[Twelfth Armored Division, Scrapbook 3] Page: 6 of 258
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MOINES SUNDAY REGISTER APB.
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ZUIDER -& J1
3 MOMENT TO STRIKE'
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the north and west, British
were 100 to 120 miles away.
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MAP PREP ABED BY TRIBUNE STAFF ARTISTS
flanked and beaded Bremen and Canadian. cut_tow.U,ln
lies of the North sea.
To tbe south, U. 8. 7th and French
. „.w coins against fierce German reslst-
”T “e fringes of the enomy'B Bavarian mountain stronghold.
ALLIES WHEEL TOWARD BERLIN
NORTH S EA
DRIVES ON I
ON EAST FRONT)
In South F or|
On Lower Elbe, Patton
; And Russians Near
Junction In Austria
BY AUSTIN BEALMEAR
PARIS—UP—The American Ninth
army established another contact
With the Russians three miles west
of Wittenberg today, oreating a
small new untenable German pock*
et between their diminishing north-
ern and southern redoubts,
j A hard battle was in progress ln|
'the south for Munich, birthplace of
6hrlnk In 8outh
The largest of many German
death traps was shrinking In the
J south, where Gen. Elsenhower’s
. three-army assault moved dose to
, a junction with the Russians Id
eastern Austria. The- Third army
moved to within 38 miles of Berch-
j tesgaden and the Seventh olosed J
. to within seven of Innsbruck.
The Seventh army got astride a
j superhighway east of Munich and
j its third division raced within 27
miles of both Berchtesgaden and
; Salzburg In a drive across the Inn
[river from the west. Heavy snow-
j drifts delayed the advance on Inns-
l-bruck.' Civilian refugees said ths
garrison there was ready to sur-
render but that bs troop* were pre-
paring to defend the western edge
of Tyrol capital.
Two more German Alpine groups.
— — , . .___„.^P**™^not previously surrendered to the
the Nasi Psrty snd largest GermST
city yet entered by the American*. J Y’
While three American armies wheeled forward on assault
lines 125 to 140 miles from Berlin,’ other Allied forces were
driving to within 15 miles of the North sea and 25 of Emden;
encircling the burning city of Hanover, and besieging the out-
MAP PREPARED BY TRIBUNE STAFF ARTISTS
flanked metropolis of Bremen. Nearest approach to Berlin was
by the U. S. 9th army’s 2nd armored division, driving beyond
Hildesheim south of Hanover to a point less. than 20 miles
from Brunswick. Farther south, the U. S. 7th army closed In on
Schweinfnrt and the French 1st pushed closer to Stuttgart.
Com Tk/sL/TEb By
■sm/uey /W& mamyxwml
<2/J3RP TtitJ/y bn
I Off to the southwest of Nu(
berg, the Hellcat (12th armorefc.-'
division reached the Franklschs
Rezat river In a 17-mile dash to
within 60 1 of Augsburg, Bavarian
city of 185,000.
- To the east, the American Seventh
Army, which has apparently been heavily
reinforced recently, launched a drive on
Nuremberg, using five divisions and two
cavalry groups. For several days even
this powerhouse assault was stalled in the
suburbs. Then, backed up by a tremen-
dous artillery barrage, the Americans
cracked the German lines, and took the
-,-^-r-rg9 P-l wrecked city (see page 29). This week
'^WitnerNiuhtdi they broke out onto the plain leading to
SS**3Zz£!j.‘ cf* Munich, crossed the upper Danube on a
bridge captured -intact and rolled on
toward 'the city where Nazism was bom.
Tanks Run Wild
Upwards of 2,000 American and
French tanks were on the loom,
along a 250-mile three-army
front, making the Bavarian of-
fensive one of the greatest
armored operations of the war.
German resistance was stiff
and at times fanatical on the
French and American 7th
army fronts, but Patton’s sur-
prise thrust for Berchtesgaden
In the south, the Texas (86th) 1
Division of the Seventh army cap- j
tured Field Marshal Von Rundstedt *
The Seventh was fighting j
through the Alpine Pass with- I
In 10 miles of the Auetrlan Jy-
rol capital of linnsbrucl- and a
dozen miles of the Brenner
pass. A Hundred miles of snow- i
eappr ‘ Alps lay between Lt.
Gen. Alexander Patch’s army
and the Allies driving up from
Gen. Patton’s Third, army moved j
within 30 miles of Salzburg and 44
of Berchtesgaden In the area of
Braunau where Hitler was born.
His tanks closed within 18 miles of
Linz and less than 40 of the Rus-
sians at Amstettln. A Junction
will cut the southern redoubt away
from Czechoslovakia where the
Nazis have their last heavy Indus-
3rd and 42nd infantry, 12th
and 20th armored: Helped clear
10th armored: Entered St. ;
11th armored: Crossed Aus-
trian border at Ober Kappel, 27
miles northwest of Linz.
44th Infantry: Advanced in
conjunction with 10th armored.
46th Infantry: Helped clear
Munich after storming on from
the Nazi prison camp at Da-,
82nd airborne: Forged an.
- Elbe river bridgehead at Block-
ade, just southeast of the-Brit-
ish bridgehead st captured
24th: Only 17 miles from Da-
vao, ' Mindanao.
What They Did
10th Armored Division: Ad-
vanced on Munich.
12th Armored: Advanced on
65th Infantry: Advanced on
71st infantry: Advanced on
86th Infantry: Advanced on
97th Infantry: Put Into ac-
tion with the U. S. 3rd Army.
99th Infantry: Advanced on
Munich still was holding out
Shortly before noon and small arms
fire was increasing. Elements of
at least four Seventh army divis-
ions pressed Into the Bavarian cap-
ital from the north, west and south-
Other Seventh army troops
struck deep Into the German na-
tional redoub. within 12 miles of
Innsbruck and 20 of the Brenner
Pass, of which the Tyrolean city
Is the northern gateway. Lt. Gen.
Alexander M. Patch’s troops were
8,000 feet or more up Into the snow-
capped Bavarian Alps and had cap-
tured the winter resorts of Gnr-
itulated effective at 10 p. m. to- \
night. One was a corps commanded
by Gen. Von Henkle. The other was
a division commanded by Col. Buch-
ner. - Both commanders said they •.
had just heard of the surrender In |w
the south, soy chaotic were German
communications. The number of y*
troops was not announced.
Thd Seventh and Fifth armies
made another contact in an Alpine
pass 25 miles south of Landeck, the
44th and Tenth Mountain divisions
affecting the tie. |
General Eisenhower’s three?
army drive into the Alpine re-
doubt In the south carried within!
100 miles or less of the Allies ap-l
proaching the Brenner pass in'
Italy. Advances ranged up to i
miles. Nowhere was there resist
lance worthy of the name.
It was apparent that the
American 3rd and 7th and the
French 1st armies had struck
| so swiftly that the enemy had
[ had no time to man and stock
the magnificent defense Qoun-
try In the south.
The 7th army at last reports
'was barely 10 miles from Inns-
bruck, capital of the Austrian
Tyrol and northern entrance to
j the Brenner pass which itself was
a dozen miles away.
Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's
! American 7th Army, throwing
THREE ARMORED AND SEV-
EN INFANTRY DIVISIONS
into action, led the assault toward j
Continued from Page 1.
the Nazi redoubt by sweeping up
more than 300 towns and villages.
'Fanatical resistance' was being
met at some points, however, ana
j Americans withdrew from Neu-
| market, 19 miles southeast of
Day’s Best Gain.
Patch’s U. S. 12th Armored
I (Hellcat) Division, scoring the
| day’s best gain on the western
front, drove 26 miles to Bopfingen, j
50 miles southwest of Nuremberg i
and 72 miles northwest of Munich,!
In the heart of the NrzI redoubt.
Here’s what’s next.
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United States. Army. 12th Armored Division. [Twelfth Armored Division, Scrapbook 3], book, Date Unknown; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth639086/m1/6/: accessed October 31, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum.