Hitching Device Page: 2 of 3
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES T. McCLENDON AND FRED H. McCLENDON, OF LUFKIN, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 6,1912.
Application filed April 8, 1911. Serial No. 619,832.
To all wkom it may concern:
Be it known that we, JAMES T. MCLEN-
DoN and FRED H. MCLENDON, citizens of
the United States, residing at Lufkin, in
5 the county of Angelina, State of Texas, have
invented a new and useful Hitching Device,
of which the following is a specification.
It is the object of the present invention to
provide an improved hitching device of that
10 type which is designed for attachment to
one of the wheels of a vehicle and for the
engagement therewith of the harness reins
so that when the vehicle is moved for-
wardly, and the reins are engaged with the
15 device, the latter will be drawn forcibly
rearwardly thus arresting the movement of
the draft animal.
It is one aim of the invention to so con-
struct the device that it may be readily and
20 quickly applied to and detached from the
vehicle wheel and that the reins may be
readily engaged with the device.
A further aim of the invention is to pro-
vide for attachment of the device to the
25 vehicle wheel in such manner that injury
to the wheel will not result when the device
acts to arrest the forward movement of the
vehicle and the draft animal drawing the
30 The invention further aims to so con-
struct the device that all of the more deli-
cate moving parts thereof will be housed
and will consequently not be liable to be-
come clogged with dirt.
35 In the accompanying drawings,-Figure
1 is a view in side elevation of the device
applied to a vehicle wheel. Fig. 2 is a
front elevation of the device, parts being
shown in section. Fig. 3 is a view in side
40 elevation of one member of the device de-
tached. Fig. 4 is a view in end elevation
of the hub cap of the device. Fig. 5 is a
sectional view on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3.
In the drawings, the device is illustrated
45 as including a hub cap 5 which is closed
at one end as at 6 and is designed to be fitted
upon the hub of any one of the wheels of
the vehicle, it being held in place by means
of a set screw 7. It is to be remarked at
50 this point that the device may be per-
manently attached to the hub or it may be
applied only at such times as when it is
desirable to hitch the team. The hub cap
5 is formed upon its end 6 with an axially
55 located stud 8 having notches 9 in its
The device also includes an arm 10 having
a head 11 which is formed with an opening
12 in which is rotatably received the stud 8.
A screw 13 is secured to a washer 14 dis: 60
posed against the outer side of the head 11,
and is threaded into the end of the stud 8,
the head 11 being rotatably held upon the
said stud, by this means. The arm 10 is
bent to form a portion 15 which projects in- 65
wardly laterally parallel to the axis of the
hub cap and spaced a short distance from
the periphery of the said cap. A leaf spring
16 is secured at one end to the extremity of
the portion 15 of the arm 10 and is bent to 70
extend beside the said portion and slightly
spaced therefrom as is clearly shown in Fig.
2 of the drawings. This spring has its free
end bent outwardly as at 17 on a curve and
this bent end is located opposite the bend in 75
the arm 10 forming the portion 15.
As a means for holding the arm 10 for
rotation with the hub cap 5, in one direction,
and permitting of rotation of the hub cap
independently of the arm, in an opposite di- 80
section, there is provided a dog 17' which is
formed with a stud 18 at one end seating in
a socket 19 in the bottom wall of a recess 20
formed in that face of the head 11 which is
disposed against the end 6 of the hub cap. 85
The dog 17' is arranged to successively en-
gage in the notches 9 in the stud 8 when the
hub cap is rotated backwardly, as for ex-
ample, when the vehicle is " backed " and its
engagement in any one of these notches 9, 90
when the hub cap is rotated forwardly, will
result in a corresponding movement of the
arm 10. A leaf spring 21 is also seated in
the recess 20 and is bent to form a portion
resting against one wall of the recess and a 95
portion, indicated by the numeral 22, rest-
ing against the dog 17' and holding the same
in engagement with the periphery of the
stud 8. At the bend between its portions 21
and 22, the spring is formed with a stud 23 100
which seats in a socket 24 in the said bottom
wall of the recess 20.
. In using the device, it is either perma-
nently or temporarily applied to the hub of
one wheel of the vehicle and the harness 105
reins are inserted between the spring 16 and
the portion 15 of the arm 10. Should the
vehicle be drawn forwardly, rotation of the
hub cap 5 will result in the arm 10 being ro-
tated and in the harness reins being wound 110
upon the hub cap. The pull exerted upon
the reins will arrest the forward movement
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McClendon, James T. & McClendon, Fred H. Hitching Device, patent, February 6, 1912; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth512630/m1/2/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.