Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas Page: 157 of 372
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and breakers, until its success is almost certain.
In 1879 he declined a re-election as president, but
is still devoting his means and energy to the success
of the road as a director.
t NR~EEN, GENERAL THOMAS. Thomas
.vji. 'Green, the eldest son of Nathan Green
and Mary, his wife, was born in Meeklenburg
county, Virginia, June 8, 1814,
during a visit of his mother to her relatives in
His father's family immigrated to Virginia at an
early day, the tradition being that it occurred during
the reign of Charles II. So far as known they
were agriculturists, the men being remarkable for
their independence and self reliance. Thomas
Green, his grandfather, was an officer in the Virginia
line at the battle of Monmouth, ini New Jersey,
and served with that command (lduring the
war, after which he settled on his farm in Amelia
Nathan Green, father of the subject of this
sketch, was the seventh son of Thomas Green, and
was born in May, 1792. IHe was reared on his
father's farm in Amelia county, where he remained
until the death of the latter in 1809, when he went
to reside with his uncle and guardian, James
Wood, in the same county. As he grew to manhood
lie determined to study law, and entered the
office of Nathaniel Venable, Esq., of Prince Edward
C. H. About the time of the completion of
his studies he was called, with a volunteer company
he had joined, to the defense of Norfolk,
then threatened by the British fleet. Returning
home, he married Miss Mary Field, of Mecklenburg
county, Virginia, whose acquaintance he had
made at the house of Mr. Venable.
After some years, meeting with poor success as
a lawyer, he determined to immigrate to the West.
Accordingly in November, 1817, he removed with
his family to Tennessee, and settled near Winchester,
in Franklin county. For some years he
pursued the calling of agriculture. One of his neighbors
having become involved in a difficulty, Mr.
Green was employed to take charge of his case in
court. The circumstances were such that all thd
energies of Mr. Green were aroused, and for the
first time in his life he was enabled to cast off
the trepidation that had always attended his efforts
before the public. His success was complete, and
the case having attracted great attention he was
employed in other cases, so that he soon acquired
a large practice, and attained a high reputation at
the bar. Tn 1826 he was elected to the State Senate,
and in the following year was appointed one
of the Chancellors of the State. In 1832 he was
elected to the Supreme bench, and in 1835 and
1847 was re-elected. In 1852 he resigned, to take
charge of the Law School at Cumberland University,
Lebanon, Tennessee, in which vocation he
continued until his death in 1866.
Thomas Green's mother was the daughter of
James Field, of Scotch descent and honorable lineage.
She was the grand-daughter, on her mother's
side, of Colonel Anderson of North Carolina,
of revolutionary memory, whose characteristics she
bore, and which she transmitted to her son. She
was remarkable for energy, and firmness and decision
of character, as well, also, as for her presence
of mind in times of danger or peril, and
withal, full of affection for those she loved, and
bearing charity for all the world. She lived an exemplary
life, and died in 1849, regretted by all
who knew her.
The subject of this biographical sketch was reared
in Winchester, Tennessee, where he grew to manhood,
receiving a liberal education at Princeton
College, Kentucky, Jackson College, in Maury
county, Tennessee, and at the University of Tennessee,
Nashville. In 1834 he began the study of
law with his father at Winchester. Before lihe
completed his studies, the news of the struggle in
Texas between the American colonists and the
IMexican Government greatly agitated the people of
Tennessee, from which State so many of the original
colonists of Texas had gone. Without concert
of action, in many localities, the young men of
that State at once formed parties for immigration
to Texas, the intention being to aid the colonists
in their struggle for independence. Of this number
was young Green, then just 21 years old, who, in
November, 1835, in company with Jones, Gillespie,
Haden Arnold, Kindred H. Muse, and others who
have made a name in this country, left Franklin
county for Texas. Arriving at Nacogdoches on
Christmas day, where Green met Crockett and
others who had preceded them, he stopped for a
short time. A portion of the party then proceeded
to San Felipe, which was then the seat of government.
The active operations of the winter being
over, they were told that they were not needed,
whereupon some returned home, while others remained.
the latter was Green, who was invited by
Jared Groce, a planter on the Brazos, to make his
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Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas, book, 1880; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5827/m1/157/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .