[Twelfth Armored Division, Scrapbook 3] Page: 7 of 258
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'll NORTH GERMAN POCKET I
/ COLLAPSING UNDER ASSAULTS
' FROM WEST AND EAST I
FROM WEST AND EAST
2d WHITE RUSSIANS
1st WHITE RUSSIANS
SIMPSON'S U. S. 9th
(iV. j. SEALS OFF FOE
HODGES' U. S.
. /CZECHOSLOVAKIA ^
U. S. 7lli,^
NAZIS' LAST RAIL
LINE INTO REDOUBT
Munich - v
NAZI "ALPINE REDOUBT"
j PENETRATED BY U. S. 7TH ARMY,
WHICH ALSO ENTERS MUNICH,
MAIN GATEWAY TO FORTRESS ZONE
[general BOUNDARY OF
3gn GENERAL BOUNDARY Or
ggg NAZIS' SUPPOSED redoubtrsS
tOO HR* 1
58 Miles to Hitler Lair
Yanks Welcomed To Munich
TOTS.. MAT 1, 1948.
British And Yanks
Cross River Elbe
radio tonight said American
air-borne troops -and glldera
landed In the British sector In
the North German plain.
BY AUSTIN BEALMEAR
PARIS— UP) —The Third army
crashed southward to within 68
miles of Berchtesgaden. today as
LL Gen..Alexander M. Patch sent
his Seventh army from captured
Munich against Innsbruck and the
The Third army entered
Griesbach In its closest ap-
proach to Hitler's roost in the
Alpine redoubt. The town near
the Austrian border is 16 miles
from Hitler's birthplace at
Braunau and 47 from Salzburg,
eastern rampart of the final
Allied armies had overrun all
southern Germany except the south-:
east oorner of Bavaria and now
are sending their tanks and infan-
try into Austria and Czechoslova-
To Cut Off Denmark
Par to the north, American air-
borne, troops and the British Sec-
ond army linked up beyond the!
Elbe in a solid bridgehead 20 miles;
wide and 12 miles deep which 1
threatened Imminently to cut off j
Schleswig-Holstein and Denmark.
This could carve the northern re-
doubt in two.
-•The British drove within 22 miles
of the Baltic Port of Luebeck, the I
capture of which would cut off the I
whole Danish Peninsula. West of
Hamburg, the guards armored di-l
vision sent units into Stade, 78 j
miles south of the Danish border
and within cannon shot of Ham-
In the center, the corridor be-j
tween Germans in the south and
north was widened steadily by ad-,
dltional contacts between the Rus-
sians and American armies.
Seventh Army infantry crossed |
the Austrian frontier and captured
Scharnitz, ten miles from Innsbruck!
and 15 from the Brenner Pass.
No sooner had the Third army
cleared Munich than the Germans
began shelling the city.
The Seventh Army captured Gen.I
$ranz Beyer, commander of the
80th Corps, and his chief of staff,
Col. Koestllng. Yesterday, the Sev-
enth Army seized two field mar-
shals. The French took two morej
generals In an advance in the Al-
pine redoubt east of the cleared!
shores of Lake Constance to Lin-1
denberg and Oberstaufen.
PARIS, FRANCE Off)—A U. S.
7 th Army tank break-through
I into Austria Saturday knocked ini
the western end of Hitler's Alpine
The 7th Army was but 20 miles!
west of Munich, and the U. S. 3rd|
j Army was 27 miles away on the
Munich Being Outflanked.
Munich was being outflanked J
deeply by the 7th Army, which j
seized 23,000 prisoners and cap-
Tenth Armored Division tanks
drove 20 miles to Fuesaen on the
Austrian frontier 50 miles south-1
west of Munich, then poured
Here, 37 miles northwest of|
jlnnsbruck—northern gateway to
j the Brenner pass leading down to
Italy—the Americans stood at the
1 entrance to the Austrian Tyrol,
through which pass all the main
| east-west communications in the
.Seven miles to the west, the
44th Infantry Division began
pouring across Into Austria at
Berg after an 18-mlle south-
While the 10th Armored Divi-
sion cleaned up in the Landsberg
area, 25 miles almost due west
of Munich, the 45th Infantry Di-
vision stormed -across the Baar
river 30 miles northwest of the
Other 7th Army forces were
closing the pincers from the
south and were in Schongau, -40
miles southwest of Munich.
WITH THE U. S. SEVENTH
ARMY (AP)—Japanese ambassa-
dor to Germany Hiroshi Oshima
and 130 Japanese diplomatic per-
sonnel have been arrested by Sev-
e'nth army troops.
With the Japanese at the time
they were captured were nearly
200 German ministerial personnel,
including top-ranking Nazis.
In the latter group were Dr.
Walther Funk, pres
_Jisiderit of the
reichsbank- and minister of eco-
nomics; Dr. Hans Hinrich Lam-
mers, chief of the reichschahcel-
lery, and Dr. Wilhelm Ohnesorge,
The brief announcement did not
say where the roundup took place.
The army’s announcement said
that besides General Oshima, the
Japanese arrested included mem-
bers of the Berlin embassy staff,
personnel detached from the staffs
in France and Italy and the con-
sulate general in Austria.
The line held by the U. S. 7th
and Frehch 1st stretches rough-,'
ly from near Passau on the Dan-'
ube in a curving arc through
southern Germany and western
Austria to Ober Drauburg on the
Negotiations took - place in an
art museum on Munich’s east-
ern outskirts. Preliminaries in-
cluded the marking off on maps
by the Germans of the areas
they wished to surrender. After
it was over, Devers turned to j
Patch and exclaimed:
“Sandy, this is a joy to me.
Congratulations. You’ve done a
magnificent job—and you too, (
Strode t O’Daniel.
I He took two strides to clasp
the hand of O'Daniel whose vet-,
eran 3rd division smashed into;
Salzburg and Berchtesgaden Fri-
Devers said Foertsch “said
I something about PROTECTING
THEM FROM THE RUSSIANS,"
and added “we told them we
would follow recognized rules for
When Foertsch left the build-
ing he had liis hands jammed
deep in his pockets and was
biting his lower lip. He wheeled
away as photographers started
German troops by tens of
thousands, were moving without
guards toward the prisoner
The Americans did not have
enough supplies to feed the Ger-
mans, enough men to guard them
I or enough vehicles to transport
them to rear areas.
■ Salzburg and Italy
At the same time, the U. S.
7th army rammed down through
I the Brenner pass into Italy and
captured Salzburg, headquarters
of the southern national redoubl
11 miles north of Berchtesgaden.
Salzburg capitulated without
a fight and a broadcast from
the front said the Yanks
pushed on to within five miles
—easy artillery range — or
LL Gen. Alexander M. Patch’s
army sealed the doom .of the
southern redoubt with its two-
Salzburg. (40.232), largest city j
Lin the redoubt, surrendered un-j
[conditionally at 9:25 a. m. Friday
to Maj. James McCarthy, com-
Lmander of the 121st cavalry
I squadron of the 106th cavalry
LONDON, ENGLAND (U.P.)—The remnants of the
German army group in Austria and Czecho-Slovakia sur-
rendered Saturday, leaving Norway the only large pocket
of Nazi resistance in Europe.
Supreme headquarters announced the capitulation
of the German forces in Austria and Czecho-Slovakia—
the army group “G” comprising what was left of the
1st and 15th armies which had faced the American 3rd
"«nd 7th armies.
A supreme headquarters dispatch reporting the-capitu-
lation in southeastern Europe said it “in essence means
that Norway is the only large force of unsurrendered Ger-
Is Near !|
The Nazis themselves reported that the German arni
commander in Norway had decided to surrender, and capu l
ulation might be announced “later today.”
The report was in an Oslo dispatch of the Nazi-con-
trolled Scandinavian Telegraph bureau, quoting “most
Army Group •
Involved in Surrender
Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commander of the Allied 6th
army group—the U. S. 7th and French 1st armies—re-
ported to Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower that army group “G”
commanded by General Schultz had surrendered.
The capitulation was effective at noon Sunday. But
already both sides were broadcasting the word of the
battlefield surrender ending hostilities on that front. It
was a battlefield surrender.
Collapse In South. *•.
Collapse in the north was being
followed quickly by coUapse in
The U. S. 7th Army
broke dear through Bren-
ner pass into Italy after
overrunning the key city
of Innsbruck, and joined
forces with the U. S. 5th
Arnpy’s veteran Italian
campaigners 10 miles be-
yond the pass.
‘Salzburg, bastion standing at
the entrance of the so-called
southern redoubt, surrendered un-
conditionally to armored cavalry
at the 7th Army.
With Salzburg feU Hitler’s old
hideout of Berchtesgaden, 11
miles to the south.
Fight Toward Linz.
The U. S. 3rd Army—of all
Eisenhower’s armies the only one
forced to fight its way forward—
was but three miles from the
Austrian fortress of Linz.
..It also smashed 10 miles into
Czechoslovakia from the south,
developing an outflanking threat
against the arsenal city of Plzen.
[The Luxembourg radio said
'Without confirmation elsewhere
that the 3rd Army had entered
LL Gen. Alexander M. Patch’s
U. S. 7th Army made a trium-
phant^ return to Italy from
I whence it set out last August for
the invasion of southern France.
Completing a triumphant 700-
| mile circuit of. southern Europe,
! infantry in a 35-mile dash through
I the snow-crowned Alps reached
Vipiteno, 10 miles southwest of
the Brenner pass.
There the 108rd Division of the
7th Army met the 88th Division
of the U. S. 5th Army, which was
sitting there waiting.
Welcome to Innsbruck.
At Innsbruck, the Austrians
gave the Americans a tumultuous
welcome. Entry into the city
had been preceded by brief dick-
ering with civilians, who finally
convinced 250 SS men to abandon
plans to fight for the city.
The Nazi swastika had
been hauled down and the
flag of Austria once more
flew over the city.
Women tossed flowers at the
doughboys, cognac and wine were
brought out, and troops in Ger-
man uniforms but wearing “free
Austria" arm bands shouted:
Salzburg, Austrian city of 60,-
The ease with which the Amer-
icans* took Salzburg
__lbbb_which, once was considered
indicated the eastern stronghold of the Nazi
■Hitler’s redoubt, fell as easily after ar-
“| pie without a major struggle.
Elements of the 103rd dlvl- j
sion captured Innsbruck and |j
pushed through snow and ice
into the Brenner pass.
Breaking through into Italy ln|
several places, the Americans
joined with the American 5th
army north, of Lake Garda.
Some resistance deep in the
snowy Alps was virtually the
only opposition ahead of the
Allies. The Jth encountered
Germans defending a pass five
miles west of Innsbruck’ in an
area supposedly cleared by
German unconditional surren-
Allied armies in
der to the
But one 7th army division alone
captured 50,000 enemy troops
“The American Seventh and
French First armies are exploiting)
their Danube bridgeheads in drives)
to the Swiss and Austrian borders)
with the encirclement of Munich
shaping up steadily,” AP Corres-
pondent A. I. Goldberg ' reported
from Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth
army group headquarters.
May Be In
The vaguely defined Redoubt in
the south perhaps has been invaded
already by Devers’ troops which
have outflanked Lake Constance,
its western limlL
The Tiger (Tenth Armored) divi-
sion of the Seventh army captured
Oberbalzheim, 67 miles southwest
of Munich and 97 from the Brenner •
Pass into Italy. Other Seventh army I
troops were but 46 miles from Mun-
capital of the Nazi party and I
QN ELBE WIDENED
P O L A N
•idlng a tank- down a street In Munich—birthplace of Naz-
ets of Germans determined to hold out. Rubble caused by
the atreete. (8IGNAL CORPS RADIOPHOTO FROM N
gaily to American soldiers riding a
.mm uiapn.H nf Isolated oockete of i
Civilians wave gauy xo
lem. Yanks were warned of Isolated
Allied bombings has been neatly pile
Yanks Pass Historic Munich Beer Cellar
GERMANS FIGHTING HARDKjl
NORTH OF LAKE GARDA; If
BRENNER PASS IN PERIL ft*0
. American troops march past the entrance to the beer cellar in Munich, Germany, where thi
historic “putsch” of 1928 resulted in Hitler’s arrest and imprisonmenL The Burgerbran also was
the scene of an attempt on Hitler’s life Nov. 8, 19.38.—WIREPHOTO UP) via Signal Corps Radio
third, largest city ii
'Patton On Move
All three armies were rolling •
with - unchecked power through j
foothills of the Alps through ter-
rain 2,000 or more feet high. ■
In Area Will
PARIS, MAY 5 Two
German armies in southern
Germany and western Au-
stria surrendered uncondi-
The German 1st and
19th armies—remnants of
Field Marshal Albert Kes-
rendered to Gen. Jacob L.
Devers, 6th army group
commander, at 2:30 p. m.
(7:30 a. m. Iowa time Sat-
Fighting was ordered to cease
on this front, held by the U. S.|
7th and French 1st armies, at 12
Only the.U. S. 3rd army front
is left active in the jwest and
gains of jap to 18 miles, were
scored by IGenera! Patton’s troops
in AustriA Saturday.
On Patton’* .oathwootorn
flank IA Gen. Aloxu.de, M.
poured . Bond ol •”»“ “d.
armor throng)* *•*'»
hood, neross the Dnm.be, wlthj
"their vanguards barely 40 miles
northwest of Munich.
'Earthquake' Bombs Shatter Hitler Hideouf
a mid Indications of surrender negotiations and reports and denials of a German withdrawal
lance renorffid on any American sector.
Campaigns against the shattered German army had taken the form 01 a glgantlo mop-up
Wednesday: Germany ltoelf waa largely conquered, while Allied armies thrust deeply Into Nazi-
occupied Austria and Czecho-Slovakia and were clearing swlltly the last enemy territory of
northern Italy. Berlla's last strongholds were crumbling; British and Soviet troops headed for a
junction In the Lubeck area of north Germany; American and Russian armies strengthened thcl
junction along the Elbe; Patton’s men drove 26 mlleu Into Austria toward a meeting with Red
armies west of Vienna; 3rd and 7th army units swept toward Innsbruck, the Bremer pass,
Salzburg sad Berchtesgaden In advance, nf an much mi SO miles. New Zealanders of the BriMsh
8th army Joined with Yugoslav parthnuu northwest of Trie.to. Allied armies la Italy puahed
— miles. Russians in Czecho-Slovakia threatened Olomouc.
Freed Notables |
PARIS UP) — Two former
French premiers, Edouard Dala-
dier and Paul .Reynaud, were en
route back to Paris Monday with
a group of other notJWies after
liberation from a Nazi prison by
U. S. 7th army forces sweeping
Reynaud was quoted In a dis-
patch from Ittcr as saying he
intended to write a book to
prove more could have been
done to stave off the fall of
Among other prominent figures
freed were LL Gen. Tadeusz
Komorowski, the famed “General.
Bor” who led the bloody Polish
underground uprising in Warsaw;
Gen. Maurice G. Gamelin and Gen.
Maxime Weygand, both Allied
Generalissimos in the early war
days, and LL John G. Winant,
jr., son of the U. S. ambassador
j to Britain.
In Our Hands.
Also in Allied hands are Kurt
Schuschnigg, former Austrian
chancellor; former French Pre-
mier Leon Blum and German Pas-
tor Martin NiemoeUer.
A 5th army announcement said
Dr. Hjalmar Schacht also was in
Supreme headquarters at Pails
earlier had said Blum and
Schuschnigg had been spirited
away from an Alpine prison camp
at Itter castle in Austria by the
Germans just before Americans
of the U. S. 7th army arrived
Dispatches from Rome also
said that American Poet Ezra
Pound, under Indictment for
treason, had been captured.
There were no details of the
reported seizure of Pound, long
*a resident in Eurdope.
I Members of the French group
returning to Paris Ih3(^c|jpfl
(jouhaux, head of French trade
1 unions; Francois de La Rocque,
head of the extreme right anti-
German nationalists, and Michael
Clemenceau, son of the World
IIWar I statesman and a nephew
I of Gen. Charles de Gaulle.
British notables released with
I winant—all of whom said they_
j were .going to London as soon as j
I possible—Included LL Viscount ]
George Henry Lascelles, nephew
of King -George; CapL Lord
B.uller - Fullerton - Elphins-Tone, |
nephew of Queen Elizabeth; CapL
George Alexander, Earl of Haig, i
son of the World War I com-I
mander; LL Charles William, Earl
of Hopetoun, son of the Marquess
of Linlithgow, and LL Matu Du-,
| hamel, a relative of Prime Min-
I ister Churchill. /
j Winant, also returning to Lon-
don, had been, shot down over
Munster, on OcL 10, 1943, on his
thirteenth mission as a Flying
Fortress piloL .
Existence of the Itter prison
I camp was revealed by the famous
Basque tennis ace, Jean Borotra,
northward as much as 50 i
Last Nazi Armies
W In Europe Give Up
Surrender In South To General Deveri;
Patton’* Army Biding It* Time
I to American lines.
• • •
INNSBRUCK, AUSTRIA UP) —
Maj. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe,
famed nuts-to-the-Germans -de-
fender of Bastogne, had as dinner
guests Sunday . former French
Premiers Edouard Daladler and
Paul Reynaud and other notables,
including LL John G. WinanL jr.
I The American meal, elegant In
J comparison with their fare in
prison, pleased the French guests
but they hestitated over the
It was whisky.
and Austrian Chanc<
lerchtesgaden in the
the first act lines in the drama
Against its background of magnificent Alpine scenery and in doseup,_
ehalet at Hitler’s retreat near Berchtesgaden in the Bavarian mountains; _
terial attack by more than 350 British and American planes.
photos above show the
destroyed by 12,000-
of World War H. British Prime Minister
the world by flying'W Berchtesgaden to placate Hitler over the Czechoslovak crisis in
m ideten Nazi leader, conspired with the Fuehrer against Czechoslovakia;
~ ~ the Nazis, was given the
Kurt Schussnigg, recently reported hanged by
devil’s choice of “Anschluss or conquest!”
The Third army operated on the
left of LL Gen. Alexander M.
Patch’s Seventh army, which clos-
ed up to the Danube to within 50
miles of Munich and 110 of the
‘-Brenner Pass. The, French on the
right curled around Lake Con-
stance, western edge of the re-
doubt and closed up to the* Swiss
border behind a 1,000 square-mile
death trap sprung in the Black F<
Stuttgart and Freiburg, two dj
Hitler’s last major cities, fell to
Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ Sixth .army
group. The Seventh army was
flooding across the Danube on an
intact bridge. .
PARIS—(AP)—Two German armies in Southern
Germany and Western Austria surrendered unconditional-
ly today a few hours after the last half of 1,000,000 enemy
troops in Northwest Germany, Denmark, and Holland
capitulated and cease-fire orders silenced those battlefields.
There were persistent reports the Germans
in Norway might soon yield that northern re-
doubt, and that the enemy in the remainder of
Austria and Czechoslovakia also was preparing
The German First and 19th armies—remnants of
Marshal Albert Kesselring’s command—surrendered to
Gen. Jacob L. Devers, Sixth army group commander,
at 2:30 p. m. (7;3.0 R. m. CWT.) today. Fighting wa» ordered to cease
on this front, held by the U. 8. Seventh and French First armies, at
12 boon tomorrow.
Only the U. S. Third army front Is left active in the west and
gains of up to 18 miles were scored by Gen. Patton’s troops in Aus-
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United States. Army. 12th Armored Division. [Twelfth Armored Division, Scrapbook 3], book, Date Unknown; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth639086/m1/7/: accessed October 30, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum.