A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state. Page: 56 of 859
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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I-IISTORY OF TEXAS.
all heavy sand, except three short stretches, of a couple of
miles each, to an alkali lake, distant from Five Wells
thirty-six miles. This lake is situated in a depression of
the prairie with hard ground all around it, extending several
miles on the south and west; water permanent and
though quite strongly alkali, can be used from holes dug
in the bank; better water is obtained, though none of it
is good. Grass excellent and very luxuriant; wood (roots)
in abundance. The lake is circular in form and one-eighth
of a mile in diameter. From this lake to Monument
Spring, distant twenty-seven miles, the country is rolling,
about half hard prairie, the balance light sand.
" By the right hand road, going west from Five Wells,
the distance to the first of Ward's wells is twenty-four
miles, about sixteen of it heavy sand, the rest hard.
These wells are situated in a ravine (from one-fourth to
three-fourths of a mile in width) or narrow valley, extending
northwest and southeast, through the centre of the
plains, for at least fifty miles, bordered on each side by
from one to three miles of hard prairie, making a strip of
prairie from two to six miles in width. There are about
fifty of these wells, in the first valley, in a space of one
and one-half miles. Wells are from four feet deep at the
western end to fifteen at the eastern, and having from two
to four feet of water, of excellent quality and affording
water for several thousand horses or cattle. Grass excellent,
and wood (roots) in abundance.
" Three and one-half miles on the road, west of the first
wells, in a similar ravine which joins the long one, are
found about twenty more wells, and two miles south, in a
third ravine, are several more; these last are off the road
about a mile. This appears to have been a favorite resort
of Indians, as shown by deeply worn trails, old lodges and
heads of cattle. No sign of buffalo so far west as this,
the line of sand from a few miles south of Quemas to
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Thrall, Homer S. A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state., book, 1879; St. Louis, Mo.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5828/m1/56/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .