The Mineola Monitor (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 67, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 21, 1943 Page: 2 of 8
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' A Dim* Out of
Every Dollar in
U.S. War Bonds
GJt|* JHntftila iionttar
“1 wholly disapprove of what you say but will defend to the death your right to say it.”—Voltaire
Mineola, Texas, January 21, 1943
[\ ^4 BOND DAY
STOP SPENDING—SAYS DOLLARS
An interesting paper has just been released
by the University of Texas, entitled “Edu-
cation or Serfdom! Choose.” It is written by
Dr. A. Caswell Ellis, of the University, and
outlines what education has done for Texas
in a period recalled by the writer since 1900.
Dr. Ellis compares the conditions found in
the Rio Grande Valley, the Panhandle, and
East Texas at that time and the develop-
mest since. He states that forty years of ap-
plication of education has opened up the re-
sources of these sections and made them far
wealthier than ever dreamed of at that time.
Even more important than economic pros-
perity, he maintains, is the advancement of
our culture and our spiritual progress. Bil-
lions of dollars are being spent and many
lives lost to preserve our democratic way.
How shortsighted it would be to cripple our
educational program. Our educated leaders
and workers will be needed more than ever
when the war is over.
Yet, in spite of these obvious, undeniable
facts, our American system of schools and
colleges is right now in the greatest peril
in its history. Many men and organizations
have become alarmed over the enormous
staggering taxes we will have to pay of war
bonds, soldier bonus, pensions, old age pen-
sions, unemployment relief and reconstruc-
tion, and are urging the reduction of every
possible tax, including school tax. The mat-
ter must not be done.
As Dr. Ellio puts it: “Let each of us pa-
triotically resolve anew, that no matter how
hard the struggle or what else we have to
give up, we will maintain our democratic
system of free public schools and colleges,
without which our democratic government
and our democratic way of life, as well as
our economic prosperity, would be impos-
The New Congress of the United States
and the new7 Texas Legislature are now in
session. All taxpayers know that the new
Congress is going to spend new and unpre-
cedented sums of their money. Most think-
ing and observing Texans believe that the
Legislature will cut State spending to the
bone, and in some instances give the bone
a good scraping
Taxpayers are learning to speak up more.
But they must know what they are talking
about, for organized groups can exert a pow-
erful influence on legislative bodies. The tax-
payer is the citizen responsible for public
spending. As a civic promoter he encourages
public spending for his town, his pet project,
or by indifference he permits it.
A favorable situation is now in existence
for Texas taxpayers at Austin. Gov. Steven-
son came into office after 10 years of exper-
ience in the Legislature. He has been pre-
siding officer of both houses, and is unexcel-
led as a legislative technician.
The new Legislature is long os experience,
114 of the 150 House members having served
one or more terms. A very fortunate appoint-
ment is that of Weaver Baker as Chairman
of the Board of Control. He has approached
state spending with the determination to
cut it down. Of 45 State departments, 31
would have more money to spend than dur-
ing the year ended August 31, 1942. More
cutting could and probably will be done. The
Legislature should see that it is, before they
The Seventy-seventh Congress, which like
Longfellow’s Arabs, folded its tents and si-
lently stole away in December, left behind
it the largest public debt and the most sweep-
ing laws that have ever been known to Amer-
During the momentous two years of that
session, legislation pivoted mainly around the
participation of the United States in World
War II, involved taxation and appropriation,
included the declarations of war on Bulgaria,
Hungary, and Rumania, and widened further
the President’s emergency and war powers.
The total direct appropriations by both
the first and second sessions of the Congress
in round figures amounted to $188,686,000,000
(including amounts to be repaid by the Post
office Department and the District of Co-
lumbia), plus contract authorization of $20,-
857,000,000 and brought the financial com-
mitments of the Congress to $209,543,000,000,
according to the compilation just made by
the Budget Bureau.
Legislation which affected agriculture, bus-
iness, foreign relations, housing, labor, ship-
ping, money, neutrality, price control, prose-
cution of the war, public debts, the railroads,
taxation, veterans, war damage, and war
powers was approved during the session.
Already the American people are beginning
to face the cost of this new legislation. Let
us all renew our interest in Congressional
representation so that these laws may rule
us during the emergency, but not plague us
when peace comes again to our shores.
The recent uprising at Manzanar, the Jap-
anese camp in California, where alien Jap-
anese as well as American-born Japanese are
being held fbr the duration, has brought pub-
lic attention to a condition that requires
careful consideration. This uprising showed
clearly that there are a percentage of dan-
gerous Japanese in this country. Not only
are they dangerous to everything that is
American, but they are dangerous to thou-
sands of Japanese who are loyal citizens.
Apparently the hatred of the Japanese
who caused the trouble at Manzanar, is as
strong or stronger toward the Japanese who
are loyal to this country, as it is toward
Americans. Hence the lives of such Japanese
are endangered when they are confined in
the same locations with alien Japanese.
The problem is a most difficult one when
our government is obliged to confine Ameri-
can-born Japanese as well as alien Japanese.
As long as dire necessity requires such action,
however, it is evident the two groups must
Furthermore, some method of procedure
must be evolved to give the loyal Japanese
a chance to prove their loyalty so that they
will not be forced to associate with the ag-
gressive alien Japanese whose avowed pur-
pose is to sabotage and destroy if given that
opportunity in the United States.
The people have confidence that our gov-
ernment will correct this situation with full
consideration of the safety and humanitarian
Most love triangles are wrecktangles.
ttUf? Mittenla ilonttor
Published Every Thursday In Mineola, Wood County, Texas, by the
WOOD COUNTY PUBLISHING CO. R. H. CARRAWAY, Managing Editor
Entered at the postoffice at Mineola, Texas, as second class mail matter under the
Act of Congress, March 3, 1879.
Any erroneous reflection upon the character, standing or reputation of any person,
firm, or corporation which may appear in the columns of this newspaper will be
gladly corrected upon being brought to the attention of the publisher.
One Year (In Wood and Smith Counties)_____________________________________ $1.50
THE MONITOR’S 1942 PROGRAM OF IMPROVEMENT FOR MINEOLA AND WOOD
1. A Modern Airport. 6* Defeat of the Axis.
2. Municipal Park and Playground 7. Street Lights in Residential Section.
3. County Government on Cash Basis. 8. Greater Farm Diversification.
4. National Guard Armory, Defense Unit. 9. No New Taxes During the War.
5. Sweet Potato Curing Plant. 10. A Complete Farmer’s Market.
Texas Press Association, North and
East Texas Press Association
Texas Editorial Association
A WELL-DESERVED TRIBUTE will be paid to the members
of the Wood County Draft Board, their assistants and staff mem-
bers, and members of the War Price and Rationing Board next
Monday night when the American Legion honors them with a
banquet. Talk about your dollar a- year men, some of these fel-
lows would welcome a dollar a year. They are doing a hard job
and doing it well, as all Americans should.
NEITHER RAIN OR SNOW SHALL STAY THESE SWIFT
Couriers (or something similar) is a motto of times applied to the
postal service of this country. To this might well be added that
neither submarines or Japs can stop the mail from getting through
either. Louis Fortune, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ray Fortune of Min-
eola, who is in the thick if things on Guadalcanal Islands can
testify that the mail does get through—eventually. Fortune re-
cently wrote his parents that he had received the August, Sep-
tember and part of the October copies of the Mineola Monitor in
one large bundle. He said that he had them arranged in proper
sequence and was going to read them from cover to cover.
SEEING A LOT OF NEW COUNTRY is the experience of T. Z.
English, formerly of Mineola, according to a letter from him at
Dawson Creek, British Columbia. T. Z. says the weather is very
cold, that it warms up to 18 below zero during the day and about
the middle of the afternoon starts getting cold again. The clothing
he wears would be enough to start a man’s shep in East Texas.
Judging from the way his letter was written, he wasn’t at the
the end of the line and expected to be traveling farther north.
A LOT OF GOOD LUCK will be wished for Jimmy Nash, in
his new business venture at the county seat. Jimmy is the very
efficient clerk formerly employed at The Leader and for several
months at Fair Dry Goods Store. Main Streeters wish him well.
WOOD COUNTY EGGS MUST BE the real McCoy, judging
from the fact that the new government hospital at Longview is
now taking several cases a week from the McDaniel Poultry Farm,
north of Mineola.
THE TUESDAY NIGHT DIP of thermometers brought forth
the usual run of stories starting of with “now when I was a boy,”
and also “winter isn’t as cold as it used to be.” The wintry blasts
also brought forth the usual number of complaints about frozen
pipes, plumbing and cars.
SIGNS OF THE TIMES, as observed from a sign at the Ser-
vice Drug Store fountain: “We serve Coca-Cola a part of every
ALTHOUGH WE ARE FIGHTING THE ARMED FORCES of
three nations besides actuol declarations of war on others, the
Japs seem to get the most of the bitterness of conflict heaped on
their heads. Especially do our men in service appear to have very
little use for the Nips. The following poem was written by a Min-
eola boy, Private Harold Reagan, Jr., stationed at Sheppard field,
The Japs are Yellow and the scum of the earth.
They have been that way since the day of their birth.
They don’t know how to fight but they run like heck.
When the United States is turned loose on iheir neck.
They started this wai over a year ago.
And they have found out they picked on the wrong foe.
We will lick them again and this time for good.
Then the boys will come home and carry on like they should.
Some will live and some will die.
And some will answer the roll call up in the sky.
Wh en that day comes we will all see.
How it feels to be back home, safe and free.
i 1 ’he f les of the Monitor
January 19, 1933
The Texan, crack T&P pas-
senger train, was wrecked be-
tween Mineola and Gladewater
early Friday. Passengers were
brought here on a relief train
and served breakfast in a local
Curtis White and Miss Daisy
Binford were married at the
Methodist parsonage Saturday
evening. They will live here.
Miss Kathryn Wilhite and Dr.
Charles Eldon Parsley were
married at high noon Saturday
January 14, the ceremony being
read in the hospital room of
her father at Longview.
The Golden Hornets won their
own basketball turnament by
defeating Emory in the finals,
Morris Davis, 28, of Dallas,
died Tuesday following a two
weeks illness of pneumania
The home of Mrs. E. J. 'Par-
sons was completely destroyed
by fire Sunday afternoon.
Gasoline substituted for ker-
osene caused an explosion and
fire at the L. M. Monroe home
The new home of County At-
torney and Mrs. Hubert Faulk
is nearing completion.
The 10-year old son of Mr.
and Mrs. C. A. Weaver was ser-
iously injured when hit by an
automobile while walking along
the highway east of town.
The Flynt building will be
ready for use February 1.
| Contemporary 1
1 OPINION |
Real statesmanship, industrial
and labor leadership, and an
informed public must cooperate
to see that the United States
remains the land of individual
Publisher Speaks Plainly
At a time when the functions
of government and the powers
of its boards and bureaus are
growing so rapidly that no man
knows how great they are, and
when they are actually usurp-
ing the functions of the courts,
Artrur Hays Sulzberger, pub-
lisher of the New York Times,
told 200 Detroit automotive and
advertising executives that the
press of America and industry
must guard the fundamentals of
our system of free enterprise
against encroachments of gov-
ernment, Sulzbberger said.
“I cannot over-emphasize the
power and authority piling up
in Washington. I would be der-
elict if I were not to point out
that there are those in my
opinion who seek to use the
smokescreen of America’s for-
eign wars to promote and for-
ward their American revolution.
“We of the press must be
alert to protect the fundamen-
tals of our system of free en-
terprise, and you must be doing
some more egg hatching. You
must be preparing to show the
people of this country what in-
dustry can and v/ill do for each
man, woman and child in the
community when our major task
is completed, far away as that
goal still is.” ,
The men of industry must
keep ahead of the procession in
helping prepare a sound plan,
said Sulzberger: “Let us paint
it in all the colors of our gen-
ius—new houses, new cars, new
education, new opportunity of
“That’s what democracy of-
fers when we, the people, do it.
And to do all that, we need a
In other words, industry must
go on the offensive. It has the
brains and it has the capital.
Management and labor must
work together as never before.
Our people have everything
to gain from a free enterprise
system. They have everything
to lose by the extension of state
socialism. We have but to look
around the world to prove this
point to ourselves.
Our Wartime Liberties
After a year of war, the sta-
tus of civil liberties in the Uni-
ted States remains mainly fa-
vorable. On the basis of a sur-
vey it has just completed, the
American Civil Liberties Union
concludes that the general con-
dition is far better than in the
first World War, even though,
in its opinion, serious exceptions
must qualify the view asserted
by a government spokesman
that civil liberties are intact.
Thus far, we have had little
witch hunting, persecution or
mob violence. Discussion and
criticism by press and radio
have remained relatively free,
though much information has
been withheld at the source for
a sometimes exaggerated fear
that the nation’s security might
be imperiled by its release.
Aliens of Italian origin have
had their restrictions removed,
and Negroes have had their
rights championed through fed-
eral investigation of lynchings,
prosecutions for peonage and
efforts to combat racial dis-
crimination in employment.
On the debit side the report
lists the removal of the entire
Japanese - American population
from West Coast areas and their
detention in virtual concentra-
tion camps, the removal of in-
dividual citizens from military
zones without trial or civilian
control, the international cen-
sorship of opinion by banning
the transmission of certain facts
and opinions to Allied nations,
postal censorship of publication
without hearings or specifica-
tions, and certain federal pros-
ecutions for utterances and pub-
lications alleged to encaura’gcr'y
disaffection in the armed for-
ces without a showing of clear
and present danger of illegal
In the main, however, dem-
ocracy and freedom are being
maintained in wartime. The rec-
ord is measurably better than
that of a quarter century ago,
and probably can be made even
more favorable if the friends
of liberty remain vigilantly alert
S EDITORIAL SIDELIGHTS 1
Whoever steals my purse steals
trash, but woe unto him if he
steals a book.—Pittsburg Ga-
The narrow political margin
in Congress is giving the Dem-
ocrats something to think about
—how to unscramble many of
the bureaucratic eggs.—Pitts-
Every day since Pearl Harbor
has found the United States
better prepared than it was the
day before.— Tyler Journal.
This antracite strike carries
no coal to Newcasle or any-
where else—Dallas News.
Of course, one way a railroad
publicity man could earn IjisT"-
paycheck nowadays would be to
sell civilians on the comfort,
safety and joys of home.—Tyler
The late League of Nations
would have been interested to
know that economic sanctions
will work when enforced by an
airtight naval blockade.—Long-
Those longe range thinkers
who are worrying about post-
war problems may be only try-
ing to get their minds off the
problems that confront us now.
Here’s what’s next.
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Carraway, R. H. The Mineola Monitor (Mineola, Tex.), Vol. 67, No. 43, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 21, 1943, newspaper, January 21, 1943; Mineola, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth591174/m1/2/: accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Mineola Memorial Library.