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SURRENDERS NAZI ARMY GROUP G
f Goering Seized by Yanks
Asserts He Was Sentenced to Death by Adolf Hitler
I Say 3rd And 7th Armiea
!To Occupy In Germany
I PARIS—OR—The army newspa-
| per Stars and Stripes said today.
j the U. S. Third and Seventh armle-
i would occupy American zones in
j Germany, making Lt Gen. Leonard
i Gerow's 15th army "available for a -
1 possible shift to the Pacific.
The newspaper, in a dispatch
from Wiesbaden, Germany, said
this did not mean that troops now
serving in the Third and Seventh
were destined for occupation duty,
necessarily. It pointed out that re-
deployment was bringing about al- j
most complete revampment of per-
The TJ. S. First army already is
headed for the Pacific and the)
Ninth will halt operations in Ger-
many next Friday.
Lieutenant General ¥oertach, raeplendently uniformed commending general of the Gorman
ut army, signs unconditional surrender papers In a studio outside Munich, Germany, May 5.
Looking on (at right) as he surrenders German Army Group G to American forces under com-
mand of Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commanding general of the 6th army group. Is Brig. Gen. Pearson
Menohher. chief or staff of the United States 15 th corps. Other three officers are unidentified.
—WIREPHOTO t/P) signal corps radjfphoto.
Att am! ln Holland, Denmark
IcTrSf Xime And North Germany;
Remnants of 25
ROME, ITALY (&)—Col.
Gen. Heinrich von Vietingen-
hoff Tuesday unconditional-
ly surrendered all German
land, sea, and air forces in
Italy and southern Austria.
The surrender was effec-
tive at 2 p.. m. (7 a. m. Iowa j
Some 25 divisions — or
remnants thereof — of the
German 10th and 14th ar-
mies were involved. Of
these, more than 120,000
had surrendered in the .
campaign in northern Italy j
daring the last week or |
At 1 a. m. Tomorrow
President Truman, congratulat-
ing Clark and Alexander, sent
this message to General Clark:
“On the occasion of the final
j brilliant victory of the Allied
Armies In Italy in imposing un-
conditional surrender upon th*
enemy, I wish to convey to the
American forces under your com-
mand, and to you personally, the
appreciation and gratitude of the
president and of the people of
the United States.
Only Czech Land And Norway Left
* * fW * * * *
General Eisenhower Announces;
Surrender To British Army;
Nazis In State Of Disorder a
Also in Hands of
PARIS, FRANCE (U.P.)'
Goering and Marshal Albert
Kesselring are in the hands
of the American 7th army.
Goering said he was
condemned to death by
Adolf Hitler for suggest-
ing on Apr. 24 that he—
Goering—take over the
j leadership of Germany.
Hitler’s S.S. elite guards-
men arrested him, Goering
said, but members of his own
air force rescued him.
• • •
Kesselring had been command-
er in chief of Germany’s westera
front since early March.
He was believed to have tak-
en over from Marshal Karl
von Rundstedt—now also in
I Allied hands—after the Ger-
mans suffered disastrous re-
verses in the west.
Gen. Jacob L. Devers’ 6th army
group headquarters relayed
through SHAEF the announce-
ment that Lt. Gen. Alexander M.
Patch’s 7th army had captured
Goering and Kesselring.
* j No Details
The first reports of Goering’* j
capture gave no details of his |
melodramatic report that Hitler i
condemned him and he was res-
cued by members of the luftwaffo I
ihe commanded in its heyday.
■ * The whereabouts of Goering
.had been one of the major mys-
teries of the collapse of the
Nazi command in Germany.
HELD Cold, Formal Victory Day
NAZI PRISONERS HEAR OF VE-DAY
A Berlin Hall
BERLIN, GERMANY GEO—The
final act of military surrender of
all Germany’s armed forces to
the Allied and Red army high
commands took place in the Ber-
lin suburb of Karlshorat Wednes-
day morning at 12:16 a. m., cen-
tral European time (6:16 p. mJ
- With this act of solemn sur-
render, the recognized heads
of the German army, navy and
luftwaffe acknowledged them-
selves as militarily beaten to
their knees. It will be diffi-
cult for postwar Germany to
recreate a legend of the so-
called “invincible army” being
stabbed in the back.
The stern and coldly formal
ceremony in Berlin was described
Wednesday by the Moscow radio.
