A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state. Page: 99 of 859
This book is part of the collection entitled: From Republic to State: Debates and Documents Relating to the Annexation of Texas, 1836-1856 and was provided to The Portal to Texas History by the UNT Libraries.
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"In 1691," says Mayer, page 218, " the province of
Asinais, or Texas, as it was called by the Spaniards, was
settled by some emigrants, and visited by fourteen Spanish
monks, who were anxious to devote themselves tothe
conversion of the Indians, and a garrison and mission
were at that time established.'" The location of this
establishment can now hardly be identified. The Indians
were troublesome, and frequent removals took place. We
quote again from Mayer: "Alarconne, the Governor,
early in 1718, crossed the Miedina, with a large number
of soldiers, settlers and mechanics, and founded the town
of Bexar, with the fortress of San Antonio, and the
mission of San Antonio Yalero." This wa s not the first
settlement of the neighborhood, as Margil and Saint
Denis found a considerable population there in 1714.
Bexar was so named for the Duke of Bexar, then Viceroy.
"Alarconne," says Mayer, "pushed on to the country
of the Cennis Indians, wh1ere having strengthened the
missionary force, he crossed the river Adaes, which he
called the Rio de San Francisco de Sabinas, and laid the
foundation of a fortress within a short distance of the
French fort at Natchitoches, named by him the Presidio
de San Miguel Arcange de Linares de Adaes. These
establishments were reinforced during the next year, and
another stronghold was erected on the Orquisacas,"
(probably the Trinity or San Jacinto).
These Texas missions was conducted by monks of the
order of Saint Francis, from the colleges of Quaretero
and Zaca Atecas. In the west, locations were selected
capable of irrigation. Large tracts of land were given
to the mission, and as soon as practicable substantial stone
buildings were erected. Among those buildings were,
first, a chapel for worship, which also answered for a
fortress in case of danger. A considerable area was
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Thrall, Homer S. A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A.D. 1879. Embracing the periods of missions, colonization, the revolution the republic, and the state; also, a topographical description of the country ... together with its Indian tribes and their wars, and biographical sketches of hundreds of its leading historical characters. Also, a list of the countries, with historical and topical notes, and descriptions of the public institutions of the state., book, 1879; St. Louis, Mo.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5828/m1/99/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .