Pump. Page: 2 of 3
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FELIX G. GARDNER, OF CELESTE, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 624,642, dated May 9, 1899.
Application filed March 26, 1898. Serial No, 675,274. (No model.)
To c7al whom zt 7mcij concern:
Be it known thatI, FELIX (y GARDNER,aci ti-
zen of the United States,residing at Celeste,in
the county of Hunt and State of Texas, have
5 invented certain new and useful Improve-
ments in Pumps; and I do hereby declare that
the following is a full, clear, and exact de-
scription of the invention, which will enable
others skilled in the art to which it appertains
ro to make and use the same.
This invention relates to pump mechanisms
of that class which are adapted to operate to
throw or force a stream of water to a desired
height or a considerable distance and which
15 are adapted for use in fire-extinguishing and
other general purposes, as desired.
The object of my invention is to provide a
simple and improved pump mechanism or ap-
paratus of this class which will possess ad-
20 vantages in point of positive operation, in-
expensiveness in construction, effectiveness,
power, adaptability to various uses, conven-
ience, and general efficiency.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a top or plan
25 view of my improved pump mechanism. Fig.
2 is a plan view of the piston. Fig. 3 is a side
or edge view of the apparatus. Fig. 4 is a
detail transverse sectional view taken on the
line y y, Fig. 2. Fig 5 is a plan view of the
30 base-piece. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the mid-
dle piece. Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional
view taken through the base-piece and its
rim. Fig. 8 is a detail sectional view taken
on the line z z, Fig. 5. Fig. 9 is a transverse
35 sectional view taken through the middle
piece. Fig.10 is a detail transverse sectional
view taken on the line w w, Fig. 6. Fig. 11
is a transverse sectional view taken through
the top piece. Fig. 12 is a detail transverse
40 sectional view taken on the line x x, Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of one of
Corresponding parts in all the figures are
denoted by the same letters of reference.
45 Referring to the drawings, A designates the
base-piece or bottom, which is provided with
an annular rim a and with a segmental
groove or channel a' in its top surface, having
inclined or beveled ends a2 a2, the purpose of
5o which groove or channel is to accommodate
the valve when the whole is turned down-
wardly in the operation of the mechanism.
The inclined or beveled ends a2 serve as
guides for the valve in its rising movement.
B designates a revolving piston, which fits 55
within the rim of the bottom or base-piece
and carries hinged valves C, arranged in a
circular series. These valves are of right-
angular construction, embodying a base arm
or foot c, which is adapted to be received by 6o
a corresponding recess b in the under side of
the piston when the valve is up in an open
position (illustrated in Fig. 4) and said foot
is traveling upon the top surface of the base
A. At right angles to the foot c the valve 65
comprises a head c', which is adapted to rest
upon a seat b' in the piston when the valve
is closed. The valve is hinged, as at c2, at
the vertex of the angle formed by its two
arms or portions, as shown in Fig. 4. 7o
D designates a middle piece which is mount-
ed above the piston and is provided with a
segmental slot d, which forms almost a com-
plete circle and is adapted to accommodate
the head c' of the valves. Communicating 75
with one end of the slot or passage d is an
inlet e, through which the water is fed to the
pump. At the opposite end of the slot d its
diameter is contracted, as at d' d', to provide
inclined or beveled ways d2 at the under side 8o
of said contracted portion, which operates to
carry the head c' of the valves downwardly
and close them upon their seat b'. It will be
understood that when the valves are thus
closed their foot c is received by the groove 85
a' in the base A, and the head c' of the closed
valve travels under the middle piece D until
it reaches the initial end of the slot d at the
inlet e, when the valve again rises in the slot
d by means of the contact of its foot c with 90
the beveled ends a2 of the groove a', so that
its head c' rises back of the water-supply and
forces the same through the slot d.
F designates a cap-piece or cover which fits
over the piston and is provided with an out- 95
let or opening f at the final end of the slot d,
from which a suitable pipe or hose may ex-
tend, as desired.
The revolving piston is carried upon a shaft
G, which extends transversely through the 1oo
pump device and has bearings in the base-
piece or bottom A, as shown at g, in the mid-
dle piece D, as shown at g', and in the cap-
piece or top F, as shown at g2.
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Gardner, Felix G. Pump., patent, May 9, 1899; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth510837/m1/2/: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.