Cattle-Yoke. Page: 2 of 3
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ROBERT S. KIRK, OF DRESDEN, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 600,950, dated March 22, 1898.
Application filed October 11, 1897. Serial No. 654,916. (No model.)
To a l whom,t d imcy ayconeceru:
Be it known that I, ROBERT S. KIRK, a citi-
zen of the United States, residing at Dresden,
in the county of Navarro and State of Texas,
5 have invented a new and usef ul cattle-yoke
for preventing them from breaking, tearing
down, jumping over, or crawling through the
openings in fences, of which the following is
10 My invention relates to improvements in
cattle-yokes, and has for its object to provide
a yoke of novel and simple construction and
economical of manufacture which can be
readily adjusted to the head of cattle and will
15 effectually prevent the cattle from tearing
down, forcing their way through, or jumping
over fences without torturing or injuring the
To this end the invention consists in a cat-
20 tle-yoke of the novel construction, combina-
tion, and arrangement of parts hereinafter
set forth, and pointed out in the claim, refer-
ence being made to the accompanying draw-
25 Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cattle-
yoke constructed in accordance with my in-
vention and applied to the head of an animal
and indicating by dotted lines the position of
one member thereof when the animal is graz-
30 ing. Fig. 2 is a front view of the yoke.
In the said drawings the reference-numeral
1 designates a face-piece which is preferably
constructed of wood, though other material
may be employed. This face-piece is adapted
35 to lie along the bridge of the face of an ani-
mal, and at opposite sides, near its lower end,
is provided with loops 2, to one of which one
end of a strap 3 is secured, said strap being
adapted to pass around the jaw of the animal
40 and its free end to engage the other loop 2,
whereby the lower end of the face-piece is
adjusted to the head and upon the face of
the animal. The free end of the strap may
by any suitable fastening be secured to the
45 loop 2.
Secured to the upper part of the face-piece
1 is a curved metallic strip 4, which conforms
approximately in shape to the shape of the
forehead of an animal and at its ends is pro-
50 vided with slots 5, through which is trained
a strap 6, adapted to pass over the crown of
the head of the animal and under its neck,
whereby the upper part of the face-piece is
held in proper position against the face of the
animal. This strap at its free end may be 55
suitably fastened to the strip 4.
The numeral 7 indicates a staple or loop se-
cured in the top of the face-piece 1, and 8 in-
dicates a leather loop passing through such
staple or eye and embracing the strap ,where- 6o
by said strap is prevented from slipping from
its proper position when the yoke is adjusted
upon the head of the animal.
The face-piece 1 is provided with a groove
or recess 9 in its front part, and hung upon a 65
pivot-pin 10, disposed in said recess or groove,
so as to have free movement thereon, is a piv-
oted guard 11, constructed, preferably, of wire.
The normal position, of this guard is illus-
trated in full lines in Fig. 1 of the drawings, 70
and this position it normally assumes by grav-
ity when the yoke is adjusted. The lower
extremity of this guard is curved forward, as
at 12, -o that should the animal lower its head
until the guard meets the ground the point 75
thereof will not enter the earth, whereby the
liability of causing the animal to stumble,
fall, or injure itself is avoided; but the curved
portion will ride easily upon the surface of
the ground. When the animal lowers its 8o
head for the purpose of grazing, the guard
will turn upon its pivot-pin and its lower end
will lift itself, as illustrated in the dotted
lines, Fig. 1, thus leaving the animal per-
fectly free to graze. 85
The numeral 13 indicates an upper guard
rigidly secured to the face -piece 1, as by
means of a staple-rivet 14, and this guard is
-curved forward at its upper extremity. If
desired, while the animal is grazing the lower 90
pivoted guard may be swung up and tempo-
rarily held in such position by securing it to
the upper rigid guard, as by means of a cord,
in which position the guard will be entirely
out of operative position and the animal per- 95
fectly free to graze or drink.
As hereinbefore stated, the normal position
of the lower pivoted guard is that illustrated
in full lines, Fig. 1, and this position it as-
sumes by gravity when the animal is not ioo
grazing. Hence it is the position of the guard
should the animal attempt to break through
or jump over a fence. The upper and lower
guards, as seen, project considerably above
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Kirk, Robert S. Cattle-Yoke., patent, March 22, 1898; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth514019/m1/2/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.