The Houston Post. (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 27, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 26, 1912 Page: 1 of 16
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' C:---'1 . U tv " ftv' f A'f 'SIXIJEXM.P-.CSS TODAY '1
t f '
iThe MIflhty Giant
Just Try It
M t It sleeps. It takee bo nmt .
t' It' always on the Job -with meat
- It'a working working an tba time
To earn a dellar or a dime.
' active powerful and strong i
It tire not foea .right alone.
It bringeth wealth. It brtegeth fame.
And advertising Ita name.
Read the small ad er'ry day A
And It's likely that you may . j
Find among them something aew ' y
That Is needed now by you.
There's a thousand and one thtiuja :
That the small ad dally brings
To the surface ev'rywhere ' '
Read the little ads with care. V
HOUSTON. TEXAS TUESDAY MARCH 26. 1912.
PRICE 5 CENTS
- - - . .r ir 1 n n nj j u nu-uruir
TO BE PRESERVED
. ( ..
Railroads to Be Restrained From Acquisition o? 4
Monopoly of Water Panama Route.
Controversy Will Be Referred to Employes'
Brotherhood Before Final "Action Is Taken.'
ALL EASTERN LINES
Substantial Increases in Pay
NO MENTION OF STRIKE
HEARD AT CONFERENCE
Ven Are Inclined to Settle Matter
Peacefully; at Least to Learn
Sentiment of Rank and File
by Vote at Once.
(Associated Press Reports
NEW YORK. March 2R.--The confer-
ence of manager of fifty railroads east
of Chicago and north of the Norfolk and
Western railroad and their locomotive
engineers arrived at a deadlock tonight
over the question of an Increase and
standardization of wage The managers
today refused to accede to the demands
of the men and the men tonight declined
to accept this decision and reaffirmed
As matters now stand It appears the
question will have to be placed before the
rank and file of the Brotherhood of
Xocomotlve Knglneers fur a referendum
vote as to what policy shall be adopted.
W. 3. Htone grand chief engineer of the
union In a letter tonight to J C Stuart
of the Erie railroad chairman of the
managers' committee said the engineers
could not accept the decision of the
managers and if they had nothing fur-
ther to offer the matter would be given
Jnto the hands of the men. Mr. Stuart
replied that the managers cuuld add
nothing to their statement aud he hoped
the engineers would give it full consid-
eration when submitted to them.
Nature of Their Demands.
The engineers had requested a mini-
mum wage of $4.40 per day for passenger
train service; $6.25 per day for freight
rv Ice and substantial increases for
overtime. They also asked increases for
wiiQn une na belt una engineers ana
M as i fled that all electrical trains shall
v Wfroverned by steam pay. The man-
agers replied that to ccquiesoe in the
demands would mean an Increase of
about 19 per cent and they were unable
financially to add this burden to their
already heavy expense.
After they had read the reply the rep
resentatives of the engineers conferred.
and It Is said agreed unanimously that it
was not acceptable.
After an exchange of letters between
Mr. Stuart and Mr. Stone setting forth
that each refused the others demands
and other facts as given it was stated
by a committee of engineers that there
was no strike talk today at their con-
ferences. Not until the result of the Joint
conferences has been submitted to the
rank and file of Zu.OOO members of the
union will the Question of a walkout he
considered they said.
Reply from the Owners.
The reply of the railroad owners was
presented at a meeting of committees
(Continued on Page Two.)
MRS. ZEE RUNGE
FACES TRIAL ON
Opelousas La. Woman Is Alleged Responsible for Death of
(Asjociottd Press Report.)
OPELOUSAS. Im. Mnrrh 25. When
Mra. Zee Runite Mi'Hoe w:is hrr.uRlit tn
trial tolay for the (mvuhI tiniv f'r killinK
young Allen Garland the itiarRp auinst
her waa chanKe1 from murdrr t . m.in-
laughter. This annotincetnent was nalo
tR the prosecution after tlio dfiin5 an
nounced that It was rrn1y f-M tt-'al n
Ule Indictment aa drawn. The jury in
tha flret trial was unable t nv'e.
The aelectlon of Jurors nut "f a panel
Of J00 veniremen was bcKim this ai'ter-
Boon and before adjournment two had
qualified A night session was held.
The changing of the charge from mur-
4er to manslaughter remove? the ac-
cused from the possibility of death on
the gallows but subject to a mnxlmutn of
twenty years In prison and a tin- of
$2000 in the event of conviction of man
The court announced that a decision
Would be made tomorrow on the motion
for the defense to eliminate District At
torney R. Lee Garland uncle of the dead
man from the case. The district at-
torney excused himself at the first trial
but remained In an advisory capacity of
acting district attorney.
Ihe following are facts as to the Mc-
Tha accused Mrs. Zee linnge McRee
aged St mother of four children xvlfe
or a Texas and Pacific railroad official
and member of an old and prominent
The slain: Allan Thurman Galand
aged IS. unmarried and member of a
South Louisiana family prominent social
ly and politically.
'The crime: .Mian tiarland was shot
three times In the back and almost in
stantly killed in Ihe bed room of Mrs.
McHee's home in Opelousas the morn-
ln of September 21 191 lt No eve wit-
neeaef no evidence of a altruggle.
The motive auegea oyftnc state:: Al-
eaed Intimacy between decedent and the
defendant anil a desire hi' Mm Mcliee to
Ipravent her husband gaining this
The defense: Mrs. IIcRee testified that
sha killed C.urland n llefense of her
honor asserting tint Tie had mistaken
' friendly Interest In him and had
SUMMARY OF NEWS
Forecnit fur Houston sna vicinity today: Gen-
erally cloudy and warmer.
Temperature and precipitation at
for the twenty -four hour en it log at
IT oust OD
7 p. m.
Maiinwm. 00; minimum 30.
Runrise today. 6:18 a. m.
B unset today 6.39 p. m.
(Associated Prfss Jft.
WASHINGTON. March 20. East Texas. Pair
and wanner Tuesday; vain at night or Wednes-
neMay pmhabJy rain.
West Texas - Fair Tuesday probably 1wal
ruins; Wednesday fair and colder In extrunw
IoulKlnn.i Fair and warmer Tuesday: Wed
net nrohh;y rain. '
oklaI'n- Fair Tuesday; Wednesday unsettled
and prubahlj ruin.
HOT'RE detpnrrais called a enuruj for Wednesday
night on naval aud public build ins program.
I i'F JrFS'i nrtr"1 b"f..rt n-
tersf to mmmrrre Mmmi union bin rvsolut leu
for ti replication f all fire Insurant com
nnnle. declaring iliey had the country "by
the throar." .
PRIMARY In New York today held a flrt
tangible Indira linn of strength of Roost c It
KKIMHI.HAN situation in Indiana Is split
badl.v n8 Indicated by militant district con-
COAL miners and operators will meet today In
final Nnferenc at Cievela&d.
A((jl i rrAI. of Sngar Tniat magnates mat be
ordered by Judge Hand of New York.
BATTI.KSHIP Florida In standardisation trials
made new world's speed record of U2.t4 kooti.
TArKFRS' case was giren to Jury after scath-
ing arraignment of beef trust by Federal
LAST letter of Fllwe Crawford was read to Jury
tn show that she was not despondent at
lime of death.
PO.NSKN belti-ve Aliens mtift soon gWe theui-
setve up becautw! their food itupplr Ik short.
DK.M AN! ft of engineers of Ka stern rallroa Is
were refused yeHtcrdaf at conference of mau-
s p rs In New York.
YK;;S made a $1100 banl from the poatoflVe
INSIHAMK RARl) atood firm In raise of
rates at Austin despite protest.
A MKXM'AN nan killed while resisting srrest
at M tine and Deputy Sheriff K. B. lw wna
jrsTP'K RAMSFY of the supreme court re-
pu'iuh! and Nelson Phillips ot Itsllas was ap-
Lsdntt.il by the ajitvernor to All yie racancy.
RAILROAD COMMISSIONER WILLIAMS stated
the commlssloa s views ae ta the 8hreTeporf
FV.INfl of charter of Mnetheni TTaWtrm roi-
pauy this week will be step towmrd Dallna-
Till: OOr.N'ClL will hear petitions for paTing
UK A L KST ATP trsnafera flb d f.r record j ea-
tenlny were $Lj7K1.
XI AY nit lilCi will address the Real Estate
Kxcbange at the no.ni lnnebeon today.
I'KTrriON -f Wtt-MIand lle'rhts eltiiens asking
fur vr was refeireil to Hie council as a
J TRY In the rase of Sam Matthews charged
with killing Joe Brown returned a Terdiet
"f not Kuilty;
T1IK CITY COCNCIL yesterday authorised th"
mayor tt adrertlse for htds for the const ruc-
tion of. Husk Be lion).
A S BROWN charged with stabbing Tony
Deuena durlnc a njw in reaerTalion while
lmwn sod jutrty win slumming makes state-
ment ik tit' fltrllt.
TMK flfY t'td Nt'H vesterday adopted si nr-
tliuMii.'f raiiiiinir ciii'iiditures nf Tarlous de-
partment in t'lcs "f apprupriatloQB to the
ituiount of ."0.mi4.1-Y
MRS :i I.1.IIAM. whoe Irasttand l rbarged with
attenut1ng t" kill their 4 months-old child
Udieres he siuipiy dnpitd tne little one and
in trying to Been re his release from jail.
Mrs. Zee Kunge McBee and Her
sought to harm her during the absence
of her husband.
The trial: Opened October 23 four
days consumed in selection of a jury
four days in taking testimony one dav
and a half In argument. Jury deliberated
from 12:10 p. in. yesterday until 9 a
m. November 3. when a mlstrlsl was
November 6 Mrs. Mclteo was allowed
f2Jj 9 0
TEXAS COMMISSION TRIED FOR
SQUARE DEAL SAID WILLIAMS
Railroad Commissioner Declared Texas Cities as Well as
Shreveport Are Entitled to Fair Rates.
7 . '
I (7nijf?ti Post Special.)
AUSTIN. Texas March So. In connec-
tion with and as a result of the dec!-!on
of the interstate commerce commission
h'ldina; Against State rate retaliations (
railroad ratf s and thf application of said
ruling to Trxas. (min"s'cn'r Williams
fr the TtNfi railroad cfnti miss ion this
at'tnifon said -in 1w.di.-lf ( tin- coniuii-
"I had never known until 1 read tlie pa-
pers this tnorninp thai then- was any
ottnflict -f aulhoiit; :eiwet-n the railroad
ot'iiimissiin of Trias and the inltiMate
commerce c-omniisslon. Tin- Siaia com-
mission has never disputed within my
knowledge that Ule interstate commerce
('(finniisidoii lias suireme coiurol over in-
teratalo rates and the State commission
has never since 1 have been a member
attempted t fix or c'unjnd the making of
an interstate rate tf any charai-ter. Wc
havt frenti"ntly hail nce.-ision t-i mcnnre
State ra:es interstate rates whi'-!: 1 :1
heen voluntarily made l the railroads
where the hauN were In ihe -ame condi-
tion and i he commodities and cirou.n-
etiiiue? were alike urd wo have of course
proics' d and objected to the making -f
cvrtain interM.it rai-s and have cartied
our prntt'sts and ohjeeti-ms heforc
interstate cenimt rc- on mission its' if
usually without ff . i.
Declares Statement Misleading.
"Thu statement that u rale of 60 cents
carries flrst-clasn traffic u tin cast ward
of Pallas h distance nf ifio miles wlirle
the same rate of 11 ti t - will carry the
same ciass of iraif-- otil fitij-five mils
into T sas from StiTeMrt (s misMading
to sjiy th least of It It imports show
and (sH'cially when taken in connection
with the other specifications nnole by ti e
tntcrstao com mere- omnuss.oi: i hat
this rate of mi ecu- I'trsi-ciass traffi
for a distance oi io mi.cs up-Tates only
to the eastward ef I -alias a.i'l int. ter-
ritory 'ht-h is t oiti. ('! i with Shreve-
port. Mm the iraio i.- that the rate of
6t) cents ior It'.O md- -- is ovierative h-'twe. ii
any tw citus :u Tt xas no matter v. luitj
they are located and no matter what di-
rection ihe shipinciu is made ami no uiai-
ter what is the place of origin or i he
place of destination. The only exception
is in diftert nUal t rritory where hlgher
ratcs arc a.loAcd huau-o of the meaer-
neas of traffic.
Put on as Fair Rata.
"The rai? was nut put in by the Texas
railroad commisioi'i with any view of
Shrevt port competition but was put tn
as a fair raU allowed in adequate cuui-
p ns:it ion to t lie rail toads for serv ivm
rende;ed tn hauling lo pounds f first-
class Height a distar.ee of 160 mile
In any oi the colieteral parts of Texas.
It is the duty of the Texas railroad enn
mission to prevent discrimination and :i
has exercised this duty fairly. I believe.
If to prevent discrimination against job-
bers ami manufacturers in Texan is a
policy t protect and promote such In-
tel at to1!! I must plead guilty to hav-
ing such a policy. I hau : heved I
was working b-r a square d-Hl and not
lo promote l lie interest oi an one -x-c
pi as such interest ;:.s may pro-
hioi ei i t ne inamtep.aace of i.ur c
id I uve t-onditions. The fact t hit
shipment erosHi s an i.miginar; J i io- which '
Is a houndaty of a Mate neither adds '
i. or luk s from the oosi of its transuor-
-ii.iv pert is entitled i lair li itfin
I atcs So .also arc ilie cities t I lous-ti-n.
Xucogtloches. T ler and p.Uias una
other cent--v of business in Texas in-
side of iiaie hues ii is the busimst ot
the railroad co.ninission of this state to
see that hi citizens and industries se-
cure fair rates. Where the transporta-
tion is Interstato the matter must go
to the Interstate commerce commission
whose duty is to enforce a square deal
is. I tnke It within bounds of Its Juris-
diction exactly the same as ours Is with-
in our limits
"In the nature of things if enich body
will aitm.d tn itn own atfair 1 iiee can
be no conflict of authority-"
William D. Williams.
TO SUPREME COURT
Highest Tribunal May Be Resorted
To in Order to Annul Recent
iAs'vtuler. Press Reft"
ASHIXCTi N. March I!e.-..rt !.)
the sllfreme court will be nin!"- )in;nll-tttch-
for a rcvirw of the coniirfdonslx e
decisi..n trt the lufi-rsiate cumnn-icc roin-
nils.ion ann titn. f.i ycsterlny In tho
Texas-litifl:iMa rase. The r-iinuil.
siun iaM .Iuu n t'i.- t.road doctrine m thta
lecisioii thai W:ter-i:tte railrad! which
fill into fnvic li. State rates must
udnpt ejuul'y . Irtcrntate rats for
traffic movinK nni'-T similar conditions
It Is B'-nenillv l"-lleved that llic cas
will ultimately he taken to the I n. ted
Stales supreme coi.rt for a final adjudi-
cation on the possesion of power claimed
by the commission
Probably the most bitter court fight
v 111 lie over the section of the opinion
which gave a new Interpretation as to
what Is "umltif dis rimlnation" under the
interstate commerce law. The commis-
sion held that the prohibition against
undue dlforlmlmti ..n in favor of one I ui bringing up the forces In the mean-
locality applies n. t only as to the two Whtle a locomotive loaded with dynamite
Inteistatc hauls Ion ilso as to two hauls. Bli prepared in the rebel canii A vol-
one of which may
other intrastate '
e interstate and the
was In this ron-
tuission (i s thai the
s rales in the laiter
oy a Stale nmuniN-
th earner f the
h rests uin it tr-
Katlon to tbe State
c that as to inter-
wll be done between
nectton that the ohi
f..1( . . .i. ....... .
on. i l HIT I 111' C.I MM I
case are est;tbl;-li d
slon does nt rh
paramount dut v .
lespecine of its u.;
to so adjust its i a
state trailk Jisuc
communities roKardb ss of Btate lines
Attention was litre led to that portion
of the opinion dealt; g with tbe att tude
of the railroads toward the low Slate
rates adopted by ord r of the Texas com-
mission. On this s inject the iuitxate
coroniereo comnilssl ti said "tiiat they
appealed to no con t for relief nor 10
By some this has t -en taken as a clear
Intimation by the ommlssion that it
Kaesses the oowtr lo paas on the reu -son
a b lei .An of State rates on interstate
5 VICT0KY IS COMPLETE.
General Campa'g Telegram
J Gave No Details.
(Associated Press Repori.)
a KIj PASO Texas March 16.
