Texas, its claims to be recognised as an independent power by Great Britain : examined in a series of letters Page: 19 of 58
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In a community of slave-holders and slaves, as compared with a
community of fieemen, all other things being equal, the demand
for manufactured goods will be infinitely less in the former than
in the latter. The coarsest fabrics in the smallest quantities, for
instance, will do for slaves; and so witll respect to food, habitations,
and other comforts and luxuries. " But it is no use to
reason," with such writers; I will, therefore, turn to the testimony
of slave-holders in Virginia and elsewhere, in opposition to his
views. The Honourable THOMAS MANN RANDOLPH, of Virginia,
formerly Governor of that State, in a speech before the Legislature
in 1832, (while speaking of the surplus number of slaves
annually sold from Virginia to the more southern slave States, in
consequence of the necessities of the State,) said, " The exportation
lias averaged 8500 for the last twenty years. Forty years
ago, the whites exceeded the coloured 25,000, the coloured now
exceed the whites 81,000; and these results, too, during an exportation
of nearly 260,000 slaves since the year 1790, now perhaps
the fruitful progenitors of half a million in other States. It
is a practice, and an increasing practice, in parts of Virginia, to
rear slavesfor market. How can an lonourable mind, a patriot, an51
a lover of his country, bear to see this ancient dominion converted
into one grand menagerie, where men are to be reareaed for manrket
like oxen for the shawnble.s !" In the same year, Mr. GHOLSON, of
Virginia, in his speech in the legislature of that State, says, " It
has, perhaps erroneously, been considered by steady and oldfashioned
people that the owner of land had a reasonable ri,ght to
its annual profits, the owner of orchards to their annual fruits, the
owner of brood wares to their product, and the owner of female
slaves to their increase. We have not the fine-spun intelligence
nor legal acumen to discover the technical distinctions drawn by
gentlemen. The legal maxim of partus sequitur ventrem is coeval
with the existence of the rights of property itself, and is founded
in wisdom and justice. It is on the justice and inviolability of this
maxim that the master foregoes the service of the female slave;
lias lier nursed and attended during the period of her gestation,
and raises the lielpless and infant offspring. The value of the
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Scoble, John. Texas, its claims to be recognised as an independent power by Great Britain : examined in a series of letters, book, 1839; London. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6108/m1/19/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .