Brenham Daily Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 4, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 6, 1886 Page: 2 of 4
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BT RANKIN * LKVIJC.
ly Morning Jan. 6,1886
§*B« Houston Age says most
Kentuckians drink beer alter leav-
ing that state.
Dakota has a large lobby at
Washington working to have that
territory admitted as a state.
Nkakly every day wo read ac-
counts of accidental shooting. The
shooters should be held to strict-
Arizona Territory is in a bad
way financially; her debt is now
$7,000,000 and the annual interest
is upwards of $50,000.
Five persons have died of hydro-
phobia in Milwaukee within two
months. The Inst one was Mrs.
Luchogodt, need 67 years.
Q. Escamilj.o, a society young
man of New Laredo, Mexico, sui.
cided by shooting himself through
the heart. He .was disappointed
Ma. J. W. Gollbdob has sold the
Hillboro Mirror, established by
him four years ago, to Mr. James
Shook formerly of the Hillsboro
Thk Ohio legislature met on
Monday, when the Democratic
members from Hamilton county
were sworn in, notwithstanding
The population of the city of
Charleston, 8. C., is given as 32,540
colored and 27,605 whites. The
colored voters barely outnumber
the white voters.
A druggist of Hoboken, N. Y.,
put'up morphine by mistake for
quinine and the result was the
death of two children. He has
been put on trial for manslaught-
One of the most severe snow
storms in several years visited
Western Kansas on Sunday, ex-
tending as far west as Colorado
and Mexico, and on Monday it was
Abe Boynton, of Dakota, a
prominent Democrat, has filed with
. Senator Harrison, chairman of the
senate committee on territories, a
protest against the revolutionary
proceedings in that Territory.
A beautiful and fashionably at-
tired young lady was arrested in
Chicago jast as she was entering a
Chinese laundry to smoke opium.
Upon her promise to smoke no
mpre sbe was dismissed by the
IT is stated on what is believed
to be good authority that Speaker
Carl in le will make Bland, tho au-
thor, of the silver bill, chairman of
the committee on coinage. This
will be a victory for the silver
advocates in congress.
Thb Fort Worth Evening Mail
has been enlarged and now appears
as an eight-page five column paper.
The Mail is receiving a very liber-
al patronage at the hands of the
Fort Worth merchants, who seem
to be well up in tbo art of adver-
Hon. Pebby Belmont has intro
duced a bill in the House author-
izmg the appointment of a com
xnittee of nine members to enquire
into tbe execution of the civil ser-
vice law and to suggest such modi-
ions and improvements as may
Thb Houston Post says that it is
now on a sound basis and is selt-
sustaining. Tbe Post is an excel,
lent paper and is run on business
prinoiples. Hereto/ore Houston
morning papers have endeavored
to do too much and tbeir expenses
exceeded their income.
The Houston Post has a lengthy
editorial in which it advocates tho
hiring out of convicts j it wants
them made self-sustaining and
thinks that short-term men could
be utilized to great advantago by
putting them to work repairing
and building public roads, which
are notoriously bad throughout
The Dallas News raps President
Cleveland over the knuckles for
his remark that tho newspapers
are given to lying. It reminds
Mr. Cleveland that the newspapers
have raised him from obscurity to
the highest position in the world.
Somo paper had been lying about
him and he was in a bad humor
when he wrote the letter.
The Liquor Dealers Journal, a
new venture in the newspaper
world is published at Dallas. It
says "the Journal supports with
zeal all measures which have a
temperance tendoncy, yet we can-
not give assent to any movement
however plausible in appearance,
which contaminates tho purity of
The San Antonio Light says the
silver question is a sectional one.
It can hardly be called sectional
becauso the anti-silver men are
small in numbers, but they are
wealthy and are contincd to the
money centers which are locatod
in tho largo cities. Tho masses;
farmers, mechanics, small mer-
chants and laborers, aro not op-
posed to silver.
It is thought that tho siiver ques-
tion will lead to a vory interesting
discussion in the house, and one
that will engender bad feeling be-
tween the President and some
Democratic members. The Repub-
licans in tho House, as a general
thing, aro very kindly disposed
toward President Cleveland, and
are in favor of giving him a fair
show. They will also favor liberal
appropriations, particularly for
naval and coast defenses; they
also favor building a navy.
Austin Statesman: To read in
tho Lynchburg News that "the
Roanoke Machine Works, Roanoke,
Va., have been notified that their
bid of somo months ago for the
building of 500 freight cars for a
New York railroad had been ac-
cepted," seems a little strange,
doubtless, to those who have not
carefully watched the enormous
growth of manufacturing interests
in the south of latp.
The Galveston Tribune says:
There is war between two Chicago
ministers in regard to hell, one
claiming that modern theorists
have effectually knocked the bot-
tom out of that ancient winter re
sort, while tho other i» equally
certain that it still is and always
will bo conducting a vory active
business at the old stand. The
latter is correct. Nothing short
of the good, old-fashioned ortho-
dox lake of eternal fire could mete
out justice to tho perpetrators of
tho Austin outrages and kindred
The Bellville Times bas taken
in sail; it bas been reduced from
nine to eight columns and is still
plenty large for its town. It bas
done wisely in reducing its sice to
the wants <rt its patrons. It is an
o!d adage with newspaper men that
there is no money in publishing a
nine-column paper in a six-column
town. Bellville is a good town
bat not quite large enough to snp-
|>ort a nino-colnmti paper.
—R. T. Clark, of Moody, and J.
T. Chambers, of McGregor, both
merchants, have failed.
—The Post says there is a good
opening in Houston for a large
bank with plenty of capital.
—An up-country county paper
says any one competent to fill a
county office can raieo $5 to pay
for his announcement in advance.
—Eugene Williams, an able
young lawyer of Waco, has Deen
appointed district judge of the 10th
district, vice B. W. Rimes, resign-
—No new cases of small pox
have been reported at San Antonio
since Saturday. The four cases at
tbe pest house are doing well. No
alarm was occasioned.
—Miss Nannie A. Wallace, of
Fort Worth, has sued Thomas II.
Daggett for breach of promise of
marriage and seduction, claiming
$10,000 actual and $10,000 exem-
plary damages, occasioned bo Dag-
gett failing to comply with the
term's of a marriage contract. The
lather of Miss Wallace has also
sued Dae-gett for 810,000. Dag-
fjett is 31 years old and tho young
ady is 28. It is said they had
been keeping company for eleven
years. If not compromised a rich
scandal is expected, and if there is
anything in this world tb«t tickles
the palate of the general public it
is a scandal. i
A. GRAVITY RAILROAD.
RIDING OVER THE FIRST COMPLETED
RAILROAD IN THIS COUNTRY.
Tile Novel Way in Which the Car*.Are
Carried Along—The Many Curve*
and Wiadlngt— "Loaded"
and "Light" Track*.
[Cor, Brooklyn Kagle.]
One of tbe most en joy able aud satisfactory
trips that can be taken is that of a ride over
< ne of the few gravity railroads now exist-
ing in the country—say that of the Dela-
wnra it Hudson Canal company, in Penn-
sylvania, extending from Honesdale to Car-
l-ondale, a distance of seventeen mile-. No
locomotives are used in going either way,
consequently there is positive freedom from
smoke, cinders, mnellof coal gas, etc., which
Is so annoying to travelers on ordinary rail-
roads. This was practically the first com-
pleted railroad in this country. The scheme
was originated by William Wurtx and his
brother Maurice, of Philadelphia, for the
purpose of an outlet to New York city for
tbe coal they discovered in the Lackawanna
valley in Penn-ylvania. They first built the
Delaware & Hudson canal, extending from
Honesdale, Pa., to Rondout, this state—
which at that time was indeed a gigantic
Honesdale was as near to the Coal mines
as they could extend the canal, hence in the
year 1828 this gravity or "up and down
hill" railroad, as it has been aptly called,
was constructed, climbing over the Moosio
range of mountains, 2,000 feet above tide
water. This road, until within a few years,
was used for the transportation of coal ex-
clusively. In 1877, the company, to satiffy
the demands of the public, concluded to ex-
periment, and commenced running passen-
ger cars. They were a success at the start,
nnd travel has from year to year greatly in-
creased. Travelers who enter these cars
for the first time are greatly astonished at
the novel way in which they are carried
along. There is no motive power in sight
If starting from Honesdale the passenger,
upon entering the car anil looking ahead,
sees ths track leading directly up a steep
A wire rope, resting on numerous little
iron pulleys in the middle of the track, ex-
tends from the foot of the plane, as it Is
called, to the summit, and runs around huge
drums. When ready this cable rope, by a
signal, is started and a man employed for
the purpose has in his hand a short pieoe of
very heavy chain called a "sling," with a
large hook at each end, one of which he in*
serts into a link attached to the car aud th*
other into one of the links contained in the
endless rope, and up they go at a speed
something like fourteen miles an hour.
Once on the summit the sling Is detached,
and, the gravity slightly descending, the
cars run by their own gravity for a few
miles, when the foot of another plane is
ranched, This is ascended in the samo
manner as the first, and so on until Car-
bondale is reached. The cars are drawn
up the hills by stationary engines located
at the head of tbe planes. When one has
ridden up eight planes he is about ten miles
from Honesdale and on the summit of the
Moosic mountains, 2,000 feet aboVe sea
level, where tbe landscape view extends
miles and miles, the Catskiil mountains be-
ing plainly visible.
It is impossible to describe or imagine the
ms.uy windings and curves the road makea
The speed of tbe cars rushing down and
around the mountain is v>*ry gieat, perhaps
a mile a minute, and produces some queer
feelings of surprise and fear at a first ex-
perience. In going down the mountain,
when within a mile of Carbondale, which
is then H00 feet belovr and in plain sight,
the cars make a sudden turn and go rush-
ing in another direction, making a circuit
of several miles to get down the mountains.
At one point a person can look down from
the cars and sse the track many feet b loiv,
and a few minutes later look up with sur-
prise at the track just passed over, now
many feet above. This sudden curve is
called the Shepherd's Crook. At this poi.it
the road runs at a great elevation over the
l^ackawanna river, being far above the top-
of tbe tallest trees. For the ^ocopnmoda
of tourists, tbe trains are sometimes stopped
a few moments at this curve to enable pas
sengers to enjoy ths beauties of the wild,
magnificent scenery extending for miles
The road has two tracks, called the loaded
and light track, the loaded track being the
one on which the cars filled with coal from
the mines at Carbondale run in going tc
Honesdale, aijd the light troqk that on
which tbe empty cars are brought b*ck tc
be reloaded. The loaded cars are brought
from Carbondale to Honesdale in the same
maimer as tbe empty cars are taken back,
only that there are some planes that de-
scend, and the loaded cars ere letdown these
by endless cables. In runninz from Car
l>oud«le to Honesdale there ore twelve
planes, eight up hill and four down hill: th«
up bill ones following each other and are
numbered, commencing at parhond&le froqi
one to eight, So. ti being the shortest,
or 1,253 feet long, No, 1 the longest,
being 1,419 feet
The four down planes are numbered 10,11
and 12. the shortest being 1,823 and the
longest 1,463 feet, the steepest being Na 5,
where the ascent is one foot in 'J 95-100 feet.
After descending plane l\o. 12 Way mart is
reached, and from there to Honesdalo—dis-
tance ten miles, oalled Ten Mile level—the
cars run by their own gravity, the grade
being loj^ per mile. In returning to Car-
bond lie there are eight planes, all up hill,
numbered i# t j 30, the shortest being 629
feet (No. 14) and the longest 2,030 feet (No.
19). The grade of No. 13 is one foot in
5 60-100 feet, and the other extreme is No.
18, where it is one foot in 12-73-100 feet
There are levels between all the planes on
the light track; tbe one from the summit tc
Carbondale is six miles, called Six Mile
level, the grade being over 100 feet to the
mile, ftye speed of these cars is controlled
perfectly by experienced brake men, who
are on each train, composed of both open
and closed cars.
How the Turks Fast.
(.Frauk Leslie's Illustrated.)
Turkish ingenuity has circumvented the
terrible month Kamadan, the Mohammedan
fast. For thirty days, between sunrise and
sunset, no good Mussulman allows a mouth-
ful of food or drink to pass his lips. But,
then, says a Constantinople letter, it does
not discommode the Turk at all, (or during
that time he is asleep. He simply reverse*
the order of things, aud sleeps daytimes in-
stead of nights. There is no law against bis
sating at night. He rises from his couch at
sunset and takes UU brcalff^jt Lefor$ going
to the mosque to pray. At midnlghit he ha
dinner, and partakes? of supper Just before
sunrise in the morning, when be again re-
tires jo fcad, The night not bsiug good for
work, he give; bis waking hours W pleasure,
ana the month, from sunrise to sunset, be-
comes a vast carnival in all countries under
CREMATION IN BUFFALO.
Incinerator To Bnilt—Details of
the Venlnl Process.
I Buffalo Courier.]
Buffalo's crematory project is being
pushed, and it is probable that the incinera-
tor will be built and in full operation before
next winter. About three-fourths of tha
stock has been subscribed for, and a lot has
been bought from tbe Metcalfe estate, on
the south side of Delaware avenue, between
Linwood and Delaware avenues. It fronts
181 feet oil Delaware avenue, and has a
length of 150 feet Upon this the crema-
tory temple will be erected, and public and
private columbaries can be also built if they
The process of cremation invented by
Joseph Venini, of Milan, Italy, will be
used. It is now the one iu vogue in all the
principal cities of Italy. The process as
now used consists of two parts; first, the
generation of gas; and second, the crema-
tion proper. The apparatus is constructed
with a gas generator located in the base-
ment of the crematory building. The fur-
nace itself is on the main floor, and the heat
ascends from tbe gas-geuerator through
flues constructed of refractory material.
The fuel used may be either wood, ooal, or
coke, as desired. The first combustion takes
place in tbe gas-generator. The flue
which carries off the results of the
first combustion, consisting of smoke
and other carboniferous product, trends
in the direction of tbe main furnace. Be-
fore reaching the furnace a new supply of
oxygen is admitted to the flue, causing a
second oombustion, whereby tbe products of
the first are completely consumed, and the
heat, raised to a high degree, is brought
into the crematory chamber in a colorless
Here the third combustion, that of tbe
body itself, takes place. As viewed through
an aperture iu the walls of the furnace, this
combustion progresses as follows: When
the heat is first admitted to the chamber it
is filled with a dense black smoke which
last3 for a minute or two; this is succeedei
by a white vapor for the next minute or
two; this disposes of the fluid parts of tbe
body, the remaining time being taken up in
the consumption of the more solid propor-
tions. Aftor the disappearance of the
white vapor the chamber is left abso-
lutely clear until the moment when
the body, completely consumed, drops
away In white ashes. The products of these
three combustions are carried through a flue
in the chimney, but before reaching the
chimney an additional supply of oxygen is
admitted to the flue, causing a fourth and
absolute combustion. The final product
which escape from the chimney is not ap-
parent to any of tbe senses, having neither
smoke nor odor.
In fact, from tbe beginning to the end of
the proces', there is absolutely nothing to
offend the most fastidious parson. There is
no approach to cooking or burning. The
process is a purely chemical one, and re-
duces the body by the most expeditious and
cleanly means to its component parts. Tbe
amount of fuel used is little more than half
a cord of wood or its equivalent The time
occupied varies, with the size of the body,
from three-quarters of an hour to an hour
and a quarter.
tVhat Bees Are Coming To.
A Michigan apiarist has succeeded in
teachiug bis bees to make honey from glu-
cose. He began by sotting pans of syrup
near the hives, and as the bees became
habituated to sucking sweets from them he
daily reduced the amount of syrup more and
more and filled in with glucose, until finally
the bees were sucking only straight glucose
and making honey at an astonishing rate.
The small, barefooted son of the apiarist,
who innocently "gave the old man away" to
a Detroit reporter, said that tbe bees made
about twice as muoh honey under the new
method as they used to when they had to
spend moat of their time gathering raw ma-
terial from flowers and clover blossoms.
We have long thought that bees were too
primitive in their methods. We have bad
a sort of intuitive belief that they were
capable of high civilization if man would
only influence and direct them In proper and
useful channels, but never until now foaYe
we had substantial pyoof of It The Michi-
gan apiarist, however, has opened a field
so brftad that it seems almost boundless.
The possibilities suggested by his successful
experiment are bewildering, If by
training glucose through bees a man
can get honey, why may he not
strain chalk and water through them and
get choice milk and cream, or banquet them
on soap-grease and get prime Orange
county butter! Why may he not feed them
on logwood and cheap alcohol and ot^t^iq a
flwt-olass brand of port wine; or, "by si^b-
stituthig some other ingredient for the log-
wood, get a "superior article" of any other
It is not well to try to educate the baas
too highly all at oqoe, But if we carry oq
the civilizing processes gradually there is
U9 reason jftjy the bee may notfDecome one
of the most useful factors of future pro,
The Situplun Tunnel.
Italy aud Switzerland are about to under
take the taring of the Simplon tunne], whicb
v. ill form, when completed, the fourth tun-
ne. 'vu'.e through the Alps.
TltU litroder nevervfnps. A of tippiy.
stifiurth ami wlioie-omeoetH- More emnomkal
than the ordinary kinds, und cannot he solil in
competition withihe miiliitiutf of low test, short
weijflit, alum orphosnhate |«»vilers Sold only
in cans Itfyal Baking Powder Co., I'm Wall
St.. Xpw York.
FISCHER &. WEIS.
( DEILEflS HI LIVE STOCitD
Corner of 8t. Charles and Quitman Htt,,
(GENERAL X MERCHANDISE,)
NORTHWEST CORNKK OF PUBLIC SQUARE,
BRENHAM, - - - - TEXAS
XXas Received a Full and Complete Stock of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS
LATEST STYLES LN
LADIES' pjDBESSPflllOOPS, [fl TRIMMIH6S, Mliisj)
CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES,
Hata, Caps, Quoenswaro Grooerie».
Also a large and varied assortment of
Parlor and Bed Room Furniture,
CARPETS, MATS and HOUSE FUKN1SH1NG GOOD5J,
.Call and examine onr goods before purchasing elsewhere.
departments. Give us a trial.
G u a rwi tcesa tis ct i. i r.
Meyers & Qu©be$
Family and Fancy
R O C E R I E S,
ABBOTT CORNER, BRENHAM, TEXAS.
We kcop always on hand a full and complete assortment cf Fresh Orocerios an
Family Supplies, which we arc selling at reasonable prices. California Canned Goods, ef
all kinds. Canned Meats, iri fact everything usually kept in a
FIRST-CLASS GROCERY STORE.
FREE DELIVERY TO ALL PARTS OF THE CITY. JSt
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
Furniture and Carpets,
bxibnecaime - - - - te3cah.
n®-Parlor Sets, Chamber Sets, House Furnishing Goods.^jf
CARPBTIHCt, . OIL CLOTHS, . HATTINQ,1
MIRRORS, MATTRBSSSS, WALL PAPHR.
We arc prepared to furnish your house from top to bottom, at short notice. Carpeta
sowed and put down. Call and see us. Goods delivered in the city FREB.
STREET. BETWKEN ANT aud NORTII, RHENIUM. TEX IS.
L. J. LOCKETT,
LIVERY, FEED and SALE STABLE,
Corner Saiulv and Douglass Streets
BRENHAM '- - - TEXAS.
for sale. Outfits
and hav by thr
carload in lots
lo suit purchas-
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN
J'llOrRIETOR OF THE
a \ii\ i n ri\Tm TjAii ™
AND AGENT i'OK-
»T. iiotjis, Miasoum.
PURE LAGER'BEER IN KEGS AND BOTTLES BREWED EXPRESSLY FOR
TIIE TEXAS TRADE.
^ Be?f and Ico Sandy Street,^ear Santa Fe Depot*
Office: Corner Quitman aud St. Charles Sts., BRENHAM, TEXAS
W All orders taken for Beer and Ice promptly filled. '
HEBER STONE & BRO.,
CSlTCOESSOBd TO T. J.
FIHE, MARINE AND ACCIDENT.
Representing the following Old and Reliable Companies:
New York Underwriters Agency
Pennsylvania Ins. Co., of Phila.
Crescent Ins. Co.. of N. O.
Sun Ins. Co., of Cal
Norwich Union of England
British Amerioa, Ca.
Southern Ins. Co. of New Orleans.
Fire Ins. Association of London.
Merchants Ins. Co., of N. J.
N. O. Ins*. Ass'n of N. O.
Sun Kire Oflk-eof London
Western Assnrar.ee C6., On,
City of London Ins. Co., iSoglan d
St. Paul, of Minnesota.
Accident Insurance Co., N. A.
It can be seen from the above list of companies that we represent non
but tho best companies of undoubted security. For
FIRE, X&ARXXfS and AOCXSBNT XNSVRAVOB
call at our office, ovor Reichardt & Ilermayn'g furnituro store, aoutk
side of tho courthouse. Wo are also prepared to insure cotton'tins at
tho very lowest rates. Call beforo insuring elsewhere. All claims oL
Insurance and l osses adjusted at our office, in
WSu T'ne highest market price paid in cash « Tfl
tor llh.fc.fr CATTLE. IIOUS and SHEEP. I JDi wHIlitHI
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Rankin, John G. & Levin. Brenham Daily Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 4, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 6, 1886, newspaper, January 6, 1886; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth486770/m1/2/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.