The Daily Herald (Weatherford, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 231, Ed. 1 Friday, October 9, 1914 Page: 2 of 4
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The Daily Herald
•Tery day except Sunday by
HERALD PUBLISHING CO/I
121 York ATenHe
tr. ?EL H.
ing translated is "the welfare of the
people is the supreme law.” Then he
gave a definition of government:
“Government,” explained the speaker,
"is a rule of conduct established by
authority, and in this country the au-
thority is the majority.” Therefore,
he argued, the enactment of a law to
prohibit planting cotton utterly for
______the year 1 ‘<15, while it might seem a
RAILXY, Business Manager radical measure to some, would be an
_ emergency measure for the welfare ot
the whole people and for those most
directly interested, the growers of cot-
ut the PoBtofflce at Weather-
Herd, Texas, as second - Class matter.
Whwestern 360. Independent 280-B ^ “^Hc witlTits vast inter-
1 ests so interwoven with the industry
that the very question of sustaining
the issue before the
■OPPTC1AL ORGAN OF THE CITY
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1911.
life itself was
’£. F. NOKI,, EX-GOVERNOR OF MIS.
SUSNim AM) MHl If FUN DON
7ID CAME BY INVITATION
The People of Other States Hunt Ex-
pression from Texas As to IVhat
/ They Will Do.
AJxun 1W0 Interested |)crsons sat
'flown in the couft house Thursday
-oighS to hear the ‘hpcakerk, Messrs. E.
F. Noel, ex-goveUnor of Mississippi,
-and H. IL Herddon of the Texus In-
dustrial Congress. They spoke for
about two and a half hours on the
subject of elimination of cotton as a
crop for 1915, H. C. Shropshire acting
-am chairman and introducing the
wpeakors. Mr. Herndon spoke first
sad stated that he was not represent-
ing Yhe Industrial Congress on these
•'occasions, but. hud merely been loan-
-ed for a week, the Congress being in-
terested In every farm crop and not
•'Ctmfhj'lng Its attention to cotton solely.
Mr. Herndon said that Mr. McAdoo
could criticise the banks for not turn-
ing loose wads of emergency currency
on cheap cotton, all he wanted to, but
:thtft would not change the situation,
nor would it force the banks and hank-
ers to advance money at five or six
per cent on cotton that was bringing
Isas than Bcven cents now and in all
probability would bring five, four or
(KNHlbly three cents tomorrow. There
■were state and national laws that
‘Controlled the actions of the hankers,
and no man in his Honses would put
his head in a noose and spring the
trap. He illustrated by incident. He
aaid that a friend of his, a hank cash-
tar, bad loaned another friend about
130,000 of the depositors’ money, the
borrower being In the cotton market.
The borrower guessed wrongly, the
market went against him and lie lost
tin 330,000. He could’not make good
’She loss, and. although it was u p*T-
TBtilly legitimate transaction, his cash-
ier friend had a mighty hard time
Veeplng out of the penitentiary. And
that, he said, is the bogey before the
■eyes of the bankers in the cotton
mtates all the time, and Mr. McAdoo
evidently has not seen the bogey So it
la true that banks are not flooding
the country with emergency currency
by advancing It on cotton that Is
brought In on a falling or very uncer-
tain market. They do not know what
the value of cotton Is anti they arc not
going to take the chance Mr Hern
people of the South and almost of the
I The speaker quoted the words of Mr.
Sol Woxler. president of the Whitney
National Bank of New Orleans. Mr.
Wexler has come to be recognized all
over the country, affirmed Mr. Noel,
as the leading business man and
shrewdest financier of the whole
South, if not of the nation, especially
in matters bearing upon cotton and
the system ttiat has grown up around
it. So much is this come to be recog-
nized that President Wilson has twice
sent for Mr. Wexler to consult with
him over the cotton situation. He
quoted the words of Mr. Wexler, rec-
ently uttered, as follows:
“Any man who plants cotton in
1915, whether the war In Europe con-
tinues or not (and every outlook is
that it will continue throughout next
year, if not, indeed, much longer) will
be simply a fool.
“Any man or any bank advancing
money to plant cotton in 1915 will be
foolish, for fhe crop so grown will
never bring to them the cost of pro-
“Any man who advances money to
make cotton on the present price of
cotton would also be a fool, as the
cost of production could not be obtain-
ed if another crop is grown, and could
only be obtained for this crop by elim-
inating next year’s crop, and thereby
limiting supply for the next two years
to the diminished demand caused by
the present surplus and supply of this
“There are now on hand or In sight
28,238,000 hales of cotton with a prob-
able consumption of only about 14.-
"The Whitney National Bank lends
|6,000,000 every year solely to corre-
spondent banks in the country, this
without any addition for 1915, at re-
munerative prices, during the next two
years, at the present rate of consump-
tion, has reduced cott®n prices during
In discussing the cotton situation Mr. |
“I strongly advocate the abandon-1
ment of cotton'production in the cot-
the last 60 days about 330.00 a bale,jton states for 1915, for the following)
about $450,000,000 on a 15,000,000 bale ' reasons:
yield. European governments, by
plunging in war, caused this sudden
“The 1914 crop of 15,000,000 bales or
more will bring to the farmers much
and unforeseen calamity by taking more money than the crop of 1914-15
“As Mellou) as a
June Apple and as
15,000,000 men or omre from providing
things to eat, leaving their hearvests
ungathered, and converting them into
consumers of war material, food and
human life only, necessitating world-
wide economy, most greatly practiced
on clothing. Life can be sustained
only by daily supplies of unused food,
hut old clothes can be patched and
worn for years.
The world’s crying need for the next
two years will be food for man and
beast, and it will command unprece-
dentedly high figures. A 1915 cotton
crop of ordinary size will not only pull
down prices of most of the present
crop to a very low level, possibly five
cents a pound, but will likely deal a
similar blow to an ordinary crop of
1916, if utter ruin, or other cause, did
not before then result in total or prac-
tical elimination of one year’s cotton
What disaster the European govern-
ments brought to the innocent South-
ern cotton growers can be remedied
absolutely through the exercise of the |
police power of the cotton states, by
prohibiting the planting of cotton for
1915, for the purpose of exterminating
or minimizing the boll weevil, or cot-j
ton pests: and thereby creating at
once a profitable demand for the 1914
cotton crop: and thus necessitating
crop diversification, a consequent im-
provement of the soil, and a sufficient
supply for ourselves and others of
much needed foodstuffs, converting a
calamity into a blessing, both the evil
and the remedy, resulting from gov-
ernmental action, the one correcting
the other. The same result can be
achieved by placing a prohibitive fed-
eral tax of 10 or 15 cents a pound on
all cotton of the 1915 crop, ginned or
manufactured. The unquestioned con-
stiutionality of such a tax Is indisput-
ably settled by a long line of United
States supreme court decisions, not-
ably McCray vs. United States, 195 j
United States Reports, 27, 49, holding
that the purposes and amount of tax
imposed by congress on anything but
exports, regardless of its being pro-
hibitive, cannot be questioned by the
courts: and tipholding a law taxing
colorless substitutes for butter at one-
being based on cotton. They will ah-
solutely advance no banks on cotton fourths cent per pound and all color-
for another year.”
•Mr. Noel then gave
ed substitutes 10 cents per pound,
though It was admitted there was no
from the’government bureau showing! difference in healthfulness or nutri-
ment. between colored and colorless
the cotton in sight and on hand .
bales, this including 6,238,- substitutes, and that the
28,238,000 bales, this including 6,238,-1“ *--------~ J°
000 bales on hand September 1, this!"as absolute prohibition, intended to
year. In this and foreign countries,1 protect dairymen against competition
this surplus having been brought into from cotton seed oil producers,
this year front the crop of 1913.
Following 1b a condensed state-
will bring if the 4orld knows we will
not plant cotton in 1915.
“We can raise a large grain crop in
1915 and sell it to the warring nations
at a remunerative price.
“It will teach our people that
can produce things profitably other
“It will educate our people to farm
“It will totally eradicate the boll
“It will save our farmers from total
“It will largely increase the value
of our lands.
“It will make the South the most'
prosperous part of the United States.
“It will start in 1916 with a small
stock of cotton at good prices, and we
will have a strong demand for cotton
of 1916, and we can dictate prices.
“It will reduce the rate of money to
“It will make us all prosperous.
“It will make King Cotton bring its
“I urge the growers of each cotton-
growing state and our lawmakers to
rescue us from total ruin.
“If we fail to abandon production
jof cotton totally in 1915:
“This crop will sell lower than any
crop since the Civil war, and 1915 will
bring still less.
“To buy meat, corn, oats and mutes
at prevailing prices will bankrupt this
“It will take the South twenty years
of time to recover its present position
“It will make our lands blanketed
with mortgages, as it did in 1897. Do
you remember this?
“This is the most serious proposi-
tion that the South has ever faced. It
means total ruin and wreck. We can
rescue ourserves by not growing cot-
ton in 1915.
“Reduction of—or abandonment ot
acreage—by agreement or common
consent Is utterly useless and of no
“Let us all unite in one grand law
to stop cotton growing in 1915.
“This is purely a business proposi-
tion and should be handled as such,
and all our interests are the same, and
the total abandonment of cotton pro
duction is the only safe and sane rem-
“L urge you to do this now, while
the farmer has his cotton, and let him
have the benefit.
‘Convince the world that the crop of
1914 is the total supply until August
1916, and we can name our price for
the cotton on hand.”
Sweet as a Nut
Chew Penn’s Natur
Tobacco and you
luxury of highest quality
Thick Natural Leaf
is manufactured with old thor-
oughly ripened tobacco and is
to be the best Natural Leaf To-
bacco made. Any dissatisfied
customer can return it to any
merchant, whom we hereby
authorize to refund the money.
THE AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY
CONFERENCE REPORT ON MEAS-
URE ALREADY ADOPTED BY
SENATE, PASSES HOUSE.
ii is io pmn
Supply and Demand Control Prices.
Crop 1914, say 15,000,000
by outlawing the
don drew the conclusion from this and \|r Herndon stated that elsewhere
Wither angles of the situation to show
Hint the reni(>d> lay in the hands of
'the cotton growers, themselves: they
'and^they only, and that remedy Is ab-
VoltfUly doing away with the cotton
xrrop of 1915, plant nothing but feed
foodstuffs, something the world
needs and must have, get bigger prl
«es for these things ami hold the cot-
ton of the present crop, letting It come
<on the market slowly, thus putting
staple value In it where the value now
Is uncertain and falling all the time.
Following Mr. Herndon. Governor
Noel spoke for an hour and a half.
After a brief but interesting personal
Hketch, he went Into the legal phases
The police power of the state is
based “on the principle that all prop-
ment w ritten by Governor Noel and erty is held subject to the supervision
issued by the Cotton Association. It Jof the government, in order that it
contains the meat of everything he;may prevent the use of property to the
said here Thursday night. Appended (injury, or prejudice of others.’’ Black’s
to this is a statement written by the,Constitutional l.aw-, Secs. 154-5. Many
keenest business mind in Mississippi. I supreme court decisions are there,cit-
and these two documents more sue- J ed absolutely sustaining such a state
einctly and forcefully give a resume law as would be calculated to extir-
of the whole case than any extended | pate, or minimize, boll
report the Herald reporter could (Other cotton pests
w rite even If he w ere able to do so j planting ot cotton for one year. Our .... t cotton
without a shorthand report. cattle tick laws and drainage laws million tons cotton
At the conclusion Mr. Herndon took now in operation, and limiting the use
r straw vote to get the expression of land control of private property for
elimination idea|the public good, are examples to be
found all over this state now. During
the* Civil war. laws were enacted in
Mississippi, and in probably most of
the other Southern states, practically
eliminating the growth of Cotton, in
order that the productve'energies of 4 otton crop,
the whole people might be turned to- bales at cen s
wards increased food stuffs. Those Five million tons cotton
were war measures, and so would he seed, crop, a o
the proposed law. meeting world-wide Four Million tons cotton
war conditions, besides being a war on swd‘ 191” cr°P- d *
the boll weevil: and would put cotton Four Million tons cotton
seed. 1916 crop, at $10
This Completes Congress Trust Legis-
lation and Leaves Only War Reve-
rt tie and Philippine Bills.
the hearers on the
and about half of those present voted
in favor of it. Three voted against it.
and at every other place visited by
them from Marshall, Texas, west, the
vote had been unanimous for cutting
out the crop next year by law.
Mr. Noel made It clear that the peo-
ple of other states were demanding
nothing of Texas They wanted the
i people, and that was all they asked,
to get the facts of the situation before
them, make up their minds as to what
they proposed to do. whether to cut
out the cotton crop altogether, to re-
duce by fifty per cent or what other
ratio they might deem best, and the
other states would follow suit. But.
there Must he concert of action or the
whole thing falls.
8y associated Free*
Washington, Oct. 9.—The anti-trust
bales at 15 cents..............$1,125,00,0001 legislative program for this’sesslon of
No Cotton Crop in 1915— Jcongress was completed when the con-
Bestimate corn crop on jference report on the Clayton anti-
cotton land, 1915............ 400,000,0001 trust bill, already adopted by the sen
Cotton crop 1916—16,000,- ate, was agreed to by the House, 244
000 bales at 12 cents...... 960,000,000 I to 54. Every Democrat and many Re-
Five million tons cotton i publicans voted for the bill, it now
seed, 1914 crop, at $20 100,000,0001goes to .the President.
Twenty-two Republicans and six
seed. 1916 crop, at $30 150,000,000) Progressives voted with the solid
Democratic membership for the re
T0tai.........................$2,735,000,000 J port. With this measure out of the
Compared with— (way, congress has only the war reve-
OFFICIAL TIME TABLE.
Texas & Pacific Station.
to. 2, to Texarkan..a__________ 4:16 a.in.
no. 6, St. Louis and N. O_______ 5:41 a.au
No. 10, Min. Wellsl to Dallas 7:55 tkM.
So. 8, to Dallas.JL................. 3:00 p.OL
No. 4, St. Louis and N. O_______ 4:50 pja.
No. 12, Motor to Ft. Worth.. 5:20 pjl
Westbound— U>. ~t
No. 7, to Abilene and M. W... 9:21
No. 11, Motor to M. W________10:40 a.flL
No. 3, to El Paso .................11:22 a.au
No. 9, to Mineral Wells_______6:10 pM.
No. 1, to Sweetwater----------- 9:22 $«■.
No. 5, to El Paso..................11:04 pJL
Trains No. 1 and 2 connect at Sweet-
vrater with the K. C. M. ft O. for 8fift
Angelo and Coleman.
Santa Fo Station.
Arrive from Cleburne............11:20 a.au
Depart for Cleburne............ 3:40 p.a.
Cotton Crop. 1914, 15,000,-
|nue bill and the Philippine measure
bales at 8c ............... $ 600,000.0001to dispose of to be ready for adjourn-
Cotton crop. 1916, 10,000,-
000 bales at 6c ................
of a possible law to prohibit cotton j Eliminate hj l.*w 1915 Cotton Crop,
'planting altogether another year He To the People of the South
took for hia base the ancient I-at In
maxim which, lie said, was the ele-
mentary law of Rome 20(m» years ago
**Salus popull supremo lex," which bc-
Tho probability that the 1914 cotton
crop and the 1913 surplus, for the
whole world, w ill amount to about 28 -
040.000 bales, all the world can use
at once at about 12 cents, with 15
cents or mort* for what is held over
next year. If those intrusted by the
people with the control of the federal
government and of opr state govern-
ments. by inaction, permit European
governments to Inflict upon us a re-
lievable loss of hundreds of million
dollars, then it is a sad reflection upov.
ment in accordance with the adminis-
300.000. 00011ration plan for the session. The
house is expected to pass the Philip-
330.000. 000 [pine bill, but it will not be consider-
ed before adjournment in the senate,
75.000. 0001 where debate on the war revenue
measure will begin today.
40.000. 000| Primarily the Clayton bill as finally
enacted fixes guilt upon individuals
40.000. 00u connected with corporations which vi-j
Jolate the anti trust laws. It prohibits
How Child Lost Life.
Whitt, Texas, Oct. 9.—While Mr.
Milstead and wife were picking cot*
ton their house caught fire. A little
girl four years old tried to rescue the
baby, eleven months old; she carrlpfi
the child to what she thought a safe
distance and ran for her parents, but
the baby was left too close and In
trying to escape the fire it became en»
tangled in a wire fence. Death reliev*
ed its sufferings Wednesday night.
The house was a total loss.
Diseased Blood /
Calls for Help
Total $1,385,000,000 unfair price discrimination and the
Difference in favor of no \ interlocking of directors of two or
crop in 1915.................$1,350,000,000 more competing corporations or of di-
W11I Be Penalized,
I rectors of railroad corporations with
(stock supply companies and limits the
'interlocking of bank directors. The
After tomor-. $>iU albo prohibits the existence oi
cr for the public good by every prac-
The First National Bank
of Weatherford, Texas
Surplus ... $100,000
W. 8. Fait, President
«. M. Sawi* The President R. w. Darla, Cuktar
L A. Deris, Tie* President Geerge Fant,
W. J. KOm Hngfc MeClialt— Harry
Hr Aiiociited Prf«*.
Austin. Texas, Oct. 9.
row , all corporations in Texas, enl-1 holding companies which would sub-
them. and upon our people who ari.p|0ying five or more persons that stantially lessen competition, and for-
responstble for their election, who are have fai|ed to fiie wjth the state com- bjdg exclusive and tying contracts,
entitled to the exercise of public P°w”|mls,8loner of labor a complete stalls-' provisions of the act liberalize the
tfoal report of their operations arc to ^ )aw8 relating to injunction and con-
be penalized, according to announce-1 tempt and exempt front prosecution
ment of Commisisoner of Labor Star-jUnder the anti-trust laws agricultural
ling. The law requires that these horticulturffl, fraternal and labor or-
corporations file reports within sixty ganizations.
days after blanks have been sent them -—_
Urges Farmers to Abandon Cotton. ‘ be department. Official blanks Prevention Day.
\V. I Davis or the l^avernet farnv ^v^ 8ent out between August 1 and . Austin. Texas, Oct: Bv procla-
is an ardent advocate of complete (^ according to the commissioner. The matjon of Governor Colquitt, this is
E. F. NOEL.
Ex-Governor of Miselslppi.
I-exington. Miss.. Oct , 1914.
abandonment of cotton at reagt next jnformat|on given in the blanks is **flve prevention day throughout Tex-
vear. Mr. Davis is the owner of th<=>' ncoded bv the commissioner for his ^ and is observed in many not be: can net be made any
■» herd of Hereford cattle'l« ,repott to tb, Of 5.000 cor-'to™ b>. pub„c „hool wo. CS
Nature’s Willing Worker*
Always at Your
If It Is eczema, pimples, bolls or worts ■
your safeguard is S. 8. 8., the famous
blood purlfifr. It Is always lined op to
attack diseased idood. And It always docs
the work. 1 ! K? the work after disap-
pointment. a' ■ tM a.:e(;ed specialists, mer-
cury, Iodides, cdtec^nlue. arsenic and other
destructive drugs that have reaped a har-
vest ot mistakes and. left a host of invalids
guessing as to Wj-t is t.-o come. R. 8. 8.
Jfe .ULthe cupidity or If
noracce cf ran would be able to produce.
It Is Nature's wonderful contribution to
our necessities. It is wonderful because it
America. He is the man who pu. potions required to make these re- uigu’g club meetings and pther
Mississippi on the map as a cattlr-
Mr. Davis owns Point
raising state. ............------ to do so.
Comfort the 14th. the greatest Here-
fodr ball in all the world. Mr. Davi*
(s a large and successful cotton grow-
er, merchant, banker and- manufactur-
er, and the leading business man of
ports, about 40 per cent have failed to impress the importance of fire pre-
vention on the public. The governor
in his proclamation urged all prop-
ftpott MMdliag 61c. erty owners to give personal attention
By A<«Af*istrd Press. to the removal of trash and debris
Dallas, Texas, Oct- 9. Spot mid- [rom their premises to minimize In
dling cotton sold -today for G! cents- f practical way the danger of Are. In
Mississippi. His Hereford yearling The sales were 16,000 bales, both be- ^ connection It was also urged to
bulls sell regularly for $2,500 each, records for the year.
observe the day as “Clean-Up Day."
nets and produce what a host of men know
as S. 8. S., the world’i greatest medicts*.
There are people everywhere that had an
old sore or ulcer that defied all the salves
known And yef S. 8. S. taken Into the
blood just naturally put Into that old sore
the elements that made now tissue, new
flesh, and covered It with a new coating ot
healthy skin. Get a bottle of S. A 8.
today of any druggeet and be on the way
to perfect blood health. But beware
substitutes. For special advice consult the
medical department. The Swift Specific Cm.
M Swift Bldg.. Attaata, Oa. It ti free
•ad has helped a multitude.
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The Daily Herald (Weatherford, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 231, Ed. 1 Friday, October 9, 1914, newspaper, October 9, 1914; Weatherford, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth644671/m1/2/: accessed May 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .