A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state. Page: 76 of 859
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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7HISTORY OF TEXAS.
4 COAL.-The coal-bearing rocks of Texas occupy an
area of not less than 6,000 square miziles, embracing the
counties of Young, Jack, Palo Pinto, Eastland, Brown,
Comanche, Callahan, Coleman, and extending to the Territory
of Bexar. The rocks contain the characteristics
belonging to the coal measures of MTissouri and other
Western States. In general appearance, this coal resembles
that from Belleville, Illinois. The analysis gives,
fixed carbon, 52 per cent.; volatile matter, 36 per cent.;
ashes, 3 per cent.
"This coal cokes with a great flame, without changing
its forn, and the development of this valuable minmeral is
destined to be of the greatest importance to the State.
" ANTHRACITE COAL, lighter and more brittle thanl the
anthracites of Pennsylvania, has been found in va(rious
parts of the State, but I had no opportunity to visit the
"Lignites, Tertiary, and other coals of more recent
origin, occupy an area of some 10,000 square miiles-in
connection with the true coal formation--on manly points
of the Rio Grande, in Webb, Atascosa and Frio counties.
They are mostly soft, sulphurous and ashy, but superior
to German brown coals.
" AsPHALTUM.-Asphaltum has been found in I3ardin,
Travis, Burnet, Llano and many counties on Red River.
The earth for some distance around certain acid springs
is charged with it, and may be employed for the purpose
of illumination. For pavements, roofing and other uses,
this material is too well known to require further mention.
"GYPSUM.--In the northwestern portion of the State
is the largest deposit of gypsum known to exist in the
world, spreading over two hundred miles on the upper
Red River and its tributaries. This will be of great
value as a fertilizer. Some of the specimens are as transparent
as the purest glass, easily split into thin layers.
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Thrall, Homer S. A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state., book, 1879; St. Louis, Mo.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5828/m1/76/: accessed March 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .