Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 164, Ed. 1 Monday, August 23, 1937 Page: 4 of 6
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Editorials- SWEETWATER REPORTER -Features
MONDAY, AUGUST 23 1937.
Published each afternoon except Saturday:
also Sunday morning and its weekly edition
on Thursday by The Sweetwater Reporter.
Inc. Entered as second class matter at post-
office in Sweetwater, Texas, Feb. 0, 1920.
George Bennitt and Russell Bennitt, Pubs.
The New Deal
Light u sown for the righteoua and
gladnets for the upright in heart. —
Every house where love abides and
friendship is a guest, is surely home, and
home, sweet home; for there the heart
can rest.—Henry Van Dyke.
HI, THERE, MACAULAY!
WE HAVE YOUR NUMBER!
President Roosevelt, with his frequent
turnings to classical English literature in
his speeches, is going to give the countr, an
education in English literature, if nothing
else. He set thousands to thumbing through
Milton when he christened A1 Smith, “the
Happy Warrior,” and his frequent quotations
from Alice in Wonderland have made him kin
to the many people to whom Lewis Carroll is
a minor prophet.
In taking on Thomas Babington Ma-
caulay, as he did in his speech at Roanoke
Island, Mr. Roosevelt is carrying the
fight pretty directly into political ene-
mies’ camps, for the famous Macaulay let-
ter he quoted at great length was widely
circulated against Roosevelt during re-
cent political campaigns. Copies of it, in
pamphlet and reprint form, were pub-
lished as a direct attack on New Deal
Those people whose first reaction is to
ask “Who IS this guy Macaulay?" need only
to think back to school days to have the
rhyme come back:
“In yon strait path a thousand may
well be stopped by three;
Now who will stand on either hand
and keep the bridge with me?”
That was Macaulay, and anyone who has
heard “Horatius at the Bridge” recited by
a popeyed eighth-grader will remember him.
Macaulay, 100 years ago, was an Eng-
lish writer and politician. He was a Whig,
roughly equivalent today to a Liberty
League Republican. He wrote a series of
famous essays, and a 20-pound History
of England that was almost as popular
in that day as Gone With the Wind is in
this. Before he was 8 years old, this
prodigy had written a Compendium of
Universal History, and poems in 12
Macaulay’s work was so highly esteemed
that he was made Lord Macaulay. There
seems little doubt that he believed sincerely
in rule by a select, favored and talented
class; that “pure democracy,” as he called
it, rule by “the poorest and most ignorant
part of society,” was doomed to destroy soon-
er or later “liberty or civilization, or both.”
"It is quite plain,” wrote Olympian
Macaulay, "that your government will
never be able to restrain a distressed and
discontented majority.” What is not so
plain is, what would be the use of keep-
ing institutions under which a majority
were distressed and discontented?
Lord Macaulay wrote his famous letter
some 80 years ago. Yet the United States
government has survived, nossibly because
there has never yet been a time when the
majority of its citizens were distressed and
President Roosevelt might even have
added to his own comment on Macaulay
one made by an associate, Lord Mel-
bourne, who said, “I wish 1 were as cock-
sure of any one thing as Macaulay is of
* * *
French law has met its greatest crisis. A
defendant went on the stand without plead-
ing the Unwritten Law.
* * *
Orthodox economists must be busy figur-
ing out why the rising cost of living hasn’t
decreased the demand for it.
* * *
Until the day of the expositions, the ave-
rage person would have looked up “diora-
ma" in the medical dictionary.
* # *
Much of the Far East trouble is traced
to the Boxer rebellion, with a minor flareback
in the Joe Louis-Max Schmeling feud.
* * *
A bridge expert says there are no natural
players. It takes practice to kick the right
person under the table.
* * *
In these flays a good diplomat is one who
can resist being talked into an agreement to!,,u' major oil companies.
Now, Why Doesn't Somebody Write a Book Like This?
WASHINGTON—Less than three years ago
the administration fashioned a noose for its
opponents and rebels. Now the same admin-
istration has found its own neck in that noose.
Away back in republican days the air rang in-
termittently with democratic howls in the house
about the “gag rules,” which were effectively
administered by the triumvirate of Speaker
Longworth, Majority Leader Tilson and Rules
Committee Chairman Snell.
The old republican rules used to say that the
house couldn’t even instruct a committee to let
loose of a bill except by a majority vote, and
in practice this meant that the committee chair-
man usually could “pocket veto” legislation if
he liked, and that practically no “unsatisfactory”
measure ever got by Snell.
Then the democrats, who had been screaming
so loudly, found themselves with a majority in
1991 and promptly liberalized the discharge bill,
requiring only 115 signatures to a petition to
force a vote.
In the next congress democrats were com
pletely in control and under the 145-names rule
insurgents began to get petitions fin “cash bo-
nus” and other bills embarrassing to the ad-
ministration. So what did the democratic lead-
ership do but jam through a new rule requiring
a majority—218 signatures—to discharge a bill
from committee and onto the floor!
This bird came home to roost just the other
day when southern members of the rules com
mittee joined with republicans in refusing to
bring to the house floor the wage-hour bill ap-
proved by the labor committee almost unani-
mously and urged by the administration. It
would have been easy enough to g , 145 signa-
tures for a discharge petition, and probably, with
enough time, to obtain 218.
But the house and its leaders were in the
main yearning for adjournment and it would
have taken at least a month to get the wage-hour
bill to a vote, thanks to other provisions of the
* * *
Cool Wage-Hour Fight
One does not pretend to believe that the of-
ficial house leadership was all hot and bothered
about getting the wage-hour bill out of the rules
committee or broke their necks in trying. Speak
er Will Bankhead and Majority Leader Sam Ray-
burn are a couple of southern gentlemen and
only a handful of members from South of the
Mason-DiXon line favored the measure.
The four congressmen credited with blocking
the measure after it had passed the senate and
been reported favorably by the House Labor
Committee were Rules Committee Members Ed-
ward Cox of Georgia, Martin Dies of Texas, Wil-
liam Driver of Arkansas, and Howard Smith
With The Film Stars
From the Top of the Hill
Many uses of silage as a feed .than is used in the dry lot.
Combing The Capitol
By l>. B. HlltlHvM.W
AUSTIN—Everyone here is relieved that the
latest comic opera of Texas politics is ended.
When the State Board of Education met here I
Friday with the avowed intention of cutting ‘
next year’s apportionment from the original
figure of $22 hack to $20, the hoarrl did the op-
After a few minutes of discussion, the hoard
unanimously agreed to leave the figure at $22.
And thus was ended one of the most comical
political tangles of recent years.
Comptroller George H. Sheppard held the bal-
ance of power in every play down the line. First,
lie voted witli Governor Allred to cut the prop-
erty tax for school purposes down to a 7-cent
rate. This made the school people plenty mad,
but Sheppard had another day in court.
Then last week Ben Tisinger, a member of
Hie Board of Education got an injunction to
prevent Sheppard from certifying the $22 rate
as set by the board on July 0.
But when the board met here Friday, it was
Sheppard’s testimony that turned the tide. He
testified before a San Antonio court that reve-
nues from sources other than the property tax
would be sufficient to pay the full $22. So the
board again changed its mind, left the figure
it $22, and most people hope that is the last of
the comic opera that included four meetings of
the Board of Education, two court injunctions,
i nervous meeting of the Automatic Tax Board,
and a lot of political speeches.
And the final result is exactly what the Roard
of Education asked for nearly two months ago
—a $22 apportionment.
* * *
i SETTLEMENT—Insiders say that the major
| >iI companies who are under fire in the $17,000,-
000 anti-trust suit started in 1931 by James V.
Allred, (hen Attorney-GeneraI, are trying to
compromise the whole suit.
Most people thought the suit was dead until
this spring when the Supreme Court by a unani-
mous vote said that the state’s anti-trust laws
are in full effect, and went further to intimate
that the slate has a very strong case against
have been named but here is
a new one that may save money.
Silage supplemented with cotton-
seed meal is an excellent meth-
od of finishing steers, calves
and cows. The ration is simple,
easily fed and widely available
when grain is hard to get. Steers
finished on the ration have top-
ped tiie market after receiving
a ration of 1 to 7 pounds of cot-
tonseed meal per head daily and
all the sumac and feterita silage
they would eat.
Excellent, results have been
obtained from feeding steers
corn silage and an average daily
ration of 1 pounds of cottonseed
meal per head the first month,
5 the second, ti the third and
7 the fourth. If the feeding pe-
riod is extended for six months
for the first month about 8
pounds of cotton seed meal
should be used and for the Iasi
month !) io it) pounds will lie
consumed along with 51) to tin
pounds of silage.
* ♦ *
It is more economical to fin-
ish steers on grass and pasture
than in the dry lot. An accepted
method in this country is to run
the animals on sudan, barley and
such winter pastures as are
available, along with a balanced
ration used in the dry lot and
Hie animals will top out in less
time on a much smaller amount
.1. F. Duncan fattened steers
last year by running them on
pasture of sudan and in his
fields until 30 days before lie ex-
pected to top them out then he
added the grain mixture and had
top steers in a month’s time.
* * *
A small flock of sheep for the
farm may lie used, U>,.make prof-
its from land that is worn out
or unfit for other livestock or
crops. The “golden hoof” of the
sheep has marked the trail to
extra profits on many larms
and ranches. They add acres of
fertility by scattering and tramp-
ing in their rich manure on the
* * *
The farm flock of sheep pro-
vides two money crops—wool
and lambs- in addition to mak-
ing use of the fence-corner and
hillside weeds and grasses, it
has been said that sheep will
keep weeds and grass from
cotton. The truthfulness of this
statement is unknown but il
sounds plausiible. Sheep can
live on pasture that will not sup-
port other classes of stock, and
are very helpful in cleaning
weeds out of pasture. Sheep
spread pasture through their
habit of occupying bare spots
when not grazing; the manure
covers the land .ami soon the
grass spreads to it.
* * *
The practice of keeping sheep
on farms in small flocks has
not yet been adopted in this
country but we believe in time
that it will lie a common prac-
tice on every farm large or
small. So now is the time for all
good farmers to get a start in
tiie sheep business.
* * *
B,v PAUL HARRISON
HOLLYWOOD—The most dif-
ficult individuals in Hollywood
to interview are: 1—Greta Gar-
bo; 2—the wax dummy of Doug-
las Fairbanks in the lobby of
the Chinese Theater; and 3 —
The latter item may come as
a surprise to movie and radio
fans who have read lengthy quo-
tations attributed to Miss Allen
on every subject from reduction
of the national debt to how to
find a log-lost brother.
Such quotations, however, are
mere press-agent pranks eman-
ating from Miss Allen’s spirit
controls, a quartet of ghost-
writers named George Burns,
John P. Mcdbury, Harvey Helm
and Bill Burns. Quite often,
reading over the tilings which
she is supposed In have said,
Miss Allen expresses astonish-
ment and delight at her witless-
Suppose you are a writer, and
call up Grade about an inter-
view. She says:
“i’l! let you talk to George.”
So you talk to George and he
says, "Why. sure Grade will ho
delighted! Yes, yes . . .abso-
lutely! . . . yes, I understand you
want to talk to Grade . . . Come
right on out.”
So you drive to Beverly Hills
and walk through their nice
house into the patio, and you
come upon Mr. Burns. He wears
pajamas, a beret, a cigar and an
air of cordiality He says, “Gra-
de will he right down. Mean-
while, maybe i can tell you ev-
erything you want to know.”
♦ * *
He Cnn Tell You All
Well, you listen to Mr. Burns
and realize that he can, indeed,
tell you all there is to he told
about the life and times of Burns
and Allen. But you happen to
be a stubborn sort of reporter,
so you vow that you are going
to interview Grade if it lakes all
So you wait, and fidget, and
watch the lowering sun, and into
your consciousness drift snatch-
es of Mr. Burn’s earnest mono-
good the gags were I wrote for
myself, she got all the laughs.
It’s still that way . . . Here’s
* * *
And Here <'nines Grade.
And there, sure enough, is Mis;
Allen. Looks very trim. She says,
“Nice to see you again. I knew
you weren’t waiting for me, tic-
cause George can tell all about
me and so much better , too.
Have you met our children?
“This is Sandra and this is
Ronnie. Say ‘Hello,’ Ronnie, and
shake hands nicely. Sandra say
‘Goodby,” and you say ‘Bye-bye’
Ronnie. Yes we're going out. I’m
lute now. Awfully nice of you
to come. Goodby George.”
Georgia, leading peanut pro-
ducing state, produced 130,500,-
oon pounds of peanuts during
? The World
log: "... .usta dance in vaude-
Many southern farmers are I vllle, both of us. But it was guys
finding that a flock of sheep like Astaire that forced me into
meets the need for an addition-
al source of revenue during tiie
talking for a living.
“We’ve got two dance num-
"off" season for other money hers with Fred in this picture,
crops, and expands the grazing!‘A Damsel in Ditsress.” Itnag-
area of their farms. Ine! Anri the funny thing is. the
* * * stuff looks pretty good. We
Feeding sheep will increase worked like dogs on it: hired a
the wool, according to Walter! piano player and rehearsed
Kincaid, and also will make nights at home Of course Gra
By George Clark
keep the peace.
* * *
If Congress hasn’t anything else to do, it
might familiarize itself with some of the
laws already passed this session.
* * *
Peiping's temples are described as most
alluring in the moonlight, especially to a Jap-
anese aviator with a full bomb-rack.
Ho the case is due to lie tried this fall or win-
ter in a Travis County district court and either
way it goes, it will surely be carried on to the
State Supreme Court, and if the companies lose,
they will try to earr.v the fight to the United
States Supreme Court.
Reliable rumors say that the oil companies
are trying to compromise the case for a jurig
men! of several million dollars rather than
fighting the whole thing over again, with a
very good prospect of losing.
lambs stronger. Sheep are good
foragers, they can find a sub-
sistence diet on limliM'ed, hilly
land or weedy fields.tphey also
make good use of temporary and
permanent pastures. When the
pasture is good, sheep need lit-
tle or no additional feed. Sup-
pementarv feed is essential,
however, to keen them in good
condition ilnujjg tiie fall, winter
The breed^BFve needs plen
tty of pasture and roughage. She
also requires an adequate sup-
ply of protein to develop strong
thrifty lambs. The ewe can be
carried through the winter eco-
nomically and safely on 3 pounds
of silitgc, 1-3 of a pound of cot-
tonseed meal and some pood
+ * *
Chickens that’molt in July or
August tire not likely to return
to profitable production. High
feed prices make careful cull-
ing essential to profitable egg
production. Every day the non-
laying hen consumes almost 1-4
of a pound of feed. The cost of
this feed is lost by the flock
owner and will not be return-
ed by the non-layer. At the
present price of feed the cull
costs the poultry man 5 cents a
week. This does not include the
cost of housing, labor or inci-
dental expenses. From these fig-
ures it may be seen that the
poultryman can make 5 cents
more each week on each cull by
During 1986, Ontario was the
source of 51.1 per cent of the
mineral production of the Dom-
inion of Canada.
VTHERE the beautiful Seine
” curves through the heart of
France’s capital, the International
Exposition of 1937 plays host to
the world today—an inventory of
the civilization of the present and
of the future.
More than half a hundred na-
tions are represented. Fascism
exhibits side by side with democ-
racy and the pupal flag flies
across a court from the Jewish
symbols of Palestine. But there
is something more to this Paris
exposition than mere size, and
that is its dedication to the future.
In addition to its portrayal of past
human progress, it seeks to depict
the world of tomorrow.
> Accoi d'iwly each countrv rep-
resented tells hip rJutkCeksHo "set
the future fre<^L__, «ji«n dis-
ease, from uselcss*ioil, Yrom ex-
ploitation of the human being:
from ugliness. Here is portrayed
the ultimate in human dreams.
But the Paris exposition is more,
too. Construction for this show
has modified the face of Paris,
touched it up. beautified it
Around the picturesque Eiffel
Tower are ranged great halls,
museums, amphitheaters. The to-
tal ground occupies 247 acres.
And the French government hopes
the whole affair will be profitable.
The exposition is commemorated
on a current French issue.
MJopyrittht. ID37. NBA Serve - Inu *
cie usta he a dancer Irish clog
stuff—when she was a youg-
“Grade will he right down.
. . . . Came front a family of
Irish show folks. When she was
3 she entertained at a church
social and wore a little dress
suit Her grandfather said, ‘You
can't make money doing what
you're doing. Learn to dance
the Irish dances and you'll get
"Site went over to I Ttion Hill,
N. .1., with a girl friend to see
my act. My partner and I were NEXT: v What territory is last
splitting up He got the friend becoming the axis of Italy's Afri-
aml I got Grade. No matter how ian emnlre?
This Curious World
BEALL. BEALL, YONGE
“GO abend! lie’ll think be slipped, and then we cun piny
with lltc bouls."
MAYS & PERKINS
322-25 Levy Bldg.
FOP. JU5T AN /NSTANT DURING
EACH LUNAR MONTH /
f/T/S FULL. O/VUV DURING THE MOMENT
THAT/7S LONG/TUDE O/FFERS BV EXAOTLV /AO
DEGREES FROM -THAT OF THE SUN.)
corn. niM»»i«'.iXn, >nr.
HAVE BEEN KNOWN TO
STAV UNDER WATER
■•QUAKES” BECAUSE OF
ITS FLAT, SPRJNG-UKE
ALTHOUGH wc commonly think of the moon as being full
during an entire day, il truly is full to the observer on earth only
at the instant when it and tiie sun arc separated by exactly 180
degrees. To the casual observer, no difference can be seen for
several hours before or after this period.
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Sweetwater Reporter (Sweetwater, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 164, Ed. 1 Monday, August 23, 1937, newspaper, August 23, 1937; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth560117/m1/4/: accessed May 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Sweetwater/Nolan County City-County Library.