Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown. Page: 115 of 894
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INDIAN WVARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
corner-stone of the first house dedicated to the
worship of God
a service rendered before the
settlers had completed respectable huts to shelter
their families. On his return from this mission the
good bishop dined at my mother's house, and,
though a Baptist, both by inheritance and forty-six
years of membership, in the broader spirit of civilization
and that spirit which embraces all true and
pure hearts, regardless of party and creed, she
congratulated him on the work he had done. But
in fact every man, woman and child who knew
Bishop Odin (O-deen) in those years of trials and
sorrow in Texas, loved him, and sorrowe:1 when he
returned to and died in his native Lombardy.
Mr. Castro, soon after inaugurating his colony,
was compelled to revisit France. He delivered a
parting farewell to his people. On the 25th of
November, 1844, to the number of fifty-three heads
of families, they responded. Their address is
before me. They say: " We take pleasure in
acknowledging that since the first of September the
date at which we signed the process verbal of
taking possession-you have treated us like a
liberal and kind father. * * Our best wishes
accompany you on your voyage and we take this
occasion to express to you our ardent desire to see
you return soon among us, to continue to us your
paternal protection." Signed by Leopold Mentrier,
J. H. Burgeois, George Cupples, Jean Baptiste
Lecomte, Joseph Weber, Michael Simon and fortyseven
The Indians sorely perplexed these exposed people.
In the rear of one of their first immigrating
parties, the Indians, forty miles below San Antonio,
attacked and burnt a wagon. The driver, an
American, rifle in hand, reached a thicket and
killed several of them; but they killed a boy of
cut off his head and
nailed it to a tree. In the burnt wagon was a
trunk containing a considerable amount of gold
and silver. In the ashes the silver was found
melted -the gold only blackened. This was one
of the first parties following the advance settlers.
In this enterprise Henry Castro expended of his
personal means over one hundred and fifty thousand
dollars. He fed his colonists for a year--furnished
them milch cows, farming implements, seeds, medicines
and whatever they needed. He was a father,
dispensing blessings hitherto unknown in the colonization
of Texas. He was a learned, wise and
humane man, unappreciated by many, because he
was modest and in nowise self-asserting, and his
tastes were literary. He was a devoted friend of
Presidents Lamar, Houston and Jones, all of whom
were his friends and did all in their power, each
during his term, to advance his great and patriotic
idea of planting permanent civilization in Southwest
Texas. He was a devout believer in the
capacity of intelligent men for self-government, and
abhorred despotism as illustrated in the kingly governments
of Europe-the rule of nations by succession
in particular families regardless of sense,
honor or capacity. He believed with Jefferson, in
the God-given right of every association of men,
whether in commonwealth, nations or empires, to
select their own officers, and, by chosen representatives,
to make their own laws. Hence he was, in
every sense, a valuable accession to the infant
Republic of Texas.
When war raged and our ports were closed, Mr.
Castro sought to visit the land of his birth, and, to
that end, reached Monterey in Mexico. There lie
sickened and died, and there, at the base of the
Sierra Madre, his remains repose.
The "Chihuahua-El Paso" Pioneer Expedition in 1848.
When the Mexican war closed and the last of the
Texian troops returned home in the spring of 1848,
the business men of San Antonio and other places
became deeply interested in opening a road and
establishing commercial intercourse with El Paso
and Chihuahua. The U. S. Government also
desired such a road. Meetings were held and the
plan of an expedition outlined. A volunteer party
of about thirty-five business men and citizens was
formed, among whom were Col. John C. Hays, Mr.
Peacock, Maj. Mike Chevalier, Capt. George T.
Howard, Maj. John Caperton, SamuelA. Maverick,
Quartermaster Ralston, Dr.-
a German from
Fredericksburg, and a young friend of his, Lorenzo,
a Mexican, who went as a guide and who had been
many years a prisoner among the Comanches.
At that time Capt. Samuel Highsmith was in
command of a company of Texas rangers, stationed
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown., book, 1880~; Austin, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/115/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .