University Press (Beaumont, Tex.), Vol. 73, No. 3, Ed. 1 Wednesday, September 11, 1996 Page: 4 of 6
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Wednesday, September 11,1996 • Page 4
The Shroud of Turin, shown in this
file photo, the 14-foot linen revered by
some as the burial cloth of Jesus, may
have indeed been woven around the
time of his death, rather than during
the Middle Ages, a team from the
University of Texas Health Science
Center in San Antonio have reported.
A microscopic layer of bacteria and
fungi may have thrown off carbon dat-
ing of the shroud and all other ancient
fabrics by hundreds, even thousands,
of years, researchers said.
Sitcom to assist in English
Hoping to reach the nearly 14 mil-
lion adults who lack basic English
skills, four states with large immi-
grant populations are teaming with
PBS and the federal government to
launch an educational television
The 26-part sitcom, called
“Crossroads Cafe,” is designed to
teach basic English proficiency,
reading and writing skills in an
entertaining, albeit informative,
The first nationally televised
English instruction program,
“Crossroads Cafe,” is being offered
by PBS to its 350 affiliates nation-
wide for airing this fall. The U. S.
Information Agency plans to tele-
vise the series, which tracks the
lives of six characters from different
ethnic backgrounds in Central and
The states — California, New
York, Florida, and Illinois — along
with their federal partners, the
Education Department and
Immigration and Naturalization
Service, hope the series goes
beyond PBS watchers.
Videos of the programs will be
distributed to English-as-a-Second-
Language education programs in
the four states, classrooms, and to
organizations that provide services
to immigrants. Accompanying the
TV series are teachers’ guides, a
workbook for students, and a photo
guide with simple captions.
At a Capitol Hill news confer-
ence, Education Secretary Richard
Riley said “Crossroads Cafe”
should help reach immigrants
unable to attend classes either
because they are juggling jobs, can’t
get a babysitter, or find transporta-
“It can also help 24 million other
Americans who need a boost in
their reading skills, “ Riley said,
stressing the benefits of literacy.
“Adults who cannot read have a
hard time providing for their fami-
lies, especially in these times when:'::
nearly every new job that is created
requires a worker to be highly liteflL,
ate and skilled.”
The four states’ education agen-
cies each contributed Adult
Education Act funds to underwrite/;
creation and production of1.
“Crossroads Cafe.” The INS
kicked in $1 million more, said
agency commissioner Doris-
Texas and New Jersey, which
join the four other states in being
the prime destinations for imnli-11
grants, declined to participate"'
Texas officials couldn’t immediate-”
ly provide an explanation for their-
Meissner said that “Crossroads
Cafe” fits in with her agency’s
effort to naturalize as many as po§^
sible of the 6 million people wROJ
are eligible for citizenship. To'
become a U. S. citizen, applicants,
must demonstrate a knowledge cl
English, civics and government. ■■
Survey shows boomers expect drug use among children
WASHINGTON (AP) — Two-thirds
of baby-boomer parents who experiment-
ed with marijuana as teen-agers expect
their own children will do the same, and
many say parents have too little influence
t6"‘^top them, according to a survey
The findings, from the first national sur-
vey to simultaneously ask parents and
teen-agers about their attitudes toward
drugs, come just weeks after the govern-
ment announced a doubling of teen drug
“That the baby boomers appear to be so
ambivalent and so resigned to drug use by
kids is very disturbing,” said Joseph
Galifano of Columbia University’s Center
on Addiction and Substance Abuse, which
Sponsored the survey. “They should be
ijiad as hell. Instead they’re saying there’s
dothing we can do about it.”
I! But some parents didn’t think the poll
painted them so badly.
“It’s not so much that people are
resigned. I think they’re realistic,” said
Barbara Barrett of Rockville, Md., who
has a 16-year-old daughter. “Drugs are
everywhere and that’s hard.”
The survey prompted political sniping.
Republican presidential nominee Bob
Dole’s campaign said it illustrated “the ter-
rible casualty count from Bill Clinton’s fail-
ure to wage a real war on drugs.”
In return, Health and Human Services
Secretary Donna Shalala called on
Congress to supply $640 million Clinton
has requested to fund the Safe and Drug-
Free Schools program to educate students
The government reported last month
that drug use among 12- to 17-year-olds
rose from 5.3 percent of those surveyed in
1992 to 10.9 percent last year.
The new survey questioned 1,200 teens
and 1,166 parents of teens, including 819
whose children were also polled.
Almost half of the parents surveyed —
49 percent — had tried marijuana in their
youth. Some 46 percent knew someone
who uses illegal drugs today, including one-
third of parents who have friends who cur-
rently use marijuana.
Overall, 46 percent of the parents sur-
veyed said they expect their teen to try ille-
But when researchers looked only at the
parents who had experimented with mari-
juana, akin to a rite of passage for many
baby-boomers, the numbers jumped.
Some 65 percent of parents who used
marijuana regularly as teens believe their
own children will use drugs, as do 62 per-
cent who experimented with marijuana in
their youth. Among parents who never
tried marijuana, only 29 percent believe
their children will try drugs.
When asked if it is a crisis for someone
under 16 to smoke marijuana, 83 percent of
parents who never tried pot themselves
said yes. But only 58 percent of parents
who smoked marijuana regularly as teens
were similarly alarmed.
Forty percent of parents said they have
little influence over their teen’s decision to
use drugs, saying peer pressure and society
play greater roles.
“Studies have shown that public percep-
tions about drug use do forecast the
future,” said Dr. Richard Heyman, who
chairs the American Academy of
Pediatrics’ substance abuse committee.
If parents expect their children to try
drugs, “there’s not going to be enough
negative parental influence” to fight it, he
Worse is if teens are saying, “Gee, Dad,
didn’t you use drugs?” added Heyman,
who counsels parents not to let their past
become the issue. “The answer to that is,
‘That’s not relevant.’ What’s relevant is
that our kids have to be given a no-use
California, who was President Carter^,
health secretary, argued that parents also,
may not know that the marijuana of the
late 1960s and ’70s was not as strong as the
pot sold today.
As for the teens themselves, 22 percent
said they are likely or somewhat likely ,tq,
use drugs in the future, up from 11 percent
in the Columbia University group’s 1995
Teens also said their schools are not
drug-free: 69 percent of 17 year-olds said
they go to school where students keep, q$e
or sell drugs, as did 28 percent of 12 year-
Yet the teens did rank drug use as the
biggest problem facing youth, and 55 per-
cent said using marijuana makes it much
more likely for teens to get into trouble.
Luntz research companies conducted
the telephone survey in July and August.
Margin of error is 2.8 percentage points
for the teens and 2.9 for the parents.
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Pearson, Allen. University Press (Beaumont, Tex.), Vol. 73, No. 3, Ed. 1 Wednesday, September 11, 1996, newspaper, September 11, 1996; Beaumont, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth500742/m1/4/: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Lamar University.