Gate. Page: 2 of 3
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIS HAMMELTON JORDAN, OF ROGERS PRAIRIE, TEXAS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLTS HAMMELTON JORDAN, a
citizen of the United States, residing at Rogers Prairie,
in the county of Leon and State of Texas, have invent-
5 ed a new and useful Gate, of which the following is a
This invention relates to farm gates of the horizon-
taily swinging type which may be opened and closed
from either side of the gate upon approaching or de-
10 parting therefrom without the inconvenience of de-
scending from a vehicle or horse.
The object of the invention is to provide a farm gate
with a simple, inexpensive and positively actuating
mechanism, by means of which the gate may be caused
15 to swing open and shut by gravity from either side,
and at any desired distance from the gate; to provide
a simple latch and means for operating the same
whereby the gate is prevented from swinging towards
the person entering; to provide means for changing
20 the poise of the gate; and for certain other combina-
tions and arrangement of parts hereinafter described
In the accompanying drawing:-Figure 1 is a per-
spective view of the gate closed. Fig. 2 is an eleva-
25 tion of the hinge post showing the positions it assumes
when out of poise, the gate rails being broken away.
Fig. 3 is a detail view of the latch.
Similar numerals of reference indicate the same
parts on all the figures.
30 On opposite sides of a roadway are erected upright
posts, 1 and 2, joined at their upper ends by a brace bar
3 rigidly attached to the posts. Between the posts 1
and 2 a gate 3 swings, its extent of movement on either
side when open being limited by a short post 4 and a
35 keeper 5 thereon with which a hook 6, pivoted to the
outer or swinging end of the gate engages to hold the
gate open. There are two of these hooks 6, one on
each side of the gate so that the gate will be held open
irrespective of the direction in which it swings.
40 Attached to the upright post 1 near the ground is a
step bearing 7 in which is seated the lower, end of the
pivot bar 8 of the gate. The pivot bar 8 extends
above the gate and projects through a curved slot 9
in the brace bar 3 and is loosely connected at 10 to one
45 end of a horizontally disposed lever 11, pivoted on a
vertical pin 12, mounted on the top of said brace bar 3.
The other end 13 of the lever 11 extends to a point
above the upright post 2 where it is connected to suit-
able operating mechanism, hereinafter described, for
50 throwing the pivot bar out of poise and thereby chang-
ing the center of gravity of the gate.
Bolted to the top of the post 2 are two horizontal arms
15 and 16, extending parallel to the roadway but in
opposite directions from the post, and far enough from
55 the gate to permit a vehicle to be driven up and the
driver to reach the end of either arm. A rope, cable
Patented Sept. 17, 1907.
or chain 17 is fastened to the end 13 of the horizontal
lever 11, and after passing through suitable guides,
such as eye bolts 18, hangs down over the end of the
arm 15, which may be provided with a pulley if de- 60
sired. On the end of the rope 17 is a suitable hand
grip 19 by means of which the rope is drawn downward
and the lever 11 turned on its pivot.. At the opposite
side of the gate is a similar rope, cable or chain 17,
guides 18 and hand grip 191,. 65
Fastened to the gate post 2 at some point below the
level of the top of the gate 3 is a latch 20, comprising
a plate 21 having a central vertical slot 22 in which
slot are placed two rings 23 and 24 supported on pins
25 and 26, respectively, passing through the rings. 70
The slot 22 lies transversely of the gate when closed
and is wide enough to permit the rings to move flat-
wise freely therein, as clearly shown in Fig. 3, and of
sufficient length to leave room between the rings for
the outwardly projecting latch finger 27, fastened on 75
the front of the gate, to enter. By examining Fig. 3
it will be seen that when the gate closes from either
direction, the latch finger 27 will strike one or the
other latch ring 23-24, which will swing inwardly on
its pin support and permit the latch finger 27 to pass, 80
then drop again behind the latch finger. The pins
25-26 on which the latch rings 23-24 hang, are
placed in such relation to the ends 28-29 of the slot
22, that the rings bind between their respective sup-
porting pins and the adjacent end of the slot when- 85
ever the latch finger presses against a ring from the
inside, and cannot be lifted; thus securely fastening
the gate when closed.
The latch rings are raised to disengage the gate, by
cords, or chains 30, 30, (see dotted lines in Fig. 3) 90
attached respectively to the rings 23 and 24, which
cross each other as they are carried up to guides 31,
31 on the under side of the arms 15, 16, where, at
the ends of said arms, the cords or chains terminate
in rings 32-321 for operating them. 95
With a gate constructed as described, if it be the
desire of a person in a vehicle to pass, when approach-
ing from the left, with the gate in the-position repre-
sented in Fig. 1, it will only be necessary to pull the
cord 30 and lift the latch ring 23, when the gate will 100
swing open away from the vehicle, until stopped by
the post 4; the hook 6, catching over the keeper 5,
holding the gate open. This automatic movement of
the gate is caused by the position of the pivot bar '8,
which, it will be observed, leans in the direction in 105
which the gate swings, thus throwing the preponder-
ance of weight on that side of a vertical axis passing
through the step bearing 7. After passing through
the gate, the hand grip 19 is seized by the driver and
the rope 17 pulled which being attached to the hori- 110
zontal lever 11, turns it on its pivot carrying the end
10 with the upper end of the pivot bar 8 to the oppo-
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 2,1907. Serial No. 365,960.
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Jordan, Willis Hammelton. Gate., patent, September 17, 1907; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth512241/m1/2/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.