Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown. Page: 249 of 894
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INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
J. J. GROOS,
The late Capt. Johann Jacob Groos, a man of
fine intelligence and great strength of character,
was well known throughout the State of Texas as
one of her most respected and influential pioneers.
He was a native of Germany, born at Offenbach,
March 6, 1824; received good schooling and learned
civil engineering. He came to America with a
young wife and landed at Indianola as a member
of the German Emigration Company's party, who
were the pioneers of their day, and who did so
much to open and develop the portion of the State
of Texas in which they settled. He brought little
with him to this country besides a stout heart,
a strong constitution, a large stock of enterprise
and grit, and a willing and ready helpmeet. He
early took up surveying and had much to do with
the location and surveying of lands in Comal,
Bexar, Kendall and adjoining counties. He lived
many years at New Braunfels where he held the
office of county surveyor of Comal County. In
the meantime he also engaged in farming. During
the late war he served as Captain of Confederate
militia, and in that capacity aided in checking
Indian depredations on the frontier. From 1869
to 1872 he kept the Guadalupe Hotel at New
Braunfels and was a popular host. He was then
elected Commissioner of the General Land Office
of the State of Texas, in which position he served
the people until his death, which occurred at
Austin in 1878 in his fifty-fourth year. His wife
died two years earlier, in 1876, at fifty-two years
of age. Mr. and Mrs. Groos left seven children,
all born in Texas. Otto, forty-eight years of age,
the oldest living, is a banker, farmer and successful
business man at Kyle, Texas. Herman is a
farmer near Kyle. Emma is the wife of Mr.
George Schnabel, and resides with her husband at
Burnet. August, forty-two years of age, holds
a position in the office of the State Comptroller of
Public Accounts. William, forty years of age, is
a farmer and stock-raiser at Munroe, Oregon.
Martin E., thirty-five years of age, is chief clerk
in the General Land Office of the State of Texas.
Annie is the wife of Mr. Joseph Mayer, a wellknown
broker at San Antonio.
During his entire career, Mr. Groos was noted
for his excellent abilities, strict integrity, loyalty
to his friends, and constancy, and was in every
way a most exemplary citizen. He transmitted
these excellent characteristics to his sons, all of
whom have assumed places of honor and trust
and have sustained the family name.
ORANGE C. CONNOR,
Capt. 0. C. Connor was born at Somerville, Tennessee,
September 6th, 1829, attended the common
schools of the country until nineteen years of age,
and completed his education by a course at the
Somerville Baptist College. His parents were
Orange and Judith Connor, the former of whom
died in Morris County, Texas, in 1859, and the latter
at the old family home in that county in 1879.
After the suppression of the Irish rebellion of 1792
lby fire and sword the crown of England issued a
lroclamation to the effect that all persons who had
lield commissions in the Irish patriot army should
be hanged without trial. The grandfathers of both
Mr. and Mrs. 0. C. Connor had held such commissions,
but succeeded in avoiding the vigilance
of the military commanders of the British army of
occupation and effected their escape to America,
and here their descendants have since resided and
many of them risen to positions of prominence in
the various walks of life.
In 1849, Mr. Orange Connor moved to Texas
with his family. He traveled overland by ox and
mule teams, bringing about twenty-five slaves with
him, and settled in Morris County, where he opened
a farm and in time became one of the wealthiest
farmers in the county. On the arrival of the family,
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown., book, ; Austin, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/249/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .