The Gazette. (Raleigh, N.C.), Vol. 9, No. 28, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 28, 1897 Page: 1 of 4
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A WEEKLY NEWSTAPEB
0 —PUBLISHED BY
0 jaMES H. YOUNG, Editor and Prop.
g 4 J. ROGERS and J. D. PAIR
2 General Traveling Agents.
THE WEEKLY GAZETTE £
Rates of Advertising.
RAJLEIGH, N. C.. SATURDAY, AUGUST 28, 1897
On® Square, cno insertion.. C 50
QM8qu|re, one mouth. ........ 1 00
(fi& equate, t iK^monUr's 2 00
One«quar», three avouths ..... 2 60
One square, alx rnahths 5 00
One square, one year ......... 9 00
^"X^lberal contracts made for larger
I'INGRKE TO THE 13ANKEIts.
Telegraph Companies Fighting the
THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TAX,
j*niib!o to Procure Evidence Against
I,y ni-Siites—Wants Coy Assassin
rardoned—"J lie Shipment of Apples.
The "Western Union Telegraph Com-
pany ia-t week appeased before the
Bail«ay Commission, in Raleigh, with
a restraining order granted by Judge
Siuionton. which prevents the Commis-
sion from enforcing its order making
the message rate in the State 15 cents
for tea words. Ike matter will be
heard at the United States Circuit Court
of Wilmington at the September term.
The onier is dated August 13th and re-
strauts the commission from making
any rate for the Western "Union which
does not apply to any- other telegraph
Ti e Postal Telegraph Company filed
an exception to the Railway Commis-
sion's 00-cent rate; the exception was
overruled and Otho Wilson was dele-
gate'! by the Commission to represent
this company at the bearing of the
Western Union case at Wilmington.
Editor Bailey says earnest efforts will
he ma le to have the decision of the Su-
preme Court in the Barksdale case test-
oil. The point at issue is the constitu
ttonal requirement that the public
schools shall be open four months iu
each year, and that if this is not done
the commissioners are liable to indict-
ment. The Supreme Court was divided.
The majority held that the constitution
was contradictory; that the school tax
is part of the general tax. Judge Mer-
it uion dissented and it is along the line
of his opinion that those who will make
this new test have hope. They hope it
will be decided that the school tax is a
special tax and not within the constitu-
tional limitation, so the commissioners
can be required to levy a tax to run the
schools four months.
The State Board of Tax Equalization
finds the following average values in
the -State: farm lands, S3.78 per acre;
town lots, 34 >0 each; horses,$34; mules,
^44: cattle §!>.S3; hogs, 81.20; sheep,
97 cents; goats, t>5 cents; bicy-
cles. 821.83. The returns made to the
board show gross irregularities in val-
uation. One county, Stokes, returns
PI,000 acres more of land than it did
last year, yet the valuation is only 3b-
000 more In all cases where the val-
ues of animals were found to be below
the average .hey are brought up to it.
Those above the average are not trou-
Solicitor Learv, of the First judicial
district, iuforms ihe Governor that it is
impossible to procure sworn evidence
upon which to substantiate the charges
made against the Lynchites or sanctified
band now holding meetings in the
Eastern counties. He says he is power-
less until he is furnished with sufficient
evidence to convict. It will be remem-
bered that the Governor received some
days ago information that this band was
doing various lawless acts in Eastern
Carolina, such as living in adultry,
breaking marriage ties and causing in-
Tieports as to mines are coming in
daily to the labor bureau in Raleigh.
The output of the Corundum Hill Mine,
in Macon, is given as fifty tons yearly,
worth .5140 a ton, and the mine is val-
ued at 3"!,000. The Portis Gold Mine,
in Franklin, is reported to yield 310,-
OtWa year, and is valued at* 3150,000.
The North Carolina members of the
Grand Army of tho Republic want this
State made a separate district. It is
noH with Virginia, and the commander,
whose name is Stebbins, is heartily
disliked by a iot of them. He is out in
a circular begging them not to ask for
the change. —Charlotte Observer.
w. It. C raighili, professor of me-
chanics at the Agricultural and Me-
chanical colle ge, resigns to take a bet-
ter position iu a Northern eollcge. J.
M. Johnson, of West Virginia, who
was elected assistant professor of agri-
culture declines to accept.
Ihe negro, Dock Blount, who com-
committed rape upon Miss Jane Stepp,
in Greene county, in,January, was
tried at 8now Hill court last week and
fotind guilty. Two colored men were
on the jury that convicted him.
The following are awarded Feabody
scholarships from North Carolina: \V.
'■ iStancell. of Jackson; <T. V. Simrns,
ot Dillsboro; Miss Blanche Dupuy, of
llavidson, and Miss Emma Conn, of
The reports on shipments of apples
hom twenty mountain counties are
coming in to the labor bureau at Ral-
eigh. Caldwell county reports that
Wi'l ship 10,000 barrels.
A delegation of ladies called on the
governor last week to ask him to par-
uoii Avery Butler, who, in Sampson
county, when only 14-years-old, assas-
sinate! his father.
T ' ' Martindale, an ex-postmaster in
ui.ui.fi rounty, is in trouble and has
*«vru «00 bond to appear before the
e<!ernl Court to answer the charge of
©using postage stamps.
> ' ar'* C s. L. A. Tayor, of Char-
1 e, has been made chief marshal of
"e colored State Fair.
The Secretary of State allows the
st.,V' Gold Mining Company, of
to change its name to the
e'' Gold Fields Corporation."
(art!,age „ new hotel, thirty-five
v.J18' to °°st 310,000, will be open
r.ji, ''"'ber 1st. Mr. Shaw, of Louis-
%,ile> hy., is the owner.
J',le hundred and thirty convicts art)
lns.oa tbe nine miles of the
lavimff,0 lalll'?a'^ extension. Track
3>r>o begins September 1st.
He Telia Them Wo Must Have Ei-
inetailsm by International Agree-
The American Bankers' Association
opened its anuual convention in De-
troit, Mich., on the 17th, with dele-
gates present from all parts of the
Governor Pingree welcomed the del-
egates. Speaking of thai curreucy
question, he said the demonetization
of stiver reduced the available amount
of primary money one half. To reme-
dy this state of affairs it i§> sought to
effect au agreement among "the nations
whereby the unit meat-ore may again
be in silver and gold at a certain ratio.
He said the use of the gold in the arts
would cause a stringency iu the money
markets. He recomvieuds the taxing
of manufactured gcild and said he
favored more stringent laws to compel
corporations to allow honest competi-
tion aucl to prevent the omission cf
President LowryJ, of the association,
congratulated the members on the tri-
umph of the gold Standard, approved
the Indianapolis mon etary conference,
and said if returning prosperity is not
here it is on the way. He made the
statement that the association had lost
340 members by the new schedule of
On the ISth the star at traction was the
great speech of Comptroller Eckels.
With a profound knowledge of the his-
tory and science of finance ho sounded
a note of warning to the American peo-
ple, saying tho financial system of the
United States was a piece of crazy patch
workr and that the only hope is in the
John W. Faxon, of Chattanooga,
Tenn., derided Mr. Bryan's claim that
the price of silver controls the price of
wheat, and said the recent fall of the
one and rise of the other offered con-
clusive proof of the falsity of the claim.
Only few of the Stated failed to re-
spond with a statement of industrial
Interesting discussions of practical
banking questions followed Mr, Eckels
address. "Is a credit bureau or bureau
of information to prevent losses from
bad debts possible among bankers,"
was the subject of the first paper, read
by John H. Leathers, of Louisville,
Mr. John P. Branch, president of the
Merchants' National Bank, Richmond,
Va., discussed the question " What
legislation is needed in respect to the
VIRGINIA RKi'l BIJCANS MEET.
Chairman X^amb Uowncd, Cut He
Will Call Another Meeting.
At Lynchburg, Va., on the 18th, the
Republican State committee met with
all thirty members preseut or repre-
sented by proxy. Col. Lamb, the chair-
man, did not attend tho meeting, he
claiming that it was illegal. Charges
against him were made and the commit-
tee voted 27 Ir5 to 2 4-5 to depose Col.
Lamb as chairman.
The address to the Republican voters
of the State is a document of some 1,200
words, devoted largely to a denuncia-
tion of the Parker election law and tho
methods of conducting elections under
it. It says that facts and figure? are iu
the hands of tho committee demon-
strating that (iu the election of
last fall) the ballots fraudulently
destroyed after they had been cast
"exceeded by thousands the majoit^r
returned for the Democratic electoral
Park Agrew was electedchairman to
succeed Col. Lamb.
Col. Lamb has the following to say
on the action of the committee:
"I consider the action of the State
committee as illegal. It was called by
four members of the executive commit-
tee at an informal meeting held in
Washington without notifying tho fifth
member aud chairman, myself, which
is not in accordance with the plan of
"After consulting with leaders of the
Republican party in the State, I will
call a convention, which will not be
later than the middle of September, re-
gardless of the action of the comm.it-
BOMB FOB FAURE.
An Attempt to Assassinate the Presi-
dent of France.
Paris, Aug. 19—(By cable)—The de-
parture of President Fanre, of France,
on a visit to the Czar of all the Russias,
at St. Petersburg, on the 18th, was
marked by a scene of the greatest ex-
citement, accompanied by the circula-
tion of the wildest kind of rumors.
After his departure a bomb exploded
along the route the president had fol-
lowed to the station.
Although no damage was done, the
most intense excitement prevails.
It is rumored that the explosion of
the bomb was an attempt to assassinate
President Faure, the explosion having
been ten minutes later .than was inten-
The bomb was cylindrical in form,
the covering being of yellow paper, and
was filled with gun powder mixed with
long-head nails. Experts upon exami-
nation of the infernal machine say the
bomb was a comparatively harmless af-
An official investigation is in prog-
After the assassination of Canovas
del Castillo by the anarchist'Golli a
few days ago one of the anarchists
stated that President Faure would be
the next victim.
A dispatch from Paris says a man
named Periar was arrested on the train
on which President Faure arrived from
Havre. The prisoner had a loaded re-
volver in his pocket, and is known to
be a dangerous anarchist, who has al-
ready served a term of two years' im-
prisonment for having in his possession
an infernal machine.
To Hang for Bape.
At Henderson, N. C., on the 18th,
by a jury, three of whom were negroes,
George Brodie, colored, was, after
seven minutes of deliberation, found
guilty of rape upon the person of Miss
Nannie Catlett, white, of Kittrell, and
was sentenced to be hanged Sept. 1st
"Wheat's High Water Mark.
In New York on the 18th the price of
September wheat rose to 94J, and the
sales were 16,315,000 bushels. Great
excitement prevailed marj^«i/rom
•tort to finish,
Tobacco Cutting is Nearing Com-
pletion in the Carolinas.
RAIN NEEDED IN THE SOUTH,
But General Crop Conditions Arc
Favorable — Tobacco Injured by
Storms in Virginia.
Tho United States weekly crop bulle-
tin of the Agricultural Department
issued on the 17th says:
Drought continues in poitions of
Missouri, Tennessee and Southern
Texas and the absence of sain is begin-
ning to be felt in Indiana, Illinois aud
portions of Virginia and North Caro-
lina. Thpre has been too much rain in
Now England, and local 6torms have
caused some damage to crops in
the Southern States, Oklahoma,
Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota,
Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio and in
the Middle Atlantic States. On
the Northern Pacific Coast the
week, although very warm, has been
favorable for harvesting. In the cen-
tral valleys the weather conditions of
the week have not been wholly fav-
orable, being too cold, and over a large
area too dry. Good rains have, how-
ever, improved the crop in Kansas and
Nebraska. The week has been very
favorable to cotton, except- in North
Carolina aud portions of South Caro-
lina, Mississippi and Southern Texas,
where it suffered from drought. Gen-
erous rains over the greater part of the
cotton belt have arrested premature
opening and shedding.
Spring wheat is about Slushed in the
South Dakota and southern Minnesota,
and is in progress in tli« northern part
of tho latter .state aud in North Dakota,
Heavy rains have delayed harvesting ill
North Dakota and caused injury to the
over-ripe grain. In South Dakota some
fields in which the stand was thin, have
been ruined by weeds. Spring wheat
is also being harvested under favorable
conditions in Oregon and Washing-
Tobacco cutting is general in the
more northerly iobpcco States and is
nearing completion in the Carolinas.
In Tennessee the latter crop is improv-
ed, but in Indiana and Kentucky it
has made but slow growth. Reports
from Maryland and Pennsylvania are
favorable. In portions of Virginia lo-
cal storms haye caused much injury to
The reports indicate that plowing for
fall seeding had progressed less favor-
ably than in New Jersey, Michigan,
Kentucky and Nebraska, but in Virgi-
nia aud Missouri, this week has been
delayed on account of the dry condi-
tions of the soil.
THE KliONDYKE CRAZE.
Something Abocit the Situation From
U. S. Commissioner Jones.
William J. Jones, United States
Commissioner to Alaska, assigned to
St. Michael's, has sent to the Interior
Department the following report of the
gold rush in a letter dated at Dyea,
Alaska, August 4th:
"There are nearly 1,800 people in
Dyea and Skaguay routes and both
trails aro blocked. People are throw-
ing away their packs and provisions
and rushing headlong to the mines.
Great distress, hardship and suffering
aud possible death from hunger and ex-
posure is sure to follow next winter, an
opinion that is entertained by all old
Alaska prospectors who have visited
that part of tho world in late years and
know the situation."
A WISE TO.AT. ASK A.
The Canadian government has sub-
mitted formal proposals to this govern-
ment to establish communication with
the Klondyke region in Alaska by the
construction of a telegraph line from
the head of winter navigation on the
Lynn canal into the center of the Klon-
dyke district. The proposals have been
taken under advisement. They have
been approved by the British secretary
of state for foreign affairs and were for-
warded by the Governor-General of
Canada through the British embassy to
the Stato Department and referred to
the Interior Department. The papers
are locked up pending consideration.
In the Matter of the Verdict in the
Huntt Damage Suit.
Mr. J. E. Huntt, who recently got a
verdict in the United States court in
Asheville, N". C,, for 38,500 damages in
his suit against George W. Vanderbilt
and Charles McManee, the damages
consisting of injuries to his leg by a
rock from a blast falling upon
it, has been served with notice
of appeal upon the part of the
defendants. The hearing will come
up beforo the United States court of
appeals at Richmond, Va., on the first
Tuesday in November. Judges Geff,
Simonton and Brawley will be judges
upon the bench at that time. Mr.
Huntt's attorneys are very confident of
a dismissal of the appeal.—Columbia
(S. C.) State.
White Men to Be Hanged.
Bud Brooks and Grady Reynolds,
convicted at Jeffersonville, Ga., of the
murder of Merchant M. C. Hunt, have
been sentenced to be hanged Friday,
Death of Dr. Kollock.
A special to the News and Couriei
from Cheraw, S. C., announces the
death of Dr. Cornelius Kollock, one
of the most eminent physicians of the
State and an authority on abdominal
surgery. He was born in Cheraw iB
1824; graduated at Brown University,
and in medicine at the University ol
Pennsylvania, and studied in Paris
under Velpeau and others. He mar-
ried Miss Mary Henrietta Shaw, of
Boston, ——- -
MILLS BESU3IE WOBIC
New England Manufacturers Feeling
the Improvement in Business.
At Fall River, Mass., on the 10th,
most of the cotton mills which have
been stopped temporarily started on
full time. The improved condition of
the cloth market and the reported ad-
vancement of the cotton crop served to
restore a measure of confidence among
manufacturers. Tho curtailment ha;-
amounted to a quitter of a million
pieces. Tho Eddy Woolen Mills open-
ed its cloors after a four-montns' curtail-
ment. It is x>lanned to start only the
dye house at present, with other de-
partments opened as the work pro-
gresses. The factory employs about
At Providence, R. I., the Lonsdale's
Company's cotton mills started after a
week's shut-down, giving employment
to about 5,000 operatives. It is stated
that tha demand for woolen and cotton
goods is on the increase.
Repairs in progess at the Methtien
Cotton Mills, at Methuen, Mass., art
being pushed forward rapidly, and it is
expected that operations will be re-
sumed in some of the departments iu a
week. Tho mills shut down August 7,
at which time it was stated that they
would be idle three weeks. The mills
employ about 500 hands.
At Salem, Mass., the Naumkeag
Steam Cotton Mills resumed operations
after a shut-down of sixteen days, but
will run on a full-time schedule before
long, if tho market is satisfactory. The
plant employs 1,400 people.
At Chester, Pa., the employes ! of
Goo. C. Haltsel & Co., manufacturers
of worsted goods, have been notified
that the wages paid in 1893 will be re-
stored on September 6th next. The no-
tice was a surprise, as tho restoration
was granted by tlio firm without solici-
tation on the part of the bands. Halt-
sel &_Co. employ several hundred peo-
ple. Since 18!>2 two reductions of
wages have been made, aggregating,
about 20 per cent, and until three weeks
ago the mill has been running on half
time. The firm has of late received
many new orders, and the employes are
working full time.
A DELUGE OF COTTON.
The Greatest Crop Ever Made Is Now
Mr. H. M. Neill, the well-known
statistician, of New Orleans, La., has
issued a circular on the growing crop.
After referring to the correctness of his
estimate made in July, 1894, of the crop
of the season, Mr. Neill says:
"At this moment, for this year, the
promise is equal tc any previous year
in every Stato but Texas, and on'the
present acreage, even allowing that
Texas should fall short of her
maximum production per acre by
1,000,000 bales, the out'ook now
is for a crop of at least 9,750,000
with 50,000 to 1,000,000 more within
the range of possibilities. This figur*
of 0,750,000, is really very conservative,
for a product per acre outside of Texas
equal to 1894-95 would give 7,350,000
bales and a maximum for Texas would
be 8,650,000 bales from which allowing
1,000,000 off, you would have a crop of
10,300,000 bales. The crop is now so far
advanced from recent rains aud heat
that it will reach maturity and be inde-
pendent of frost at au unusually early
date. Should we soon have good rains
in Texas her cror, also would be near
perfection, and the. possibilities for total
crop would then be enormous."
MURDE. JD HIS MOTHER.
Horrible Crime Committed to Get
Money to Spend on an Actress.
A special from Galveston, Tex., of
the ICth, says: Mrs. 'Kate Gallaghei*
for.twelve years a school teacher in this
city, who lived with her son Virgil, a.}
Thirteenth and K streets, was found to-
day with her throat cut from ear to ear
and the body charred beyond recogni-
tion. After killing her the murderer
set fire to the bed.
Virgil, the 20-year-old son of the mur-
dered woman, has been arrested and
confessed that he committed the crime
to get niouey to spend on a variety ic-
tress. The crime was deliberately
planned and executed. The young man
had packed his trunk and was ready to
leave. He had the furniture insured
and with the money expected to letve
Texas as soon as the fire insurance
could be adjusted. But the fire was
discovered in time to prevent the de-
struction of the house and the bloody
shirt which the murderer wore when the
crime was committed.
Frlnce and Count Fight a Duel.
Paris, Aug. 17—(By Cable).—The
Count of Turin and Prince Henri of
Orleans fought a duel with swords at
5 o'clock on the morning of the 15th,
in the Bois de Marechaux, at Van-
cressen, M. Leontieff acted as umpire.
Tho fighting was determined and lasted
26 minutes. There were five engage-
ments, of which two were at close quar-
ters. Prince Henri received two
serious wounds, in the right shoulder
and in the right side of the abdomen.
The Count of Turin was wounded in
the right hand. Prince Henri re-
ceived two serious wounds, in the right
shoulder and in the right side of tho
abdomen. The Count of Turin was
wounded in the right hand. Prince
Henri was taken to the residence of the
Due du Chartres, and received medi-
cal attention. The condition of Prince
Henri of Orleans is as satisfactory as
could be expected. The doctors, after
consultation, have expressed the opin-
ion that no important organs were
touched, but absolute rest is necessary
for recoverj'. Henri extended his hand
to his antagonist after the duel. The
Pope threatens the duellists with
excommunication, as duelling is for-
bidden by the Roman Catholic Churcb.
Cashier Milam Caught.
J. H. Milam, the absconding ticket
agent of the Seaboard Air Line in Char-
lotte, N. C., has been caught near Mor-
ristown, Tenn., and Sheriff Smith of
Mecklenburg, has the thief in jail now.
He will be tried at the next term of the
criminal court for the misappropriation
of 31,444.44, the property of the S. A.
L. The authorities in Tennessee will
get the 3200 reward offered bv the
American Bond and Surity Company,
in which be was bonded for 32.000.
iTINY OF HE
Resolutions Denouncing Outrage?
Upon Helpless Women,
OUR AFRO-AMERICAN COLUMN.
One Serious Drawback —It Is Easy tc
Float With the Current—Abuses the
Entire Negro Kacr.
At a meeting of the Wake Colored
Baptist Association, at Franklintou, N.
C.s '.solutions were offered by
James H. Young, aud unanimously
adopted. The preamble says that the
association notices with great regret
the very large number of arrests ol
negroes iu various parts of North Car-
olina and the South, for committing
the most dastardly, cowardly au:l in-
famous crime known to society, name-
ly, outrages upon defenceless women,
and thut this crime has increased to a
large degree, aud threatens to create
and perpetuate the greatest alienation
of the two races. The following is the
text of the resolution:
"Resolved. That we stamp our most
o-mphatic condemnation upon all ol
that wretched and infamous class who
have committed or who may commit or
attempt to commit, such outrages
against society; and pledge our will-
ingness to co-operate with alt law-
abiding citizens to bring to justice any
and all who are or may be guilty of
such revolting crimes.
"Resolved. That we, as pastors and
leaders among our people, will do all
ju our power to create among them the
strongest sentiment against this crime
aud criminals, aud urge them to do all
in their power to assist iu bringing to
justice such lawless characters, be they
within or without our race, who are a
curse to humanity.
"JL-esol ved. 1 nat wc denounce with
equal emphasis the men who become
violators of the law of God and the laud
by banding themselves together iu mobs
or lynching parties for the purpose of
murdering the helpless villain upon
whom the strong arm of the law has al-
ready laid its just hands.
"Resolved. That we commend the
Governor c>f North Carolina aud the
Governors of such other Southern States
as have taken such heroic stands in
throwing the strong arm of the law
around those charged with crime to the
end thut the majesty of the law may be
upheld, which in itself is sufficient to
punish men who commit or attempt to
commit such outrages."
We urge our readers to maintain a
1 roper self-respect. We do not mean a
vain self-importance, but rather a
manly, sober, true self-respect. There
is a vast difference between the two,
^elf-impoiiance is the sign of great
weakness. It is disgusting to seusible
people. Self-important people are un-
popular with the masse^ but genuine
self-respect is highly praiseworthy. It
will not prevent one from being de-
spised and bated by certain ones.
Christ had great self-respect, yet He
was shamefully despised and terribly
hated by many. And what is self-re-
spect? It is a careful regard of one's
character, for his houor, for his hon-
esty, for his faithfulness to his prin-
ciples and for his promises. No man has
true self-respect who disregards these
qualities. A self-respecting man will
not tell falsehoods, nor chsat, lior use
profanity, nor willful misrepresent au-
other person, nor take unjust advan-
tages of another man's necessities.
Such things grossly damage him who
does them; hence, if you properly re-
spect yourself you will uot intentionally
do any which will harm yourself. If
you rightly respect your soul you will
not curse it by indulging in conduct
that blasts it, that withers it, that dead-
ens it to holy influences. When you
promise to perform a thing, keep that
promise sacred. If you owe a debt, pay
it. In anyone wrongs you, do not re-
taliate by misrepresenting him. In
anyone insults you. do not insult him.
His doing wrong does not make it right
for you to do wrong. By all means, in
all ways, rightly respect youself.—
Omaha * rogress.
The Negroes of Williamson county,
Tennessee. Frankin county site, ac-
cording to the county commissioner's
report who collected the exhibit for the
Negro department of the Tennessee
Centennial, pay taxes on 3506,606 worth
of property. This is owned by 414 in-
dividuals and is classified as 9,22^
acres of farming land and 138 town
lots situated in the town of Franklin, j
Several are doing successfully.—Indi-'
There is one serious drawback so far
as the progress of the negro race is
concerned, and that is ignorance in a
great many incidencies in the pulpit. |
To preach is to teach and no man or
woman can teach without first peparing
themselves. The day of miracles has
passed. It is just as essential that a
minister be equipped in his vocation as
it is for a lawyer or doctor in theirs.
It often occurs that an honest man
makes aTailtire in his chosen field be-
cause he is not suited for the work, but
he will seek earnestly until he finds out
what he is fitted for. Every one can do
something, but too many do not come
up to the full measure of duty.
A white lady in Memphis recently
died and left her entire estate, valued
at 345,000 to her colored manservant.
It is now in order for the Southerners
to lynch him on the charge of having
raped the woman into making such a
Whenever a henions crim6 is done
and the criminal is not then and there
iudentified, the average little one-gal-
ltts white detectives goes out looking
for a black man, and if he fails to find
one upon whom the crime can be fasten-
ed, he at once gives it up as a mystery,
and the little hide-bound white papers
begin to abuse the entire Negro race.
