Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown. Page: 32 of 894



He begged for water! water! which was promptly
furnished. He was wrapped in the sheet, placed
on Mr. Hornsby's horse and that gentleman,
mounting behind, held him in his arms, and thus,
slowly, he was borne to the house, to be embraced
with a mother's warmth by her who had seen him
in the vision.
The great loss of blood prevented febrile tendencies,
and, under good nursing, Mr. Wilbarger
recovered his usual health; but the scalp having
taken with it the inner membrane, followed by two
days' exposure to the.sun, never healed, The dome
of the skull remained bare, only protected by artificial
covering. For eleven years he enjoyed
health, prospered and accumulated a handsome
estate. At the end of that time the skull rapidly

decayed, exposed the brain, brought on delirium,
and in a few weeks, just before the assurance of
annexation and in the twelfth year from his
calamity, his soul went to join that of his waiting
sister Margaret in that abode " where the wicked
cease from troubling and the weary are at rest."
Recalling the days of childhood, when the writer
often sat upon his lap and received many evidences
of his kindly nature, it is a pleasure to state that
in 1858 he enjoyed and embraced the opportunity
of honoring his memory by naming the county of
Wilbarger jointly for him and his brother Matthias,
a surveyor.
John Wilbarger, one of the sons of Josiah, while
a ranger, was killed by Indians in the Nueces
country, in 1847.

in 1833 and 1835
Campaigns of Oldham, Coleman,
John H. Moore, Williamson, Burleson, Coheen--Fate
of Canoma
Choctaw Tom
The Toncahuas.

In the year 1833, a stranger from the United
States, named Reed, spent several days at Tenoxtitlan,
Falls of the Brazos, now in the lower part of
Falls County. There were at that time seven
friendly Toncahua Indians at the place, with whom
Reed made an exchange of horses. The Indians
concluded they had been cheated and pretended to
leave; but secreted themselves and, on the second
day afterwards, lying in ambush, they killed Reed
as he was leaving the vicinity on his return to the
United States, and made prize of his horse and
Canoma, a faithful and friendly Indian, was the
chief of a small band of Caddos, and passed much
of his time with or near the Americans at the Falls.
He was then in the vicinity. He took seven of his
tribe and pursued the Toncahuas. On the eighth
day he returned, bearing as trophies seven scalps,
Reed's horse and baggage, receiving substantial
commendation from the settlers.
In the spring of 1835 the faithful Canoma was
still about Tenoxtitlan. There were various indications
of intended hostility by the wild tribes, but
it was mainly towards the people on the Colorado.
The wild Indians, as is well known to those conversant
with that period, considered the people of the
two rivers as separate tribes. The people at the

Falls, to avert an outbreak, employed Canoma to
go among the savages and endeavor to bring them
in for the purpose of making a treaty and of recovering
two children of Mr. Moss, then prisoners in
their hands.
Canoma, leaving two of his children as hostages,
undertook the mission and visited several tribes.
On returning he reported that those he had seen
were willing to treat with the Brazos people; but
that about half were bitterly opposed to forming
friendly relations with the Coloradians, and that at
that moment a descent was being made on Bastrop
on that river by a party of the irreconcilables.
The people at the Falls immediately dispatched
Samuel McFall to advise the people of that infant
settlement of their danger. Before he reached his
destination the Indians had entered the settlement,
murdered a wagoner, stolen several horses and left,
and Col. Edward Burleson, in command of a small
party, was in pursuit.
In the meantime, some travelers lost their horses
at the Falls and employed Canoma to follow and
recover them. Canoma, with his wife and son,
armed with a written certification of his fidelity to
the whites, trailed the horses in the direction of and
nearly to the three forks of Little river, and recovered
them. On his return with these American

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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown., book, 1880~; Austin, Tex.. ( accessed July 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; .