The momentous document, the
broadcast said, was signed in the
big ban of the German military
engineering academy on the cor-
(By the Associated Pro sal)
Following is the text of Gen. j
Dwight D. Eisenhower’s victory \
order of the day as transmittedI
from supreme Allied headquar-
Men and women of the Allied j
The crusade on which we em-
barked in the early summer of
1944 has reached its glorious con-,
It is mjr especial privUege in
the name of all nations repre-
sented in this theater of war to
commend each of you for valiant
performance of duty.
Though these words are feeble
they come from) the bottom of a
heart overflowing with pride in
your, loyal service and admira-
tion for you as warriors. Your
accomplishment^ at sea, in the
air, on the ground and in the field
of ’ supply bavj; astonished the
Even before the final week of
t\e conflict you’had put 5,000,000
SM An America private reds VE-day news ee newly arrived German war prisoners Mapd at a
ner of Wiesenerstrasse and Rhein- of the enemy permanently out of jer ^ New York Oily. The nervous, unkept captives are part of a contingent of wno ar-
-1.1__I______ t%„ ftivno tnn.ronWnP* i “ _ ■■ ..i./vrwfv i an
Telly of Death Sentence.
steinstrasse by three top-ranking
officers of the beaten enemy’s
land, sea and air forces.
The German commanders-in-
chief who signed were, re-
spectively, Field Marshal Wil-
helm Keitel, Admiral Gen. von
Freldeburgv and Air Col. Gen.
P. G. Stumpf.
You have -taken ln stride
military tasHk so difficult as
to be classed by many doubters
as impossibly. You have con-
fused, defeated and destroyed
your savagely fighting foe.
On the ros'd to victory you have
endured eve/y discomfort and pri-
The act was signed for the • vation and ifeve
[Allies by Air Chief Marshal Sir obstacle path
behalf of Gen. tion could .'throw in your P^h-
■ You did not pause until our
rived in one day alone.—WIREPHOTO UP).
Tell Location Hitler Lied t > People
Of Divisions About His Hardships
Arthur Tedder on 1
FORCE, PARIS, FRANCE C2P)—
Victory in Europe found
By Jack Fleischer.
ATOP KEHLSTEIN MOUN-
TAIN (U.P.)—Adolf Hitler_lied
Eiaenhower and by Marshal Greg- ^ MM nxrayed to -hi. German People when
ory K. Zhukov on behalf of the front waB ' J mine. from j t ^ told them he too was sharing the.
filed, command of the Rod army.; th. great jRed WW tomln^from | ^nfast the German enemy. pln.1^,^^, wif
Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, U. S. army,
and Gen. Jean de Lattre de Tas-
signy, commander of the French
1st army, signed respectively as
having witnessed the signing.
I the east jud other Allied forces
I coming from the south. I which must remain on the secret
Perfect Unity. list for a variety of reasons.
I P.U „itory In Europe he. bra, 1 Nicety of those divisions which,
attained: Working and lighting
zuot --------- - hardships of war.
undisclosed number of others F
For here- atop towering
Kehlstoln mountain, H i 11
can be designated by number are
together In a .Ingle end tadTTunder General El.euhower-59 of
tion of air, ground and navallwhose present makeup cannot be
that will stand as a model | disclosed,
in our time. f
The route you have travelled
through hundreds of miles is
marked by the graves of former
comrades. From them have been
lived in luxury at his Bavarian
retreat, far too lavish for a
man who pretended to be suf-
fering the same burdens as his
Hitler called this sumptuous
hideout his eagle's nest.
The situation on Eisenhower’s ,, , .-—r-
. mi -j • 4-v.m ■Mnoi really a dream house in the clouds,
front was so fluid in the final L] ___
weeks of the war that the dlvi |
The eaptured Italian mar-
shal, Rodolfo Graziani, or-
dered the surrender of tjL» _
Ligurian army of Mussolini’s
Fascist Italy Tuesday.
(In Washington, President
Truman, announcing the
news, said: “Only folly and
chaos can now delay the gen-
eral capitulation every-
Field Marshal Sir Harold Alex-
ander and Gen. Mark W. Clark
had sent the American 5th and
British 8th armies crashing be-
| yond the Po river into the Alpine
foothills and had overrun virtual-
ly all northern Italy, includingj
such great cities as Milan, Turin
traise Is adequate
southern gates of the Nazis'
southern redoubt in the Ba-
varia and the Austrian panhan-
A junction of the Allied armies
in Italy with three of General
Eisenhower’s armies in south Ger-
many and in Austria might bo
magnificent courage of every
individual under your command
during this long and trying
"America is proud of the essen-1
! tial contribution made by your J
j American armies to the final Al- j
lied victory in Italy. Our thank*
for your gallant leadership and
the deathless valor of your men.'
Field Marshal Sir Harold L.
Alexander announced the surren-
j der was signed at Allied force.
I headquarters at Caserta Sunday
Von Vietinghoff's command in-
I eludes all northern Italy, to the
I Isonzo river in the northeast, and
the Austrian provinces of Vonarl-i
berg, Tyrol, Salzburj
tions of Corinthia an
“The enemy’s total force* in-
cluding combat and rear echelon
troops surrendered to the Allies
are estimated to number nearly
1,000,000 men, Alexander an-
"Fighting troops Include remn-
nants of 22 German and Six Ital-
ian fascist divisions.’’
PARIS—(A-P)—General Eisenhower announced- to-
day that all enemy forces in Holland and Northwestern
Germany and Denmark, including Helgoland and the
Frisian Islands, have surrendered effective at one a. m.
central war time tomorrow.
Surrender was to Marshal Montgomery’s 21st
“This is a battlefield surrender involving the forces!
now facing the 21st Army Group on their Northern and
Western flanks,” the announcement said.
Surrender' took out of war second grouping of German forces in
two days, following closely oh capitulation German armies in North-
ern Italy, Western Austria. It leaves as only German force* of any
size still offering' resistance the armiea in Southeastern Germany,
Northern Austria and Czechoslovakia anS garrison of Norway.-
Wholesale surrender in north followed capture of 500,000 German
troop* in Montgomery’* territory in last 48 hoprgs;
A few days before reporting
that Adolf Hitler had been killed |
in battle, the German radio said
Goering had been relieved of his
air force command because of
Could Not Stop .-’lies.
WASHINGTON, (fl— On the_______
theory it will bring no comfort to exacted the ultimate sacrifice:
the Japanese, the War department Blood of many nations—Ameri-
has Issued a timetable for the re- caDt British, Canadian, French,
turn of 31 divisions from Europe Polish and others—has helped to
-— j gain the victory.
between August, and January.
August: 85th, 28th and 30th In-
fantry divisions and the 20th ar-
WITH U. S. 3RD ARMY (U.P.)j September: 14th, 5th, 6th, and I
Tt r.n opore-e s Patton held 7tb armored; 17th airborne; 88th,
■Lt Gen. George a. Patton_nelfl |g| 46ti and l43rd intnotry.
bis final press conference Tues- 0ctober: ,tM armored and 92nd,
One of Three
Goering’s was the first of Nazi-
dom’s “big three” names—Hitler,
Goering and Goebbels—to be .writ-
ten off by.the Germans in the
closing phase of their resistance. day with war correspondents at- 26th, 79th and 99th infantry.
sions were shifted rapidly from
, army to army, depending .upon
where they were most needed.
Patton’s divisions at the end
of the war included IS infan-
try outfits—the 1st, 2nd, 5th,
26th, 65th, 71st, 76th, 80th, i
I 87th, 89th, 90th, 94th and 99th, j
and five armored divisions— |
4th, 6th, 11th, 13th and 14th.
On Patton’s right flank the
7th army of Lt. Gen. Alexander
IM. Patch finished with 14 divi-
nestled among the snowdrifts on
an Alpine peak 7,500 feet above
sea level. |
found a good-sized building
extremely solid construction, I
with walls about three-feet thick
I of quarried limestone blocks. |
,jji the front of the building was
medium-sized hall which led to
magnificent dining room, about
k feet wide and 60 feet long.
The walls and ceilings were beau-
tiful walnut with white oak
In the center was a black
walnut table, capable of seat-
ing 26 persons. Sideboards and
buffets along the walls were
filled with exquisite china, of a
fine dragon motif on a white
>urg, and por-
Far to the south, th* Seventh
army joined the Fifth in the Bren-
ner Pass 20 miles south of captur-
ed Innsbruck, completing a 700-
mlle circuit from Italy through
France, Germany and Austria and
back into Italy. Salzburg surrend-
ered. The Third army besieged
SHjKLEY Arts rfARRYX. Vi0L
O/aS/ZD JfiNkY BK
Quisling in Jail;
OSLO, NORWAY —Vidkun
Quisling, whose name became a
I synonym for treachery in thi*
j war, was taken to the Oslo jail
[Wednesday from his estate out-
side Oslo, and will he arraigned
publicly in court some time
I Wednesday afternoon under Nor-
. wegian law.,
Meanwhile, the Swiss radio
| reported that Gen. Maximo
I Weygand, former commander
j in chief of French armies, and
Gen. Maurice Gustavo Game-
lin had arrived by plane in
Pari* following their liberation
from German imprisonment |
A Belgian cabinet communique-/
announced Wednesday that offi-
cial contact had been established
with King Leopold HI, recen_tjj[
rescued by the American 7tft
army in Austria, but said nothing
about his return.
Confirmation of their report
that Hitler was killed in Ber-
lin still is lacking. Goebbels
has been reported killed in Ber-
lin, but no official Allied an-
nouncement has been made.
Goering’s obesity and love of
medals made him a favorite sub-
ject of caricaturists. He was an
ace airman in the first world
war and was credited with laying
the foundation for and building
up the German air force that was
the scourge of Europe in the ear-
ly years of World War H.
tached to his 3rd army.
“Since today marks
November: 10th . armored, 10th an(J veneration for their sacrifice
E*ch of the fallen died as a
member of the team to which
you belong, bound together by
a common love of liberty and
a refusal to submit to enslave-
No. monument of stone, noWr TT
memorial of whatever magnitude ^ | shma—the 3rd, 4th, 36th,
could so well express our respect)
Arrested with Goering were hi*
wife and child. Hi* wife is the
blond, blue-eyed former actress,
Emmy Sonnenmann, who in
earlier days was Hitler’s leading
Lt. Gen. Haislip To
Succeed Lt. Gen. Patch
WITH THE U. S. 7TH ARMY TN
GERMANY, JUNE 2—(DELAYED)
By Censor)—(#)—Lt. Gen. Wade
; H. Haislip. Washington, D. C., will
succeed Lt. Gen. Alexander M.
Patch as' commander of the Sev-
enth army, lt was learned today.
Patch, who commanded U. S.
forces which occupied New Cale-
donia and then directed the sue-
i cessfu.l' campaign on Guadalcanal,
was placed in charge of the Sev-
enth army April 1, 1941.
Haislip has been in command ol
the 15lh corps of the Third army.
termination of combat in Eu-
rope,” Patton told the news-
men, “I desire to take this op-
portunity of extending to all
of you the thanks and appreci-
ation of myself and all mem-
bers of the 3rd army, past and
present, not only for the gen-
erous and efficient manner in
which you have reported our
activities but also for the un-
complaining way in which you
shared our vicissitudes and ac-
commodated yourselves to our
way of life.
“We feel that your successful]
I efforts in reporting to the people
at home where we were and what PcitClTl 1 O
j we were doing had a profound, ef- . a ,i jr
feet not'only in alleviating their 1 TCtlll 4t*l *\nXly
anxiety about us but also in stir-] ;
ring us to greater efforts because]
of the knowledge that our deeds!
were known and appreciated.”
mountain; 13th airborne; 83rd,
63rd and 106th infantry.
December: -2nd and 11th armor-
ed"; 34th, 90th, 80th and 76th infan-
Sight divisions ticketed for occu-
pation duty are the 1st and 40th ar-
mored and the 1st, 3rd, 9th, 29th
and 36th infantry and the 82nd air-
Eighteen not now scheduled for
return this year are the 3rd, 8th,
12th and 16 armored; the 101st air-
borne, ’and the 42nd, 65th, 66th, „
69th, 70, 71st, 76th, 78th, 84th, | engine of righteous destruction.
| 89th, 94th, 100th and 102nd infan- j )IS have no part In the
[would, perpetuation of the
spirit of comradeship in which
Problems of Future,
we celebrate victory in
.Europe Ifet.us remind ourselves
that common problems of the im-
mediate and distant future can
be best Solved in the same con-
ceptions of co-operation and de-
votion to the . cause of human
lireedom; as have made thi* ex-
peditionary force such ■ a mighty
profitless quarrel* In Which
other men will inevitably en-
gage as to -what .country. and
what service won the Euro-
Every maij.. PYWY woman and
every nation here represented has
served, according to his or her
WASHINGTON — UR — Lt Gen. lability and the efforts of each
Alexander M. Patch, Jr., who led [have contributed to the outcome,
the Seventh army through southern This we shall remember
France and into Germany was as-
signed today to command the
Fourth army at Fort Sam Houston,!
The war department said that
Patch, in his new post will have
charge’ of training thousands of
troops tor duty in the Pacific where
he himself saw action against the
Japanese on Guadalcanal.
This we shall remember—and j
In doing so we shall be revering ]
each honored grave and be send-1
big comfort to the loved ones of
comrades who could not live to
see this day.
44th, 45th, 63rd, 70th„ 86th, 100th,
and 103rd infantry, and the 10th, j
I 12th and 20th armored.
’ At last reports the United
I States 1st army of General .
Hodges, first on the Normandy *
beaches, first through the Sleg- .
fried line, first across the
Rhine and first to link with |
the Russians; had nine divi-
sions deployed along the Elbe
and Mulde rivers on the 3rd
army’s left. These were the
I 9th, 28th, 69th, 78th, 104th, |
and 106th infantry, and the
3rd, 7th and 9th armored.
. Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson's
19th army had 13 announced di-
vision* up to or across the Elbe.
These were the 29th, 30th, 35th,
75th, 79th, 83rd, 84th, 95th, 102nd
infantry; the 2nd, 5th and 8th
armored and the 17th airborne.
The United States 8th infantry
and 82nd airborne divisions fin-
: ished up with the. British 2nd
) army on the Baltic.
American divisions under
Eisenhower’s oommand which
nun be designated but not lo-
cated include the 66th infantry,
7th armored and 101st air-
borne. (A field dispatch put
the 101st at Berchtesgaden.)
On the Italian front were in-
cluded the American 34th, 35 th,
188th. 91st and 92nd infantry, an
I armored division and the 10th
I mountain. (
Beyond, at a slightly lower jj-''
level, was an almost circular sa-
lon, about 50 feet in diameter.
The walls were mauve flocks of
limestone and the ceiling white
oak beams with white plaster be-
In the center was a two-foot
high table, about 10 feet In diam-
|etef, while around the walls were
a couple of big davenports and
[about 50 comfortable chairs.
I Opposite the salon’s five huge
I windows was a fireplace, fronted
[with chocolate-colored marble
[with white streaks. There was
! and ultra-modem kitchen of stain-
, _ . i less steel and completely electri-
It took two and a half hours) J
. .. ^ fied, and a well stocked wine-
to climb over snowdrifts to reach ’
Hitler’s eagle’s nest. At the top1'
j From the oversize window* in
■ the huge salon are breath-taking
I views. On one side are snow-
covered mountain peaks, some-
times glistening in the sun, then
wrapped in mist. Below in the
i | valley is the town of Berchtes-
gaden and the bomb smashed
j ruins of Hitler’s more permanent
On the opposite side of the
valley tiny farms and grazing
lands dot the slopes of majestic
mountains. Beyond is the tip
of beautiful Lake Koenig.
j WASHINGTON,—on—The army
has ordered Inactivation of 32 of
the 89th divisions it had at peak
| strength during the war. , . - ----— I* ***
The ?2, it was learned today, in- n!?artme"t has no control, the
liidn 21 infuntrv. tvn .airhnma and ulse section army headquarters
PARIS, FRANCE (AT—Dur-
ing the last two weeks the home-
ward travel of 65,000 American
Isoldiers from the European
j theater has been postponed, part-
ly because of a slowup of Bhip-
jping from east coast .United
States ports over which the war
elude 21 infantry, two airborne and
nine armored divisions. They are:
Infantry— 26th, 29th, 34th, 86th,
43rd, 63rd, 65th, 66th, 69th, 70th,
75th, 76th, 79th, 85th, 87th, 89th,
'92nd, 95th, 99th, 103rd, 106th.
Airborne—17th and 82ndt
On one day recently, the
sailing of 19 victory ships
from Marseille was canceled,
headquarters added. ,
pother contributing factors
ostponements, it wasNMLi_,
the War department, it was 7.?° fac^ the number of
I Armored—5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 10th, . contributing factors In
11th, 12th, 14th, 16th> Postponements, it was>*aid,
At the War department, it was T IVuf. e a°t that the number of
I emphasized that the list is subject ^ ? „lPs Available has been
Ito last-minute change. However, Lh °w original estimates and that
'three infantry units—the 63rd,L,,6 season has begun in
,85th and 87 th have already been I e 1 ^ Atlantic.
| brought home and inactivated. | The army’s transportation
corps office in Paris said the
slbwop in ship sailings was not
specifically attributable to the
longshoremen’s strike in New
Ok® base announcement
did not specify the cause of the
riowup nor from what cast const
: P°®w; sailings $|re delayed.
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United States. Army. 12th Armored Division. [Twelfth Armored Division, Scrapbook 3], book, Date Unknown; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth639086/m1/8/: accessed October 30, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The 12th Armored Division Memorial Museum.