Stalk-Cutter Page: 3 of 4
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRIDOLIN WERNER, SR., OF CIBOLO, TEXAS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 1, 1910.
Application filed June 16, 1910. Serial No. 567,256.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRIDOLIN WERNER, Sr.,
a citizen of the United States, residing at
Cibolo, in the county of Guadalupe and
5 State of Texas, have invented a new and
useful Stalk-Cutter, of which the following
is a specification.
This invention relates to a stalk cutter
and consists in the novel construction and
10 arrangement of its parts as hereinafter
shown and described.
The object of the invention is to provide
a simple and an effective machine especially
adapted to be used for cutting cotton stalks
15 while they are standing in the ground and
with this object in view the machine in-
cludes a casing open at its front and rear
ends and having axle sections fixed to its
sides. Supporting wheels are journaled
20 upon the axle sections and said axle sections
are forwardly and downwardly inclined. A
cutting blade is attached to the axle sections
and its forward cutting. edge is upwardly
disposed. The supporting wheels carry in-
25 ternal gear rims and a shaft is journaled in
the casing and is provided at its ends with
pinions which mesh with the said gear rims.
Clutch mechanisms are provided and are op-
erable independently to rotate the said shaft
30 from one or both of the said pinions.
In the accompanying drawings,-IFigure
1 is a side elevation of the stalk cutter. Fig.
2 is a top plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a
longitudinal sectional view of the same cut
35 on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a trans-
verse sectional view of the same cut on the
line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
The stalk cutter includes a casing 1 which
is preferably made from sheet metal and
40 which is open at its forward and rear ends.
A yoke 2 is attached at its ends to the sides
of the casing 1 and a draft tongue 3 is at-
tached to the said yoke. An operator's seat
4 is mounted upon the top of the casing 1.
<5 Axle sections 5 are fixed to the sides of the
casing 1 and supporting wheels 6 are jour-
naled upon the upper ends of the said axle
sections. The lower portions of the periph-
eries of the said supporting wheels 6 project
50 below the horizontal plane at the lowermost
points of the sides of the casing 1. Internal
gear rims 7 are attached to the inner sides
of the supporting wheels 6 in any appropri-
ate manner. A transversely disposed shaft
55 8 is journaled at its end portions in the sides
of the casing I and is preferably non-circu-
lar at its intermediate portion. Opinions 9
are journaled upon the end portions of the
shaft 8 and mesh with the teeth of the gear
rims 7. The pinions 9 are provided with s0
clutch hubs 10. Clutch members 11 are slid-
ably mounted upon the end portions of the
shaft 8 but are constrained to rotate in uni-
son with the same. Coiled springs 12 are
interposed between the inner ends of the 65
clutch members 11 and the sides of the cas-
ing 1 and are under tension with a tendency
to force the said clutch members 11 toward
the clutch hubs 10 of the pinions 9.
Levers 13- are fulcrumed at the sides of 70
the casing 1 and at their lower ends engage
the clutch members 11. Rack members 14
are also provided at the sides of the casing
1 and when the upper ends of the levers 13
are moved in outward directions and en- 75
gage with the notches in the rack members
14 the clutch members 11 are held out of
engagement with the clutch hubs 10 of the
pinions 9 and against the tension of the
springs 12. Hubs 15 are fixed to the inter- 80
mediate portion of the shaft 8 and are pro-
vided with channeled radially disposed arms
16. Bars 17 are adjustably located in the
channels of the arms 16 and are adapted to
be secured in adjusted positions therein by 85
means of clamp bolts 18 which pass trans-
versely through the slots 19 provided in the
said bars and through perforations pro-
vided in the arms 16. Chopping blades 20
are carried at the outer ends of the bars 17 90
and extend in a transverse direction from
the bars at one side of the machine to the
bars at the other side in the manner as illus-
trated in Fig. 4 of the drawings. A bar 21
(preferably of steel) is provided with up- 95
wardly disposed ends 22 which are adjust-
ably connected with the downwardly dis-
posed portions of the axle sections 5 by means
of clamp bolts 23 which surround the lower
portions of the said axle sections and pass 100
transversely through the sides of the casing
1 and through elongated slots 24 provided
in the end portions 22 of the said bar. The
intermediate portion of the bar 21 is lo-
cated just beyond the path of movement of 105
the arc in which the blades 20 rotate about
the shaft 8 and the said bars 21 co-act with
the said blades in shearing or cutting the
stalks as will be described hereinafter. In-
asmuch as the lower portions of the axle 110
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Werner, Fridolin, Sr. Stalk-Cutter, patent, November 1, 1910; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth513341/m1/3/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.