The Normal Star (San Marcos, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 10, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 9, 1922 Page: 3 of 4
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THE NORMAL STAR
STATE TEACHERS MEETING
AT HOUSTON GREATEST IN
HISTORY OF ASSOCIATION
(Continued from page One)
Find New Sources of Revenue.
I am not in favor, however, of buy-
ing any kind of a school system for
Texas, in fact, I am not in favor of
buying anything, at any time, from
anybody, unless the money can be had
with which to pay for it. If we are to
have an adequate educational system in
Texas, provision must be made for its
support. In this connection, candor
prompts me to say that I am opposed
at this time under present conditions,
to raising the tax rate on the homes
and the lands of this state. Let us
tap new sources, of revenue. Wealth
escaping taxation can be seen on every
hand. For illustration only, I mention
a few familiar commodities. Between
these two extremes of big enterprises
and small institutions, we have plethor-
ic coffers of boundless wealth, for tax
purposes, untapped and unused. Let
us first rlustrate with our oil produc-
tion. We are now, and have been for
some years, producing approximately
ten million barrels of oil a month in
Texas. This oil is worth, except when
the Legislature is in session, about $1.50
a barrel. That will aggregate in a year
$180,000,000 worth of oil. Morally, that
oil belongs to Texas and she ought
never to have relinquished her legal
rights to it. These wells are rapidly
draining Texas dry. Ought not the
state at least, as a minimum, get 5
per cent of this stream of gold flowing
out of Texas? This within itself will
produce as revenue for the state, nine
million dollars a year. Now for one or
two small illustrations: The people of
Texas are spending annually for amuse-
n r it, $39,000,000; for ' chewing gum,
5\ J00,000. This money goes mostly
‘nto the fat purses of institutions out
of the State. They do business in the
State, protected by the State laws, and
therefore ought to help, in a substan-
tial way, support the State, _■‘Let us
get the money where it is, and spend
it on the children where they are.'*
Must Pay for Adequate School System.
If Texas is honestly in the market
for this adequate educational system,
and this system is perfected and put
on the market, then Texas money must
pay the bill. Texas cannot have an
adequate educational system without
paying for it. It will cost money. Real
money. The coin of the realm. It has
been conservatively estimated by scho-
larly statisticians and education engin-
eers, that the State can purchase an
adequate educational system by in-
vesting annually 50 dollars in each of
her scholastic students. California
spends $60 per elementary child, $90
First National Bank of San Marcos
Prints Fancy Stationery, Re-
cital Programs, Cards, Grad-
us show you our stock.
Class Rings andPins
We can make any design^
we can save you money. We
ask you to figure with us; we
will appreciate a chance to
make a bid on anything in this
Paul C. Moore Jry. Co.
Is the place to buy your
Phone 36. 120 Hopkins
for high school child and $100 per
junior college pupils. We are able to
do what California does. Her resources
are not as great as ours.
Suppose, however, we see if we can
buy a good school system for $50_ a
child. Now if we make that in-
vestment, I believe the state should
pay half of that and the local units
the other $25. Suppose we take a look
into the State treasury and see what
the State is doing. Now for the year
ending August 31, 1922, there came
into the State treasury from all sources
$28,453,159. Out of this money the State
paid for higher education, that is, for
institutions not classed as a part of
the common school system $6,104,185.
During this same year the State paid
out for the operating expenses of our
public free school system, $18,643,529.
If we had 1,300,000 student, the State
spent fast year per child to educate
it, the sum of approximately $15. This
s approximately $10.00 short per
child on the part of the State from the
amount necessary to, buy for that child
an adequate school system. In justice
to the State, however, it is proper to
say that of the $28,453,149 collected by
the State from the people, that $24,747,-
714 was spent by the State for educa-
tion. This left in the State treasury
for all other puirposes, $3,705,435. From
this amount $2,151,305 was spent in the
maintenance of our eleemosynary insti-
tutions, and the Confederate Homes. To
this sum we add $1,472,970 for the op-
erating expenses of the courts of the
State, which leaves a balance in the
public treasury of $81,160 with which
to meet the expenses of the entire Ex-
ecutive and Administratfonal Depart-
ments. This amount was insufficient
and the result is reflected in the pres-
ent deficiencies of revenue in our State
Treasury. It can be clearly seen from
these figures, that nearly all the money,
comparatively speaking, paid into the
public treasury goes for education and
for support of the eleemosynary insti-
tutions of the State. The question
might here he raised as to whether or
not we, under our present half-baked
system of education, are now getting a
dollar’s worth of education for every
dollar’s worth of money spent.
Let us hear the conclusion of the
First—The State must recognize edu-
cation as a vital function of the gov-
Second—Let the State make a thor-
ough, scientific, impartial survey of our
entire educational life.
Third—Make the State the big unit
of the educational system with a strong
active aggressive State Board of Edu-
cation as the administrative head.
Fourth—Invest not less than $50 in
every child in the State within schol-
Fifth—Provide nine months of school
each year for every child in Texas.
Sixth—Tap in Texas new sources oi
revenue in order to get money with
which to pay our educational hill.
Seventh—Enact a law making a safer,
saner, and more economic method of
buying, distributing and using free text
Eighth—See to it that our scholastic
census is accurately and honestly taken.
Ninth—Make scholastic apportion-
ment on the basis of actual attendance
Tenth—Take up the slack, stop the
leaks, and eliminate the waste and du-
plication in our educational system.
Eleventh—Teach the boys and girls of
the State some of the practical things
of life, and impress on their minds the
thought that the man whose brow glis-
tens with the beads of honest sweat is
king of men “for a’ that and for a’
Marrs Advances Policy.
S. M. N. Marrs, State Superinten-
dent of Public Instruction-elect, in
speaking to the convention on Saturday
afternoon on “The State Department of
Education” gave the following outline
of the legislation which he will favor:
1. Call a constitutional convention.
2. Make an emergency appropria-
tion from the general revenue to in-
crease the per capita apportionment for
the current year to $14.
3. Provide new sources of revenue
from severance taxes, income taxes,
inheritance taxes and amusement taxes,
which, together with the other sources
of the available school funds, will pro-
duce a much larger per capita appor-
4. Appropriate $4,000,000 fom the gen-
eral revenue for the next biennium for
the benefit of the rural schools.
5. Provide for the retirement of the
3 per cent State bonds owned by the
permanent school fund,' so that the
money may be reinvested in small is-
sues of 6 per cent bonds of common
6. Place all school districts having
fewer than 500 scholastics under the
complete supervision of the County Su-
perintendent and the County Board of
Trustees so as to take a step toward
the county unit system.
7. If constitutional, permit the coun-
ty to vote itself into a single school
district and to vote a tax, the pro-
ceeds to be disbursed according to the
needs of the district by the County
Board of Trustees,-making special pro-
vision for high school students.
8. Recognizing the great value of
industrial training, the Legislature
should make continued and increased
appropriations for vocational education.
Provisions for Growth.
9. Ample provision should be made,
for the growth and development of the
University of Texas, the Agricultural
and Mechanical College and its bran-
ches, the College of Industrial Arts, a,nd
the normal colleges. Each has its field
and the State should be proud of its
higher institutions of learning and fur-
nish adequate support.
10. Minor amendments to the school
laws, in the main corrective, should be
made: (1) Affecting the amount of
bonds required of the depositories of
independent school districts; (2) auth-
orizing payment of teachers for insti-
tute attendance; (3) providing uniform
dates for twelve-month contracts to be-
gin; (4) certificating county superin-
tendent and providing for filling va-
cancy in the office; (5) the emergency
transfer law should be amended or re-
pealed; (6) the English language
should be made the basis of instruction
in all schools, both public and private;
(7) all children from the age of 6 to
21 to have the privilege of tree school;
(8) if free school age is extended
downward, the kindergarten law should
apply to children of 4 years of age;
(9) the census reports should be made
by May 1, instead of July 1; (10) com-
pulsory school age should be raised to
16 a"nd length of term extended to 120
days; (11) districts should be permitted
to issue bonds to construct teacher-
ages, provided the district to be ac-
commodated has two or more teachers
employed in a single school} (12) even-
ing schools and continuation schools
for the purpose of removing illiteracy
should be encouraged as a part of the
public school system.
Association Adopts Resolutions.
The following is the list ol the reso-
lutions adopted by the Association in
session on December 2. Favoring the
adoption of a new state constitution,
equalization of tax burdens, restriction
of immigration, county unit system of
schools, minimum per capita for school
support, nine months school term for
all free schools, a'West Texas A. & M.
College, complete authority of the state
in educational matters, raising of re-
quirements of standards of the teach-
ing profession through the strengthen-
ing of the teacher training institutions,
more adequate pay for teachers, dismis-
sal of teachers only when definite
charges are established. Allegiance to
the former President Wilson was pledg-
ed and unalterable opposition to war
was registered and the convention re-
commended the spending of money that
would be used for war purposes on
“education to guarantee international
S. C. Wilson Elected Head" of
S. C. Wilson, professor of agricul-
ture at the Sam Houston State Normal,
las elected president of the association
on the afternoon of the second day’s
session of the convention.
San Antonio Seems Choice of Meeting
For Next Year,
The meeting place of the annual con-
\ention is selected by the executive
committee, but there seems to have been
some evidence of the general will of
«the convention pointing toward and
favoring San Antonio as the next meet-
Normal College Section.
The meetings of the Normal College
section of the association was held on
Thursday afternoon at 2:00 o’clock.
Miss Margie Neal of the Board of Re-
gents and President R. L. Marquis of
the Sul Ross Normal College were the
S. W. T. N. Well Represented.
A large number of instructors from
the Southwest Texas Normal College
and an exceedingly large number of
S. W. T. N.’s ex-students were present
at the convention. Would that we'
Our Christinas gift to you
Buy your gifts here and save real
H. BREVARD COMPANY
C. T. BASS & SON
Druggists and Stationers
Buy your Christmas Cards
could give a thorough resume of the
part taken by this Normal in the meet-
ing. It is estimated that the South-
west Texas Normal College was repre-
sented by 300 teachers and students.
C. of C. Meeting Monday Night.
Monday night, the 8th at 7:30 will
be regular meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce. If you are at all interested,
come out, whether you are a mem-
ber of not.
We hope you will have
a Merry Xmas and a
Happy New Year. We
expect you back in 1923.
A Dozen Photos
Makes 12 presents
DRY GOODS & SHOES
AT LOWER PRICES
S. W. Cor. of Square
TAKE HER A FRUIT
CAKE FOR XMAS—
Those at COOPER’S
BAKERY are as good
as the best.
CALL AND LOOK THEM
(Next to Palace Theatre)
Jack Omera, after a week’s visit
Ernest Petty, has returned to 1
ranch at Wimberly.
Duke & Ayres
Do your Christmas
IF YOU DON’T KNOW
Hair Bobbing to Please
North Side Square.
99 PHONE 99
SUITS CLEANED AND
Service Cars Any Time
Buicks and Fords
City Calls—Country Trips
John H. Dobbins, Prop.
For the Very Best
E. C. Horton
North Side Square
Phone No. 7
DRY GOODS AND
Here’s what’s next.
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The Normal Star (San Marcos, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 10, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 9, 1922, newspaper, December 9, 1922; San Marcos, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth614264/m1/3/: accessed March 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State University.