The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1 Page: 227
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Laws and Decrees of Coahuila and Texas.
DECREE No. 83.
The Congress of the State of Coahuila and Texas, in view of the declining
state of its internal trade, occasioned in a great measure by the
influx of foreigners in the market, and wishing to prevent as far as
possible the ruin of those of their constituents who follow this pursuit,
and find business to be paralyzed; also to give an impulse to their trade,
has thought proper to decree as follows:
ART. 1. For the present, and until congress shall regulate commerce
with foreign nations generally, merchants coming from those, which have
not ratIfied treaties with Mexico, shall be prohibited from retailing goods
in any town in the State; being permitted to sell at wholesale only, for
cash or on credit.
ART. 2. Individuals from nations with which MIexico has ratified treaties,
proving to the local authorities their origin, and that of the merchandise
they introduce, with the respective passports to the consuls general
of their own nation, and other documents the laws do now, or shall hereafter
prescribe, shall be excepted from the provision of the preceding
ART. 3. The Alcaldes and Empresarios of the colonies of the state shall
give the colonists in their respective limits a certificate for a limited and
suffic'ent time, in order that they may be considered as Mexicans.
ART. 4. Those who, on commission or as clerks, retail the goods of
any foreigner not favored in this law, shall be subject to the penalties it
imposes on the transgressors, and may be informed against by any individual
of the town, before the respective Alcalde.
ART. 5. Any foreign or native merchant, who shall transgress this law.
shall incur a fine of five hundred dollars, which the Alcalde of the respective
municipality shall cause him to pay, with power to destine him
six months to public works, if, after the corresponding investigation, he
has not wherewith to satisfy the fine.
ART. 6. Said fines shall be paid to the informer, and to the funds of
the Ayuntamiento where they are collected, one hundred dollars each;
the remainder to the funds of the state:-should no informer intervene,
the part assigned such person, shall belong to the Alcalde, who conducts
the case officially, and the costs shall be divided in proportion to the
amount of each share of the fine.
ART. 7. This law shall go into effect in ninety days from its publication,
and the local authorities shall be responsible for any unfaithfulness
in the fulfilment thereof.
For its fulfilment, the Governor of the State shall cause it to be printed,
published, and circulated.
Given at the city of Leona Vicario on the 2nd of April, 1829.
[The same Signers.]
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1, book, 1898; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/m1/235/: accessed November 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .