Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan. Page: 95 of 368
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The old chief of the Witchitas (To-se-quash) informed us that Pahhah-en-ka's
band of the " Middle Comanches," in consequence of some
of their people having been killed near one of the military posts in
Texas, were much exasperated, and had burnt up the testimonials of
good character given to them by United States authorities. They had
always before preserved these papers with great care, and manifested
much pride and satisfaction in exhibiting them to strangers. To-sequash
says they are now "very mad," and will fight us whenever they
July 23.-As it rained during the night, and still continues, we did
not move forward to-day. During the morning I sent for the chiefs of
the two villages, for the purpose of endeavoring to persuade them to
surrender to me two Mexican prisoners in their possession: one a man
about forty years of age, and the other a boy of fifteen. The man
stated that he had been with the Witchitas since he was a child, and he
was not now disposed to leave them; that he had become as great a
rascal as any of the Indians, (which I gave full credence to,) and should
not feel at home anywhere else.
It appeared, however, that the boy had only been with them a few
months. He states that he was kidnapped by the Kioways from his
home near Chihuahua; that in consequence of their brutal treatment
he escaped, and made his way to the Witchita mountains, where a
Witchita hunter found him in nearly a famished state, and brought
him to this place. He says he has been kindly treated by the Witchitas,
but is anxious to leave them and go with us. He appears to be very
intelligent, and reads and writes in his own language.
In a talk with the chiefs, I told them that the American people were
now on terms of friendship with the Mexicans, and in a treaty we had
obligated ourselves to return to them all prisoners in the hands of Indians
in our territory, and to prevent further depredations being committed
upon them; that the principal chief of the whites (the President)
would not regard any tribe of Indians as friends who acted in
violation of this treaty; that he confidently hoped and expected all the
tribes who were friendly to our people would comply strictly with the
requirements of the treaty, and give up all prisoners in their possession.
I then requested them to release to me the boy, and told them if they
did this I should make them some presents of articles that had been
sent out by the President for such of his red children as were his friends
They hesitated for a long time, stating that the boy belonged to a
Waco, and he loved him so much that it was doubtful if he could be
persuaded to part with him. Whereupon I told them that if they re
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Marcy, Randolph Barnes. Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 / by Randolph B. Marcy ; assisted by George B. McClellan., book, 1854; Washington, DC. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6105/m1/95/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .