Texas Ranger. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 41, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 28, 1855 Page: 3 of 4
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&0 Q Tin Tmmm m Aigig &
The Democracy Eallyiag!
Preparation for a Grand Mass Meet
ing, tne na 01 Augiisi
Pursuant to a published notiec, a respect-
able number of the Democratic party of the
county of "Washington, met at the Thespian
"Hall in the town of Washington on the 19 th
inst. The meeting was organized by calling
Hon. It. M. Williamson to the Chair, and
J. Lancaster, Secretary.
After-a feeling and patriotic address by
the President, it was moved that a committee
-of five be- appointed to prepare resolutions
for the consideration and adoption of the
meeting ; whereupourthe Chairman appoint-
ed Col A. M. Lewis, J. D. Giddings, Esqr.
Col. Woodward, Mr. Hill and J. Lancaster.
After retiring a few moments the committee
reported, the following preamble and resolu-
tions; which were unanimously adopted :
Whereas, the time being close at hand for
the election of Governor, Lieut. Governor,
and Congress, and it having become nec-
essary that the Democratic party should
act in unison for the preservation of their
long cherished principles, therefore we as
true Democratic Republicans, of Washing-
Resolve, That we will support E. At.
Pease for Governor, H. R. Reynolds of Ro-
wie Co., for Lieut. Gov. and H. P. Bell for
Congress, as we believe this to be the only
ticket suited to the exigency of the times,
when bigotry and intolerance are gaining
ground ;"when the friends of religious free-
dom and republican principles are denounc-
ed as Anti-Americans, and that we would
much rather be defeated, fighting for such
men and such principles, than be carried to
victory with such a conglomeration such a
combination of opposite elements as the Know
Nothing opposition presents and therefore
-will give this ticket onr zealous support, and
-call upon every Democrat in this county to
come to the rescue, and assist m securing a
triumphant success and vindication of Demo-
Resolved, That the following resolutions
-adopted by the Democracy of " Old Virgin-
ia," meet onr hearty approbation :
" Resolved, That civil and religious liber-
ty have ever been cardinal objects of Amer-
ican Democracy ; that it was to secure the
enjoyment of such liberty that our fathers
left their native laud and planted this land
of freedom ; that the constitution of every
State in the Union guarantees to the hum-
blest citizen, full, undisturbed, and unassail-
ed enjoyment of the right to worship God
according to the dictates of his own consci-
ence. Resolved, Therefore, That any organiza-
tion, open or secret, which aims at disfran
chising any citizen because of foreign birth,
or on account of a particular religions faith,
or of excluding him, for such reasons, from
participation in the honors and offices of the.
country, as guaranteed by the constitution,
is anti-Democratic, is congenial with the spir-
it of the old federal alien laws, and is at va-
riance with the spirit pervading the farewell
address of the immortal Washington, who
cautioned his countrymen against the dangers
of all secret political organizations, and is,
therefore, unworthy of the American people.
Resolved, That the passage of the Nebraska-Kansas
bill, recognizing, as it does,
"the great principles of self-government, and
establishing finally the principle of non-interference
by Congress in the domestic affairs
-of the States and Territories of this Union,
meets with onr hearty approbation."
On motion it was resolved, that a Grand
Democratic Mass Meeting be held at this
place" on Thursday the 2nd day of August.
On motion a committee of three consisting
of Messrs Woodward, J. D. Giddings, and B.
P. Rucker, were appointed to invite distin-
guished speakers to address the people on
On motion the editor of the Ranger was
requested to publish the proceedings of this
On motion the meeting adjourned.
R. M. Williamson,
J. Lancaster, Chairman.
ar-AnnonncInp; Candidates for State, District
or Legislative SlOj for County $7, payable In-
variably in advance.
Commissioner of Gen. Land Office.
Mr. Editor You will please announce
Willi am Pields, Esq., as the anti-Know-Nothing
candidate Jjor Commissioner of the
General Land Office. Many Democrats.
EgWWe are authorised to announce J.
Douglass Brown, Esq., as a candidate for
Commissioner of the General Land office.
2.. We are authorized and requested to
Announce Col. A. M. M. TJpsha-v, as a can-
didate ibr representative from Washington
County, in the next Legislature.
JJS-We are authorized and requested to
announce B. E. Tarver, Esqr., as a candi-
date for representative from Washington
County, in the next Legislature.
E? We are authorized and requested to
announce John Satles, Esqr., as a candi
date at the August election for representa-
tive from Washington County, to the next
JSjf We are authorized and requested to
announce James L. Farq.uhar, as a candi-
date for representative from Washington
County, In -the next Legislature.
BS- We are authorized to announce Col.
P. M. Cunei', as a candidate for Floater, to
represent the counties of Austin and Fort
Bend, in the next Legislature.
SJ We are authorized to announce Capt.
A. J. Bell, as a candidate to represent Aus-
tin county in the next Legislature.
jgS?" We are authorized to announce Capt
Alfred Eans, as a candidate to represen.
Austin county in the next Legislature.
rjlHE name of the landing on the Brazos river
JL known as Ralston's Ferry, has been chang
dfo that of Lancaster.
in answer to Gen. Houston.
After our paper had gone to press
"we received the folio-wins letter of Hon.
R. M. "Williamson, in answer to the one
just put forth by Gen. Houston. The
letter should he carefully read by every
Republican, as coming from one of the
best patriot in the land a man who has
done more hard service in the cause of
Texas, both military and civil, without
fee or reward, than any other now liv-
ing. Who was nsrhtinc: against Mexi
co tyranny, before ever Gen. Houston
placed his foot on Texas soil.
TxnEPEN'DENCE, July 2Sth, 1S55.
Editor of the Ranger,
Sir : I have been premitted the perusal
of General Houston's letter, and hasten to
answer through the columns of your valuable
paper, some of the unfair deductions and con-
clusions, he has made therein. If it should
be too late for next issue, present it in an ex-
tra or circular form. Yours truly,
R. M. .Williamson.
" "Williamson, when you. see General
Houston's letter, you will get your dose."
Threats of Know-Xotbings.
Well, I have seen it, and I have it hefore
me, under date of 24th inst. He says :
"At the present time I have no hesitation
in expressing my opinion in relation to tne
American order or its principles.' '
I reckon not He qualifies this expression
by following it up with another in the same
paragraph as specious in itself as the former
is hypocritical for he must know our mail
facilties, and he must know too when he as-
serted these two sentiments that the time was
ample for their circulation to the remotest
ballot-box in this State. After this manner he
apes himself as he did in the secret initiation
of the -whole order in this State, by attempt-
ing to show that the late Yirginia election
was influenced and backed by Federal pat-
ronage," and closes his second paragraph
with an appeal to the Democracy of Virginia
that they will yet awake, when he knews
that they have already been awakened and
have discharged there duty to God and their
country at the ballot box in the choice oftheir
Governor. Can any intelligent man ; can
any patriotic Republican, be him whig or
democrat, fail to see through this prefatory
disguised, chamelleon gauze ? If there be
one, I pronounce him a know-nothing indeed.
For it must be evident to every impartial
mind thaQall contained in the foregoing par-
agraphs are intended by General Houston to
operate on our own Statejdections, exclu-
sively. For where else can they go by the first
Monday in August next ? So much for the in-
ceptive, and I might add, deceptive remarks
of Gen. Houston.
In the next paragraph he sets out with a
declaration that upon ;'a subject which has
been so elaborately and so generally discuss-
ed as that of the American order, it would
bo difficult for him to present anything: origi-
nal by way of argument." Well I reckon
so hence his aim will be uto offer deduc-
tions and conclusion from the facts and ar-
guments of others, and glance at the causes
that have given rise to the. present excite-
ment". Does he tell us who those "others"
are that have so elaborately discussed the
American order? Does he tell you who
those others are that enabled him to offer
deductions and arguments in the defence of
the jlmerican order ? Or does he tell you
who those others are which have given rise
to the present excitement ? No, we are left
entirely in the dark on these grave questions
by the General. It is enough for him to
close this paragraph by announcing the order
"the only sound precursor of a healthful and
vigorous nationality, and that secret societies
have always been dangerous to despots and
tyrants that they have even denounced and
and proscribed masonry." Does the General
inform us that we have any of these live
stock in this nation to put down our secret
societies? No, he points us not unto one. Has
masonry, that venerable and ever to be vener-
ated Institution, become alarmed at the ap-
proach of despots and Tyrants in this nation?
I venture to say not, or they would have
proclaimed it from the watch tower "trumpct-
tongued" long before the birth of this illegit-
amate order, the union of freesoilism and
the Protestant churches seen and felt the
withering influences of the Pope in this great
nation ? No, not one. Then the deductions
of the General from this paragraph is, that
this secret order is to take place of all oth-
ers, as their only defender from Despots and
Tyrants and the PopCj v henever they shall
come to this nation. I thank him for this
suggestion, but he cant come it breneral. lou
may exclude ine irom the secrets or this new
order, but whenever the above mentioned lit-
tle fellows shall show themselves on Ameri-
can soil, I will not rely npon this order, exclu-
sive and proscriptive as it is, to defend my
country and I speak out for all Masonary,
for all Protestantism, for all Catholicism, for
all Foreigners, and for all who love and cher-
ish the Democratic Republican principles of
the institutions of this nation, that they will
not hazard their Liberties in the hands of this
new political exclusive and proscriptive order.
His next paragraph opens with an affirmative
that "it is secret and that its name denotes its
object ;" and asks the questman triumphantly
"is this the first secret political society which
has been organised in the United Stales," and
as he opens this paragraph, so he concludes it
with one affirmative broad assertion. Does
ho tell for what purpose the two other politi-
cal societies were organized ? Does he stop
for a moment to enquire whether these socie-
ties were proscriptive as to any Religious
sect or not ? Does he tell us anything in re-
lation to the platform of the society first
mentioned, over which Washington presided?
Does he tell you that this society had its or-
ign with freesoilism and abolitionism ? Does
he tell you that the father of his country was
ever disturbed in this society with the dis-
cussion of the institution of slavery, or the
rights of foreigners in this nation ? Does he
tell you that this society planned and formed
the alien and sedition laws, and put the el-
der Adams forth to execute them ? Does
he tell you that the Columbian order ever
with closed doors debated and discussed the
above exciting questions while Gen. Jackson
was a member of this society, and in his pres-
ence ? No. The General in all of his asser-
tions and interrogations, observes a profound
silence on these subjects. He well knows that
these venerable sages would not have beard
them, and asserts that he "knows this latter
society to be patriotic and national ! What
is there platform, General5 Is it akin to the
one that you are at present attempting to
vamp down upon t,n.8 ires ana enugraflnea j
1 .t 1 ,.,..l..
mercy upon them. If it is not, you will hear
from them. Tell us, General, if this society
have proclaimed the existence of a supreme
Being, and that they have risen on the ruins
of the Whig and Democratic parties ?
The next paragraph opens with an interro-
gation: "Can any sane man believe that Gen-
eral Washington or General Jackson would
have united with any association or order not
purely American r" This is one crand flour
ish, and almost deserves a pause. I, however,
will answer direct. That there is not a Re-
publican in the United States, be him whig
or Democrat, but will say no, emphatically
no, Never ! Now, be as candid with me as
I have been with you General, in answering
the following questions: Would either of
these great Heroes and devoted Patriotic
pfnfnemnn -rk flio inofifiifTnno -if tlinrn omiTl-
try (if here) have een guilty of the dirty
P ':.... Mi. ;n J ;f 1, o eh of
men, by solemn oaths, involving principles,
which if kept (by all who took andsubscribed
to tbem) have uprooted our Republican In-
stitution ? Would either of these great men
have united with freesoilers and abolitionists,
and have taken the various oaths originating
with and prescribed by them, which all
of this order had to take, or pot be initiat-
ed ? Would either of them have hazarded
UUIO. Ul 1UIUJ1U" th QCUCU IUli.Lt Uiiu kjov v.
the great principles taught and practiced by
themselves, to doubtful hands, by affilliatiug
with men under the solemn oaths that all
have taken, when they knew that the consti-
tutional laws of the land had been set at de-
fiance by these same men, and absolutely
nullified by their state authorities as far as
Massachusetts is concerned ? I will answer
these three last interrogatories for you, Gen-
eral, by saying no, emphatically, no, never !
Then, General, why all thisblubering through
out the whole of this paragraph (and I might
say throughout the whole of your letter) about
the cry of abolition having been raised by
the Republican part' of the south, for no j
other purpose than to alarm and strangle this
little bantling that all of you help carry
back to Philadelphia, and which was immedi-
ately snatched out of your embraces by its
legitimate parents, and held up in your sight
and hearing, only to annoy and to vex you.
Bad treatment this ! very bad. Still this self
styled American party have some consolation
in reflecting that they brought away with
them two of the vestiges of this holy alli-
ance Proscription to foreigners and Religi-
ous intolerance. But they had to leave the
Had I the privilege of retaining this letter
any longer, I would cheerfully pursue it to
its closing words. It is the only one I have
seen, and have now to return it.
To the Democracy of Texas, I say come
out and unite in the support of the candidates
of the old Jefferson and Jackson school.
Be not intimidated by the appearance of this
tico year old, that has no distinctive marks or
brands upon it by which you can tell who are
the true owners, the abolitionists of the North
or those of their allies who have hitherto ex-
hibited it in the South. I believe that they
both have a mutual interest in it, or I never
should have troubled you with this letter.
Republicans of all classes, be ye whigs or
democrats, I call upon you to turn out to
be up and acting. Evince to the world that
you understand the Republican institutions of
our forefathers, and that you have indepen-
dence enoujrh to maintain them at the ballot-
box, and courage enough to assert them in the
field, and victory is yours. Ilazard nothing
you hold dear in our republican institutions
that has been bequeathed us by our ancestors
for an uncertain and a new chimera, no mat-
ter how beautiful the name it assumes, .nor
under what colors it pretends to sail. Post-
pone the consideration of this two year old
until after the first Monday in August, and
then examine it closely for yourselves, wheth-
er it be a lamb or a lion.
I have lived in Texas near thirty years, and
in that time I have reudered ail the service in
my power, so help me God and my only re-
gret now is, that in her deepest distresses and
darkest hours, I could then do no more for
her. I feel, therefore, that I have the right
to speak my feeble opinions and sentiments
outright, to my fellow-citizens, and thus I have
A word to you General Houston, and I
have done. I am your neighbor at present,
I have ever been your true friexd I am
still your frieud. When you were at the helm
of the Republic of Texas, although, in her
deepest distresses I said, that your political
course might be regarded as flickering by
some of your enemies, still for myself I said,
I saw your sun of glory, steadfast in the
zenith, and it never shall have gone down.
Both my faith and my prophecy have been
realized. You are hi high station, and you
have continued to be'so with my feeble aid
until now and even now I am far from giv-
ing you up but up to the time you had per-
pared your letter for publication, you led me
to believe that you would take no part in
the discussion of these new issues uutil after
the State election, and yesterday you opened
your defences to me of this new order. This,
sir, is your right, to speak and publish, and
circulate your opinions and sentiments on all
subjects aud at all times that you please.
But, General, do it without apology or at
least make a better one than that it was too
late for your opinions to have any influence
on the approaching election. Let me say to
you, that this letter of mine will circulate
widely throughout this State before the elec-
tion, and it is five days younger than your
Donotunderstandme, General, as attempt-
ing to give you advice I have too high a
regard for your understanding, to attempt to
instruct you and I have too much regard
for your good will, than to loose it, by giv-
ing yOU EVEN VERY GOOD ADVICE. But I do
say to you and to the world that I send out
this letter to have whatever influence it may
upon the down-trodden whigs and democrats,
and the true republicans of this State, by the
artifices and stratagems of this inimitable
nondescript which does not even now know
its own- name.
I am, very respectfully, a democratic Re
publican. R. M. Williamson.
HOirSE AND SIGN
Vf. BELL having located in Washington,
rcspectfulh' tenders his services to the cit
izens thorcof and the public generally. Plain and
fancy painting, gilding, sign painting and paper
hanging, executed in a manner that will ensure
satisfaction. Patronage at home and abroad rcs-
pcctfnlly solicited. For the present he may be
found at the Ranger Office.
July 2S, 1855. 41-tf.
rgMlE subscriber offers for sale his jfefv
Land, consisting of 210 acres; 4ps3 J J A
1G0 acres in the Brazos bottom on &&! 111
thc bank of thc Novasota river, one
mile from Washington, on thc road to Anderson,
with CO acres in a high state of cultivation; all of
said land lies well and is tendable; fifty acres in
the Post Oak and prairie, with 15 or lb acres un-
der fence, with a comfortable dwelling house, kit-
chen, smoke house and dairy, and one of the best
wells of water in the State; also an excellent crib
which will hold 1200 bushels of corn, also will be
sold with the place 1200 or 1500 bushels of corn
allot which will be sold low for cash, or one hall
-..-'--- - ..."'J' " ...U... .ww, , 1.UU
COPARTNERSHIP. The undersigned
having formed a copartnership for the
transaction of a General
Commission and Forvrardinsr
Business, embracing the sale or shipment of'-8- of Texas to their extensive and ele-
;.j .- i- 1 . cant stock of Furniture; House furnish-
cotron, aim pmuuubiug supplies, oeg leave
tender their service to their numerous friends,
and hope by a strict attention to the vrrious
nrnnnhns nf Mm VnrtnmnP Wmoc tn mont
share of their patronage?
All shipments to our address by Bill
Lading, via the Brazos and Trinity Rivers,
steamboats or sailing vessels, which have
passed inspection, are covered by insurance
j" Pe11 P0"0 J VTi?
I mm. POWELL & RUT11 Ej
SAMUEL G. POWELL,
A. S. RLTHVEN.
Galveston, May 29, 1S55. 3otf
J. W. BENEDICT.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, & Sl&ocs,
NEW VERANDAH BUILDINGS,
TREMONT ST., GALVESTON.
AS now in store, and is constantly re
ceiving additions thereto, direct from the
North, a very large, beautiful and well selected
Fall and AVinter Stock of Clothing and Gentle-
men's Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps, Trunks.
Carpet Lags, Boots and Shoes, of every kind and
quality, and of the latest styles.
SfThc attention of buyers is respectfully
solicited Jan. IS, 1855-18-ly.
WM. M. ARMSTRONG & BRO.,
Trcmont St., Galveston, Texas.
Booksellers, Stationers, and Dealers
IN MUSIC AND FANCY GOODS,
ARE Receiving weekly all New Standard
"$S3l. Orders from the Country promptly filled
on the most liberal terms.
April 21, 1855-29-ly.
C HAP JL.IK" & HU GIIES,
TREMONT STREET GALVESTON,
j7"EEP on hand, and arc constant- EppSS)
lv mnnufaeturinrr Saddles. 13ri- feg-ritiYtn-
dies, Harness, Trunks, Valices, Car
pet and Leather Traveling Sacks, Saddle and
Medical Uags, He, cc., wliicn we are prepared to
sell at the same price that Northern work is usu-
ally sold at.
VtTe also have on hand and will be constantly
receiving Cai-riages and Buggies, which, for
price, workmanship, durability, and neatness of
finish, "will far surpass anything that has ever
been ofTered in this city.
All kinds of repairing, Carriage Trimming and
Painting, done on the shortest notice.
" Oi-dcrs from the country will be promptly
attended to. CHAPLIN & HUGHES.
Jan. IS, I851-lS-ly.
TREMONT STREET, GALVESTON,
KEEPS constantly on hand a general assort-
ment of Shot Guns, Rifles and Pistols; also,
Rifle Barrels and Locks, and all kinds of Gun
materials and sporting apparatus.
$2r Guns, Pistols, &c, repaired at the shortest
J23" Official Seals engraved to order.
Jan. 23, lS55-G-18-Iy.
J. RAMI MIESTIER,
UN AND RIFLE Manufactory Mechanic St,
Galveston, returns his grateful acknowl
edgements to his patrons for the share of busi-
ness r.fibrded him. He has made improvements
in his factory and invites the attention of sports-
men to the guns he makes, and also to his assort-
ment of American rifles, English, French and
G crman shot guns, Cplt's revolvers, &c, just re-
ceived by liim. Also Shot bags, powder flasks,
game bags, patent nipples, nipple wrenches, pow-
der kegs and canisters, shot, bar lead, French
and English caps, gun wadding, and other mate-
rials and implements belonging to fire arms.
Fishing tackle for sale, Guns made to order, and
repairing done at the shortest notice, and all
Jan. 18, 1855-18-ly.
SOUTIIWICK & SON,
CARRIAGES, LEATHER, &c.
,U j E have, and intend to keep, a good supply
? Of SADDLERS', SHOEMAKERS, and BAND
leather. Also Ready made Belting, Enameled
Leather and Cioth for Carriage Tops, Saddlers'
Hardware and Tools, Shoemakers' Tools, Lasts,
Sec; Tanners and Curriers Tools and Oil, Coach,
Buggy and Dray Harness, Carriage Laces, Mex-
ican ariQ Ladies Saddle Trees, Axles, Springs,
Hubs, Fellows, Shalfs and Spokes, French and
Pattent Calf Skins.
In looking at Carriages at the North, we made
the discovery that all was not gold that glittered,
and that paint and putty sometimes concealed a
great amount of iniquity, and as we intend to
build up a business, we thought we should at hast
have a good article to begin with, consequently
we ordered them made. They will be here this
month, and consist of, family carriages, rock-
AWAYS, BUGGIES, YANKEE WAGGONS, DOCTOR'S
gigs. c. "We have the article for oiling Buggy
Tops and Harness. January 1855.
C. 11. KROST. J. S. MARSTON.
FROST & MARSTON,
Tin and Sheet Iron Manufactory.
Wholesale and Retail.
TREMONT STREET GALVESTON.
ANUFACTURERS af Copper, Tin, Sheet
Iron, Zinc and Jappancd are. ill keep
constantly on hand a general assortment ot all
articles usually kept in their line of business.
Roofing, Guttering, Spouting, &c, done in a
neat and substantial manner, and on as reasona-
ble terras as any other establishment in the city.
N. B. Particular attention will be paid to
job-work, and all work done by us, will be war-
ranted to suit or no charge.
"SS5U Orders respectfully solicited.
Jan. 23, lS55-6-18-ly.
E, M. BROCK,
MANUFACTURER OF SHEET IRON AND TIN WARE,
A'carly Opposite Mr. Jioseiiburg's Store,
WOULD respectfully inform hid friends and
the public generally that he is now pre-
pared to execute work in Sheet Iron, Tin, Zinc,
&c, in a neat and substantial manner. He will
always keep on hand a good assortment of Tin
and Japanned "Ware, Stoves, Furnaces, Hip and
Bathing Tubs, Shower and Sponge Baths, Gut-
ters and Snoutintr. nainted and plain ; and in
cimrf mwv nrticlo usually kent in his line of
business. Orders from the country are respect-
fully solicited. Jan. 18, lSy5-18-6m.
TREMONT LIVERY STABLE,
POhTOKFICn ST., OPI'OsITE THE TREMONT HOUSE,
By T- Cooper J son
TUT AVING removed from our old stand
li D tn nrpniiscs formerly uscu as 1
Theatre, we beg leave to inform the ci
zens of Galveston, and visitors to tncis land, tnat
we shall shortlv receive a new stock of Buggies,
Carriages and Horses, superior to any heretofore
introduced, expressly for hire by the Job, Day,
Week or Month, to be used on the Island only.
Thankful for past favors, we can assure our
friends and patrons that no pains will be spared
to accommodate them at all hours, on the most
gr An Omnibus and Carriages wait on every
Steamboat, and Horses and Carriages for excur-
sions down the Island can be had at the shortest
notice. Jany I855- h'
WOODI.IEF. I- C. CADV.
WOODLIEF & CADY,
STRAND, GALVESTON, TEXAS.
EALERS in Drugs, Medicines, Chcmic- 9
als. Paints, Oils. Varnishes, Patently
Medicines, Brushes. AVindow Glass, Glass-,g,
ware. Perfumery, Soaps, Surgical Instruments,
fine Tobacco, Cigars, Teas, Spices, Brandies and
W incs. J n. 23, 1855-(M8-ly.
A ALLEN having purchased thc inter
jCSlo est of C. B. Adams & Co., in the
MarMc Establishment on Mechanic street,
Galveston, will hereafter carry on the
same in his own name. He "s now pre
pared to execute all work in Marble, in the finest
ctvlo -ind finicli Tnmlit Monuments. TTo.i.I
finish. Tombs, Monuments,
Stones, &c &c , made to order and with disr-atch
.rr cr w few Te
aawra &) & ,3&&
Furniture and House Fiunishint
JL.YJVCII & CO.,
TTNVITE the attention (rfthc citizens
10 , inr art5cles; Matresses, Hair and Moss, Lookin
Glasses, "Upholstery, Picture frames, and indeed
every article necessary for a well appointed es-
n tablishment. They also manufacture articles to
J rlg the best mimner and f the chicest
of They promise to fill orders accompanied with
on 1 cash or city acceptances on better terms than
any establishment in the state, auu tney respect-
fully invite all to come and see.
U Ware Rooms at corner of Strand & 24 St.
Jan. 22, !S55-G-lS-ly.
E, L.. UPFORD3
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Agent for Dn Pouts' Powder and
BRIDGE WATER PAINT,
STRAND, GALVESTON, TEXAS.
Jan. 23, 18-53-G-lS-ly.
E. S. WOOD,
IMPORTER and dealer in foreign andA..
domestic Hardware, tin and tin Viirekff
ploughs, castings, stoves, paints, oils,
glass, etc., comprising a full and general assort-
ment of all articles in that line. Agent for irou
railings and iron safes. Strand, Galveston, Texas.
Janl 2J), IS0U-G-IS-I3'.
JOHN S, RHEA,
tfOTTON FACTOR, receiving, for-'
'' wardinsr and Commission iWprnlinnf-. ft -
corner of Strand aud Market Place, op-2S-
positc Erick wharf, Galveston, Texas.
Jan. 23, ISoo-G-lS-lv.
JAMES SOR LEY,
COTTON FACTOR AND
ATTENTION paid to receiving and forward-
ing. All consignment, via Rivera and coast
in Texas, covered by open policy of insurance
on approved steamers and sail vessels.
Jan. 23, 1855-18-ly.
WRIGHT S. ANDREWS, GEO. W. tjROVER.
ANDREWS & GS-OTEK,
WHOLESALE and Retail Dealers in v.
Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, fklA
tc, Strand, Galveston, Texas. aS2
Orders from the country promptly attended to.
October S, 1853, 12-
R. & D. G. MILLS.
4G-12m. Galveston, Texas.
WM. T. AUSTIN,
Cotton' Factor, Jicceiving, Foricarding Sf Com-
AS taken the office formerly occupied s
. by Messrs. Doswell, Hill & Co.. on rf-3!
the Strand. "Will give his undivided per-A32
sonal attention to the sale of Cotton, Suar,
Molasses, and all kinds of Produce. AIso to'
the purchase of plantation supplies, and every
other description of merchandise. -
Cash advances will be made upon consignments
of cotton, or other produce tomy address for sale
in this market, or for reshipment tomy friends in
Philadelphia, from the different landings on the
Colorado, Brazos and Trinity rivcrs?:kso from
Chocolate bayou, Houston and Harrisbur". will
be covered by by open Policy of Insurance, both
by said rivers and overland, at reasonable rates
My friends may rely upon careful and prompt
attention being given to all business entrusted to
ray address. (;.tf
T. S. MADDOX. JOHN RITCHIE.
T. S. MADDOX & Co.
COMMISSION Merchants, Galveston, Texas,
have taken an office in Mr. E. B. Nichols
Brick Store. Market Street, where they are pre-
pared to do a general Commission business on the
following rules; to wit:
First, not to accept for, or advance to any par-
ty, be their condition and circumstances what
they may, unless on Produce actually in hand,
or on shipments to our friends in Europe and the
Secondly, to make prompt and faithful returns
of sales as soon as made; charging no more than
the usual Commission, and actual charges paid
out for handling the same.
Our object in calling attention to the above
rules by which we arc determined to be Govern-
ed, is, to so conduct our affairs as not to "become
embarrassed, or compelled to sacrifice our Patrons
interest, by having to sell the Produce of one
party to meet the liabilities entered into for oth-
ers, butto keep ourselves free at all times to
hold, ship, or sell, according to instructions.
Below we beg leave to refer you to Messrs R.
& D. G. Mills, Messrs E. B. Nichels $- Co., Gal-
veston, Messrs Dawson & Franklin, Mobile;
Messrs Shultz, Hadden & Latting, Messrs Par-
mel &Bro., Messrs Converse & Co., New Orleans;
Messrs Bartlett, Johnson & Co., Messrs Smith &
Shotwell, Messrs Brand & Summers, Louisville.
Ky.; Mr. John J. Hunter, Mr. P. Scott, Lexin"- j
ton' Ky-: aioy.-fiC- Bennett, St. Louis', Mo.
Jan 18, lSpj-lb-ly. i
II. H. WARE & Co.,
STRAND, GALVESTON, TEXAS,
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
wines, Brandies, tobacco, cigarc and
GEORGE BALL. ...J. H. HUTCHING?... JOHN S-EALY.
BALL, JIUTCIIUVGS & CO.,
Wholesale Dealers in
pi ENERAL Merchandize, Cotton Factors and
W Commission M,r,l,!int Rt,.i fi..i " "
rra T 00' ,e-r .. " ' '
J-exas. Jan. 13, ISod-b-lb-tim.
! he is prepared to carry on the above busi- I
ness in all its branches, Dlank work, magazines.
and periodicals, bound in any style; also old books ,
rebound. iS3Orders from thc countrv will be
promptlj' attended to. His bindery is on Market
street, nndcr the Galveston Times office.
January, 1S55. ly
New Orleans and Texas United
States Mail Line.
THE following new and magnificent Steamships
now composing this line, viz:
"CHARLES MORGAN," Capt. .Las. Lawless.
"PERSEVERANCE," " Henrv Place
"MEXICO," " J. Y. Lawless
"LOUISANA," " W. H. Talbot.
One of them will leave Sew Orleans for Gal
veston every Sunday and Thursday at S o'clock, j
A. M. Returning, will leave Galveston for New
Orleans ever' bunday and Ihursday at 4 o clock
These Steamers have been built withgreatcare
and cost, specially for this Trade have splendid
accommodations for passengers, and for speed and
safety are unsurpassed.
E. B. NICHOLS k CO., Agents, Galveston,
H. N. CALDWELL, Indianola,
HARRIS & MORGAN, " N. Orleans.
Jan. 18, ISoo-lS-lv.
Philadelphia &. Texas Regular Line.
4JFS- iSs &. K
n M?r ??$ r&
i. sSlS. $. sSs
THE undersigned lias contracted with Messrs.
Bishop, Simons & Co., of Philadelph'a, to
run a line of first class Vessels regularly through
the coming season, between Philadelphia, Galves-
ton, Indianola aud Port Lavaca The rates of
freight each way will be the same as, charged by
the New York Line during- thc entire season.
For thc support of this Line, the patronage of
the business community is especially invited.
Shipments by this Line may be covered by open
Policy of Insurance when desired.
Cash advances will be made at Galveston upon
all consignments to the address? of Messrs. Bish-
op, Simons & C, Philadelphia, or in Exchange
upon Philadelphia, as may be preferred.
The undersigned will givi his undivided per-
sonal attention to the business apertainirig to this
Line of Vessels, and will employ his best efforts
to give satisfaction to those having business with
it. WM. T. AUSTIN, Agent at Galveston
BISHOP, SIMONS & Co , Agents at Phila
Galveston, bept l
OTTOJV.- We will make liberal cash ad-1
vances on cotton, for shipment
ipmeut to our friends '
MAIN STREET, HOUSTON.
TI here is kept a general assortment of
Tin Ware, Stoves and Hardware;
Also, all kinds of
Mechanics Tools and Farming: Utensite.
W. R. WILSON,
Agent for J. P. Davie.
Jan. 23, 1855-18-ly.
A. A. TUCKER.
Opposite the Capitol,
BUGGIES and Carriages of all descriptions
for sale constantly on hand. Repairing
done at the shortest notice, and old Carriages
made to look like new.
Jan. 23, 1855-G-18-iy.
To tlie rdercltants and Planters of
THE undersigned is now prepared to receive
cotton and other produce, on storage, and
hopes by strict attention to give general satisfac-
tion. THOS. S. LUBBOCK,
Lubbock's Warehouse, Houston, Texas.
Jan. 23, ISoS-lS-ly.
THE OlD CAPITOL HOTEL..
tifiu' E have leased the above Hotel for a
dAxvo u jXrtAiay tutu jiiitt; juiliiaimu 3J
it with new Furniture and new Beddine JM
W V? pr.;,u- nf -r-noo n,1 !, f..:l.J "$
throughout, and are repairing the building a part
at a time and as fast as possible. But in the mean
time the House is open for the reception of travel-
lers and citizens, and the Undersigned will endea-
vor to render their guests comfortable.
Attached to the House, also, is a Livery Sta-
ble with experienced ostlers; and horses will be
taken care of. From our long experience in the
above business, and our strict attention to the
wants of our guests, we hope to merit a' liberal
snare ol public patronaee.
HENRY VAN BIBBER & SON.
January 1st, 1855. 18-6m
ADJOINING THE STAGE OFFICE,
SILAS DODD, informs his friends and the
public, that he has fitted up the above house,
opposite the post office, in a comfortable and con-
venient manner, -where he will at all times be
pleased to accommodate those who call on him.
Jan. 23, ISoo-lS-ly.
THE PHCEMX HOUSE,
CORNER MAIN AND PRESTON STS.,
THE above House has been thoroughly repair-
ed and newly furnished throughout. The
Table furnished with the best the market affords.
Sg. Terms reasonable Baggage conveyed to
and from the Boats free of charge.
A. E. nULBERT, Proprietor.
Jan. 23, 1S55. G-lS-ly.
Wni. M. Rice & Co.,
T7"HOLESALE and Retail Dealers in Flour, Ba-
con, Lard, Mess Pork, Whiskey, Brandy,
Gin, Rum, Candies, Coffee, Sugar, Rice, Candles,
Butter Cheese. Bagging, Rope, &c; receive weekly
! supplies of fresh articles, to which the planter
and country mercnant are respectiully invited.
Nov., 18-33. 16 ly
H. D. TAYLOR,
Sfoi age. Forwarding & Commission
a spacious "Warchoute for Storing Cotton, Hides,
&c. July 25, 1852.
JOHN DICKINSON &CO.
AND DEALERS IN
-12m. HOUSTON TEXAS.
J. J. CA1X. J. W- HENDERSON.
J. J. CAIN & Co.
ECEIVING, Forwarding and Com
mission Merchants, adjacent the
wharf, Main fctreet, Houston, Texas.
October S, 1853, 12-ly
Patent Fisli Hooks,
MENRY SIGLER, of Houston, Texas, is pre-
. pared to furnish any amount of his Im-
proved Combination Lever Fish Hooks, acknowl-
edged to be the best fish hook now extant. No
fish can bite at this hook without being caught.
Jan. 23, lS55-18-ly.
iN Introducing this article into this State, the
Professor wishes to say a word to the wise,
as he believes that to be sufficient. This article
is purely vegetable, and was discovered by Lim
after long and arduous study, and has been used
privatelv for the past five years, to his entire
satisfaction. It works on the head on the
imrncliately penetrating the cuticle bag which
contains all the hbres of the hair, thus cultivat
ing the hair as a farmer would cultivate the
ground before he can have an abundant crop.
"Where the hair is falling out naturally, or by
sickness or fever, it shows that the hair is in an
unhealthy state and unless a preventive is imme-
diately resorted to the person fins himself bald.
THIS RKSTOR ATIVE PREVENTS THE HAIR
FROM COMING OUT ;
But the Professor does not say that it will stop it
in a day but he doo3 say this much, however,
and can prove that his Restorative has never fail
ed to stop it in the short space of two weeks.
Ladies and gentlemen Have nad tneir hair re-
stored with this article after a baldness of sever-
Some persons have asked me if it returns the
f 0r he enefit
,f thc ?ubl,C efcf?re (thout going into a
onS .W f1," ?nd remarks on the nair,)
r ...Vw...U-....ww, ...... ..... ..- ....w p....... ..i,.. ..
world-wide celebrity in so short a space of time.
It is because
THE ELECTRIC HAIR RESTORATIVE
contains no drug. It is purely vegetable, because
The Electric Hair Restorative frees the head from
dandruff; beautifies and softens the hair; does
not leave the hair greasy or gummy; cures
headache; moistens aud cools the head; prevents
the hair from falling out; turns the hair back to
its original color; effectually cures all cutaneous
diseases; effectually restores the hair.
Which abundance of certificates can prove bv
calling on Professor Lombard at the Temple of
i-ashion or on w. iJenney. and procuring a pam-
phlet Gratis. Processor Lombard, has estab-
lished a branch in this place and in doing so has
asociated himself with W. Renncy, a t the City
Hair Dressing Saloon on Main street, near the
Capitol, where his Electric Hair Restorative can
be procured at Wholesale and Retail, and by all
Jan. 10, lS-6m.
E. & C. GARRETT,
Paper and Rag Warehouse,
A0. 5, South Front Street,
"SRITING, Printing, Wrapping, Hardware,
V V Manillia. and Straw Papers, constantly on
hand or made to order at the shortest notice.
November IS, 1854. 13 tf
TEXAS REGULAR LINE.
A first class Vessel will commence loading for
thc above Port in- a few days, a portion of
her cargo being already engaged. For balance
of freight or passage apply to Wm. T. Austin,
Agcut of the line, Galveston.
,1essrs Bishop, Simons & Co., agents at Phila-
delphia will take charge of all consignments to
their address. arcft 4, lBoo-o-tf.
IETTERS of Administration having been grant-
- ed to thc undersigned on the estate of Abel
Towtons deceased at the last .March term of tho
County Court of Brazos county Notice is here-
by given to persons having claims against said
estate to present the same M'tLin the time prc-
scribed by law: ana persons indebted to said es-
tate will maue immediate payment.
James A. Bahker, Administrator.
"OEV. Rufus C. Burhstm, a. ar., Presf-r
Xi dent and Professor of the bpanisn ana
Ancient Languages and Belle Letters.
Rev. J. B. Stiieier, a. ar-, Prof, of Natu-
ral Sciences, and the German Language,
Mr. J. A. Johnson, Prof, of Mathematics,
Mr. S. J). Rows, a. ?., Assistant of Lan-
guages. Mr. J. L. Smith, Principal of the Prepar-
The Institution is in a flourishing condition
with an able faculty, and all the college class-
es regularly formed.
The village of Independence is unsurpassed
for health, quietness and beautiful scenery.
Tuition in the Preparatory department $26
a year; in the Collegiate $50. Board in ex-
cellent families for $10 & $13 9. month.
June 30, 1S55. 3S-ly
Washington Female Seminary.
I ne?fc tem this Tnstitu- MMfSk
Ulv 2nd- 1R.v5 Tl-nrla,. v, :
-r - f --- -w ,uv aupc t4-
-aiuu ui jier. ii, r. .utjcxer.
Miss Dickson, of New York, has been engaged
to take charge of the Musio Department.
The course of instruction will embrace all the
higher and lower English branches usually taught
in the best schools and Academies, together with
the Ancient and modern languages if desired.
No pains or expense will be spared to securo
the most competent teachers in every Department;
and no effort will be withheld to make the acqui-
sition of knowledge, at all times a cheerful as
well as profitable pursuit.
This Institution, embosomed in one of nature's
loveliest groves, is beautifully situated on a fine
eminence, near a mile from the business part of
iimu, unu cammanus a aeiigatiui view Qf Wash-
ington and the Brazos valley to the North-and of
the high rolHng prairies to the South thus com-
bining all that can be desired to make it a most
healthy and pleasant seat of learning,
Terms per session of Jive montlis,
Elementary branches, 10,00
English grammar, arithmetic and geog-
Natural science, moral and inteHectual
philosophy, history, logic, rhetoric, &c 15,00
Languages and mathematics, 25,00
Music instruction and use of piano forte, 25,00
Other ornamental Branches at the usual rates:
All pupils will be charged from thetime of en-
trance to the close of the session. No deduction,
will be made for lost time, unless in case of pro-
All bills payable one half in advance and tha
other at the close of the term.
Boarding can be had in good famiHes near tha
Academy, on reasonable terms,
Washington, Dec. 14. 1854-15-tf.
S. H. Devore, 4. M., Principal.
THE exercises of this Institution will com-
mence on Monday, April 9th, 1855, under
the superintendance of S. H. Devore, A. M., lata
Professor of Mathematics in Irving College, Tenn,
The course of instruction will embrace all tha
Sciences and Languages usually taught in south-
ern schools, from the rudiments of the Enelish
Language to a complete Classical Education.
The scholastic year is divided intotwo terms af
twenty weeks each.
RATES OF TUITION, PER TER1T."
Spelling, Reading and Writing $10 00
Geography, Arithmetic and English
Grammar 12 50
History, Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Science,
Moral and Mental Philosophy, &c. 15 00
Mathematics and Languages 25 00
Incidental Expenses 1 00
Students will be charged from the time of en-
tering till the close of the term, except in case of
Washington, Texas, April 9, 1855-29-20w:
Live Oak Female Seminary.
RaPd. J. W. Miller ; Superintendent;
Mrs. Rebecca K. Red, Brindpal;
Mrs. M. A. Hawkins, lait of Memphis,
Tenn., Teacher of Music
BOARDING- in the family $12 per month,
rent, light or fuel.
Tuition from $2. to $3. per month for
ordinary branohes and $4. for Ancient or
Music and use of piano $50. per sesrion.
All bills payable one half in advance of
five per cent will be added thereupon, and,
the balance at the close of the session.
Ten continuous months constitute a ses
sion, commencing the first Mondayin March
and closing with a public examination. ,
We have all been connected, as teachers or
pupils with the best schools of the North and
bring more than usual experience, and an hon-
est zeal to bear upon our enterprise in which
the superintendent has vested his earthly all,
and which he expects permanently to sustain.
The Neighborhood is proverbially healthy,
society excellent, and the institution is en
tirely in the country, free from the ordinary
dissipation of the town, on a lovely spot, cho-
sen and fitted up at great expense for school
A skillful physician is a member of tho
The buildings having been 'recently en-
larged, there is room for a limited. number of
boarders in addition to those already engage
ed. Every young lady is expected to have
every article of clothing distinctly marked.
Session of the 3rd year commences tha
first Monday in March next.
Address by letter the superintendent a
Gay Hill, Washington oo., Texas. 20 tf
Bounty Land to all who hare serv-i
ed in the TJ. S. Army since 179,
BY an act of Congress at its last pession all
ju tnose wno nave servea iourieen aays in uia
U. S. Army, are entitled to one hundred and siXi
ty acres each, of Bounty Land.
The undersigned are prepared to prosecute,
claims of this character with promptness and des-
patch. They have secured the services of an ex-
perienced and reliable agent at "Washington City,
which will enable them to give satisfaction to all4
B. E. &. C. E, Tajivsr,
April 7, 1855-28-tf.
A Valuable tract of land, either for Sate oSp
Rent, lying four miles below Washing-22?
ton, on the Brazos river, containing four hundred
and sixty-nine 1-2 acres, of which there is 125
acres open, in a fine state of cultivation. Mora
than half of the open land lies in the river bottom;
the improvements are excellent and consist of a,
double log house two stories high, two rooms a-
bove and two below ; good negro cabins ; framed,
gin house with, gin stand and grist mill, ivhich,
will be let go with thc place; also a good, crib and.
stables, a fine well of water within twenty steps
of the house walled up with rock; this land is a
finely watered and timbered as any in tho conn-
try. Any one wishing to purchase will find a.
bargain. For terms apply to the undersigned
living four miles below Rook Island ferry on tha
Brasos. EDWARD CRESS.
October, 1854 11-tf
2M"&iffc Acres of land, Hi thin six flfe
2dJJ miles of the town of Wash-
ington, fronting on the Navisote River, and on
the road from Washington to inderson. This
land is well timbered, has good soil, and presenfa.
a fine opportunity for purchasers who friBi. to
grow cotton It is convenient to navigation, and
in one of the best neighborhoods in Texas. Fay
terms, "s?hioh will be made easy, apply to
B. E. Tarver, at Washington,
or to D. D. Atchisow, at G alveston.
P, S. There is a ferry on the premises wort&
$1,000 per annum. 2-tf,
A lot of law books for sale, eiauraciaj all t&
most valuable glemRnUry works. Efcsjsieij-
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Lancaster, J. Texas Ranger. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 41, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 28, 1855, newspaper, July 28, 1855; Washington, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48826/m1/3/: accessed September 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.