Your Dallas of Tomorrow: A Master Plan for a Greater Dallas Page: 13
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ther transportation advantages to the city.
At the present time Dallas' transporta-
tion facilities consist of ten main-line rail-
roads and one interurban system. These
provide twenty-two rail outlets. Nine out-
lets are provided by three airlines serving
Dallas. Thirteen major highways serve the
city. Dallas has become so important as a
manufacturing, distributing, business and
financial center that many of the schedules
of these transportation agencies are based
on the city's interest, thus giving com-
mercial and industrial enterprises the
largest possible coverage from the stand-
point of time. The tonnage is also suf-
ficient to permit truck; lines to give
through service and rail lines to route
through merchandise to all important areas.
This provides a faster service that lesser
distributing centers cannot give.
Construction after the war of the pro-
posed plan for the improvement of the
Trinity River would give Dallas water
transportation and water rates. These two
factors would bring many commercial and
industrial advantages to the city and would
bring about lower freight rates.
A major transportation deterrent to the
development of the city has been the dis-
parity in freight rates between the south-
western part of the nation and other sec-
tions, particularly those in the east and
northeast. This disparity has served as a
considerable impediment to the location of
new industries. It should be possible in the
future to correct this disparity, as it is an
artificial and not a natural condition.
Area, Population and Wealth of the
The early growth of Dallas was largely
accounted for by the fact that the city
was the distribution center for agricul-
tural implements needed by the surround-
ing rural areas in their period of initial
development. This trend has continued.
The amount of retail and wholesale trade
and the type and number of manufactur-
ing plants in Dallas have been and will be
affected by the area and character of the
trade territory and the activities and wealth
of the people residing therein.
The southwestern portion of the nation,
a more or less natural region, is considered
to be the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma,
Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas. Dallas is
in the geographical center of this region.
These five states contain 13 per cent of the
national population and produce 8 per
cent of the national expendable income.
Eleven per cent of the wealth and 7 per
cent of the population of these states is
found within fifty miles of Dallas. Four-
teen per cent of the population and 17
per cent of the wealth is within 100 miles
of Dallas. The forty-one northeast Texas
counties, comprising Dallas' immediate
trade territory, contain a high concentra-
tion of the population and wealth. They
represent 12 per cent of the area of Texas
and contain 32 per cent of the population
and wealth of the state.
Location and Use of Raw Materials
Two major products of the Dallas region
have affected the past development of the
city. The first of these is agricultural
products, among which are wheat, corn,
cotton, oats, hay and onions, together with
beef cattle, hogs, sheep and poultry. The
other is mineral production, the most im-
portant of which are petroleum and nat-
ural gas. Within the borders of Texas is
53 per cent of the natural gas and oil
reserve of the United States. Dallas oc-
cupies a central and strategic position in
relation to the oil- and gas-producing areas
of Texas and Oklahoma.
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Harland Bartholomew and Associates. Your Dallas of Tomorrow: A Master Plan for a Greater Dallas, report, September 1943; Dallas, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth610711/m1/15/: accessed August 12, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Dallas Municipal Archives.