Churn. Page: 3 of 3
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around the pulley G of the aerator-shaft, and
as it passes around this pulley one side of said
belt bears against a pulley m on the current-
breaker shaft I.
5 The operation of my churn is as follows:
Any receptacle containing the cream is placed
on the base or table A and the aerator-shaft
and aerator and the current-breaker shaft,
with current-breaker, are let down into the
to cream. To do this, the set-screw securing the
current-breaker is first loosened, the current-
breaker inserted in the cream-receptacle,and
the shaft I is then slipped through the top
piece D and is then connected to the current-
15 breaker I' by means of the set-screw. The
aerator-shaft,with aerator,is inserted into the
receptacle and is then adjusted laterally into
the bearings b b', and the belt t is then ex-
tended around the pulley G and in contact
2o with m. Now as the wheel E is turned by its
handle F it imparts a very rapid revolution
to the aerator and beater, air is distributed
through the cream, and the revolving beaters
on the lower side of the disk cause a rapid
25 and violent agitation of the cream,that has a
tendency to set it whirling; but this whirling
motion is broken up by the rotation of the V-
shaped current-breaker I'. The general ef-
feet is to cause a rapid churning of the butter
in a very short space of time, producing a 30
high grade of butter and a large yield of the
Having thus described my invention,what I
claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters
Patent, is- 35
1. A combined aerator and beater for a ro-
tary churn, consisting of a pendent shaft sup-
ported wholly at its upper end and having a
tapered tube H with flanged and curved open-
ings in its sides, and having at its bottom a 40
horizontal disk with bridge-pieces and rotat-
ing wing beaters arranged upon horizontal
axes attached to the under side of said disk,
substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. A current-breaker for a rotary churn con- 45
sisting of a vertical and pendent shaft sup-
ported wholly at its upper end, and a piece
V-shaped in cross-section inclosing said shaft
and extending longitudinally thereon and
means for detachably connecting it to the 50
shaft and rotating the shaft, substantially as
shown and described.
D. P. HOLLON.
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O'Marrow, Mattie. Churn., patent, June 6, 1899; [Washington D.C.]. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth514604/m1/3/: accessed December 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.