The following telep-nm from Gen-
a eral Camiwi to Cieneral Orozco and
transmitted to Juarez for the ln-
a formation of Die garrison was
given out at Juarei tonight by
a Colonel Ponce:
"Our victory Is' complete."
a There were no details. a
BY OROZCO'S REBELS
Bloody Retreat Was Begun Toward
Torreon After Suicide of Com-
mander in Chief.
t . ssocuited Press Report. )
MKXH'o CITY March 25 News of a
terrible defeat of the federal army fol-
lowed by the suicide of its commander in
chief deneral .onzales Satas and a re-
treat to Tnrreon of the broken army of
the frovrrnnient is contained In a tele-
gram whose substance will be published
by Kl 1 mi -archil tomorrow as authentic.
The federal Mlhl toward Torreon began
Sunday afternoon. Ceneral Pasqual
orozco with his victorious army Is said
to be close .n the hens of the retreating
federals. Jenerals Blanquet and Telei
two oH the most oromijient of Fresideni
Madero's vominantlera In pant campaigns
are amonK ihe w-unded while Major
Nicola Martinez chier of staff of Jon
stales Salas a to! several other olTicera
Fifty Officers Priaonert.
Fifty other officers and many prisoners
were sent to "l.ihuahua under guard
while the mam body of the rebel army
prepared to foll-x. the federal.
There seems liitle doubt of ihe correct-
ness of the main points of Kl Iniimreiat a
telegram which ha been frr drat d by
messages r ceiv d bv i he Nat ional rail-
ways Jida . The informal ion f Im-
pn rclal was iti t rrtii 'tf1 hv i he Rovern -tnnt
censorship but its substance
reached ihiif - Hi. only t h- allecrj
Miicide of tuc i xinnjander in thief Gen-
eral (ronzales Sal. is apptars open to de-
hate. The rebel victory fallowed four day? of
almost continuous Mfi'Minp. in which the
early advantage . t-nietl to c with the
government arm) which pressed for-
ward trtronph the outposts of the Orozco
f irces and t ornp llc i hem to abandtm
the town of l-N.-al-Ti. where the first se-
rious resist a nc was offered.
Skillful Maneuver by Rebels.
Saturday the rebels fell back toward
t "rralltos which was selected for the
enter of the real battle Here the flghl
was resumed Snndav and continued with
considerable ener until the rebels ex-
ecuted the niaiu i er which turned the
tide against the federals
1'nder (Jeneral Campa S00 revolution-
aries were sent hy a circuitlous route
some miles smnh from Corral itos with
instructions t fall in behind the troop
trains of the feuViaJ army which were
unteer engineer piloted ihe machine out
of town and at a in unent when the troop
train of federals appnaehd the engine
was s.tceded up with an open throttle
the enpine. r luinptnK to safety. In the
explosion whb b followed the illUion of
the locomotives eighty federal soldiers
were killed The move was a complete
surprise and threw a panic into the fed-
eral army. Hy this time t'umpas de-
ploying party had closed in behind tho
main federal forces and Ihe real attack
of the revolutionaries began.
I'ndoT cover of night the federals form-
ed for the ret i cat ami at da break the
revolutionists found their enemy had dis-
appeared according to the accounts gien
By stecial instructions of General oroz-
co. the prisoners sent north were received
with all the honor of wsr at Chlhuah la.
their wounds being given the beat of at'
(Continued on Page Iwo.)
Kelson Phillips of Dallas Appointed
Member of Supreme Court by
(Houston Post Special.)
AUSTIN. Texas March 2r Supreme
Court Justice W. F. Ramsey today ten-
dered his resignation from the bench ef-
fective March 29 and Governor Colquitt
five minutes later appointed Nelson Phil-
lips of Dallas to fill the vacancy. Jus-
tice Ramsey's letter of resignation which
wa. brought to the governor's office
shortly after 4 o'clock was brief and to
the point. It read:
"To the Governor.
"My resignation as associate justice of
the supreme court Is hereby respectfully
tendered to you to take effect and be In
force from and after the close of March
19 of th present month and wit 4 the
request that same be accepted effective
on that date. Respectfully yours
"W. F. Ramsey.
"Austin. Texas March 25 1912."
The governor promptly took up his pen
and wrote on the bottom of the plain
white sheet of paper upon which the let-
ter was written simply:
"Accepted March 25 1912. Effective
March 29 1912. O. B. Colquitt
Tendered to Nelson Phillips.
He then dictated a telegram offering
the office to Nelson Phillips of Dallas and
sent the message off as soon as a Hoy
could be rushed to the capitol. ' Thus end-
ed the formalities hy which a change Is
made on the greatest tribunal of the
State of Texas.
Later tn the afternoon Judge Ramsey
guve out a statement assigning his can-
didacy for governor as the principal rea-
son for his resignation. His statement
"To the People of Texa.
"The question as to whether I aheuld.
resign from the bench has been the r.iat-
ter of anxious thought and deep solici-
tude fdnce I first concluded to become a
candidate for governor.
"After discussion and consultation with
my Vnany friends I bad ocmotuded tht
the course outlined In my letter to Colonel
A. R. McCollum wuld fairly-ne't tho
demands of the situation. As the hour
approaches for me to open the extensive
and prolonged campaign which I propose
making the conviction is forced on me.
with such strength as to compel the con-
clusion that 1 ought now resign. This
conclusion is reached as) a time when my
friends are reconciled and commit toil to
another course and no tnsistend demand
is being made for me to depart from my
Campaign Activity His Plea.
i greatly fear that I could not' aivo
even the partial attention to the duties of
the bench which 1 had promised without
compensation until the primaries bad de-
termined my succesaor.
"The impracticability of properly dis-
charging a dllvded duty witfi due con-
sideration for either. Is forced upon me.
"Further while I am entirely sure that
1 shall not do or say anything tn my
campaign unworthy of my present- high
position I am solicitous h'st during my
candidacy for gorernor. In the heat and
absorbing campaign I might give op-
portunity to critics to wound the sensi-
bilities of friends properly Jealous of the
dignity of the great court from which I
will soon retire. The friends who ad-
vised against my resignation were Just ns
sincere as I was fn adopting such view.
"Now that my duty appear plainly to
demand my resignation I feel sure that
they will cheerfully acquiesce in such ac-
tion whether or not they agree with m
in the wisdom or necessity of the con-
clusion reached and will understand lhat
I am actuated solely by what seems to
(Ci)nllnued Pae Fie
BANK IN THE HEART OF PARISH
Daring Apaches hot Cashier
i r- t
aim cbtaycu wuu
Associated Press Report.
l'AIUS Manh JS. Paris received an-
other series of shocks today from the
band of dating antomol.il- bandits whoso
operations have terroriied the capital and
its environs for the last month.
After a holdup and a murder this morn-
InK on the highway between here and
Vllleneuve-St. Oeorges. the bandits ap-
peared at Chantllly. where they entered
the local branch of a l'arls bank shot
the .ashler and another employ dead
dangerously shot u third man and then
escaiwd with MX0 in notes.
After the t'hantiily holdup the bandits
six In number. Jumped into a waiting
motor car and dashed full speed for Paris.
In the abandoned vehicle the police
fotuid an empty portfolio belonging to
the ("handily hank which removes all
doubt that Villeneuve-8t. (ieorge's as-
sassins were also those of Chantllly.
There were a i. umber of bloodstains on
the motor car and two hats with a num-
ber of cartridges for revolvers and car-
bines were f.mn.l.
An employe of the hank at Ciutntlily
who excaped In a miraculous manner re-
tales the story of ihe bandits' attack as
"Koiw -assassin entered the bank and
ne.: un before ihe counter with n'Ultary
ecigtvti- At tho word of commanc from
FORCES LINED UP
FOR A BIG FIGHT
Questions of Tolls and Rules -Perplexing.
TAFT REGULATORY PLAN ;
Interstate Commission Did Not Ap.'
prove President's Proposal to Put '
Canal Traffic Under Its
Jurisdiction. ; '
BY W. S. GARD .
Staff Correspondent. f "
WASHINGTON. March 25. Kotowing
the report of the Panama canal bill 'ft (
fpw days ago hy tho huupe committee OH '1
Interstate and forplsrn commerce fixing
the lolla and rules for the use of tha i
great waterway by ships anil providing ... '
for the future government of the canal : M '
zone forces are being lined up for one of
the biggest fights seen at the capitol
for a generation. .
The subject is one of vital Interest to'i'i.
the whole country and above ail to the'
railroad centers of the Southwest which -'
He In the current of commerce that should '
flow southward as soon as the canal is to
be thrown open to traffic depends the 1
question whether the " big ditoh" shall
licfp the shipper ami consumer by pro.
vldlng real competition with tl.e trans- .'
continental railways or shall be bottled V
up by those railways for their own wmi
so far as the trade of this country la eon ' 1
r erned. f- j -
One of the matters most discussed hai '
been what the tolls should be and. whether
they should discriminate In favor oO-V-.
American shipping. United States' Com-f
missioner of Navigation Chamberlain da.
clared to the committee tils opinion that
failure to discriminate thus would have'. .
the ultimate effect of destroying the mo- '
nopoly of coastwise trade which la now
given to American shipping and would '
sound the absolute deethknetl of tha
American meKhtirrftarTrt4( -1Jfr1M:Hd: -"
not succeed In convincing- the committee
that he was right tn this view. .
Would Have Canal Pay for Self. f v
Ihe majority of the committeemen very .
soon readied two conclusions; first that ; - .
the Imposition of a reasonable toll would i; s
not of Itself interfere with the traffic by
way of the canal between the coasts of "
the United Htatei;. and secondly that the (
canal should be operated to pay back 4 '
by degrees the money which the country '
has expended In Its construction. W' ;
In order to understand what the toll
fixed by the Adamson bill really amount ."
to (the bill bears the name of Represent- v
tlve Adamson of Georgia chairman of the ' .
Interstate commerce committee) the fact f J-
. i .... . 1 1 ha Irjknt In mkil . . . - - :
........ v.. ... ...I. mo w .iiaia v. -
of SI. 25 per net ton Is equivalent to a
charge of from 40 to 0 cents per ton '
weight according to the average of ocean '
traffic. A net ton In shipping Darlaaca
Is 100 cuhlc feet and into that space j
freight weighing two or three tons avor '' '.'
dnpois is usually placed In loading a v
Hhlu. At Su. 7 tl.e rate In alumt II SO nor
m t ton. whi' h Is 20 per cent more ttwa f .
the charge proposed hy the Adamson bill.
It is estimated that the total net ton ' "'
iiagu panning through the canal the first . v
year of tta operation will he 10500000 and -that
this will Increase regularly as that '
of the Buei canal has done. The cost of . : (.
operating the lnama anal Is estimated
at-between four and five million dollars
per year. ' -t
Taking No Chance on Railroad Ships. - (
Wl ether or not to undertake In tlile T i"1
bill the protection of fanama traffic '
from effort's by transcontinental railroads .
to throttle onietliion and how to pro--
vlrte this prote.-tiin if undertaken waa
and Another Employe Deadv
jouuu m nuicb.
one of them a volley was fired and tha' v.
cashier dropped dead while another Tte-
tlm was mortally wounded and expired
In a few minutes. A third man waa
wounded by two balls in the shoulder. A."'
fourth happened to be stooping to open 1
a drawer when two ballets passed close V
to his bead without hitting him. Ha (M;V
caped into the yard." "tV
It was thought thkt the automobile has- '
dlta had been captured February 2s when
two anarchists were arrested at Poatoia
after attempting to assassinate a weal thy t
lawyer and rob his residence; but thee
evidently were at most only a part of
the gang. fs.. "
In February the bandits shot down anC 5
robbed a manufacturer by daylight In tlj
atreets of Paris. They killed a police. 1
man in front of the Saint Laaittre tctml. i
nua shooting him through tho winiow
of their automobile. j . .
TAXI ROBBER SENTENCED. I
Eugene Splalne Must Serve Seven and
One-half Years. .
.Associated Press Report.) . A j 11
NEW YORK March 26. Eugene '
Splalne one of the leaders in tha recent
$26000 taxlcab robbery was seatencotf
today to serve not less than seven years '
and six months nor more than fourteen .
years and six months In Btate'g prlaotw
Vie confessed he "blackjacked" tUe mea .
sengers inside the taxL -..Ay 5
.4 . 1 . . . a .
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The Houston Post. (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 27, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 26, 1912, newspaper, March 26, 1912; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth605037/m1/1/: accessed February 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .