Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan. Page: 76 of 368
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which we frequently obtained views of the valleys of both branches of
The grama grass, which appears to flourish in this section, is now in
process of heading, and will soon be matured.* This most excellent
forage for animals does not ripen until quite late in the season, and remains
green during most of the winter. I have observed it growing in
about the same latitudes as the mezquite trees; but it is most abundant
in New Mexico, where it is the predominating grass of the country.
As I was riding at a distance from the train to-day, I saw three Indians,
but they immediately passed out of view in a ravine, and were not
We are encamped this evening upon a very clear and rapid brook;
but the water, unfortunately, has the characteristic taste of the gypsum.
There is capital grass upon the creek, and large cotton-wood and
hackberry, with a few mulberry trees, which, being the first we have
seen for several weeks, has suggested a name for, the stream--" Mulberry
July 7.-WVe left camp at 2 o'clock this morning, and continued on
for three miles over the same description of country as that we passed
yesterday, when we arrived at a swift-runring creek, twenty-five feet
wide and eight inches deep, of clear, cold water; but, as usual, upon
tasting it, found it unpalatable. After passing this creek our course
was nearly parallel to the river, and from four to twelve miles distant.
The gypsum formation characterizes this section, and has continued
from near the head of the river to this place; but as it imparts to the
water such disagreeable qualities, we earnestly desire to see no more of
*Two varieties of grama grass-sead (Chondrosium foeneum and Atheropogon
oligostachyum) were collected and disposed of in the manner mentioned in the
U. S. PATENT OFFICE,
November 12, 1852.
SIR: The two packages of grama grass-seed from near the sources of Red
river, forwarded by you to this office, have been received, and you are requested
to accept the thanks of the office for the same. They have already been distributed,
in conformity with your suggestion, to gentlemen in the States of Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
S. H. HODGES.
Capt. R. B. MARCY, New York.
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Marcy, Randolph Barnes. Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan., book, 1854; Washington, DC. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6105/m1/76/: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .