Texas, its claims to be recognised as an independent power by Great Britain : examined in a series of letters Page: 12 of 58
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advantage of the intestine feuds of the Mexicans, they have, in the
moment of their greatest weakness, wrested the fairest portion of
their dominions from their grasp, and, in defiance of every principle
of justice and honour, have availed themselves of the very privileges
which were conferred to crush their power. The Hon. JOHN
QUINCY ADAMS, ex-president of the United States, in his celebrated
speech, delivered in the House of Representatives, the 25th
of December, 1835, says, "That at the time the United States
made the offensive overture to Mexico to cede a large portion of her
territory, (Texas,) large enough to constitute nine States equal in
extent to Kentucky," the " Colonists from these United States
were covering the Mexican border with land-jobbing, and with
slaves, introduced in defiance of the Mexican laws, by which
slavery had been abolished throughout that republic. The war
now raging in Texas," he further says, " is not a Mexican civil
war, but a war for the re-establishment of slavery where it was
abolished. It is not a servile war, but a war between slavery and
emancipation." Another authority, not less eminent or wellinformed,
Dr. CHANNING, traces, with a master's hand, the causes
which led to the revolt in Texas, and tlle character of the men
who figured in the nefarious transaction. In his eloquent letter to
the Honourable HENnY CLAY, written in August, 1837, he says,
" the first great cause was the unbounded, unprincipled spirit of
land speculation, which so tempting a prize as Texas, easily kindled
in multitudes in the United States, where this mode of gambling
is too often a vice." " Another cause of the revolt," he continues,
was "the resolution to throw Texas open to slave-holders
and slaves ;" and again, he adds, "the settled invincible purpose
of Mexico to exclude slaves from her limits, created as strong a
purpose to annihilate her authority in Texas. By this prohibition,
Texas was virtually shut against emigration from the southern and
western portion of the United States, and it is well known, that
the eyes of the south and west had for some time been turned to
this province, as a " new market for slaves, as a new field for
slave labour, and as a vast accession of political power to the slaveholding
States." " By whom," Dr. CHANNING asks, " has Texas
been conquered? By the Colonists? By bands which raised
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Scoble, John. Texas, its claims to be recognised as an independent power by Great Britain : examined in a series of letters, book, 1839; London. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6108/m1/12/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .