Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan. Page: 44 of 368
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
in which there was an abundance of good water, where I determined to
make our next encampment. On our return we saw a pack of wolves,
with a multitude of ravens, making merry over the carcass of the buffalo
we had killed in the morning.
Thinking that the Comanches, whose trail we had seen yesterday,
might possibly be encamped within a few miles of us, I this morning
directed Captain McClellan to take the interpreter and follow the trace.
After going about fifteen miles he found one of their camps that had
been abandoned two days previous; and as there was no prospect of
overtaking them he returned, after ascertaining that they were travelling
a southerly course towards the Brazos river.
In many places above the Witchita mountains we have found drift of
quartz and scoria, but the boulders of greenstone, granite, and porphyry,
were only seen below the upper end of the range; and the nearer we
approached the mountains from below, the larger and more angular
became the fragments, until, on reaching near the base, large angular
pieces nearly covered the surface of the ground, thereby leading us to
the conclusion that here is the source of the boulders we have seen
below the mountains; whereas the drift found here must come from
above, as we have yet discovered no igneous rocks in place since we left
the mountains. The formation here is a dark limestone overlaid with
loose scoria. The earth upon the stream is highly arenaceous, and the
soil poor. The grass, however, as we have found it everywhere upon
Red river and its tributaries, is of a very superior quality, consisting of
several varieties of grama and mezquite.
The range of the grama grass, so far as my observations have extended,
is bounded on the north by near the parallel of 36 north latitude,
and on the east by about the meridian of 98 west longitude. It extends
south and west, as far as I have travelled; it appears, however, to
flourish better in about the latitude of 33 than in any other. As there
is generally a drought on these prairies from about the 1st of May to
the middle of August, it would appear that the particular varieties of
grasses that grow here do not require much moisture to sustain them.
June 8.-Our route to-day has been over a rolling prairie, in many
places covered with the dwarf oak bushes before mentioned. We are
encamped upon a creek of clear and wholesome water, which Dr. Shumard
has nanmed " Loess creek," from the circumstance that the soil
upon the stream contains a deposit of land and fresh-water shells,
among which are found those of Pupa muscorum, Succiena elongata,
and Helix plebeium, forming a pulverent grayish loam similar to the
loess found upon the Rhine.
Here’s what’s next.
This book can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Book.
Marcy, Randolph Barnes. Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan., book, 1854; Washington, DC. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6105/m1/44/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .