Rail-Fastening. Page: 2 of 2
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UNITED STATES PATENT.OFFICE.
HERBERT E. PERCIVAL, OF GALVESTON, TEXAS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO BREWER W.
KEY, OF WOODWARD, OKLAHOMA.
To all whom it may concern: /
Be it known that I, HERBERT E. PERCIVAL,
of Galveston;in the county of Galveston and
State of Texas, a citizen of the United States,
5s:have invented a new and useful Improve-
ment in Rail-Fastenings, of which the follow-
ing is a full, clear, and exact description,
reference being had to the accompanying
drawings, forming a part of this specification,
10 in explaining its nature.;
My invention relates essentially to the,
cushioning of railroad ties in connection'
with, or as directed to improving the means
for fastening the rails to the tie, and by'
15 "railroad ties" I refer more especially, to a
railroad tie made of cement, for in connec-
tion with this kind of tie especially it has
been found desirable, if not necessary, to in-
sert between the rail and the tie a cushion
20 niade of some elastic material, generally of
wood, to take up the shock to which the tie
The object of my invention is to adapt the
cushion to the rail and to the means or spikes
25 for fastening the rail to the tie so that the
spikes cannot spread away from, or leave the.
flanges of the rail with which they are prop-
erly in engagement, or become loosened.
My invention can best be seen and under-
30 stood by reference to the drawings in which-
Figure 1 shows-a sectional view of the im-
. proved fastening. Fig. 2 shows a plan of the
Referring to the drawings :-A represents
35 a portion of a cement tie, B a rail resting
upon a cushion C, interposed between it and
- the tie, and D represents the spikes extend-
ing through the cushion and fastening the rail.
The cushion C is preferably made rectan-
40 gular in shape and rests on the top of the tie
snugly in a recess a male to receive it. In-
stead of resting on the top surface of . the
cushion the rails rest or fit into a slot c cut
therein. This slot is cut just so deep that the
45 tops of the flanges b of the rail are on. a line
with the top surface of the cushion so that
the head d of the spikes D, which pass through
the cushion at points adjacent to the flanges
of the rail, will engage partly with said flanges
5o and partly with the adjacent surface of the
cushion. The resulting advantage is that
the cushion supporting the heads of the
spikes on the outside, keeps them from
Patented Dec. 24, 1907.
spreading or leaving the flanges of the rail
.when subjected to heavy traffic. Then 55
again, by thus giving an outer support to the
heads of the spikes keeps the spikes from
becoming loosened. With reference to the
spikes D, I prefer that they be a threaded or
screw spike especially if used in -connection 60
with a cement tie. A driven spike may,
however, successfully be used, as above
While I have already stated that my in-
vention is especially adapted to be used in 65
connection with a cement tie, it can also be
advantageously practiced with a common
wood tie,, the cushion in addition to the ad-
vantages above set forth having, also, the
additional advantage of preventing the rail .70
from cutting into the surface of the tie.
Having thus fully described my invention,
I claim and desire to secure by Letters
Patent of the United States:- . .
1. In combination with a railroad tie, a 75
cushion resting thereon., a rail resting on said
cushion and fitting into a. slot cut therein,
which slot is cut so deep that the upper sur-
face of the flange of .the rail will be on a line
with the surface of said cushion, 'and means 80
for fastening said rail to said tie, which means
is adapted to engage partly with the flange
of said rail and partly with the surface of said
cushion and be supported thereby, substan-
tially as described. 85
2. In combination with a cement railroad
tie having a recess cut in the top thereof, a
cushion fitting within said recess, a rail rest-
ing on said cushion and fitting into a slot cut
therein, which slot is cut so deep that the 90
upper surface of the flange of the rail will be
on a line- with the upper surface of said
cushion, and means alongside the flange of
said rail fastening down through. said cush-
ion into said tie, which means is adapted to 95
engage partly with the flange of said rail on
the inside and the surface of said cushion on
the outside, whereby said means may be
supported by said cushion so as to be held
in proper engagement with the flange of said 100
hERBERT ,E. PERCIVAL.
In presence of
A. S. HEATON,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed ,Tanuary 29,190$. Serial No, 298,308.
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Percival, Herbert E. Rail-Fastening., patent, December 24, 1907; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth512362/m1/2/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.