Texas in 1850. By Melinda Rankin. Page: 189 of 196
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TEXAS 1N 1850.
other town in Texas. Although but two years old, it
contains a population of three thousand inhabitants,
and, according to present indications, will soon be a large
and populous city. The amount of business transacted
at Brownsville is immense, far exceeding any calculation
based upon the population. By estimation, it is computed
that six million dollars worth of goods have been
received there during the last year. So great has been
the increase of trade between Brownsville and the interior
of Mexico, that the two ferries between Brownsville and
Matamoras, which the first year were rented for less than
one hundred dollars, have this year been rented for
nine thousand. Besides a vast amount of freight, which
some two or three steamers are continually engaged in
taking from Brazos Santiago round by the mouth of the
Rio Grande, and up that river, a single house at Point
Isabel, forwards on to Brownsville by land, from ten to
twelve thousand barrels per month. The fact is, that
much of the trade of Tampico and Vera Cruz now
passes through this channel. Brownsville is now the
great gateway of entrance into Mexico, and is taking
the business almost entirely away from Matamoras.
The situation of Brownsville combines beauty of
scenery as well as natural advantages. The vicinity
has become hallowed by interesting scenes during the
late war. This portion of the Rio Grande valley is
associated with scenes of thrilling interest. Here our
army first met the Mexican foe, and on the plains of
Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, were achieved the
first two of a series of victories unparalleled in the
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Rankin, Melinda. Texas in 1850. By Melinda Rankin., book, 1850; Boston. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6107/m1/189/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .