ; and not until a recent day has
it been successfully accomplished. The pro-
cess for manufacturing artificial ice was very
reently discovered, by Dr. Gorrie. a resident
of Apnfachicola. who has matured his inven-
tion, after many experiments and failures, and
succeeded beyond expectation in making a ma
chine which, by a process of condensing and
expanding air, produces an artificial ice, equal
in quantity and volume to the capacity of the
machine, at very little ospense and trouble.
al law to the municipal elections.
Itis-announcedthat M. Dupont de l'Eure,
former President of the Provincial Government,
is proposed by the Republican party us a candi-
date for the department of the North at tbo
election which is to take place on tho 3d of
Tehe di'reator of tho Democrat du Var has
been sentenced by the Police Court of Toulon
to one month's imprisonment and 200f. fine fur
non-payment of the two fines to which he had
been previously condemned.
The Marquis de Pangc, late peer of France.
andTvho served in the Hussars of Berchini pre
vious to tbe first revolution, died on Saturday
wells, one of whieh furnishes water for about
250 bushels of salt per day. It stands at 70,
by the saltomoter, graduated at 24, and gives
out gas enough to boil twiee that amount into
salt. It has force enough, as it isvies from the
well, to spout the water from 50 to 100 feet
high. D. W. B.
The Asteroids Mr. Hallowcll. of Alexandria
Va , in summing up the results of planetary
discovery, witbip a fijw years past, snys:
From the discovery of Vesta, by Doctor 01-
mers. of Bremen, in 1808, no additions were
made to tho number of known planets belong-
ine to our system till the discovery of the Astrea,
last-inhis chutea.,in the 81st year of his j by Henckc. on the 8th of December. J845. a pe
ase, ! rum oi nearly iorty yeurs huw ig less tnan
iTIie insignia of the Golden Fjaee were pre- j five years past, there have been added no fewer
6ented'on the 8th by the Spanish Ambassador.
in the name of the Queen of Spain, to tho Pres-
than nine primary and two secondary planets.
so that our tol:ir sysjcm, as at present known,
Is a quaint, thoughtful little poem, written by
German who died in 167G:
In fair Spring's fresh budding hours,
What adorns piaararden bowers?
When doparting spring we mourn,
What is shed from Summer's horn ?
Hay and corn.
What is Antum's bounteous situ,
Mark of Providence divine?
Fruit and wine.
When old Winter, hobbling slow,
Comes, what do wo gain, d'ye know ?
Ice and snow.
Hay audcorn, and little flowers,
Ice, snow, fruit and wine are ouh,
Given to us every year,
By Sprine, Summer, Autumn, Winter,
As they each in torn appear.
SjJring gives treasure, Summer pleasure,
Autumn gladdens, Winter saddens,
Spring revives, Summer thrives, -
Autumn pieases, Winter freezeB.
Thereforej friends, wo all have reason
To extol each coming season,
j Spring and Summer, Autumn, winter, , ,
"Honor, counsel, doeds sublime,
Are the precious gifts of time.
tho complaint be well founded, or the claim of
ownership be established beyond all legal con-
troversy. In cases of suspeeted crimes, the
guilt or innocence ot the party is to he made
out at his trial, and not upon the preliminary
inquiry whether he shall be delivered up. All
that would seem in such cases to bo necessary
is, that there should be prima facie evidence be-
fore tbe executive authority to satisfy a judg-
ment that there is probable cause to believe the
party guilty, such as. upon, an ordinary war-
rant, would justify his commitment for trial.
"And in the cases of fugitive slaves there
would seem to be the same necessity of requi-
ing only prima facie proofs of ownership, with
out putting the party to a formal assertion f
nis ngnts dv a suit at tne common law. con-
gress appear to have acted upon this opinion,
and accordingly, in the statute upon this sub-
ject, (that of 1793,) have authorized summary
proceedings before a magistrate, upon which he
may grant a warrant for removal."
-QMtBg i jnima
- Happiness resulls from the occupation of time
usefully or agreeably. Whon persons are actively
engaged in their several callings and professions, time
is usefully employed, conducing to respectability, hon-
or or. profit novor failing sources of self-satisfaction.
They who have no regular business or profession.resort
to the expedient of beguiling their hours by some
pursuit or amusement that shall supply the placo of
businrss. Their endeavor is to fill tip limo agreeably.
Thus the country gentleman devotes himself to the
sports of the field, making dos and horses his princi
pal occupation, wmie mo town man of fortune fills up
iiiseveuiug uours in irequeming im-ares, card Dartns.
nuts and masquerades. Thoe mor'ai howevnr. of
employing timo are by no icjas the most eligible ;
they arc not productive oft lat ge.n iue self satisfaction
whicli results from pursuits ol a more tranquil de-
scription : s jch as reading, in is c, p.iinting or garden-
Tbe sun gives over Jo the earth
What it can give, so much 'lis worth ;
The ocean gives in many'wayd
Gives paths, gives AMic;, rivers, bays ;
So too, the a'r, it gives us breath j
When it stops giving comes in death.
Give, give, be always givlug;
Who gives not is not living.
The more you give,
The more you live.
God's love hath in m wealth upheap'd ;
Only by giving it is reap'd.
The body withers, and the mind,
If pent iu by n selfish rind.
Give strength, give thought, give deeds, give
Givo love, give tears, and give thyself.
' Give, give, be ulways givinir,
Who gives not, is not living.
The more we give,
I The more we live.
Never tell a whole lie, or a half a lie, or a
quarter of a lie or any part of a lie. Many
boys who know well enough what a sneak-
ing mean thing it is to He, yet will twiat the
truth, or deceive a little bit. This is about a?
bad as a plump -falsehood. If a boy does
something wrong, either through ignorance,
carelessness or accident, and then tells one
half truth and one half lie about il, he might
almost as well have told the whole untruth.
Now see how the spirited, manly true hearted
Aclear tongued boy will do, after an error.
He resolutely -determines to acknowledge it,
withotubeing afraid of any bodiers anger; tell
it just as it was. I never in my life knew
any one to be injured by telling the truth In
this way, but I have seen many a bov and man
too, who were looked upon with contempt,
and thought poorly of, because they would tell
sneaking lies, or half lies or quarter lies.
The worst of untruths those which are de
liberately made up, stories about people, or
little stories magnified into big ones prove
the teller of them to be a most worthless, im-
pure and mean person. The liar is indeed
despicable both to God and good men. On
the other hand, nothing is mure beautiful than
a strictly tiuth-telling person one who never
varies from the trtiih, who is open, candid and
above deceit. To become so, a boy should
strive hard, shutiid determine to become so,and
he will become so. Besides it is so easy al-
ways to speak ihe truth, and so very hard to
arrange a very plausible untruth, whieh even
(hen will in all likelihoodFlie (bund out, nine
"liiio not wish to sing foryou," replied Jenny
"We have' already engaged andfitted up a
hall, and. sold tickets at high, prices." and will
jpay you 3,000 to sing for usjone night."
"I cannot sing for you." 3&$
"Name your own price we-will give it.'
"I will not sing for you,M was the inexorable
reply of Jenny Lind.
The gentlemen could scarcely conceal their
indignation as 'they remarked, "this decision of
yours, Mademoiselle, almost ruing us. We
have expended several hundred dollars in de-
corating; tho ball, and making arrangements for
n concert, at which we had no doubt you would
Jenny Lind immediately counted out seven
hundred dollars, and placed it in their hands,
at the same time expressing a hope that they
were satisfied, "inasmuch"," she added. -4as your
arrangements have been made without my
knowledge or consent."
The managers expressed, themselves satisfied,
The next day Jenny Lind announced a con-
cert for tho benefit of the poor in that town.
The receipts amounted to several thousand dol-
lars, every fathering of which was devoted, to.
charity. Ecepntric amiability!
,A TALE OF THR IRISH FAMINE.
times, out often.
From British Guiana By tho Montezuma,
Capt. Rhodes, we have files of the Royal Ga-
1 zette, B. G., to the 19th September, and of the
Lolonist to the 2Uth. The local news is of lit-
tle interest. Tbe agitation of constitutional re-
form and self-government is being carried on ap-
parently with some vigor and success. The
Reformers however complain that -Gov. Berkly
and Lord Grey are attempting "to cheat them
with small concessions, while the great deside-
ratum of a complete reorganization of tbe Iegis-
lativesystem of tho colony is steadily withheld.
inis is oniy in Keeping witn tne general policy
of the "'Mother Government'" of England. The
cpneessions, however, -made to the demands of
the colonists, betoken nn approaching change
which the diplomacy of the English Seoretary
for tho Colonies will fail to avert. New York
THE WANDERER'S RETURN.
The day was gone, and the night was dark,
And the howling win.ds went by,
And the blinding sleet fell thick and fast
From a stern and stormy sky.
When a mournful wail, thro1 the rushing gale,
Was heard at tho cottage door
Oh ! carry me back oh ! carry me back,
To my mother's home once more.
'Twasayouth, whohad left his mountain home
He had wandered far and long ;
He had drained the goblet's fiery "tide,
ai inu icatui, miunignt tnrong.
But a dream of home came o"er bis heart,
As he crept to the cottage door
Oh ! carry me back oh ! carry me back
To my mother's home once more.
I havo left the ball of the tempter's power,
And tho revel wild and high
They cared not. in their reckless mirth,
If I wandered alone to dio.
Doth the fire still burn on the household hearth
By the elm tree old and hoar 1
Oh ! carry me back oh ! carry me back
To my mother's home once more.
Like the weary bird tbat has wandered long,
I will seek my mountain nest,
And lay this aching bead once more
. On my gentle mother's breast.
Once more 1 will Beek tho household hearth,
By the elm tree old and boar
Oh ! carry me back oh ! carry me buck
io my mothers home once more.
Eagle Pass? Texas, Aug 10, 1850.
To the Editor of the Sun : Alf the male resi-
dents of this section of the country are organ-
izing asceret expedition to the Giiila in search
of diamonds. Harry Love, the Express rider,
who is as famous for his close investigations in
the capabilities of the country be explores, as
for his daring enterprise has sent some speci-
mens of wjiat he took to be very fine quartz
christaiized, to some of the U. S. officers, and
they are despatching all the men they can
trust to gather in the harvest which there is no
doubt in my mind are diamonds. This field is
at the foot of a sterile range of mountains which
recede from the Guila towards- tho northr and
leave a barren, waterless plain between them
and the river, this side the juncture of the Gui-
la and Colorado. The overland emigrants to
California by either of the Texas routes strike
the diamonds at its extremest western edge, or
pass beyond it altogether, as they keep on the
south or Mexican side ot tne river liuuar as
there only has qur most sapient and patriotic
government exploring parties pointed out the
way. Fremont, and nil the rest of our govern-
ment officers, employed in these surveys, kept
their reports out of the tract of the gold and
diamand. regions for a year or two., and then
consoled the country, for all its exploring expe-
ditions, with tho delightful assurance that the
chiefs of these expeditions were worth millions.
It is true that their services were of no value
to the people who had paid for them in gene-
rous confidence, as their published accounts
did not light the way at all to our own emi-
grants, as-they were in effect on Mexican soil;
but what; would you.have if they bad marched
straight through on U. States ground, the
whole force with them would have learned the
existence and whereabouts of these treasures,
and our whole population put on thesecret-
iiagle Pass is the gateway to the New Chi-
huahda trade route, opened by Gen. Caynea.
and his houses aro building extensively ; but
with all its undoubted advantages of healthy
climate and thriving business, does not please
me, and I am putting my interest here in sell-
ing order. Mechanics are making 5 a day,
and hard to get at that: lumber is eight dol-
lars a thousand as it has all to be done by whip
saw. A small steam saw-mill would coin gold.