T If It can be proved that "love 1s a dis-
ease" there may be; something In the
germ theory that microbes are trans-
ferred by kissing. ^
Jf? t""— JJ *
Efl'ect of Ensiling T"ood.
The logical conclusion of the large
tmount of experimenting on this sub-
ject at the Ohio aud other stations is
:hat the process of ensiling adds noth-
ing to the nutritive value of the feed-
ing stuff. "It does add to its palata-
biiity, however, when the method has
been properly employed, aud in conse-
quence a larger proportion of the fod-
der will be consumed. In regard to
the cost of this method, we do not con-
sider it any greater than that of the
ordinary method of cutting and husk-
ing and stacking and grinding the
grain, and certainly all this must be
done if the food materials are to be
thoroughly preserved and made as
completely available as they are in
well cured silage.
A Summer Ho^-pen.
The swine quarters are often in
buildings connected with the house,
and in such cases are likelv to become
offensive during the warm weather of
summer. It is wise in such a case to
construct summer quarters out in the
orchard. The cut gives a suggestion
for a cheap little house and yard. The
end of the yard has a sloping top, so
that the pigs can lie out of doors upon
the ground, and still be protected
from the sun. The roof of the little
house can be of matched lumber and
left unshingled.—New England Home-
The Cabbasc l*oi>t Mrijjat.
The white maggot in cabbage root is
the larva of a two-winged fly, which
closely resembles tli3 common house
fly except that it is smaller. The flies
appear in April and early May and lav-
eggs at the base of newly-set cabbage
plants. These eggs hatch iu about a
weekf The maggots begin work iu
the young roots and proceed in their
attack to the larger roots and finally
the stem. In two or three weeks the
maggots are full grov.-n and proceed to
pupate. After 1:0 ne days the next
brood of flies emerges. There are
about three such broods.
Tiie best treatment to avoid this
maggot is to put cabbage iu ground
where turnips, radishes or cabbage
were not grown the previous year.
There is 110 satisfactory remedy to de-
stroy the maggots and save the cab-
bage, but the best is the use of carbon
bisulphide. Inject a teaspoonful just
under the plant when the maggots are
first discovered in May. It would not
be safe to replant the same grouud
with cabbage either this or next sea-
son, although late cabbage is not so
much troubled as is the early crop.
Lime or salt would not destroy or
drive away the maggots.—American
Culture of 3Ielon?.
Watermelons are excessive feeders,
and many fail iu attempting to grow
them bee.iuse they do not furnish suf-
ficient plant food to supply the neces-
sary strength for vigorous vine and
fine fruit. Not infrequently water-
melon vines tarn yellow and die when
they should be just in their prime
simply from plant starvation.
I prepare the ground as for corn.
Lay off in rows twelve feet apart each
way. I dig a hole about one and one-
half feet deep and perhaps three feet
in diameter. In the bottom of this I
put a peck or more of good stable ma-
nure, tramping it lightly. Next put
in a layer of soil, aud follow with a
layer made up of equal parts of soil
and fine rich manure thoroughly
mixed* and, lastly, where the seeds
are'to be placed, another layer of pure
soil. Sow seeds thickly and cover
about one inch. When the second or
third leaf shows thin out to two or
three plants in the hills. If excep-
tionally large melons, regular "prize
takers," are desired, thin to but one
plant in the hill. I cultivate about as
I do corn, hoeing each hill after an
entire patch is plowed. If very dry,
cultivate often, particularly about the
hills. It is some trouble to thus pre-
pare the ground, but it more than pays
in the size, number aud quality of
melons produced, also in the increased
length of time that the vines are in
bearing, as they remain green and in
goon condition until killed by frost.—
Orange Judd Farmer.
Tlie Horn Fly,
One of our representatives writes
that the little black horn fly is again
appearing to the great anuoyance of
the cattle and loss to the owners who
are anxious for practical methods to
prevent the loss of thrift, which follows
the discomfort which the fly causes.
When the fly first | appeared in this
country about ten years ago, all sorts
of wild stories were told concerning*it.
Among other things it was said that
the fly ate through the horn, caused it
to rot and laid eggs in it which after-
wards penetrated the brain. There is,
of course, no truth in such tales, but
the facts are bad enough, for the an-
noyance to cattle is very serious and
prevents thrift in beef animals and
milk production in dairy herds.
A great many methods of combating
it have been tried with more or less
success, those most effective consist-
ing of the application of substances of
an oily character, J£«i"9seae emulsion,
applied with a spray pump, has been
found quite useful, as it kills all tho
flies it touches. Good results have
been secured with fish oil to which
about two tablespoonfuls of carbolic
acid to the quart is added, the mixture
being applied with a broad, flat paint
brush. Two parts of fish oil or cot-
ton seed oil and one part of pine tal-
is a successful application and the cost
j«5 lovr. At the Mississippi Experi-
ment Station this mixture was applied
to three hundred and fifty cattle at a
cost of only 32.20. These suggestions
indicate in a general way the character
of the remedies to be used. Any of
them require frequent renewal as they
only protect the cattle for from three
to six days. When dairy herds can be
confined in dark stables during the
day it is best to do so, care being taken
to keep the flies out.
The horn fly is propagated from eggs
laid in the droppings of the cattle, and
it is therefore a good plan to break
these up when the droppings have be-
come a little dry. One peculiarity
about the horn fly is that it cannot
travel well unless it has cattle to ac-
company. If, therefore, the farmer
can prevent the multiplication of the
fly on his own premises by the use of
the remedies and by breaking up tho
egg-bearing droppings, he is not likely
to be much troubled, even though tho
fly be numerous on the adjoining farm.
Tl»e Farin Oar<len.
The garden is the most productive
acre of the farm. If it is not, it should
be made so. It is the most indispen-
sable part of farm life. Half of our
living should come from our garden in
Not one-half the country people make
an effort to have a garden. There are
some that start out well in the spring,
sow an abundance of seed and never
look at the garden again until they
think it is time they should have re-
sults. They take a look and cannot
find any for the weeds have covered
the little plauts. Then they come to
the conclusion that the seed did not
grow. They say all sorts of things
about the seedsmen, and mow off the
weeds and wait until another spring
when they go through the same j>ro-
cess. Now this is all wrong. To keep
the garden clean we should begin early
and continue the cultivation until fall.
It is impossible to destroy all the
weeds while we are cultivating the
early vegetables. Little patches of
weeds around the garden will produce
seed enough to seed the whole garden
next year. We should try to plan so
as to keep all the ground occupied in
the garden. It will require but little
more labo® to cultivate a cabbage or
turnip iufa vacant place than simply
to cultivate to keep down the weeds.
You can sow lettuce in July and it
will be nice in the fall. Cabbage and
turnip can be transplanted into the
ground when the early peas and pota-
toes have grown; or you can set celery
and beets for winter use. Keep all the
ground occupied. If clean cultivation
is given, as should be done, the weeds
will be killed out and at the same time
a good crop secured. Thinning out
plants is au important matter in gar-
dening; beets and carrots will not grow
to any size if left too thick. No vege-
table but the onion will stand crowd-
ing. If the soil is rich enough onions
will grow to a good size when five or
six stand together; they will crowd
each other out of the ground all but
the roots and will bottom nicely. The
onion maggot destroys onions badly; a
good remedy is to take the soil away
from the bulbs no matter if the little
onions tip over ; so long as the roots
are in the ground they are all right.
By doing this the fly has 110 chance to
put its eggs on the stalks and than
there are no maggots in the bulbs.—
Farm and Home.
A Poultry House D?Ticc.
Where fowls are kept in confln e-
ment, whether the season be summer
or wjnter, they must be furnished
green food in the form of cabbage,
turnips, beets or cut clover. These
should not be thrown loosely into the
pen to become quickly soiled, but put
BACK FOB POULTRY FEED.
into a rack with sloping sides, like
that shown in the sketch. The hens
reach through the slats and eat what
they desire. The top slopes so that
thev cannot roost upon it. If filled
with cabbages, etc., they will come
down to the hens as fast as eaten.—
American* Agriculturist. _
To prevent a bruise from becoming
discolored apply immediately water as
hot- as can be borne comfortably,
changing the cloth as it loses its heat.
If hot water is not to be had at once
moisten some diy starch with cold
water and cover the bruised part with
it. - - -y'
. f ■
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Young, James H. The Gazette. (Raleigh, N.C.), Vol. 9, No. 28, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 28, 1897, newspaper, August 28, 1897; Raleigh, North Carolina. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth523646/m1/1/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .