Indian wars and pioneers of Texas Page: 183 of 894
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INDLAN TVWIRS A;ND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
James Harvey Raymond was born the 30tl
day of June, 1817, in Washington County, Nev
York. He was named after Dr. Harvey, the re
nowned religious an(d metaphysical writer.
William Raymond, father of the subject of thi,
biographical sketch, was born in Connecticut, and
died in Genesee County, New York, in 1847
having located there in 1825. He was a merchanl
tra(ler, and was well and favorably known in the
community where he resided. He married Mary
Kellogg, daughter of Justin Kellogg, one of the
native farmers of Connecticut. She was an exemplary
wife and mother, remarkable for all those
qualities of mind and heart which shine with
undimmed brilliancy around the domestic hearth,
and to her is the son indebted for the practical
habits of his life. The greater portion of his early
life was passed in Genesee County, New York,
upon a farm, where he was inured to hard labor,
enjoying no other educational advantages than
were afforded by the ordinary country schools,
which he was only permitted to attend at intervals.
In 1832, being then but fifteen years old, he abandoned
his home and the State of his nativity, and
came to Cincinnati, Ohio, where, and at Newport
across the Ohio river in Kentucky, he was engaged
in clerking until 1836. In that year he returned
to New York and clerked at Batavia until 1839,
when he determined to emigrate. Texas was
selected as the objective point, and his plans were
immediately put into execution.
Ile started, but on the way stopped at Natchez,
Miss., where he remained a short time, proceeding
from thence to Woodville, Wilkinson County,
Miss. Here he passed nearly a year studying
and practicing the rudiments of surveying with
the intention of following that occupation on his
arrival in Texas. In July, 1840, he landed in
Galveston and proceeded thence to HIouston, from
which place he went on foot to Franklin, in Robertson
County. Here he was employed as Deputy
Surveyor to accompany an expedition to the upper
Brazos country. However, in a few days, and
after all necessary preparations were nearly completed,
hostile Indians approached the locality and
the contemplated expedition was abandoned, much
to his chagrin. In October following he went
to Austin in company with Geo. W. Iill, afterward
Secretary of War under President HIouston,
but at that time a member of the Congress of the
Republic of Texas. On his arrival at Austin he
was made Journal Clerk of the House of Representatives
of the Fourth Congress. In April,
1841, Gen. Lamar, who was then President
of the Republic, appointed him Acting Treash
urer, the duties of which office lie discharged
v with fidelity and marked ability. In November,
1841, he was elected by the Fifth Congress Chief
Clerk of the Ilouse of Representatives and in
s this office he was retained by continued annual
I elections until 1845, when the Republic ceased its
, existence and Texas became a member of the Fedt
eral Union. In 1842 lie served as a soldier in
the expe(lition organized to repel the Vasquez and
Woll invasions, and in 1844 was appointed Treasurer
by Gen. Houston, and discharged the duties
of that office in connection with lhis other offices.
In 1845 he was secretary of the convention that
framed the first State constitution and in February,
1846, was elected chief clerk of the HIouse of Representatives
of the legislature convened after the
admission of Texas into the Union as a State. He
served but a few days, when he resigned and was
elected State Treasurer, the first Treasurer of the
State of Texas. To this office he was continually
chosen by annual election until November, 1858.
Two years afterward he began banking at Austin
as a member of the banking house of Jolin W.
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/183/: accessed May 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .