A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state. Page: 78 of 859
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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7HISTORY OF TEXAS.
The following is from a newspaper published in the
county in which the cave mentioned is located:
"The Uvalde Umpire describes the famous bat cave
in that county, and the operations of the Texas Guano
Company, formed about nine months or one year ago, by
MVr. Huertzall, of Galveston, for the removal of the
guano. The Umpire says:
"The company have been making very satisfactory
headway, removing from three to ten tons each day, which
they immediately ship to Galveston, thence to Scotland,
where use is made of it for different purposes, but principally
in the manufacture of ammionia and other medicals.
The mountains where the bat cave is situated are about
twenty miles north of Uvalde. Neear the top of one of the
highest in the range are the several openings of the cave.
These entrances are facing north, the largest being about
fifty feet in width, and twenty in height, the others being
smaller, decreasing to a size not large enough to allow a
man to get through. The cave increases in dimensions
inside, and extends a considerable distance beyond where
the workmen are engaged removing the guano, at a
point 450 or 500 feet from the entrance. There is a tramway
constructed upon which are run cars or carts, with
a carrying capacity of about one ton each. The motive
power is a 'jack,' run by the same engine used in the
operations of drying. The drying operation is a very
ingenious construction, originated by Mr. Huertzall. It
is an iron cylinder about 3 1-2 feet il diameter, resting
upon a stone foundation, and directly beneath it is placed
the fire; in this cylinder runs a shaft to which are attached
a numlber of smlall arms or paddles. The revolving
of this shaft and paddIles causes the guano to pass entirely
through the cylinder, after which it is sufficiently dry to
pack for shipment. It is expected that an improvement
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Thrall, Homer S. A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state., book, 1879; St. Louis, Mo.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5828/m1/78/: accessed March 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .