Indian wars and pioneers of Texas Page: 305 of 894
INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
HORATIO R. HEARNE,
Familiarly known as "Raish" Hearne, an old
settler and successful planter residing near the
town of Hearne, Robertson County, Texas, is a
native of Montgomery County, Ala., where he
was born in 1818, being a son of William and
Nancy Hearne, who moved from Georgia to Alabama
in 1814. The elder Mr. Hearne was a planter,
and spent the greater part of his life in Alabama,
moving thence in later life to Arkansas, where he
died, his wife, mother of the subject of this
sketch, dying in Louisiana.
Horatio R. Hearne was reared in Alabama, leaving
there in the fall of 1838, when he went to Caddo
Parish, Louisiana, before the line between Louisiana
and Texas was established. He settled near the
line, not knowing till after the boundary was fixed,
whether he was in Louisiana or Texas. When the
line was run it threw his place a mile and a half on
the Louisiana side. He resided there until November,
1851, when he came to Texas, and bought
land and settled in the Brazos bottom, in Robertson
County, where he has since lived. He has
added other purchases and continued to improve
his holdings until at this writing he has one of the
largest plantations in Robertson County, cultivating
between 3,600 and 3,800 acres, principally
devoted to raising the fleecy staple. Between
seven hundred and eight hundred people live on
the plantation, and it is conducted much after the
manner of the good old ante-bellum days. He
employs no overseer, preferring to keep the active
management of this large property in his own
hands. Over twenty years ago Mr. Hearne sunk
the first artesian well ever bored in that section of
the State, since which time he has experimented
largely with these wells. Recently he has put in
an apparatus to utilize the gas coming from the
wells, and has so far succeeded that he now has
gas to light his house with, and for cooking and
heating purposes, and to run a four-horse power
engine in a blacksmithing and wood-working establishment
on his place, where he makes everything
in the way of machinery needed on the plantation.
January 27th, 1842, Mr. Hearne married Miss
Priscilla Hearne (his cousin), then residing in
Caddo Parish, Louisiana. She helped him fight
his battles of life for fifty-odd years, dying October
21, 1893. They had two daughters, Mrs.
George N. Aldredge, of Dallas, and Mrs. Adams,
who now resides with Mr. Hearne.
Mr. Hearne is a fine type of the broad-minded,
cultured and progressive Southern gentleman, and
admired and loved not only by his numerous
dependents, but by a wide circle of friends throughout
JOSEPH A. TIVY,
Was born February 25th, 1818, in Toronto,
Upper Canada, and spent his youth there and in
Niagara County, New York, where he attended
country schools and for a few months an academy.
He came to Texas in 1837, landing at Houston
and passing on to Washington County and thence
to that portion of Milam now embraced in Burleson
County, where he remained for several years.
This part of the Republic was then considered the
extreme western frontier of the settlements. In
the winter of 1837-38, at the opening of the general
land office, he took up the occupation of
surveyor, first as chain-carrier, and in a few years
as a regular surveyor. During those years he
spent most of his time on the frontier, and generally
with that famous frontiersman, Capt. Geo.
B. Evart, sometimes surveying and locating land
and at others fighting Indians, part of the time
under the government and part of the time on his
own responsibility, killing game and buying ammunition,
salt and coffee with the proceeds of the sale
of his pelts.
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/305/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .