Cotton-Gatherer. Page: 3 of 4
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ROBERT M. AYERS, OF QUANAR, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 4, 1910.
Application filed March 29, 1910. Serial No. 552,172.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT M. AYERS, a
citizen of the United States, residing at
Quanah, in the county of H-ardeman and
5 State of Texas, have invented certain new
and useful Improvements in Cotton-Gather-
ers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention comprehends certain im-
provements in cotton gatherers of that type
10 wherein the boll and the cotton are collected
at the same time, and for subsequent sepa-
An object of this invention is to con-
struct a machine of this character adaptable
15 for operation upon one row of the cotton at
a time and to which two draft animals are
attached so as to walk upon the opposite
sides of the row.
The invention has for another object to
20 provide a machine of this nature with an
adjusting mechanism whereby the machine
may be raised and lowered to accommodate
the fingers to plants varying in height.
The invention further contemplates a cot-
25 ton boll gatherer provided with a large bas-
ket or receptacle to receive the bolls as they
are severed from the plants by the fingers
of the machine, the bolls being forced back-
wardly into the basket by a rake or the like.
30 For a. full understanding of the invention
reference is to be had to the following de-
scription and accompanying drawings, in'
Figure 1 is a top plan view of the coin-
35 plete machine. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sec-
tion through the same.
Corresponding and like parts are referred
to in the following description and indicated
in all the views of the accompanying draw-
40 ings by the same reference characters.
Referring to the drawings the body or
frame of the machine comprises a pair of
longitudinal beams 10 which are provided
with transverse braces 11 arranged in spaced
45 relation throughout the lengths of the beams.
Adjacent the opposite ends of the beams 10,
standards 12 are positioned which suitably
support the sides 13 of the body. An end 14
is disposed across the rear extremities of the
50 sides 13. The sides 13 and the end 14
are formed from wire-meshing and are
joined at their lower edges with the edges
of a bottom 15 which is likewise formed
55 The frame is provided at its forward end
with a finger-bar 16 arranged between the
longitudinal beams 10 and spaced inwardly
from the forward ends thereof. The finger-
bar 16 carries a plurality of spaced fingers
17 for engagement about the stems of the G0
cotton plants. The throats between the
fingers 17 are of such size that they receive
the stems but prevent the passage of the cot-
ton bolls therethrough. The longitudinal
beams 10 are provided with depending rods 05
18 adjacent their rear extremities upon
which caster wheels 19 are carried for sup-
porting the rear end of the body.
A pair of arms 20 are forwardly extended
from the beams 10 and are secured against 70
the outer sides thereof, the arms 20 having
up-turned portions 21 at their forward ex-
tremities to engage in suitable boxings or
guides 22. The guides 22 snugly engage
about the upturned portions 21 and admit 75
of the vertical movement of the arms 20
An arched-bar 23 is positioned forwardly
of the body and mounted upon suitable sup-
porting wheels 24, the arched bar 23 carry- 80
mug a pair of straps 25 through the medmun
of clips 26. The clips 26 are engaged over
the upper portion of the arched-bar 23 ad-
jacent its opposite ends and are secured
through the straps 25 by means of clamping 85
nuts 27. The straps 25 extend rearwardly
from the arched-bar 23 and rotatably sup-
port a transverse shaft 28 through the me-
dium of bearings 29. Depending straps 30
are secured against the under faces of the 90
straps 25 and extend rearwardly therefrom
for rigid engagement against the outer faces
of the guides 22 in order to hold the guides
in rigid relation relative to the arched-bar
23. The shaft 28 is provided with cables 31 95
about its opposite ends which extend into
the guides 22 and are suitably secured to the
upper ends of the up-turned portions 21.
The shaft 28 carries a crank-arm 32 upon
one end for winding the cables 31 thereabout. 10C
A pawl 33 is mounted upon the arched bar
23 adjacent one end thereof for coperation
with a ratchet 34 keyed to the shaft 28 for
the purpose of locking the shaft in adjusted
position. The arched-bar 23 is provided 105
with a tongue 35 which is secured thereto
through the medium of hounds 36, and
which is employed for drawing the machine.
The straps 25 extend forwardly from the
arched-bar 23 and are secured to the hounds 110
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Ayers, Robert M. Cotton-Gatherer., patent, October 4, 1910; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth510300/m1/3/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.