There is no kind of light facy goods in the mar-
kets of any of tbe towns but the staple goods,
calico, linens, &c are in surplug'for two years
to come on all the upper Rio Grande. '
Discovery of an Old Ro'man Town in Kent.
Preparations are bRing made for excavating an
old Roman town in Kent. The site lies at tbe
foot of the hill crowned by tho mediajval ruin
called Lymne Castle. The discoveries of the
workmen brought them into the middle of a
Roman bouse, of not very large dimensions,
eight rooms of which have been more or less
traced. The lower part of three rooms was
occupied by a hypocaust, the columns of which,
formed of square tiles, remain most of them stan-
ding, but the floor above is unfortunately gone.
These bypocausts are almost invariably found
in Roman houses discovered in England : they
used to be considered as warm baths, but no
doubt their object was to create warm air for
the purpose of warming the house. It is the
first instance of any deliberate attempt to, un-
cover the remains of a Roman town in this coun-
try, London paper.
INCIDENTS fc ANECDOTES.
Sdent-nf t4w ftepublir who tUo n-xt day sent in ' consist of twenty primary and the same number
return iii ! rva t: tue .,egion ot Uonor ot .scconuary planets or moons
to ill e Amb.ifc-'udor
Tbe confidential agent -of tho Count of
The discoverer of the new planent baa pro
posed fbr it tbe name of Victoria, and "A star
The Fugitive Bill. Judge Story, in bis Com-
mentaries on tho Constitution, gives an exposi-
tion of the intent of the provision for the re-
clamation of fugitives from service and'of tho
old law of Congress, which is in all respects ap-
plicable to the new. He says:
"Thi3 clause (the one providing for tho re-
capture of fugitive slaves,) was introduced into
the constitution solely for the benefit of the
slavcholding States, to enable tho to reclaim
their fugitive slaves who should have escaped
into other States where slavery was not tole-
rated. The want of such a provision under
the confederation was felt as a grievous incon-
venience by tbo slaveholding States, since in
many States no aid whatever would bo allowed j
to the owners; and sometimes, indeed, they
meet open resistance. It is obviousjthat these
provisions for the arrest and removal of fugi-
tives of both classes contemplate summary min-
isterial proceedings, and not the ordinary course
. of judicial investigations, to ascertain whether
Anecdote of Jenny Lmd. A correspondent
of tbe New York Herald relates the following
anccuote oi tuiswouuertut cantatrico, and no less
"From Stockholm Jenny Lind went for a
Bhort time to the Springs at Ems, and thence
proceeded to Schlangenbad. on her way to
England. A town of somo importance lay in
her route, and it was not only known that she
passed through this town but information had
also reached some personal friend of hers re-
siding there, that she would tarry with them
three or four days. The announcement of tbe
fact, of course created great, .excitement. A
couple of amusement mongers in the town hired
the only public hall there, and fitted it up in
anticipation of engaging the Swedish Nightin-
galo for a concert. They even went so far as
to sell several hundred tickets, at exhorbitant
J rices, for tho concert in embryo Soon as
ennny arrived this pair of speculators called
on her, and enquired what they should pay
for her services one night at a concert.
"I do not wish to sing foryou," replied Jenny
"But wo will pay you liberally for your services."
That was a pleasant place where I was born, though
twas only a thatched cabin by tho side of a mountain
stream, where the country was so lonely that m sum-
mer time the wild ducks use to bring their young ones
to feed on the bog, within a hundred yards, of uurdo-o-;and
you could not stoop over tho bank to raUe a
p tcher full of water, without frighteuing a shoal- of
beautiful speckled trout. Well, His long ago since my
b.-other Richard, that's now grown a fine, clever man,
God" bless him! and myself, used to bet together up
the mouutuiu to pick buuehes-of the cotton plant and
the bog myrtle, and to look for bTrds ' and wild bees
nests. 'Tis long ago and though I'm happy and
well off now, living in the big house as own maid to
the young ladies, who on account of niy being foster-
sister to poor darling Miss Ellen, that died of decliue,
treat me more like their equal than their servant, and
givo me the means to improve myself ; still at times,
especially when James Sweeney, a dacentboy of the
uetgHbore, and myself are takiuga "walk together
t'irough the fields in the cool aua quiet'of a summer's
everiing-,-1 can't b?lp thinking of ihe times that are
passed, aud.t';'!;ing about them to James with a sort
of peaceful .sadness, more happy, maybe, than if we
were laughing aloud.
Every evening', before I say my prayers, I road a
chiptecin the Bible that Miss, Eileu gave- me; and
Jast-night I leltmy tearedropping forevqrso long over
one verse, "And God fhall wlpo away all loars from
their eyes; and there thai! be uo mors death, neither
sorrow, ndr cryiug, neither 'there o anymore pain ;
fbr the former things arepa5sed way." The words
mjdu mo think of them, thature goin of my father,
Tind of his wifo, that was a-truc.-fond mother tome ;
and above all of my little sister Mary,- the clitreeif
03MJnthat nestled in her bosom-
I was a wild slip ofagirl, ten years of age, and my
brjther Richard about two- years older,' when my
faUier brought home his acconu wife. She was the.
daughter of a farmer up atLack'.tbawn,and was rea-
red with care-and decency; but her father held his
ground at a rack-rent, and the middleman thai was
between him and the head landlord did not pay Ins
owu rent, so the place was ejected, and the farmor
collected every penuj he had and, set tifi" with his
family to America. My father had a liking fur the
youuge-t daugher, and well became him to have it, for
u sweeter creature never drew tho breath of life; but
while her father passed for a slrongf farmer, he was
timorous-like about askingJierUQ-sbarciiiklittio cnbiu ;
however, when he found how matters stood he didn't
loso much time in finding cut that she was willing to
be his wife, and a mother to his boy and girl. That
she was, a patient, loving ond. Oh ! it often sticks
me like a kuile, when I think how many times I net-
ted her with my foolishness and my idlo ways and
how 'twas a long lime before I'd call her mother."
when my father would ba going to chastisn Richard
and "myself for our provoking-doings, especially the
day that wo toot half-a-dozen egg: from undsr the
hutching hen, to play VjBlmd Tom" with them, she'd
intertere for us, and-say,." 1'iro, aleagh, don't touch
them thi3 time; sure 'lis only arch they ara : they'll
get more sense iu lime." And then, after he wasr
gmeoutf she'd advise us for our good so pleasantly,
that a thundercloud itself could't look black at her.
She did wondera,too, about the bouso ard garden.
Thay were both dirty and neglected enough when
sim first camo over them; for I was too young and
fooli-h, and my father loo busy with bis-outdoor work,
and the old woman that lived with uaii: servicer too
feeble and too blind to kecpthe-place either clean or
decent ; but my mother got tbe floor raised,aud the
green pool in front drained, aud a parcel of roses and
houeysucklea planted there justead. The neighbois
wives used to say, 'twas all pride and upsetting folly,
to Serp the kitchen, floor swept clean, and to put tho
putatoas on adish, instead of emptying them out of
tbe pot into the middle of ihn tabfe;and, besides, 'twas
a cruel, unnatural thing, they said, to take away the
pool from tha ducks, that thoy were always used to
piddle iu so handy. But my mother was always too
busy and too happy to heed what they said; and, be-
s'des, sho was alwys so ready to do a kind turn for
any of them, that, out of poor shame, they had at last
to leave ofF abusing her "fino English ways."
West of our house there was a straggling, stony
piace of ground, where, within the memory of man,
nothing grew but uettles, docks and thistles. One
Monday, when Richard and myself came in from
school, my motner told us to set about weeding it, aud
to nriugiu some basketsful ol good clay from tho banks
of the river ; sho said that if we worked well at it
until Saturday, she'd bring me a new frock, and Dick
a jacket from the next market-town ; and encourag-
ed by this, we set to work with right good will, aud
didn't leave off till supper time. The next day we
did thesame ; and by degrees, when wesaw the heap
of weeds and stones that we got out, growing big, and
the ground- locking uico aud smooth and red and rich,
we got quite auxiousabout it ourselves, and wo built a
nice little fenco round it to k-ep ont the pigs. When
it was manuredl my mother planted cabbages, par-
snips and ouious iu it ; and to be sure, sho got a fine
crop out of it, enough to makeus many a nice auppar
of vegetables stowed with peper, and a small taste of
bacon or a red herring. Besides she sold in the mark-
et as much as bought a Suuday coat for my fa'her, a
gown for herself, a line pair of shoes for Dick, aud as
pretty a shawl for myself, as o'er a colleen in the
country could show at in ss. Through means of my
father's industry and my father's good management,
wo were, with the blessing of God, as snug and com-
fbrtablo a poor family as any in Munstor. Wo paid
but a small rent, and W" had always plenty of pota-
toes In eat, go jd clothes to wear, and cleanliness aud
decency iu aud about our little cabiu.
Five years passed ou this way, and atlast little Mary
was born. She was a delicate lairy thing, with that
look, even from the first, in her blue eyes, which is
seldom seen, except where the shadow of the grave
darkous the cradle. She was fond of her father, and
of Richard aud of myself, and would laugh and crow
when she saw us, but the love in tho core of her heart
wai for hor motner. No matter how tired or sleepy,
or cross Ihe baby might he, one word from her would
set the bright eyes daucmg, and the little rosy mouth
smiling, and ihe tiny limbs quivering, as if walking
orrunmg couldn't content her, but she must fly to
her mother's arms. Ann how that mother doted ou
the very ground she trod! often thought that the
Queen in her state carriage, with he rson, God bless
him ! alongside of her, dresd out in gold and jewels,
was not one whit happier than my mother, wheu she
sat under the shade of the mountain ash, near the
door, in tho hush of the summer's evening, singing
and cronauning her only one to sleep m her arms.
In the month ot October, la4o, Mary was four years
old. That was the biltor tiini?, when first ihe food of
tho curth wusiuruod.to poison; when the grtitjens that
ued to be so bright and sweet, covered with the pur-
ple and white potato blossom, became in ouo night
black and offensive, as if fir had come down from
heaven to burn thom'up. Ttvas a heartbreaking thmg
to see tho laboring num. the orathurs ! that hud only
tho ouo half acre to feed their filtlo families, going out
after work, in th evening to dig their suppers Irom
under the black stalks Spadeful after spadeful would
bo turned up, aud a long piece of a ridge dag through
befpr the'y get a gmaU dish full of such withered ctq-
hauneenst as in other years would bo hardly 'doaxTteU
fit for the pigs. .'-
It was some- time bsfore the distress reached us?,
for there was a trifle of money in the savings bonk,
that held osiu meal, whito tho neighbors weTe-Vext
door to starvation. As long.as my mother and father
had it, they shared it freely with them that were
worse off than themselves ; but at last the- little penny
of money wassail spent, the price orflour was raised -and
to make matters-worse, the farmer thatmy father
worked for, at u poor eigfilpence a day, was forced
o send him and'threa moreof his laborers aWay,"ns h"
couldn't afiord to pay them even that an' longer. Oh!'
'twas a sorrowful nightwhen mv father brought homa
the news. 1 remember, as well as if I saw it yester- '
day, the desolate look in his face whan he sat down
by the ashes of the turf fire that had just baked ayel-
low meal cake for his supper. My mother was at the
opposite side, giving little Mary a drink of sonrmilfc
out of herlittlo wooden piggin and the child didn't
like.it, being delicate and always used to sweet milk,
so she said . . a
"Mammy, won't you give mesome of the nice milk
instead of that?" -swr
"I haveu'l it, ashore, nor can't pet it' said 'Kw
mother, -"so don.t ye fret."
Not a word more out ofthelittle one's mouth, only
she turned herlittlo cheek in toward her mothorrand
and staid quite quite, as if sho iva.i he&rkenirjg'to what
waygpjngvou. . E .
"JudyTsauTmy father, God is good, and sure 'tis:
only in Him we must put our trust; for in the wide
world I cau see nothing but starvation before us."
"God is good Tim, replied my mother; "He won't
forsake us.' - .Ji
Just then Richard camo in with a more joyfubface
on him than 1 had seen for many ad j.
"Good news i" says he, "good news father! there's
work for us, both on the Dronmcarra road. The gov-
ernment works are to begin there to-morrow; you'll
get eight-pence a day and I'll getsix pence-" r"a
If yoc saw our delight wneu wo heard this, yon'd
think 'twas tho freoprebentof a thousand pounds that "
came to us, ailing through the roof, instead of anofier
of small wages for hard work.
To bo sure the potatoes were gone, and the yellow
meal was dear and dry and chippy it hadn't the
nature ebout itth t a hot potato has for a poor man f
but-still 'twas a great thing tn havo the prospect-of
gettiug.enonob, of ven that same, and not to be oblig-
ed to follow the rest of the country tuto the poor-house,
which was crowded to that degree that tho crathurs
there God help thom ! hadn't room even to dies
quietly in their beds, but wero crowded, together on
.t jj-. i ,.r. . -, - . 51..
mo uuut use so nuuy aogs in a iiennei. i ne next
morning my father and Richard were off before rfav-
break, for they hn&a lung, way a walfetoDronmcnrra
and thoy should vbe there-futime to begin work. They
took an Indian meal cake with thern to eat for their
dinner, and poor dry food it wasr with only a draught
of cold Water to wash it down. Still my fatner ,wfao
was knowledgeable-ubont such, things, always said it
was mighty wholesome whenTt was well cooked ; but
some of the poor peoplottook agreat objectioutigainst
it on account of the yellow color which tfieytfioagbt
cama from having su phur mixed with it aacbthey
sild, "Indeed it was putting a greal'affrontoalhede-
'ceat Irisn to mix up their food as if 'twas for mangy
dogs." Ghtd enough, poor creatures, they were to get
it afterward, when sea-weed andneules,and ihe very
grass, by tho roadside, was all that many of them had
to put into their mouths.
When my father and brother came home in the
evening, faint-and UYed from the two !ing walk's anl
the day's-work, my mother wou.'d always try 'to f avo
sameJihig- for them to eatwith their porridge a Laof
batter, or a howl of thick milk, or may be a few eggs.
She always gave me plenty as fur as it would go; but
'twas 1'Ulo she took herself. She wt uld often go en-
tirely without a meal, and then she'd slip dowu to the
huckster's and buy a little white bun for Mary; and
I'm sure it used to do lier more gocd lo see, the child-'
eat it, than if the had got a meat-dinner for herself.
No matter how hungry the poor little thing might he,
she'd always break off a bit to put in her mother's
month, and she would not be satisfied until she. saw
her swallow it; then the child would take a drinlcof
cold water out of her little tin porri ger, as contented
as. ii it was uew mils.
As the winter advanced, the weather became wet
and bitterly c&?d,aiid the "poor men working on the
roads began rosuffer dreadfully from, being alf day iu
wet clothes, and, what was worse, not having any
change to put on when they went fiomo at night with,
out a dry thread about thorn. Fever soon Erotamomr.
them, and ray father took it. My mother brought the
dactor tosee him, and by selliDgalf ourdecent clothes,
she got for him whatever was wantiug, but altilo no
use : 'twas tho will of the Lord to take him to himself,
aud hedied after a few days illness.
Itwoald be hard to tell the sorrow that his widow
nnd orkians. fell, when they saw the fresh soJ plant-
ed on hfcrgravo. It was not gnef altogether like ihe
grand Eatery grief of the quality, although may be the
simc sharp knifo is sdekiuginto the same sore bosom
inside in both; but tHe oatsie differs hi rich and poor-
I saw the mistress a weekaftermiss Ellen died. She
was itrthe drawing-room with her blinds pulled down,
sitting in a. low chair, wjth her elbow on the small -work-table,
and her cheek resting on her hand not
a spepk of any thing white about her bat the cambric
handkerchief, and the face that was paler than the
When sho saw me (for the butler, being busy, sent
ms in with tbe luncheon tray,) she covered her eyes
with-her handkerchief, and began to cry, bat quietlyf
as if she did not wantit to be noticed. As I was goingr
out, I jusfheard her say to Miss Alice in achoging
voice : "Keep Sally here always ; our poor darlinc was
fond of her." And as I closed the door, I heard her
give one deep sob. Thenext time Isaw her, she was
quite composed ; only for the white cheek and the
black dress you would" not know that the burning feel
of a child's last kiss had ever touched her lips. '
My father's wife mourned for him after anolhes,
fashion. She could not sit quite, she must work hard
to keep the life iu thom to whom he gave it; andjt
was only in the 'evenings when she sat down before.
the fire, with Mary in her. arms,, that sho used to sob
and rock herself to and fro, and sing a low, wailing
keen, for the father of the little one, whose innocent
tears wero always ready to fall when she saw her mo-
ther cry. About this time my mother got an offer
from same of the hucksters iu the neighborhood, who
knew her honesty, to go three times a-week to the
next market-town, ten miles off, with their little mo-
ney, aud bring them back supplies of bread, groceries,
soap, and candles. This she used to do, walking tbe
twenty miles ten of them with a heavy load ou her
back for the sake of earning enough to keep us alive.
'Twas very seldom that Richard could (ret a slmta
J-cf work -to-tJo-t-tli5xy waau't elftmjj- at lliinself, foe
ne naa tne sicKnessioo;inougn ne recovered from it,
aud always did his best to earn an honest penny wher-
ever he coald. I often wanted my mother lo let mo
go in her stead and briug back the load ; butshonever
would hear of it, and kept me at home to mfudthe
house and little Mary. My poor pet lamb I twas little -mindiug
she wanted, Sho would go afler breakfast
aud sit at the door aud, stop there all day, watching .
fir her mother, and uever hecdiug tho neighborsi j
children that used to come wantiug ner to play. Tnro-
ugh the live long houre she would uever stir, but justlf
keep her eyes fixed on the lonesome oorera; and,
when the shadow orthe mountain ash grew longjundt-
she caughtaglimple of her mother ever so far off, com-T
ing toward homo, the joy lhat would flush outha5";
small, patient face, was brighter than the aunBoam on -'
the river. And faint and weary as tho poor woman'
used to be, before ever she-sat down,shed have Maiy?
nestling in her bosom. No matter .w little sho mights
havo cateu herself that day, she would always bnng'
home a little white bun for'Msry ; and tho-child, that-
had tasted nothing since raorniug, would eat ifrso
happily, and than fall quietly asleep in hor motherfs .
arms. ( A
At the eud of some months I got the sickness my-
self, but uo( so heavily as Richard did before. Auy
way, he and my mother tended me well through It- .
They sold almost every little stick, of furniture thai
was left to buy me drink and modioiue, By degrees ,
I recovered, and ihe first evening I wai able to sit '"
up I noticed a strange wild brightness in my mothers
eyes, and a hot flush on her thin cheeks she bad
taken the fever. - 3
Before she lay down onthe wisp f straw that serv-"-cd
her far a hed, she brough little Mary over to meJ---'
"Tuke her, Sally," she said and between every
word sho gave the ohild a kiss "take her, she's safer
with you than she'd be with me, for you're aver the
sickness, and 'tisu't long any way I'll bo with you,
my jewel," she said, as she gavo the little eroaturo
one long, close hug, and put her into my arms.
'Twould take long to tell all about her sickness-
how Richard and I, as good right we had tended-her
night and day; and how, when every larthing add
farthing's worth we had in tho world wasgeae, tk
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Moore, Francis, Jr. Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register. (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 46, Ed. 1, Wednesday, November 13, 1850, newspaper, November 13, 1850; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48607/m1/1/: accessed April 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.