Message of Governor James S. Hogg to the twenty-fourth legislature of Texas Page: 10 of 48
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MESSAGE OF GOVERNOR HOGG.
have been permitted to testify against their seducers. The people of the
several counties have been given the power, by local vote, to amply improve
the public roads. Adverse possession of lands has been so defined
as to prevent the owners from losing their titles on technical grounds.
Fellow servants have been defined so that corporation employes are justly
protected in their persons and lives from the negligence of other employes
of the companies they serve. Unconscionable conditions in contracts,
limiting the right of action, have been prevented. Railway depots
have been required to be kept comfortable, clean, and lighted for
the accommodation of the public. Separate coaches on equal conditions
for white and colored passengers are required to be kept by the railways
to prevent threatened race troubles. The conventional rate of interest
on money has been reduced from 12 to 10 per cent, and the legal rate
from 8 to 6 per cent, thus saving the people several millions of dollars
annually. Express companies have been placed under the charge, regulation,
and control of the Railway Commission. Railway laborers have
been protected against the frauds, extortions, and abuses of guarantee
and fidelity insurance companies. The quarantine laws have been simplified
and enforced so as to guard the public against epidemic and contagious
diseases. The school laws have been reformed so as to increase
the efficiency of the public free schools. The judiciary has been so
changed and reorganized that cases, when they reach the higher courts,
can be speedily disposed of at slight additional cost. The expenses of
the Educational Department, the Agricultural and Mechanical College,
and of the Medical Branch of the State University, heretofore paid out
of the public free school and University funds, have been defrayed from
the general revenue. The local option laws have been so remodeled that
the disturbing question of prohibition has been comparatively settled
and confined to limited districts. The bond debt of $248,000 incurred
over twenty years ago, has been paid.
The live stock industry has been promoted by the creation of a sanitary
commission to prevent the spread of contagious and infectious diseases.
The mechanics' lien law has been so amended as to better protect
and secure laborers in their rights. Fraud in the execution sales of
lands has been prevented by causing notices of such sales to be published
in the newspapers. Cheap excursion rates throughout the State have
been encouraged by the suppression of frauds among ticket scalpers.
Franchise and other taxes have been levied upon corporations that have
heretofore escaped the burdens of government. A law to protect voters
in cities from intimidation and frauds, to the end that they may have an
unrestricted, free ballot and a fair count, has been passed. The employment
of armed forces and private detectives and other non-resident
armed persons has been prohibited. The direct taxes, amounting to
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Hogg, J.S. (James S.). Message of Governor James S. Hogg to the twenty-fourth legislature of Texas, book, 1895; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5862/m1/10/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .