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Patented November 8, 190'L
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN MARION WILKINSON, OF KAUFMAN, TEXAS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 774,628, dated November 8, 1904.
Application filed March 31, 1904, Serial No; 200,917.,( No model,
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN MARION WILKIN-
SON, a citizen of the United States, residing
at Kaufman, in the county of Kaufman and
5 State of Texas, have invented certain new and
useful Improvements in Animal-Traps; and I
do declare the following to be a full, clear,
and exact description of the invention, such
as will enable others skilled in the art to which
i it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to traps for catching
coons and other game which paw at the bait,
and has for its object to provide simple and
efficient means for automatically catching and
15 holding the animal's foot or leg while engaged
in pawing the bait, thus enabling animals too
suspicious to bite or nibble at the bait at once
to be ensnared and preventing the loss of
those ordinarily scared off before the bait is
To this end the invention consists of -certain
novel features of construction, combination,
and arrangement of parts, as will be herein-
after more fully described, and particularly
25 pointed out in the appended claim.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal
section of a trap embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view thereof, and
Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section.
30 Referring to the drawings, 1 represents the
casing of the trap, which may be of any ap-
proved form and construction, but which is
shown in the present instance as consisting of a
base 2, side walls 3, connected to and rising
35 from the base, a top wall 4, a rear end wall 5,
and a short depending frontwall 6, which lat-
ter terminates a sufficient distance above the
base to form an opening or passage 7 for the
insertion of the paw of the animal.
40 Within the casing is arranged a lever 8, com-
prising a frame formed of longitudinal side
bars 9, connected at their front and rear ends
by cross bars or rods 10 and 11, the latter
having laterally-projecting trunnions 12, jour-
45 naled in bearing-openings 13 in the side walls
3 of the casing, whereby said lever is mount-
ed to swing in a vertical plane adjacent to the
rear cross-bar 11. The side bars of the lever
are further connected by a cross-bar 14, oper-
ating as a detent, as hereinafter described. 50
From the rear cross-bar 11 extends a hook 15,
to which is connected one end of a contractile
spring 17, the opposite end of which is at-
tached to the upper wall 4 of the casing. This
spring normally draws upward on the hook 55
15 by its contractile energy, and thereby
serves to rock the lever on its trunnions 12
and to project the forward end thereof down-
wardly. The said forward end of the lever
carries a series of detaining tines or prongs 6o
18, which are fixed at their upper ends to the
cross-bars 10 and are curved on a suitable ra-
dius to incline downwardly and rearwardly,
as.clearly shown in Fig. 1.
Pivoted at its upper end, as indicated at 19, 65
to the top wall 4 of the casing at a point on a
line slightly in advance of the detent 14 of
the lever 8 is a trigger 20, which hangs pend-
ent within the casing and is provided at its
lower end with a bait-holding fork 21 and is 70
formed or provided above the same with a
catch or shoulder 22, which is adapted to take
under the detent or cross-bar 14 of the lever
to hold the forward end of the latter elevated
against resistance of the spring 16. When 75
the said trigger 20 is pulled forwardly under
the action of an animal pawing at the bait
carried by the fork 21, the shoulder or catch
22 will be withdrawn from under the decent
14, as will be readily understood, allowing the 8o
spring 17 to draw upwardly on the hook 15,
and thereby projecting the forward end of the
lever 8 and the detaining tines or prongs 18
Arranged to coact with the said prongs or 85
tines 18 are detaining prongs or tines 23, em-
bedded in or suitably secured to the base 2
adjacent to the passage 7 and projecting up-
wardly and rearwardly from the base at a suit-
able angle to cooperate with the tines 18 to 90
hold the foot of the ensnared animal against
In the operation of the device the fork 21 is
baited and the trap set by swinging the lever
8 upwardly and then swinging the trigger 20 95
rearwardly to move the catch 22 beneath the
shoulder 14, and thereby hold the lever ele-
I vated. When an animal attracted by the bait
No. 774, 628.
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Wilkinson, John Marion. Animal Trap, patent, November 8, 1904; [Washington D.C.]. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth514526/m1/2/: accessed March 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.