Message of Gov. J. S. Hogg to the twenty-third Legislature of Texas. Page: 19 of 28
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MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR. 19
The constitution provides that no corporate body shall hereafter be created,
renewed or extended with banking or discounting privileges.-Art, 16, Sec.
1. For some reason tnis limitation upon the power of the legislature has
remained in every constitution, except that of 1869, since the organization
of the State government. In the exercise of their sovereign rights, to relieve
present or prospective conditions inimical to their interests, the people,
through their platform last August, expressed themselves in favor of an
amendment to the constitution permitting the incorporation of State banks
under proper restrictions and control for the protection of the depositors
and the people. One of the reasons for this demand is, that the people are
willing to remove that restriction on the legislative power and thus to prepare
against any contingency that may arise from federal legislation on the subject
of finance. There is a strong desire in some sections of the country for
the repeal of the national banking law, over which congress has exclusive
control. Should the congress abolish the national banking system, with the
constitutional prohibition referred to unchanged, the legislature could not give
to the people of Texas any banking system to supply the necessities of business
and commerce. It therefore becomes advisable for your honorable
bodies to submit a constitutional amendment in obedience to the expressed
will of the people on this subject.
The declaration in the State constitution that, ".A general diffusion of
knowledge is essential to the liberties and rights of the people," and demanding
that the legislature shall make suitable provision for the support and
maintenance of an efficient system of public free schools for a period of not
less than six months of each year, can never be consistently lost sight of nor
overlooked by the people's worthy representatives. The demand that this
provision shall be complied with is but just and reasonable. The people have
also, through their convention, declared that the University and its branches
and the other public educational institutions must be appropriately endowed
For full information on the subject of public education, the attention of
vour honorable bodies is respectfully called to the able, elaborate and interesting
reports of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, of the boards of
managers of the Sam Houston Normal Institute, located at Huntsville, of the
Prairie View Normal Institute, at Hempstead, of the A. and M. College, at
Bryan, of the Regents of the University at Austin, and of the Medical Branch
thereof at Galveston. Each of these several reports deserves investigation.
for they ha ve been made by men well versed in these public institutions, familiar
with their necessities. With just pride the State has supported each of
these public schools, and as a result the people are daily receiving from them
benefits far beyond computation that must grow in importance year by year
as the State itself moves on to leadership among her sisters. Most of these
institutions are in a healthful, prosperous condition, yet are demanding, of
necessity, increased appropriations to meet the exigencies of the times. As
the State grows, the public schools and higher educational institutions expand
to keep apace with her greatness. Their encouragement in all respects must
spring from the honor and pride of the people whose liberality towards them
in the past vouchsafes for them success in the future.
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Hogg, J.S. (James S.). Message of Gov. J. S. Hogg to the twenty-third Legislature of Texas., book, January 12, 1893; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5861/m1/19/: accessed March 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .