The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1 Page: 114
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Laws a nd Decrees of Coahuila and Texas.
DECREE No. 1.
T/2e constitfuent Confress of the State of Coaahi i/a and Texas has
thoutgho-t prope'r to decree as folloz,s:
1st. Said Congress is solenmnly and legally installed in conformity
'to the decrees relative to its institution, and qualified to exercise its functions
agreeably to the constitative act of the Mexican Confederation,
and other federal laws, that have been, or may be hereafter enacted by
the general congress.
2d. The State of Coahuila and Texas is an integral part of the federation,
equal to the other States of which the same is composed, and is
free, sovereign and independent in whatever exclusivly relates to the
internal administration and government thereof, agreeably to the constitutive
act, and to the constitution of the United Mexican States, which
shall be promulgated by the general Congress.
3d. The territory of the State shall be that recognized as both provinces
until the present time.
4th. The State of Coahuila and Texas solemnly pledges itself to obey
and to sustain at all hazards the supreme federal powers, and its own
federal union with the rest of the States, and the constitutional independence
of all and each one of the same.
5th. The Deputies shall be inviolable as regards their opinions, and at
no time, in no case, and by no authority shall they be called to account
for the same, and with respect to the causes or demands against them,
the same shall be observed as provided for the Deputies of the general
6th. As the form of its government is representative, popular, and
federal, and, in order to its exercise ought to be divided into the three
powers, legislative, executive and judicial, the first is vested in Congress.
tth. The executive power shall be provisionally deposited in one sole
person, who shall be styled the Governor of the State, and shall be appointed
8th. For the better discharge of his functions Congress shall appoint
him a council, composed of a Vice Governor and four other persons,
the former supplying any default of the Governor in case of vacancy,
or should he be rendered unable to discharge his office by moral or
physical impediment. The Governor shall consult with this council
on all occasions he shall cdeem proper, and it shall be his duty to do so
in all eases, and in the manner the laws do now or shall hereafter provide.
9th. The ordinary powers granted the Executive of the Union by
the constitutive act shall constitute his powers in the State, with the exception
of such as are exclusively reserved to the federation in the same
10th. The judicial power shall for the present be vested in the authorities,
by wvhich it is now exercised in the State, and in the administration
of justice they shall be governed by the laws in use, so far as they are
not opposed to the form of government adopted.
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1, book, 1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/m1/122/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .