Sunshade Page: 2 of 3
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UNITED STATESPATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM L. RIDOUT, OF RULING, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented March 10, 1908.
Application filed November 27, 1907. Serial No. 404,090.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM L. RIDOUT,
a citizen of the United States, residing at
Luling, in the county of Caldwell and State
5 of Texas, have invented a new and useful
Sunshade, of which the following is a speci-
This invention relates to sunshades and
is particularly designed for use by cotton
10 pickers and other persons employed in fields
or wherever it is necessary to assume a
stooping posture in the sunlight.
One of the objects of the invention is to
provide a light, durable, and inexpensive de-
15 vice of this character which can be readily
fastened upon the user and will not become
accidentally displaced or interfere with the
free movements of the user.
Another object is to provide a shade which
20 is so shaped as to completely protect the back
of the person using it whether said person is
in a standing or a stooping posture.
With these and other objects in view the
invention consists of certain novel features
25 of construction and combinations of parts
which will be hereinafter more fully de-
scribed and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing, which is
a perspective view of the sunshade in posi-
30 tion upon a user, the cover being partly
broken away, the preferred form of the in-
vention has been shown.
Referring to the drawing by characters of
reference, 1-1 designate hangers in the
35 form of thin broad metal straps having large
hooks 2 at their upper ends designed to rest
upon the shoulders of the user. Small hooks
3 are formed at the lower ends of the hangers
and mounted within them is a belt 4 of
40 leather or other suitable material designed to
extend around the body of the user close
under the arms as indicated in the drawing,
said belt being provided with any suitable
means such as a buckle 5 for fastening it
45 tightly in position. As shown in the draw-
ing the belt may be fastened within the hooks
3 by means of rivets or in any other desired
manner, or if preferred, the belt cane mount-
ed loosely within the hooks. The two hang-
50 ers are connected by a cross strip 6 of thin
metal or other material and connecting the
upper portions of the hangers close to the
hooks 2 is a yoke 7 having its ends outturned
and riveted or otherwise fastened upon the
hangers 1. This yoke is disposed at an ob- 55
tuse angle to the straight portions of the
hangers and has a central opening, not shown,
through which extends a stem 8 designed to
be fastened within the opening by means of
nuts 9 which serve to clamp upon the oppo- 60
site faces of the yoke to tightly hold the stein
in place. This stem may be of any suitable
form and constitutes the support for the
cover 10 of the sunshade. This cover, while
following the general construction of an um- 65
brella, is different therefrom in that the front
thereof is cut off straight as indicated by the
dotted lines at 11 while the rear thereof is
elongated so as to have substantially the
form of a bat wing, said extended portion be- 70
ing sufficiently large to cover the entire back
of the user so as to protect it from the, heat of
the sun while the user is in a stooping posture.
By extending the belt 4 under the arms and
close to the arm pits it is impossible for the 75
hangers to lift up off of the shoulders of the
user and therefore the attachment becomes
firmly and securely supported by means of
this belt. By forming the hangers, yoke,
and cross strip of thin metal the entire device 80
is rendered very light and inexpensive as well
as efficient and will not afford discomfort to
the user. As the belt extends under the arm
pits it is not in a position to interfere with the
movements of the user as would be the case 85
should it be fastened about the waist.
Although the yoke 7 has been shown with
all portions extending obliquely to the hang-
ers 1 it is to be understood that if preferred
the middle or crown portion of the yoke can 90
be so bent as to enable the stem 8 to extend
vertically while the user is in an upright posi-
tion, without coming into contact with the
What is claimed is: 95
A device of the character described com-
prising a cover, a stem connected thereto,
and a body engaging device comprising hang-
ers having hooked terminals constituting
shoulder engaging portions, a yoke-like con- 100
nection between the hangers and disposed at
an angle to the plane occupied by the hangers,
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Ridout, William L. Sunshade, patent, March 10, 1908; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth509204/m1/2/: accessed December 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.