Bale Band Fastening Page: 2 of 3
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Patented February 28, 1905.
DOUGLAS M. CAMPBELL, OF HOUSTON, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 783,854, dated February 28, 1905.
Application filed October 7, 1904, Serial No. 227,551
To (Ua whom tit -h, coleCerm.
Be it known that L DOUGLAS M. CAMPBELL,
a citizen of the United States, resid ing at lons-
ton, in the county of Harris and State of Texas,
5 have invented a new and useful Bale-Band Fas-
tening,ofxwhich the following isaspecification.
Tis invention relates to a novel bale-band
fastening or tie, the object being to produce
an inexpensive tie capable of being formed
ro from cheap metal by a single operation of a
stamping-die and so constructed that the end
of the band may be fastened or tied with a
saving of time and labor and in a manner to
utilize the expansion of the bale in securing
15 the connection of the band ends.
A further object of the invention is to pro-
duce a tie capable of withstanding the enor-
mous strain imposed upon the bale-band by
the expansion of the bale and attached to the
20 band in a manner to present smooth exterior
band - surfaces, with the band ends tucked
under and protected and held by the body
portion of the band.
Subordinate to these objects are others,
25 which will more fully appear hereinafter.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating
the preferred embodiment of my invention,
Figure 1 is a plan view of the tie. Fig. 2 is
detailed perspective view illustrating the man-
30 ner in which the first end of the band is ma-
nipulated to effect its connection with the tie.
Fib. 3 is a perspective view showing the tie
with the first end of the band properly at-
tached and showing the second end of the band
35 in position to be slipped into place. Fig. 4 is
a perspective view of the tie with both ends
of the band attached. Figs. 5 and 6 are de-
tailed sectional views.
Ie tie 1 is stamped or otherwise produced
40 from sheet metal, preferably iron or steel, and
is of rectangular form, as shown in Fig. 1. By
the formation in the tie of open-ended slots 2
and 3 a puI of end bars 4 and and an inter-
mediate holding-bar 6 are defined. The end
45 bars 4 and 5 are parallel, the latter being of
considerable width and provided with a longi-
tudi nal slot 7, closed at both ends and located
somewhat nearer one side edge of the bar 5-
that is to say, the slot 7 instead of being lo-
50 cated at the longitudinal center of the one bar
5 is disposed adjacent to the en(l of the tie
so as to leave a considerable width of solid
metal between the slots 7 and 3. The holding-
bar 6, the peculiar form and disposition of
which constitutes one of the primary features 55
of the invention, is clisposed at an inclination
with respect to the end bars and is, further-
more, tapered slightly toward the front edge 8
of the tie. It will be observed, therefore, that
the open end of the slot 3 is constricted some- 60
what, while the op n end of the slot 2, on the
contrary, is iared. Frirtheriot , ( it will be
noted that the side face 9 of the holding-bar
6 while being straight and unobstructed1 [1m
end to end thereof is disposed at a consider- 65
able oblique inclination with respect to the
longitudinal direction of the tie.
In practice what may be termed the " first"
end 10 of the metal band 11 is bent back, as
shown in Fig. 2, and is passed downwardly 70
through the slot 7, with the tic in reverse po-
sition. The tie is then. reversed, as shown in
Fig. 3, and as a result of such manipulation
the band end will be seen to be looped around
the end bar, with its extremity passed up 75
through the slot thereof and clamped against
the end portion of the tie by the superim-
posed body portion of the band. By prefer-
ence the ties and bands are connected in this
manner in quantity, so that it is merely nec- So
essary to manipulate the second end of the
band when tying up a bale. In performing
the latter operation the band is passed around
the bale and its second end 12, looped brick, s
shown in Fig. 3, is slipped laterally to place, 85
as shown in Fig.,4, the loop )oitioin 13 beino
inserted in the slot 3mdnd the end 12 being
passed over the holding-bir -4, this manipnl-i
tion of the second end (lisposing the latter in
a manner substantially identical to the first o
end--that is to say, both ends of the hand
will be disposed under the body portion of
the band and in position to bla m iped thereby
against the end portions of the tie.
Attention is directed to the fact that the 95
outward flaming of the slot 2 greatly facili-
tates the attachment of the second end of the
band to the tic. This is due to the fact that
it is only necessary to form a slight bend. 14
in the band end 12 in order to move it later- 100
No. 783,854. -
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Campbell, Douglas M. Bale Band Fastening, patent, February 28, 1905; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth511833/m1/2/: accessed August 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.