Speeches delivered by Pat M. Neff, Governor of Texas, discussing certain phases of contemplated legislation Page: 32 of 61
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CAROLINA HAS CLIMBED FROM POVERTY TO OPULENCE.
North Carolina furnishes a striking example of what a people can
do along the line of manufacturing. Only a few years ago North
Carolina was a poor State. It had but few natural products, and its
soil was non-productive. It raises but little cotton. However, her
people, with vision and determination, turned their attention to the
manufacturing industry. That State now has more than six thousand
manufacturing plants, with an annual pay roll of $130,000,000
to her wage earners. Not only is every bale of cotton raised in North
Carolina manufactured into cloth in North Carolina mills, but that
State buys Texas cotton and runs it through her mills, and on account
of the cotton manufacturing industry alone, North Carolina is
rapidly becoming one of the wealthiest States in the Union.
A WORLD OF RAW MATERIAL READY FOR THE SPINDLES.
Although we have the largest sheep ranches in the world, and the
largest wool market on earth, we have no woolen mills. We produce
the major part of the mohair of the world. We ship every pound of
it to the New England States, to be made into suits of clothes and
then shipped back to Texas. Both the profit and the wages incident
to the manufacture and distribution of this mohair enrich a people
who never saw an Angora goat. With the largest cattle ranches in
all the land, we get most of our beef from Northern packeries and an
ocean of milk out of Northern cans and at the same time we buy
annually over a half million pounds of butter from dairies out of the
State. We sell a steer for seventy-five dollars, pay freight on him to
Kansas City, and a little later buy him back in chipped beef for eight
hundred dollars. Why not can him here and keep the horns, hoofs,
hide and hair for running expenses? Texas is now among the leading
hog raising States of the Union and yet our smokehouse is in
Chicago. With fruits and vegetables rotting in our fields, our back
yards are filled with empty cans bearing a California label. We can
grow enough broom corn to supply the nation, and yet it is hard to
find a woman who sweeps her home with a Texas-made broom. With
a million cowhides a year skinned from Texas cattle, all our shoes are
made in foreign factories.
* * * * * * * * * * *
MUST BUILD FACTORIES IN TEXAS OR WRITE ANOTHER "PARADISE
Is there any good reason why we should ship our cotton, our wool,
our cattle, and other products of Texas, a thousand miles, and even
across the ocean, for other people to reap all the profit before the
finished articles reach the hands of the consumer? Why should we
permit this stream of gold to flow out of the State each year? To
turn our raw materials into the finished product would mean more to
Texas than all her oil wells. If we can make a living by merely growing
cotton, and other States and countries can become wealthy and
Here’s what’s next.
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Neff, Pat M. Speeches delivered by Pat M. Neff, Governor of Texas, discussing certain phases of contemplated legislation, book, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5835/m1/32/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .