Texas Ranger. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 39, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 14, 1855 Page: 2 of 4
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J. LANCASTER, Editor.
SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1855
t.n,7v n-1 ' ' " " "i l-fc-J- "tL1 v J ssg:
For ieut. Governor3
Of Washington County.
"23x. Jeremiah Cloto, of Austin'county , is an
authorized tigent for this paper.
A. J. Austin, esq., Philadelphia, is an author-
ized agent for this paper.
Frank "Lipscomb, Esq., of Bellville, Austin co.
is an authorized agent ibr this paper.
Capt. M. K. SsBti, Postmaster, Caldwell, is
en authorized agent lor tins paper.
To Advertises. The Texas Jlnnger of-
fers great inducements to "business men, who
wisE to avail themselves of the benefits of ad-
vertising. Beinp the largest paper in Western
Texas, and hating a circulation in every county
in the State, as "well as in every Southern State,
the proprietor flatters himself that those who
advertise in his columns, will be most amply re-
Mr. Jer. Cloud, Jr.. Sempronious, is notified of
the receipt of his order. The Hanger is forward-
ed to Col. Sloan.
Ttlr. C. N. Brooks, Hillsboro, is informed of the
Tcceipt of his favor together with the contents.
Jilr. 1L Ballard, Travis, is notified of the recep-
tion of his favors. The ballance due on the ad-
vertisements is $5.
Hessrs- Grcesbeeck & French,, San Antonio,
will accept our thanksfor their favor.
Capt. Alfred Evans, Austin county, is notified
of the receipt of $30, for announcing h&namefor
the Legislature. We hope other candidates who-
have not paid up, will fork over, as a man that
is punctual in paying his printer's bill is gener-
ally believed to be an honest man, and may with
safety be trusted in our legislative halls.
At the request of numerous members of the
Democratic party, Gen. A. J. Hamilton', of
Travis county, will address the Democracy
- .-. y ii ".- , . V'
at tne loiiowmg limes and places:
Cameron, jffilani county, 21st July.
Caldwell. Burleson county. 23d "
BrenLam, Washington county. 25th "
Washington, Washington co., 26th "
Anderson, Grimes county, 2Sth "
Huntsville, Walker county, 30th "
Montgomery, Montgomery co., 2d August.
T3 As the Democratic party have not
settled down on any candidate for Lieut. Gov-
ernor,' we to-day boist the name of Dr. J. B,
Robertson:, Believing that he will be accept
able fo g large,raajorjy of the democrats-of
the State. We notice that his name is al-
ready announced by some of our eastern co-
temporaries as the choice- of the democracy
In that'portion of the State, and we have it
from reliable authority that he is the favorite
in the west.
1 To candidates who wish special tick-
ets printed for the coming election, we would
state that we are prepared to print them in
handsome style, at 1 00 per hundred, cash.
Inserting names on regular tickets for State
and District offices $10 : County offices $5.
2?" On Thursday next the Xnownothing
leaders of this vicinity propose to show their
band, as since the meeting of the Philadel-
phia convention, they pretend to have made
public their principles and established a plat-
form, the main strength of which is compos-
ed of a few plank taken from the substantial
platform laid down by democratic hands.
A barbacue is to be given on the occasion,
and some of the most prominent Knownoth-
ing speakers form a distance have been in-
rited to attend-
It is also expected that many distinguished
anti-knownothings will be here to participate
in the discussion, as we learn it is to be a free
fight, and whoever feels disposed can "pitch
JK3- We acknowledge the xeeeipt of a
Nacogdoches Chronicle' Extra ; containing
a letter from the editor of the Central Texi-
an, denying in most positive terms that Dr.
Dickson Is a Knownothing, but on the con-
trary that "he is orrosED to their order,"
they agreeing in convention to support him
solely becanse he was opposed to the Galves-
ton plan. If such are the facts we suppose
the Doctor will publicly endorse them, and
acknowledge the editor of the Texian as his
authorized mouth-piece. It is passing strange
that the Knownothing convention should nom-
inate a man for Governor who is opposed to
their order !
- We learn that Judge L. D. Evans,
who was in this place during the sitting of
the Knownothing convention, was nominated
by that party as their candidate for Con
gress in the Eastern District.
This same Judge when he was charged by
JbCoI. A. JVL Lewis, as belonging totheKnow-
I nothing or American party, denied most sol
emnly, in the presence of nearly one thousand
people, his being a member of the order.
Possibly, he is like other candidates nominated
by this party possesses Kkowxothecg ways,
but opposed to the order. It is indeed, as-
tonishing to see the course adopted by some
mer for the bare prospect of office.
BSL. Otfr exchanges from every portion of
the Union, speak in the most glowing terms
of the prospects of the present crops. The
wheat harvest b as been more bountiful than
for many years, and the corn crops promise
an overabundance. In some parts of our
State, wbere com a few months since wa
AH about tlie Fair.
The Ladies Fair at Independence on
the night of the 4th. was crammed and
jammed and filled to overflowing. The
roonf'in which the Fair was held was not
large enough to accommodate one half
of the spectators, but notwithstanding
this, the net proceeds of this fair en-
terprise amounted to 500, which will
be a considerable item towards the com-
pletion of the Church.
The supper table, we are informed by
our "better half' (for it was so crowd-
ed that even a little editor could'nt slip
in) was decorated in beautiful style, re-
flecting much credit on the good taste
of the ladies of Independence. The lux-
uries of this, as well as the more tropi-
cal clime, were profusely scattered over
the table, and all that could squeeze in,
tasted and feasted to their gratification.
There were numerous fair beauties
from this and other counties present.
We noticed some fair ones from nous-
ton and Galveston, )uz they could not
eclipse our fair representatives from old
Washington, Misses. A. H. and I. 2sT.
JSSr The question was frequently as-
ked at the Fair at Independence
"What has caused the attendance of this
unexpected great multitude ?" The
knowing ones would answer "It was
published in the Banger."
gggp The steamer Brazos passed-Eich-
mond on the 3d inst. on her way to
Galveston. The steamers Fort Henry,
Maj. Harris, and Betty Powell, are said
to be on Eandon's shoals, waiting for a
rise. This has indeed been an unfor-
tuneate season forsteamboating, but we
trust that the next Legislature will make
liberal appropriations towards the im-
provement of our principal rivers, so as
to insure permanent navigation. If this
is not done either by the Legislature,
or the subscriptions of our citizens, it
cannot be expected that owners of boats
will sacrifice their pecuniary interest
by sending their steamers into our riv-
ers. We have the best natural rivers
in the South, -et to the shame of Tex-
as be it said, that not one dollar has yet
been appropriated out of her overflow-
g coffers towards their improvement.
The Washington Female Seminary,
Itev. L. P. Backer, Principal, commenced
its session on the 2nd inst.
The Music Department is under the con-
trol of Miss Dickson, a young lady of superi-
or merit and musical talent, and as an instruct-
eress in the art, cannot fail to give satis-
faction. We therefore trust that she will
meet with that liberal patronage which Tex-
ians are proverbial for bestowing on meritori-
ous ladies, who leave their homes, family and
friends, to instruct our daughters in the use-
ful branches of education.
JJS Wo learn from the Item that on the
morning of the 2nd inst. the dead body of a
man lying in a wagon was discovered about
S miles from Huntsville on the road to Dan-
ville. A negro belonging to Mr. Baker of the
former place, was suspicionsd of the murder
and arrested. He acknowledged that he com-
mitted the deed that he drank aud gambled
with deceased and won his purse with $20,
but as he would not give up the money they
had a quarrel. He then went off and waited
until deceased went to sleep in the wagon.
He then returned, and placing a pistol against
the sleeper's head, shot him. Seeing that he
struggled a good deal, he took the piece of
timber and struck the wounded man on the
head with it, and finally cut his throat. He
took what money he found on the body and
The name of the murdered man is said to
be Thomerson, and that he resided in the
neighborhood of Danville.
Grimes Co Texas , July. 6, 1855.
Mr. J. Lancaster,
Dear Sir : My subscription for that ex-
cellent paper, the Texas Ranger, has about
expired, x previously suDscriDed tor tue
and the , but not being pleased with them
I thought I would try the "Texas Ranger and
Lone Star," and have found it to be just what
I wanted a paper calculated to give any per-
son, young or old, satisfaction in reading it,
whose mind is not entirely destitute of curi-
osity. Since I received the first copy I have
read your publication with much interest, and
can say that I have not only found it to be the
"Texaa Ranger" in name, but in importance.
I cordially forward $3, being in advance, for
the succeeding year's subscription.
ESU The above complimentary note came
to hand last mail, and we cannot but feel
flattered, considering the respectable source
from whence it came. This subscriber has
been a patron of the Ranger three years, and
has always paid punctually in advance.
Would that we could say so much for a ma
jority of our subscribers.
While at the celebration on the 4th., we
met with several old subscribers who have
been owing us 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 years for
subscription to Ranger, and yet not one of
them paid us one cent on their subscription,
or said one word in relation to it. We thought
to oursclf, certainly if these men knew how
we have toiled day and night and expended
our means for paper, ink, labor, office rent,
&c, to furnish them the Ranger, they would
not appear so callous to our actual necessities,
but have come forward with a cheerful coun-
tenance, and if they had not the means to pay
up, have said so, and settled by note. It
would have least shown a disposition to "do
as they would be done By,' and have been a
source of gratification to us.
Our stock of paper in a short time will be
exhausted, yet wc have not collected enough
within the last three months to lay in a new
supply. Under such circumstances, what
honest man can blame us for calling on those
subscribers who arc so many years in arrears,
Celebration of the4tli at Gay Hill.
It was our good fortune to be present at
this celebration, and we can truly say that we
never attended a more bountiful or sumptu-
ous barbacue. There were at least 600 per-
sons on the ground, and all seemed to en-
joy themselves as becoming American citi-
zens celebrating the anniversary of the Inde-
pendence of a free and republican govern-
ment. As we have been furnishedwith the
proceedings of the day, by a gentleman from
Independence, which will be seen below, we
deem it useless to give a repetition of the
Independence, Texas, Julybth, IS55.
I was at the celebration at Gay Hill yes-
terday, and was highly gratified with the
sumptuous fair, as well as the kinduess and
courtesy that was extended to all present by
the hospitable citizens of that excellent
neighborhood. There was a very large as-
semblage of both Ladies and gentlemen pres-
ent and all seemed to enjoy themselves well.
The location is a strikingly beautiful one, it
being in a live oak grove, forming a natural
arbor, affording a peifcct shade for the nu-
merous assemblage. I arrived with yourself,
at a late hour and consequently did not learn
the order of opening. I saw, however, nu-
merous bodies of the order of Good Samari-
tans, in the company, and believe that this
truely Philanthropic order ( of which there is
quite a respectable lodire in the neighbor-
hood) turned out as a body and participated.
The forenoon was devoted to the reading of
the Declaration of Independence, followed by
an oration by Mr. Rutheford, the orator of
the day, who was followed by Mr. Morris, in
a short and patriotic address, 1 was prevent-
ed from hearing either of the speakers, but
heaid their speeches well SDoken of by those
who did, after which the company repared
to dinner, and a more bountiful and well serv-
ed one I have never witness. If there was
any one who did not partake freely, it must
have been for the want of an appetite, there
being an ample supply after all had left the
tables. At 3 o'clock the company assembled
at the stand to hear the speeches of the cani-
dates for the legislature. Mr. J. L. Far-
quhar (Know-nothing) lead off. I was called
off at this time and did not hear him, conse-
quently will not. pretend to give a synopsis of
it He was follow by Mr. Tarver. flndepen-
dent no party man and an ti-Know-nothing)
he announced himself as opposed to the state
plan of Internal improvements ; opposed to
the public debt bill ; in favor of the state
aiding in the improvement of our navigable
streams, under judicious guards ; opposed to
the Piohibition of the sale of Liquors, but in
favor of restricting its sale, upon what par-
ticular terms or restrictions he" had not ma-
tured in his own mind, he then went into
an historical review of our naturalization
laws, quoting largely from the writings of
Jefferson and others, to show the evils that
would result from the organization of a par-
ty against persons of foreign birth ; alluded
to the patriotism and fidelity of that class of
citizens as exhibited upon every battle field,
from the revolution down to the present time ;
contrasted the devotion and obedience to the
laws of our country, shown by that class of
citizens, with the fanatacism, treason and to-
tal disregard for the constitution and laws,
exhibited by the abolitionists and free soil-
ers of native birth ; he next alluded in
strong terms to the injustice of proscribing
catholics on account of their religion , passed
a high compliment on the life and character
of the present chief justice of the United
States, whose position was second to none,
but that of President, and said that there
was not a man in the country of any charac-
ter or standing who would assail him, and yet
he was a catholic ; he alluded to the fact that
out of the 3000 Clergymen, who had disgrac-
ed their sacred calling by stepping into the
political arena and tiying to control the legis-
lation of the country regardless of the con-
stitution, not one catholic was to be found ;
he said that the slaver' question had entered
into most or all the northern branches, of the
Protestant churches, while not one instance
could be cited v here the catholic church had
in any way interfered with it ; he stated
that whenever the Know-nothing party had
obtained power in the north, that they had
used that power against the south and her
institution", declaring war against Slavery,
and that Massachusetts had openly nullified
the fugative slave law, under the control of
the Know-nothing party, and that from these
considerations he could not consider it as a
party worth' of the support of Patriots and
especially southern men.
Mr. Sayles, (Know-nothing) next took
the stand. He announced himself as oppos -ed
to the state plan of Internal improvements :
opposed to the acceptance of the Public
debt ; commenting in strong terms on the in-
sult to our soveieignty as a state offered in
the hill ; he was opposed to the Prohibition
of the sale of Liquor, but was in favor of the
most stringent measures for controllinc its
traffic ; he was in favor of lepealing all rail
road charters that had not been commenced
in a reasonable time.
Mr. Sayles concluded his speech in an able
defence of the Know-nothing or American
party, which was replied to by Mr. Tarver.
Col. Upshaw, the Democratic candidate
was not present. I leai n that he was prevented
by unavoidable circumstances, from attend
Beef Cattle from Texas in the X. York
Market. The Albany Knickerbocker of the
10.,says,that on the 8th a drove of two hun
dred and fifteen cattle arrived in that city
from Texas, being the first cattle from that
state that ever passed through Albany. They
left Texas some four months ago, and were
driven to the Mississippi, up the Mississippi
to Illinois, where they spent some fifty d.iys
in recruiting. From Illinois they went down
the Lake to Buffalo, and from Buffalo to Al
bany by the Central Railroad. By the time
they reached the Hudson they had tramped
about 2200 miles. Thev were in fine condi
tion (says the Knickerbocker) and exhibited
a shape that speaks well for the cattle breed
ers of the South. Owing to the absence of
winter, and the superabundance of pastures,
Texas mut and will become the greatest
cattle state in the Confederacy. At the
present time good oxen can be purchased
in the vicinity of Austin for $30 a head.
The price of a "prime" bullock in Albany
at the time of the arrival of these Texas
cattle was from $100 to $225. 1
Chappell Hill, July 13th 1855.
Parfon Lancaster :
I send this for to-morrow s paper, that
it may get circulated throughout the
county. TWEXTY-FIVE KKOW-
XOTIIIXGS withdrew last niffht from
the lodsre at this place. The skv is
brightening good old democrats, and
'o""""o v" vW.wiv.,i-, u
higs too. who were inveighled into I
lis secret and anti-Americpn order, are, '
B-The "Washington correspondent of the
Xew York Journal of Commerce says that
the old whig party in Maryland is to be brought
together again to resist the Know Nothings.
In the strong democratic counties, however,
there will be no whig candidates and in the
whig counties there will be a union with the
democrats. It is said the new Order is not so
strong in Maryland as it has been.
jGThe editor of the Elmiro (N. Y.) Re
publican has found out where the Know-Noth
ings assemble. It is in a cave close by the
town, the entrance to which is a hole large
enoujrh to admit one mau at a time. The
last man takes the hole along with him, and
thus they defy detection.
Egk. Professor Hufland says that, so far
as external life is corcerned, sleep is no less
necessary for its duration than its health.
"Without the proper amount of sleep, our vi-
tal energy is dried up and withered, and we
waste away, as a tree when deprived of the
sap that nourishes it. The physical effects of
sleep are, that it retards all the vital move
raents, collects the vital power, and restores
what has been lost in the course of the day,
and seperates from us wh'at is useless and
pernicious. It is, as it were, a daily crisis,
during which all secretions are performed in
the greatest tranquillity and perfection.
HSL. Colonel Kinney left behind himapro-
nunciamento, explaining the suddenness and
secresy of his leave. He says his presence
was absolutely necessary in Nicaragua, and
ns the United States interfered, his only
course was to jump the fence and clear out,
leaving his adherents to follow as they best
can. His letter confirms the lawlessness of
PvCSSlvn Cities. There are but four cities
in Russia that contains a population of more
than 50,000 inhabitants. They are St. Pe-
tersburg, with 470,202 ; Moscow, with 340,-
068 ; Warsaw, with 154,900 and Odessa, with
G0,155. There are only 25 other cities which
are inhabited by more than twenty-five thou-
sand. American Sentiment. George Washing-
ton says. "The bosom of America is open to
receive, not only the opulent and respectable
strangers, but the oppressed and persecuted
of all nations, and of all religions, who we
shall welcome to a participation in all our
rights and privileges."
Clip the Right Corners. If you curtail
your expenses, clip at the right corners ; be
sure yon do not begin with the newspaper.
One ounce less of sugar a day will furnish a
newspaper in the family. Starve your stom-
ach sooner than yonr brains. You will not
.miss the sugar so soon as the paper.
A Glorious Promise to tlie .Land.
If the year through which we have
passed has been to the people of the U-
nitcd States, and of every country in
Christendom, a period of severe trial and
suffering, occasioned by the scarcity and
consequent high price of provisions,
and by one of the most rigorous win-
ters that has been experienced forma-
ny sycles, Providence, in its unerring
justice, and m its inscrutable ways,
comes to make a compensation to hu-
manity, for those trials and sufferings,
by blessing the earth with a more than
ordinary fruitful productiveness.
The coincident account from all parts
of the country-, of this great jxlenteous-
ness, and the very brief space of time
which has only to elapse before the new
harvest is brought into the market, have
already had the effect of reducing the
exhorbitant famine prices at which flour
has been held ; and in the course of the
next week or two, this influence of the
good prospects will be far more consid-
erably developed. In Georgia, and some
others of the Southern States, the new
flour has already appeared, and a sup-
pi7' of it will soon enter and effect our
market. The night of want and suffer-
ing is past, and the morning star of plen
ty and prosperity has appeared above
the horizon. Let us exhibit our great-
fulness for these blessings, by showing
that we know how to appreciate and ra-
tionally enjoy them. The past year has
tausfht a severe lesson of the madness of
extravagant living and of unhealthy ex-
panded speculation. That lesson should
not soon be forgotten. It is the dut'-
of a wise man to be counseled by expe
rience ; it is the province of a fool to re-
ject the counsel.
The bountiful harvest which is about
to bless the laud, will do much more
than relieve the misery which the fam-
ine prices of the last twelve months have
occasioned. It will enrich the whole
country, and give that impetus to trade
and commerce which is necessar'- to re-
pair the disasters recently experienced.
Notwithstanding that the countries of
Europe are similarly blessed with ours
in the matter of good crops, still will
the Western portion of the Continent, at
least, be compelled to depend on us for
a supply of grain, pork and other pro-
duce. The shores of the Black Sea, on
which they were accustomed to rely for
supplies of food, are now, and will prob-
ably long continue to be, hermetically
scaled against them. The immense ar-
mies now in the field or camp, to the
aggregate amount of a couple of millions
of men, will soon exhaust the granaries
of Europe ; and it's the American con-
tinent which must supply the deficit.
The capital thus brought into the coun-
try will necessariall' increase the prop-
erty of the United States, agricultural
and commercial, and tend to develope
still more its resources. We only now
need be true to ourselves, to tred out
every disorganizing political element,
to exhibit the attitude of a great and
free people, proud of and uesering the,
name of republicans, and we will pre-'
'sent to the admiring gaze of the world
", o .& " ", , '
a poweriul community, unaffected by i
the mad wars of despots, progressing m j
IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE.
Reported Iefeatof the Allies "Loss.
4000 men, 76 officers including Geii.
Decline ix Cottox.
Hallifax, July 4. The Cunard steam-
ship America, has arrived here with intelli-
cenco from Liverpool to the 23d ult., one week
later than that received by the Raltic.
LordPanmure, the British Minister of War,
had announced that an unsuccessful attempt
was made to storm Sevastopol on the ISth of
June. Advices received from Gen. Pelissier
at the French Court, confirm the accounts of
the great loss sustained by the English troops
As already stated, over seventy British offi-
cers wpre killed and wounded Among the for-
mer were Gen. Sir Colin Cambell, and Colonel
Yea and Shad forth. During the progress of
the fight the Russians attacked and recaptur-
ed the Mamelon Tower, which according to
recent accounts had been taken by the ylllies.
Private advices say that the loss of the
English was no fewer than four thousand men.
The Liverpool cotton market, according
to circulars received by the America, had
been quite dull during the week previous to
her departure, and prices had declined from
Id. to Id.
The sales of the week are reported as only
The Liverpool flour market is reported dull,
and wheat was in no better demand than flour.
EI2 Last week we received a communica-
tion, mailed at Bellville, containing the pro-
ceedings of an anti-Knownothing meeting,
held at Cat Springs in Austin county, by the
naturalized citizens of that county. Mr. E.
Kleberg was appointed chairman, and !Mr.
E G. Maetze, Sect. The meeting was ad-
dressed by Messrs. Hunt and Lipscomb of
Bellville, also by the chairman and secreta-
ry ; after which the following resolutions were
introduced and unanimously adopted:
1st. That we bind ourselves solemnly to
vote for no candidate, without his declaring
publicly and positively, that he is opposed to
the order of Know-nothings and their princi-
ples. 2nd. We will try to effectuate a unani-
mous vote of the naturalized citizens of this
county. For this purpose we elect three del-
egates to meet at Xew-Ulm on the 1st of Ju-
ly with delegates of the other precincts of
this County in a general convention, to nom-
inate those candidates, who shall be voted
for by the joint parties of Anti-Knownoth-ings
3d The proceedings of this meeting will
be published both in English and German.
Messrs. E. Kleberg, T. Engelking and Ch.
Amsler were appointed delegates.
Then Colonel Cuney, and Capt, A. J. Bell,
the only candidates who were present, came
forward, and affirmed solemnly upon their
honor, that they were not Knownothings,
that they were opposed to this party and to
their principles, and that should they be
elected they would do anything in their
power, to defend the rights of all citizens and
to support true democratic principles.
According to previous notice, the German
Convention assembled in 2sew TJlm, Austin
count, and nominated Gov. Pease, for re-
election ; Judge Buckly for Congress ; Cant.
Evans for Legislature, and J. S. Sullivan for
the floating representative of Austin and
Fort Bend counties.
Tlse Germans and Know Piotliings.
"We observe in our various German exchan-
ges at the present time a feeling arising,
which wc very much regret to see. The
Know Nothing movement is considered to be
especially directed against the Germans, and
these arc everywhere soon moved to unite
against their oppressors, and to form a separ-
ate body on the American soil. Abeud Zeit-
ung, of tins city, estimates the decrease of
German immigration owing to this hostility
to foreigners, at nearly 120,000 for this year
alone. In the Staats Zeitung of Wednesday,
is an important address from a German As-
sociation in Ohio to one in New Haven in
which these passages occur:
"This is the land in which they are begin-
ning to nourish a universal hatred of strang-
ers, that has already spread itself with its poi
sonous venom over the Union. People are
not content with a mere hatred against immi-
grants no, they are proceeding to measures
which should only be applied in aland of des
potism, not in a free land. Let any one read
the laws lately considered m the Legislature
of Massachusetts, against immigrants, and he
will find how far the hate of strangers goes ;
for they have attempted to put us lower than
the slaves to rob usof.our right of franchise."
To meet these efforts, no
other piocecding can be recommended but a
union of all Germans, and a thorough enlight-
enment as to what stands before us."
It is then proposed that these two associa-
tions should unite, and that everywhere sim-
ilar efforts be made to form societies and
bring up the Germans in a mass against the
plans of the Know-Nothings.
We are not surprised at such projects and
such expressions of feeling on the part of the
Gemans, much as we may regret them. The
Know Nothing movement seems to them dic-
tated by narrow-minded hatred of strangers
and to have for its great object the disfran-
chising the Germans. Accordingly, as is most
natural, the leaders are stimulating the masses
to unite against this tyranny. An intense,
bitter feeling is springing up among them
against what they think the universal opinion,
rather than the mere prejudice of a part'.
The ciowd of laboring men aud shopkeep
ers, who have recently arrived are imbued
with these sentiments ; and some already
looking on the American people as tyrants
only second to the Government they left
behind. Demagogues and windy editors fo-
ment the excitement; and now the Geinian
and official papers at home, who desire to les-
sen emigration, are exaggerating the troubles
which await the straugcr in America, and are
frightening back the immigrant. All this is
vciy bad. The diminution of 129, 000 immi-
grants would probably be a loss to New York
alone, one and a half million dollars, in money
expended ly them, beside the loss of so many
profitable consumers and industrious workers.
The Gcmian immigration even the Know-
Nothings must confej-s has been generally
useful to the country.
From the cw YorkTsinc.
Lo''ivn le, July 2 The steamer Lcx-
incton, 1 ound fiomSt Louis for this port,
exploded her boilers las., night and taking fire
r, was burned to the water's edge.
2r s edj
I Forty persons of those on board
Communicated for the Ranger.
In tlse State of Texas.
Interrogatories proposed by the ppople of
Washington county to h. lvl. rease, treorge
T. Wood, and David C Dickson, candidates
for Governor and J. B. llobertson, for Lieut.
Governor, of the State, and to P. H. Bell,
John Hancock, and C W. Buekly, candi
dates for congress, in the second District of
Texas, and to B. E. Tarver, John Sayles,
James L Farquhar and A. M. M. Upshaw,
candidates to represent .the said county of
Washington in the legislature of the said State
of Texas. Said Interrogatories to be answ-
ered as provided in Articles 735-736-737 aud
73S omitting the oath on account of the
Dignity of the persons, and substituting
their words of Honor for an oath. The answ
ers to be pnblihed in any newspaper within
the state, in written or printed hand bills or
in stumps speeches, to suit the candidates.
Int. 1 . Do you belong to an organization
known as Know Nothings:
Int. 2d. Do you belong or are vou attach
ed or united in any way to anv secret politi
cal societv, organization or combination what-
ever, having any of the names "Know Noth-
ings, Sam, or any other name or without a
Lvt. 3d. Can you state upon honor that
you do not belong to tho secret society, or-
gan ization or body of men commonly called
by those who do not belong to them, Know
Nothings frequently called Sam ; some
times called the American party? Your
answer to the .above, without affecting to
Know Nothing of the matters enquired of,
will materially aid many good and quiet peo-
ple in casting their vote5?.
One of the JPeople, as Atly. for
For tlie Texas Ranger.
Carry me Bac2x3
In Old Virginny's lubly clime.
I've worked from night to night
A rakin' up a motley crew
To aid me in de fight.
But the Lokyfokiea smelt a rat.
And de debbil was to pay;
And such a slashin' I neber got
As on de 'lection day,
Chorus. Den carry me back to my native State
To my native State once more;
O carry mc back O carry me back
To Massachusetts' shore.
I fixed my tricks my signs and grips
Both "Whigs andLokies were dar ;
Old Sam afraid dat Eomethin' break,
And so he make 'em swar.
But 'twan't no use one night we met
By de light ob de silver moon
And de dratted Lokies ran away
Dey swore dey smell a coon !
Chorus Den carry me back, &c.
De Soufs no place for midnight club3,
Nor Yankee colored folks:
De way dey sometimes treat us dar
Old Sam can't stand sick jokes.
So give me here my lantern dark
I'll "quit dis mournful vale,"
And spend de remnant ob my days
"Wid "Wilson and Johnny Hale.
Chorus. Den carry me back, &c.
The Cliriian Advocate says that
"the national "wings and democrats
the compromise men of all parties"
have "to learn (from the Know Xoth-
" inprs) how to drive the aholftionists
" out of a national party convention, iri-
" stead of fixing up a platform broad
" enough to take them all in, in vioja-
" tion of their duty to the Union and
"the rights of the South."5
"We recrret that our brother of the Ad-
vocate did not take our advice, and look
a little into the past history of the coun-
try. The following extracts from the Dem-
ocratic Platform, reiterated at Baltimore,
by the last national convention, and the
platform of the late Philadelphia K. N
convention "will show that what is anew
thins with the southern Know ISTothinss
in an old one with the Democrats of the
Congress has no power,
under" the constitution,
to interfere with or con-
trol the domestic institu-
tions of the several states
Know 5othnr Platform,
As there can be no dis-
honor in submitting to
the laws; the National
Council has deemed it
the best jnnrantec of
and such states are the.common justice and of
sole and proper judges of future peace, to abide by
everv thing appertain-and maintain the exis-
injrto their own affairs. ting laws upon the sub-
not prohibited by theject of slavery, as a nn-
constitution, thatall ef- nl and conclusive settle-
forts made by the aboli- ment of that subject, in
tionists or others to in-spirit and in substance.
ducc Congress to inter- Concress possesses no
fere with questions of power, under the Consti-
slavery, or to take inci- tution, to legislate upon
pient steps with relationjthe subject of slavery in
thereto, are calculatedlthe States where it does
to lead to the most alarm-or may exist, or to ex-
ing and dangerous con-'clude any State fromnd-
scquenccs ; and that admission into this Union,
such efforts have an ine-jbecause its Constitution
vitablc tendency to di- does or does not recog-
minish the happiness of.nize the institution of
the people and cndangerslavery fs a part of its
the stabilitv and perma-social, system and ex-
nency of the Union, and,pressl.v pretermittin
ought not to be counte
ny expression of opiaion
nanced by any friend ofjupon the power of Con
our political institutions.
gress to establish or pro-
hibit slavery in any ter-
ritory, it is the aense of
the National Council
that Congress ought not
to letriblatc upon the
That the foregoing jt-
position covers and is in
tended to cover the whole!
subject of slavery agita-
tion in Congress; and
therefore the Democratic
subject of slavery with-
in the Territories of the
United States, and that
any interference by Con-
gress with slavery as it
exists in the District of
Columbia, would be a
violation of the spirit
and intention of the com-
pact by which the State of
Maryland ceded the Dis-
trict to the United States
and o breach of the Na-
party of the Union stand-
ing on this national plat-
form, will abide by and
adhere to a faithful exe-
cution of the acts known
as the compromise meas-
ures. That the Demo-
cratic party will resist
all attempts at renewing
in Congress or out of it
the agitation of the slave-
ry question, under what-
cer shape or color the
attempt may be made.
Mr. A. J. Donelson.
Andrew Jackson Donelson, of Tennessee,
appears to be in a political hufi", if we may
judge from a letter he has addressed to the
Nashville Union, ordering it to "stop his pa-
per." He is out with President Pierce, and
he is out with Governor Johnson of Tennes
see u ue point wnere iae snoe appears to
pinch this highly "national" gentleman is,
that the Democracy will not fall down and
worship the "Compromise" cf 1S50 a per-
formance which he seems to be disposed to
place in the same niche of immortality with
the Declaration 6f Independence and the res-
olutions of PS. No public man in this coun-
tiy has occupied public positions so much
above his mei its as Mr. Donelson. His ex-
altation has ever been due to his personal
and political relations with Gen. Jackson,
and even after the old ages and hero nad
gone down to his tomb, Democratic adminis-
trations and the Democratic party have con-
tinued to honor and pet him Mr. Donelson
has made the mistake of believing that he
could live forever upon the reflected fame of
ers" and ''dangerous factions," (meaning
Southern Rights Democrats,) and those oth-
er abominations in his own sight and in the
sight of Col. Thomas Benton. Mr. Donel-
son will find, to his cost, that no public man
in the South can stand upon the glorification-
of the Compromise of 1850. The political
sea of the South is strewn with the wrecks
of greatness so reposing. Not even the fra-
grance of Gen Jackson's fame can save a
a man who is weak enough not to understand
the true relations which the South holds to
wards tho legislation of IS50.
Tlie Knov-IVotlaings, National
The American organs in New Jersey are
repudiating the platform of the majority of
the National council, as no douht the great
bulk of the party in that State will. The
Newark Mercury, the Jersey City Sentinel,
the Newark Advertiser, the Sussex Register,
and the Trenton State Gazette, are all enf-
phatie in their denunciations of the slavery
The Pittsburg Commercial Journal and
the Daily Despatch, the two leading organs:
of the American party in Western Pennsyl-
vania, have denounced the slavery part of
the platform in equally unequivocal style."
The Despatch says that the party in Western
Pennsylvania will spit upon and repudiate any
such platform, and refuse to sustain the nom-
inees who may stand upon it. The same pa-
per says that "the only course now for the
Northern Know -Nothings is to form an open
organization, and to proclaim from the hill
tops a perpetual opposition to the aggressions
of '"the slave power."
The Yankee Editor of the Nacogdoches
Chronicle, who came here a whig, but who
now professes Democracy, is, as we learn, a
Know-Nothing, and we dare him to deny it
And yet he has the impudence to issue hi3
Extras calling Democrats to the support of
Dr. Dickson, who is the Know Nothing Can-
didate for Governor nominated by the Know
Opem? Letters. We observe that our
cotemporaries in various parts of the country
allude to the case of W. G-. Kendall, cx-
postmaster of this city, and take occasion to
condemn very decidedly the practice ofopen-
ing letters in the postofSce by special mail -agents,
schatever be the motive or pretext.
It is quite evident that the practice might
easily lead to gross frauds and depredations.
Everything would depend upon the character
of the agent, and as the department might
occasionally be deceived, and entrust such
delicate duties to a man not entirely incor.,
ruptible, it would seem that if the practice
is to be continued, soma check thould b,e
thrown around it for the protection of the-
pirblic. , 4
Indeed, the Gpening of letters in the post-
office under any pretext has ever been deem-
ed, even in despotic countries, a high-handed
Xcvr Orleans Bulletin.
The Xastof Shultz-
The notorious murderer was hung by the'
Sheriff of Galveston, at quarter past 1, P. M.
yesterday, on the beach, in rear of the city,
in presence of about 500 persons, men, wo-
men, children and negroes. He died, as ha
had lived, a hardened wretch, refusing all
consolations of a religious character, and pro-
fessing to believe there was no God. Thai
one who had lived so long in the blackest
crimes, having basely JunrdereoLJiisiello'vl.'
men at distant-periodsthrough a long" career
should thus persisi in his last days, is not sur-
prising. Yet, it was plain that he dreaded -death
On leaving the jail, he attempted to
jump from his coffin, but was prevented.
At the gallows he made but few remarks,
to the effect that his name was not Shultz
that he had been wronged, &c, d)ing with a
lie on his lips. As to how he dropped, how
often he kicked, &c, we presume our read-
ers care nothing. It is enough that a cold-
blooded, cowardly murderer, notwithstanding
the lapse of ten years, has been arrested, tri-
ed by the law, found guilty and executed.
In almost every execution we have found,
some fact to touch the chord of sympathy,
but in this case not a single point rose to ex-
cite that feeling not one.
Ecfore his execution Shultz made a full
confession to Lewis M. H. Washington, who
designs publishing it, with two accurate like-
nesses of the murderer, one taken in the pris-
on, the other on the gallows, in New York,
this summer. It will be an interesting nar-
rative of crime. He confessed to having kill
ed Col. Teal at Texana in 1S37. Green in
Gonzales county in 1S44, Batcman and Jett,
(for which he was hunir, ) and diverse others
m other estates. He gave his real name as
Jessee Hamilton Shultz, and Indiana as his
Notwithstanding the fact that we are to
have an abundant harvest, we see by our ex-
chances that contracts have been made by
certain parties for several thousand bushels
of new wheat at two dollars per dushel. There
is a class of persons whose interest it is to
keep up the price of wheat and breadstufia
as high as they can ;a class of men who have
no regard whatever to the sufferings: of their
neighbors or the welfare of the country, fur-
ther than concerns their owtf pockets, and
who do not- hesitate to resort to lyjng unscru-
pulously, by circulatingjrnmors that ihjpjwheafc
jrop is failin, that the fly has kilTed it, &c.
to accomplish their object. They have re-
sorted so often to this method, and the "rule"
is so well known, thatfew place any confidence
in it, but look to the standard papers of the
day for reliable intelligence regarding the
crops. But there yet are those, who either
will not or cannot profit by past experience,
who will' place confidence in these false ru-
mors so industriously circulated. Such per-
sons, if they are farmers, hold on to their
wheat, thinking that in the fall they will be
able to sell it at a large advance. If they
are purchasers, they will contract for severel
thousand bushels at a high price, not doubt-
inn for a moment that wheat is soon destined
to" command two dollars and twenty-five -
cents or mayhap two dollars and fifty cents,
What we have before said we now take oc
casion to repeat. The abundant crop we are
to have will lower the price of wheat nearly,
if not quite, one-half, and place flour and
other breadstufis within reasonable rates. .
These high prices cannot be sustained, and
any one who contracts for wheat at two dol-
lars per bushel or refuses to sell it at that
piicewill live to regret it. Present rates
cannot be maintained gentlemen croakers,'and '
sooner or later you will find it out to your
sorrow. They are already on the descending
scale. Nothing but a very extraordinary
foreign demand can continue the recent fam-
Melted snow produces about one-eighth its
bulk of water; hence snow, two feet deep,
produces three inches of water, when thaw-
ed. Married In Houston, on thfr 28tb of
June, by the Rev. L. P. Rucker, Mr. Jobs,
iVryrr Et Z( WU.l . U
ill mr r f1--'- ' i'------ --' t--v
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Lancaster, J. Texas Ranger. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 39, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 14, 1855, newspaper, July 14, 1855; Washington, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48824/m1/2/: accessed January 24, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.