Beehive Page: 2 of 3
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Patented November 1, 1904.
OSCAR F. KERR, OF POINT, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 773,571, dated November 1, 1904.
Application filed May 14, 1904. Serial No. 207,977. (No model.)
To all whoim it m-ay Co7iC7't:
Be it known that I, OSCAR F. KERR, a citi-
zen of the United States, residing at Point, in
the county of Rains and State of Texas, have
5 invented a new and useful Beehive, of which
the following is a specification.
This invention relates to beehives, and has
for its object to improve the construction and
produce a hive having means whereby the bees
10 may be driven from one compartment to the
other by the use of smoke and communication
between the compartments shut off while the
honey-frames are removed from the vacated
15 With these and other objects in view, which
will appear as the nature of the invention is
better understood, the same consists in certain
novel features of construction, as hereinafter
fully described and claimed.
20 In the accompanying drawings, forming a
part of this specification, and in which corre-
sponding parts are denoted by like designating
characters, is illustrated the preferred form
of the embodiment of the invention capable of
25 carrying the same into practical operation, it
being understood that the invention is not
necessarily limited thereto, as various changes
in the shape, proportions, and general assem-
blage of the parts may be resorted to without
30 departing from the principle of the invention
or sacrificing any of its advantages, and the
right is therefore reserved of making all the
changes and modifications which fairly fall
within the scope of the invention and the
35 claims made therefor.
In the drawings thus employed, Figure 1 is
a longitudinal sectional elevation of a beehive
embodying the improved construction. Fig.
2 is a transverse sectional elevation of the
40 same. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a por-
tion of the valve detached.
The improved device comprises a lower or
brooding chamber 10, an upper or comb-frame
chamber 11, resting upon the brooding-cham-
45 ber and detachable therefrom. These cham-
bers may be of any desired size and shape,
but will generally be of the usual size and of.
the usual material.
The brooding-chamber is provided with the
50 usual inlet-aperture 12 for the bees, provided
with a swinging closure 13 and with spaced
elongated apertures 14 in its.top, the lands be-
tveen the apertures corresponding to the
comb-frames 15, above which they rest, as
shown. By this means communication is pro- 55
vided between the lower chamber and the up-
per chamber for the passage of the bees to
each of the comb-frames.
Slidably disposed upon the top of the brood-
ing-chamber is a valve member 16, having al- 6o
ternating spaced apertures and lands corre-
sponding to the apertures and lands of the
brooding-chamber for registration therewith,
so that communication between the brooding
and comb-frame chambers may be controlled, 65
as will be obvious.
The valve member 16 is provided with lat-
eral extensions 17 to provide means for oper-
ating the valve from the exterior of the hive.
The comb-frame chamber is provided with 70
a detachable cover 18, and resting upon this.
cover member is a combustion-chamber 19,
preferably in the form of a sheet-metal cylin-
der having a detachable cover 20. Leading
from this combustion-chamber 19 are a plu- 75
rality of radiating smoke-conductor tubes 21,
passing through the cover member 18 and pro-
viding means for distributing smoke to the
comb-frame chamber. The conductor-tubes
will preferably be distributed over the area 8o
of the chamber 11 in such manner as to dis-
tribute the smoke uniformly therein.
The cover member 18 will preferably be
provided with a housing 22 to cover and pro-
tect the chamber 19 and its tubes 21 and form 85
a finish to the hive.
Transverse observation-apertures 23 24 will
be formed in the side walls of the frame-cham-
her 11, covered with transparent closures 25
26, such as glass, and provided with closing- 90
slides 27 28 to provide means for ascertaining
the fact as to the presence of bees in the cham-
With a device thus constructed when it is
desired to remove the comb-frames or to re- 95
place the frames the chamber 19 will be sup-
plied with smoke-producing material, which
will pass to the chamber 11 and induce the
bees to descend into the lower compartment,
and when all have departed, which fact may 100
No. 773, 571.
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Kerr, Oscar F. Beehive, patent, November 1, 1904; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth512421/m1/2/: accessed January 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.