The treachery in Texas, the secession of Texas, and the arrest of the United States officers and soldiers serving in Texas. Read before the New-York Historical Society, June 25, 1861. By Major J. T. Sprague, U. S. A. Page: 3 of 36
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THE TEXAS TREASON.
A Paper read before the New-York Historical Society, June 25th, 1861, by
Major J. T. Sprague, United States Army.
M1it. PRESIDENT: I their right to demand of prisoners the usages of
It is to me a source of gratification and pleas
civilised warfare. Eighteen years, out of twenty
ure in heing invited to addressthis time-honored four, my military (dlties have been confilled to
Asso(ciation, land to be instrumental in deposit
the South. 'rom the hummocks and everIglades
ing with you facts and( incidents, peculiar and of Florida, to the Frontiers of (.eorgia, \Alabama,
striking in tliir character, which will in tiIme the Creek andt Clhrokee country, Arkansas, Texas
to coime, wllen the historian sliall gather up and (New-Mexico, my timie and services have been
the records of the past, fill his mindl with as
d(evot(e to tlle protection of citizens :and their
tonisllment, as well as with sorrow andl regret. property. \W ith the abundant resources of the
It is not often, imy countrymen, that one of my (;overnment, together witll the toils and privaprofc
.-ion is follund in tlle position occupied by tions of office)rs and soldiers, security w\as at all
mllyself here to-night; indeed, I feel a de(ree timesi given to homles, to helpless women and
of ei}lbrrassmnent almost unsurmountable, but chillren, to tle enterprising frontiersmen, against
in thle midt of the i perils a(nd revulsions now tagi
the bold anll( relentless savage, seekilng vengeance
tating our country, men cmust expect to appear upon tlle innocent and unotfending.
in new relations; and it becomes every one's rexas was to me a section of peculiar interest.
duty to summonll tlhe energy of Ihis liea( and his The delightful climate, and the warm a(nd genial
heart, to meet the trials incident to the occasion. fellowship of her citizens, gave to our associations
Vith all this, I feel to-night a degree of sadness there a strong an(d ardent attachment. I arrived
and sorrow, as well as gratification
sadness in San Antonio in the spring of forty-nline, whlen
and sorrow, that the incidents which have trans
pestilence -was desolating the land, l)rave mien
piried around mle within tle past three months, 'trembled, antd the timlid fled. It was then, when
occurred witliin the circumference of our once the soldier and citizen stood( side by si(le in the
peaceful and happy land-gratification that I am fearful conflict, arnd unitedly wept over thle graves
againl undler the folds of our long-cherished ban
of many cherished friends andl( conmpliollns; we
ner, and within the sound of the cheerfill voices; loved to linger aroundi the resting-place of those
of fieemen. Strange and inconsistent as it may Ij whose virtues and example cheered and alleviatseem,
I am here to-night a prisoner-a prisoner e( the toils and perils of a soldier's life. . After
of war in the hands of my own countrymen-a, ten years' service, I found rmyself rudely explelled
prisoner on parole, made so by usurpation and the fiomn the land so ardently cherishedl. Political
stern hand of military power and authorlity; and sentiments hlad corrupted the public mind. The
I owe to myself, to my companions, to my coun
pestilential atlosphere of secession had crept
try, and to history, to state as succinctly, and as into the hearts of -ell-tried citizens. The dark
briefly as possible, the unfortunate and disastrous wing of rebellion hovered over this enterprising
events leading( to this result. llumiliating, in
and prosperous State, poisoning the public mind,
deed, is this necessity to soldiers of well-tried causing a bitter animosity to all those who esloyalty,
when finding their acts impugned and poused the cause of our common country.
lmisunderstood by many of their countrymcn, The combination of political events, treason,
who denounce the enemy as rebels, and disclaimi and bad faith, culminiated with such fearful ra
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Sprague, John Titcomb. The treachery in Texas, the secession of Texas, and the arrest of the United States officers and soldiers serving in Texas. Read before the New-York Historical Society, June 25, 1861. By Major J. T. Sprague, U. S. A., book, 1862; New York. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6102/m1/3/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .